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Principal Elements of the Solar System.

Mean
Distance

Orbit
Sidereal
Mean

Gravity NAME from Sun,

Velocity,
Period,

Mass,

Volume,
Diameter,

Density, at Sur-
Millions of
Miles per

Earth 1. Earth -1. Earth 1.
Days.
Miles,

face,
Miles.
Second,

Earth -1. 866, 400 331100

1310000 0.25 27.66 Mercury. 36.01 87.969 23 to 35 3,030 0.125

0.056
2. 23

0.85 Venus 67.2 224, 701 21.9 7, 700 0.78 0.92

0.86

0.83 Earth 92,8 365. 256 18.5 7,918 1.00 1.00

1.00

1.00 Mars... 141.5 686.950 15.0 4,234 0.107 0.152 0.7:

0.38 Jupiter 483.3| 4332.58 8.1 86,500 316.0

1309 0.24

2.65 Saturn 886.0 10769, 22 6.0 71,000 94.9

721 0.13

1. 18 Uranus 1781.9 80686.82

4.2
31,900 14,7

65
0.22

0.91 Neptune... 2791. 6)60181. u 3.4 34,800) 17.1

85 0.20

0.88 The number of asteroids discovered up to present date is 423. A number of these small planets have not been observed since their discovery, and are practically lost. Consequently it is now sometimes a matter of doubt, until the elements have been computed, whether the supposed new planet is really new, or only an old one rediscovered.

"It is supposed that a Centauri, one of the brightest stars of the Southern Hemisphere, is the nearest of the fixed stars to the earth. The researches on its parallax by Henderson and Maclear gave, for its distance from the earth, in round numbers, twenty billions of miles. At the inconceivably rapid rate at which light is propagated through space, it would require more than four years to reach the earth from his star. - Whitaker.

The foon. THE mean distance of the Moon from the Earth is 238,850 miles; its mean sidereal revolution round the Earth is 27 days, 7 hours, 43 minutes, 11. 46 seconds; its mean synodical revolution, or the period from new moon to new moon, is 29 days, 12 hours, 44 minutes, 2.87 seconds; the eccentricity

of its orbit is 0.0649, and its diameter is 2,162 miles. The Earth being taken as unity, the density is .61; mass, 1-81; volume, 1-50, and gravity, 1-6; that is to say, the Earth would weigh as much as 81 Moons, is 50 times larger, and a pound of matter at the Moon's surface would, if transferred to the Earth, weigh 6 pounds.

Periodic Comets.
OBSERVED AT MORE THAN ONE PERIHELION PASSAGE.
Perihel.

Perihel.
Peribelion Period
NAME.

Dist. Ecoen

NAME.
Perihelion
Period Dist.

Eccen-
Passage. (Years) Earth's tricity.

Passage. (Years) Earth's tricity. Orbital.

Orbit-1.

Encke.
1885, Mar. 7 3.3) 0.34 0.846 Biela

1852, Sept. 23 6.61 0.86 10.755 Tempel 1883, Nov. 20 5.2 1.34 0.553 D'Arrest. 1884, Jan. 13 6.71 1.83 10. 628 Barnard 1890, Feb. 5.4) 1. 28 0.582 Faye

1881, Jan. 22 7.6 1.74 10.649 Tempel-Swift. 1886, May 9 6.5 1.07 0.656 Tuttle.. 1885, Sept. 11 13.8 1.02 0.821 Brorsen 1879, Mar. 30 5.51 0.59 0.810 Pons-Brooks. 1894, Jan. 25 71.5 0.77 10. 955 Winnecke. 1886, Sept. 4 5.8 0.88 0.727 Olbers

1887, Oct. 8 72.6 1.20 0.931 Tempel. 1885, Sept. 25 6.50 2.07 lo. 405 Halley 11835, Nov. 151 76.41 0.59 10.967

Easter Sunday. A TABLY SHOWING THE DATE OF EASTER SUNDAY IN EACH YEAR OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY. 1801-April 6. 1821-April 22. 1841-April 11. 1861-March 31. 1881-April 17. 1802-April 18. 1822-April 7. 1842-March 27. 1862-April 20. 1882-April 9. 1803-April 10. 1823–March 30. 1843-April 16. 1863-April 5. 1883-March 25. 1804-April 1. 1824-April 18. 1844-April 7. 1864-March 27. 1884-April 13. 1805-April 14. 1825-April 3, 1845-March 23. 1865-April 16. 1885-April 5. 1806-April 6. 1826-March 26. 1846-April 12. 1866-Apri' 1. 1886-April 25. 1807-March 29. 1827-April 15. 1847-April 4. 1867-April 21. 1887-April 10, 1808-April 17. 1828-April 6. 1848-April 23. 1868-April 12 1888-April 1. 1809-April 2. 1829-April 19. 1849-April 8. 1869-March 28. 1839-April 21. 1810-April 22 1830-April 11. 1850- March 31, 1870-April 17. 1890-April 6. 1811-April 14. 1831- April 3. 1851-April 20. 1871-April 9. 1891-March 29. 1812-March 29. 1832--April 22. 1852-April 11. 1872-March 31. 1892-April 17. 1813-April 18. 1833-April 7. 1853-March 27. 1873-April 13. 1893-April 2. 1814-April 10. 1834-March 30. 1854-April 16. 1874-April 5. 1994-March 25. 1815-March 26. 1835-April 19. 1855-April 8. 1875--March 28. 1895-April 14. 1816-April 14. 1836-April 3.

