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from all sections of the Adirondacks There exist the right conditions of rainis that the right kind of protection is fall and soil and after studying the now being given but should be greatly forests of Europe for more than a year, extended and the force largely in the writer believes that there is not an creased. About one cent per acre per acre of so-called “waste land” anyyear is now being expended in the where in the State where there is soil Adirondacks for protection and there which with proper care will not grow should be at least 4 to 6 times this a valuable forest. There is absolutely amount. Large timber owners in the no reason why the Adirondacks should Northwest are spending as high as three not within the next 50 to 100 years be to four cents per acre per year and it is covered with as fine, if not finer forests difficult to see how the great State of than can now be found anywhere in the New York can expect to protect its Black Forest or other forest regions of valuable forests without larger appro Europe. Market conditions are unexpriations for fire protection.

celled as the Adirondacks and other The constitutional provision which great forest producing sections of the served an excellent purpose for the State are almost surrounded by water first years after it was passed is no and easily accessible by rail. longer desirable and should be so The two problems which will conchanged as to allow of the harvesting front Foresters in putting the forest of the over-mature trees of the Adiron areas of the State under careful mandack forests. With better understand agement are: ing of fire protection and a wider and I. To obtain satisfactory reproducsaner interest in Forests and Forestry tion of the right kind of species in the throughout the State, it seems as if the shortest possible time. time was ripe for the removal of this II. To increase the growth to the constiutional provision and the placing maximum amount which the soil and of the State's forests under State ex situation are capable of producing. perts who will not commercialize them The excellent work which the Conbut who will perpetuate them through sérvation Commission has been doing careful methods of cutting and more in the reforestation of burned and cutthorough protection. The proceeds re over lands is of tremendous value exceived from the sale of stumpage on perimentally. While the amount of State lands would go far toward in- planting in the aggregate is exceeding creasing the area of these lands and small, yet it is a start in the right their better protection and reforesta direction and will allow of comparisons tion. There is a growing feeling that of species and rates of growth which the State should purchase waste lands can be used to great advantage in the throughout the section of the Adiron next few years. However, it is safe to dacks and Catskill so that it eventually say that artificial reforestation or the will be by far the greatest forest owner use of seedlings and transplants will be in the State.

The purchase of these resorted to only where we cannot relands within the next few years would produce the native species naturally or be great economy as there is no ques where there are not satisfactory native tion but what New York must be a species occupying the ground. Facts great producer of timber and with the do not bear out a statement made often extensive water powers to be developed by those who are apparently familiar in the northern part of the State, the with the forest regions of this north State should by all means control not country. This is, that if you keep fire only the headwaters of the streams and out, a satisfactory forest will come in

but the absolute forest lands all over the ground previously cut over and along the streams and rivers.

burned. True some kind of trees or No State in the Union is more favor half trees will come in but if this ally located, climatically or otherwise, method is followed it will take often for the producing of profitable forests. from 100 to 200 years to allow nature

rivers

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to finally bring about the most profitable same species, careful forestry methods forest cover. There are considerable will be from three to four times as areas in the Adirondacks which have effective as nature left to herself. been so severely burned and cut that The progress of Forestry in the State seed trees are not present and con of New York during the past few years siderable planting will therefore be seems to point to four lines of improvenecessary. However, as rapidly as ment which should appeal to every timforests of the right species are put back ber owner, forester and public spirited onto the ground, they should be handled citizen. It is believed that these lines under methods of natural reproduction. of development will appeal when conWherever there is a forest as in Town ditions in the State are more thoroughly ship 40 for instance, natural methods understood and in a short time all the may be used to great advantage and at people of the State will appreciate and very much less expense than planting. aid in this phase of the State's develop

The growth of many of our native ment which is founded upon sound ecospecies now being used commercially monic principles. has been so slow that should they be 1. The repeal of the constitutional equally as slow growing under scientific provision forbidding the cutting of trees management we probably could not upon State lands. The throwing open afford to grow them. The struggle for of the State Forests as a recreation space and light in the virgin forest is place for all the people. intense and growth is retarted thereby. 2. The large increase of the State's Take for instance the Red Spruce in holding of forest land. the Adirondacks. It has been estimated 3. The wider extension of methods of by well known known authorities that protection now represented by observait takes on an average from 170 to 180 tion towers, telephone and patrol and years to produce a 12-inch tree. Where the breaking up of forests into smaller the forest is handled as similar forests and more accessible working units. are handled in Germany, it should not 4. (The repeal of the constitutional take longer than 80 years to produce provision and the proper handling of such a Spruce. Again, the question of the forest lands already owned by the growth has been gotten at by the state State would aid greatly in carrying out ment that our natural forests here in these last two suggestions.) New York are producing on an average 5. The gradual introduction of simple of about 12 cubic feet per acre per

methods of Forestry which will demonyear.

