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ADIRONDACK PLANTATION - 6 YEARS OLD. Investigations have proven that forest planting is a splendid investment. If the first cost is not exorbitant a plantation will yield a revenue of 5 per cent. compound interest on land and planting cost.


By Hon. JAMES S. WHIPPLE Former Forest, Fish and Game Commissioner, and President New York State

Forestry Association


N all the States the practice of real the work of generally awakening the

forestry work is very young people to the importance of the sub

Thought of conserving the forests ject and to the necessity of tree plantin America is very old; as old as the ing, conserving and properly managing time of the first settlement. In fact, forest covered land. During that seven those who settled here first knew some years and after this State had comthing about real forestry work. Relat menced the work as above noted, the ing to this subject, there were laws President of the United States called passed in the Colony of Connecticut as the Governors of the States together early as 1640. In New Netherlands at the White House in Washington in rules were made as early as 1650. The conference to consider the better conearly history of the Colonies furnish serving and using of our natural resome very interesting things on the sub sources throughout the United States ject of conserving forest trees.

which started a forward movement all But real forestry work commenced along the line. in a crude way to be sure, first in the The Society for the protection of the State of New York. It has come on Adirondacks has done much good work very slowly, and has not yet assumed in preventing offenses against State very great proportions here or in any forests, and has exerted a strong inother State. Thought on this subject fluence for better laws, relating to was first enacted into law in 1869, when forests, but the activities of that fine a statute was enacted providing for tree body of men have not reached far planting along highways. In 1872, a enough. At all times there has been statute was passed providing for a com great need of a broader knowledge in mission to recommend or establish State relation to forests and their benefits, parks in certain counties. Nothing was other than their use for wood alone. really done until 1883, when a law was Then too, attention has been largely passed prohibiting further sale of land directed to the forests owned by the in certain Adirondack counties. The State. While those forests are imfirst appropriation was made in 1884. portant, no less important are the hunIt was for $5,000. A Forestry Com dreds of thousands of acres of woodmission was established in 1885. Many lands throughout the State and the tens societies have been organized, notably of thousands of barren acres that should the Society for the Protection of the be growing trees. It is also of vast imAdirondacks.

portance that the people in every town, Yet through all the years from the village and city in the State should first settlements in this country there understand the necessity of planting up was no real effort put forth to interest the barren acres - acres unproductive the whole people in this important sub for other things with trees. It is ject until about 1905. In this State equally important that farm lots should from that time on for the next seven be cared for in the same way and that years in the State department, through more shade trees should be planted and the commissioner in charge, undertook those we have cared for. For these

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reasons it has seemed that there was 5. There should be an accurate and
a large amount of work to be done at careful appraisement of State lands
least in an educational way and need outside of the park lines.
for a society of men and women to do 6. The Constitution should be
that work. It was for these reasons changed to permit the leasing of camp
that the Forestry Society of the State sites within the State reserves.
of New York was organized. Its 7. The change of the Constitution
members are giving some of their time, should also permit the carrying on of
some of their money and lending their conservative lumbering on the land that
influence for the advancement of real, should be lumbered, and the building of
true forestry work in this State without

necessary roads.
hope of fee or reward, except that re 8. The profits from lumbering on
ward that always comes in doing good. State land, where lumbering should be
The society cordially invites all men and done, should be used to increase the
women who desire to help in this work State's holdings in the parks, for better
to become members of the society and fire protection and for reforesting de-
lend a helping hand. There is enough nuded lands.
work for all to do. Its membership 9. The tax law should be changed
should be very large and widespread. and made liberal enough to permit
The society should exert a good and owners of timbered lands to hold the
strong influence on the next Constitu timber and conduct cutting operations
tional Convention and upon every suc in a scientific manner under best, mod-
ceeding legislature. In relations to this ern methods, for continued reproduc-
matter the Constitution should be tion and to induce all owners of land
changed some, but with great care and suitable for tree production to plant
its new provisions should be carefully commercial forests.
scrutinized before they are submitted 10. We should have a state wide
to the people. New and more liberal forest fire service under laws giving
statutes should be enacted in relation to the State department power to create
taxation of forest covered land and for fire districts in forested sections of the
its protection from fire throughout the State where necessary and to build
State. Looking ahead for ten years to observation stations, connect them up
come, that which should be done and with 'phones and to establish a fire
the policy to adopt and follow generally, patrol anywhere in the State where
may be summarized as follows:

needed. 1. That so far as the statutes control II. State lands within the “Blue and the State has management, forestry line” should be inventoried and classiwork should be placed in charge of a fied at least in two classes; “A” where separate department, with one commis- lumbering should be done; “B” where sioner at its head, with a capable, lumbering should not be done, as on trained forester as superintendent, mountain tops. assisted by such other trained foresters 12. Instruction should be given in as may be necessary and the manage every school, in the "A B C's” of ment should be kept out of politics. forestry and the value and uses of trees.

2. A better understanding among the The Boy Scouts and boys in every people of what forestry means.

school should be encouraged to plant 3. More tree gardens, both public and a considerable number of commercial private and planting on a much larger trees each year on land owned by the scale, generally throughout the State. town, city or village. Towns, villages Each municipality should plant up all and cities should acquire lands suitable vacant places on its watershed.

for the work and dedicate them to that 4. On the State lands there should be purpose. This ought to result in planta careful examination and record made ing 30,000,000 trees each year; that of the location, extent and value of means 300,000,000 planted in ten years

by this way alone.

camp sites.

13. The State should appropriate view and among other things, the State more money for forestry instruction and Forestry Association should be

built for the purchase of small tracts of up by procuring a membership of at common land outside of the “ Blue least ten thousand men and women of line" throughout the State, in sightly the best type who will spend some locations. The State then should cause money and do much work without pay, such lands to be planted as object- prompted by their public spirit and lessons. The State has too long neg patriotism. They could do much to lected real, organized effort in the di create public opinion. Branch forestry rection of better general knowledge, organizations should be established in more and broader work in this field of every city, village and town in the State, most important endeavor. No subject, foresters should be employed in all no public enterprise is of greater im these places, shade trees protected, more portance to the present and future gen- planted and barren acres every where erations of people.

planted up with commercial trees. 14. In order that all of this may be These are the lines of principal

effort quickly done and accomplished, public in forestry for the State of New York opinion must be more rapidly developed for the next ten years at least. along right lines. With that object in

New York City is one of the greatest importing centers for foreign woods, es pecially circassian walnut for furniture, dye woods and fancy tropical woods for furniture and finishing purposes.

New York uses over 8,000,000 board feet every year for such small articles as wooden novelties and wooden ware.

Three million board feet of lumber are used annually for toys in New York State. An equal amount is used for clocks.

New York manufactures over 6,000,000 sets of heading and 61,000,000 staves every year for slack barrels to be used largely for sugar, apples, vegetables, cement, crockery and other shipping purposes.

More than twice as much cherry is used in New York than in any other state.

Over 3,000,000 feet are used every year. It is largely used for fancy fixtures, professional and scientific instruments, clocks, furniture and musical instruments.

New York uses a considerable quantity of foreign woods. For instance, over 660.000 board feet of Lignum vitae and an equal amount of circassian walnut are used annually. Over 254.000 feet of ebony, 190,000 feet of teak and 63,000 feet of rosewood

well as 11,000,000 feet of mahogany are also used.


Only about one-half of our lumber cut goes for general lumber, floor and finishing purposes. The other half is used for a great variety of uses, chiefly box boards, furniture, musical instruments, wooden ware and a countless variety of small articles such as wooden pegs, spools, dowels, handles, implements, etc.

New York has 26 wood distillation plants for the manufacture of wood alcohol, acetate of lime, charcoal and a great variety of chemicals. Beech, birch and maple are the principal woods used. This industry offers a big field for the utilization of some of the tremendous waste occasioned in the lumber and other forest industries.


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