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Each house shall keep a journal of its proceed- JJ3Ipul>"felitd!,ept ings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts as may in their judgment require secrecy, and the yeas and nays of theYeM and n">smembers of either house on any question shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the journal.

Neither house, during the session of Congress, Adjournments, shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two houses shall be sitting.


The Senators and Representatives shall receive compensation. a compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid out of the Treasury of the United States. They shall in all cases, ex-Privileeescept treason, felony and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in either house, they shall not be questioned in any other place.

No Senator or Representative shall, during the Members not ap

* '° pointed to office.

time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under the authority of the United States, which shall have been created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been increased during such time; and no person holding anv0mcer80fsovi'rn

° x ° * luent cannot be

office under the United States, shall be a mem- members.
ber of either house during his continuance in

Section III.

Bills to be pre sented to the President.

His powers over them.

Proceedings on his veto.

Revenue bills, All ljills for raising revenue shall originate in

the House of Eepresentatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with amendments as on other bills.

Every bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a law, be presented to the President of the United States; if he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with his objections to that house in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such reconsideration two-thirds of that house shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two-thirds of that house, it shall become a law. But in all cases the votes of both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each

Bills to be laws if house respectively. If any bill shall not be re

not returned in ten r *"

days- turned by the President within ten days (Sundays

excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it j unless the Congress by their adjournment prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a law.

joint orders or Every order, resolution, or vote to which the

resolutions to be pin -itt #t-r-»

approved by the concurrence of the Senate and House of Represen

President. x

tatives may be necessary (except on a question of adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and before the same shall take effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two-thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case of a bill.


The Congress shall have power to lay and col- Js^u>s«sj»

lect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to paypay debu' the debts and provide for the common defence and general welfare of the United States; butGeneralwelfare, all duties, imposts and excises shall be uniform Duties uniform, throughout the United States;

To borrow money on the credit of the UnitedBo,row mon<*States;

To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and commerce, among the several States, and with the Indian tribes;

To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, Naturalization. and uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies Bankruptcy, throughout the United States;

To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and coin money. of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights w|^lr|>lJ,ld and measures;

To provide for the punishment of counterfeit- counterfeiting, ing the securities and current coin of the United States;

To establish post offices and post roads; Po8t roads

To promote the progress of science and useful Promote arts and

* x o science.

arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries;

inferior courts. To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme

Court; piracies, &c. rj\Q (jegne an(j pUnisn piracies and felonies

committed on the high seas, and offences against the law of nations;

£ak"cVturMd To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules concerning captures on land and water;

Raise armies. To raise and support armies, but no appro

priation of money to that use shall be for a longer term than two years;

Navy- To provide and maintain a navy;

Rules and articles To make rules for the government and resrula

01 war. ° °

tion of the land and naval forces;

oaii out militia. rp0 pr0vide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the Union, suppress insurrections and repel invasions;

organize and gov- To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed in the service of the United States, reserving to the States re

officersofmuitia. spectively, the appointment of the officers, and the authority of training the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress;

Exclusive legisia- To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases

tion over seat of CY

government. whatsoever, over such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by cession of particular States, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States, and to exercise like authority over all places purchased by the consent of the legislature of the

And over forts, State in which the same shall be, for the erection

arsenals, docks,

kc- of forts, magazines, arsenals, dock-yards, and

other needful buildings;—and

To make all laws which shall be necessary T° make *eneral

"laws to carry pow

and proper for carrying into execution the fore-eTMint0 eflect going powers, and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof.


The migration or importation of such persons importation of

° I. A slaves allowed

as any of the States now existing shall thinkti"miiproper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person.

The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus Habeas corpus. shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it.

No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall Attainder and ex

r post facto laws.

be passed.

No capitation, or other direct, tax shall be laid, Du-ecuaxes. unless in proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore directed to be taken.

No tax or duty shall be laid on articles ex- No exportation


ported from any State.

No preference shall be given by any regulation commerce of commerce or revenue to the ports of one State Statesover those of another: nor shall vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay duties in another.

No money shall be drawn from the treasury, Money, how

"* ' drawn from the

but in consequence of appropriations made bytreasury' law; and a regular statement and account of

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