The forests of Germany are strate the advisability of using natural producing on an average of over 50 methods of reproduction and the possicubic feet per acre per year. That is, bility of doubling and more the present given practically the same soil and rate of growth. moisture conditions and almost the

The Conservation Commission offers approximately eight million trees of various kinds and ages at cost price to land owners for reforesting.

The New York Central Railroad Company is going to equip smoking cars which operate thru the Adirondacks with screens to prevent smokers from throwing cigars, cigarettes and matches from car windows.

The Board of Water Supply of the State of New York, who has charge of the Ashokar and Kinesco Reservoirs, have advertised for bids to furnish stock to reforest one thousand acres of land adjacent to these reservoirs.

WOODNOTES

When the pine tosses its cones

To the song of its waterfall tones, Who speeds the woodland walks?

To birds and trees who talks? Caesar of his leafy Rome,

Where the poet is at home.
He goes to the river-side -

Not hook nor line hath he;
He stands in the meadows wide,

Nor gun nor scythe to see.
Sure some god his eye enchants:

What he knows nobody wants. In the wood he travels glad,

Without better fortune had, Melancholy without bad.

Knowledge this man prizes best Seems fantastic to the rest :

Pondering shadows, colors, clouds, Grass-buds and caterpillar-shrouds,

Boughs on which the wild bees settle, Tints that spot the violet's petal,

Why Nature loves the number five, And why the star-form she repeats:

Lover of all things alive, Wonderer at all he meets,

Wonderer chiefly at himself, Who can tell him what he is?

Or how meet in human elf Coming and past eternities?

Ralph Waldo Emerson. (19)

[graphic]

as

A VIRGIN STAND OF TIMBER IN THE ADIRONDACKS The 1,800,000 acres owned by the State could serve a play ground for all of New England and New York, if camp sites could be leased. If the ripe timber could be cut, a splendid revenue could be derived.

F

OLLOWING the meeting at Syra The autumn meeting brought forth

cuse, Dr. N. L. Britton, Director the various committee reports and inof the New York Botanical

formal discussions on the following Gardens and President of the State subjects: Forestry Association called a meeting

"Stock taking of Forests of New

York State" led by Professor Moon of of the Executive Committee to be held at the Bronx Gardens, March 18, 1913.

the New York State College of For

estry. At this meeting purely routine business

The Farm Woodlot " led by Prof. was transacted and it was decided to

Walter Mulford of Cornell. accept the invitation of Director Britton

Dr. N. L. Britton spoke of the relato hold the autumn Forestry Association tion of trees to children and promised meeting at the Botanical Gardens, Oc to continue the discussion at the next tober 17, 1913

annual meeting

TH

HE Second Annual Meeting of presented was referred to Committee on

the New York State Forestry Resolutions.

Association held January 22, The afternoon session was called to 1914, in the auditorium of the State order at 2 P. M. with Dr. Augustus S. Education Building, Albany. The meet Downing in the Chair. Hon. James S. ing was called to order by Dr. Augustus Whipple of Salamanca presented a moS. Downing in the absence of President

tion to the effect that it is the sense of Britton. The regular program was

the Association that the Legislature be opened by a paper presented by Prof. petitioned to appropriate funds for the Samuel N. Spring of the State College printing and distribution of 50,000

copies of Bulletin No. 9 on Woodlot of Agriculture, Ithaca, N. Y., on Com

Forestry as printed by the Conservation mercial Planting in New York State.

Commission, seconded by Professor Hon. Charles M. Dow spoke on Spring. Suggestions were then made Forest Arboretums for New York and that this motion be referred for action Dr. Henry S. Drinker, President of to the Committee on Resolutions. Lehigh University and the American Dr. E. H. Hall, Secretary of the Forestry Association, presented a paper Association for the Protection of the on Forestry in New York and Through- Adirondacks then presented a paper on out the Nation.

the Policy of Increasing Forest HoldA vote of thanks was given Doctor ings of the State. Drinker for his excellent paper and for

Mr. Ottomar H. Van Norden, Memthe cordial spirit shown by his coming ber of the Forestry Committe of the up from Pennsylvania to be present at

Camp Fire Club led a discussion on the annual meeting.

legislation, bringing out the chief points Mr. Robert Rosenbluth of the Con

of a bill to be introduced at the coming servation Commission desired to pre

session of the Legislature and which it

is planned to have take the place of the sent a paper on the opening up of the Adirondacks but in view of the limited

present forest laws.

Hon. J. S. Whipple was appointed by time the paper was delayed.

the Chair to call on Governor Glynn Professor Mulford was invited to

and escort him to the meeting. Mr. read a communication regarding the Whipple returned later with the stateAdirondack situation and the matter ment that pressure of business pre

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