1856-March 23. 1876-April 16. 1896-Apri' 5. 1817-April 6. 1837-March 26. 1857-April 12. 1877-April 1. 1897-April 18. 1818-March 22. 1838-April 15. 1858-April 4. 1878-April 21. 1898-April 10. 1819-April 11. 1839-March 31. 1859-April 24, 1879-April 13. 1899-April 2 1820-April 2. 1840-April 19. 1860-April 8. 1880-March 28. 1900-April 15,

The Ancient Hour. THE early Egyptians divided the day and night each into twelve hours, a custom adopted by the Jews or Greeks probably from the Babylonians. The day is said to have first been divided into hours from B. C, 293, when a sun-dial was erected in the temple of Quirinus, at Rome. Previous to the in. vention of water-clocks, B. C. 158,

the time was called at Rome by public criers. In early England one expedient for

measuring time was by wax candles, three inches burning an hour. The first per fect mechanical clock was not made until about A. D. 1250. Day began at sunrise among most of the Northern nations, at sunset

among the Athenians and Jews, at midnight among the Romans, as with use

Legal Holidays in the various States. JANUARY 1. NEW YEAR'S DAY: In all the sylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South States (including the District of Columbia)

ex. Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah,

Virginia, Washcept Kentucky, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New ington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

SEPTEMBER 9. ADMISSION DAY: In CallJANUARY 8. ANNIVERSARY OF THE BATTLE fornia. OF NEW ORLEANS : In Louisiana.

NOVEMBER 1. ALL SAINTS' DAY: In Louisiana. JANUARY 19. LEE'S BIRTHDAY : In Florida, NOVEMBER - GENERAL ELECTION DAY: In Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Indiana, Virginia

Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, FEBRUARY 12 LINCOLN'S BIRTHDAY: In Con- Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New necticut, mlinois, Minnesota, New Jersey, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North DaYork, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, and Wash- kota Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South ington (State).

Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee,

Texas, VirFEBRUARY 15, 1898. SPRING ELECTION DAY: ginia, West Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, and In Pennsylvania (from 12 o'clock noon).

Wyoming, in the years when elections are held

in FEBRUARY 22. WASHINGTON'S BIRTHDAY: these States, In 1898 the date is November 8. In all the states (including the District of Col NOVEMBER 25. LA BOR DAY: In Louisiana. umbia) except Iowa and Mississippi.

NOVEMBER 24, 1898. TIANKSGIVING DAY: FEBRUARY 22, 1898. MARDI-GRAS : In Ala- Is observed in all the States, and in the District of bama and the parish of Orleans, Louisiana Columbia, though in some states it is not a statu

MARCH 2. ANNIVERSARY OF TEXAN INDE-tory holiday. PENDENCE: In Texas.

DECEMBER 25. CHRISTMAS DAY: In all the APRIL 6. CONFEDERATE MEMORIAL DAY: States, and in the District of Columbia, In Louisiana.

Sundays and Fast Days are legal holidays in all APRIL 6, 1898. STATE ELECTION DAY: In the States which designate them as such, Rhode Island.

There are no statutory holidays in Mississippi, APRIL 8, 1898. GOOD FRIDAY: In Alabama, Kansas, and Nevada, but by common consent the Louislada, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Tennessee. Fourth of July, Thanksgiving, and Christmas are APRIL 19. PATRIOTS' DAY: In Massachusetts, observed as holidays in Mississippi, and DecoraAPRIL 21. ANNIVERSARY OF THE BATTLE OF tion Day, Labor Day, and Arbor Day in addition SAX JACINTO : In Texas.

in Kansas. APRIL 26. CONFEDERATE MEMORIAL DAY: In ARBOR DAY is a legal holiday in Colorado, KanAlabama, Florida, and Georgia.

sas, Minnesota, North Dakota, Wisconsin, and MAY 10. CONFEDERATE MEMORIAL DAY:In Wyoming, the day being set by the Governor; in North Carolina and South Carolina.

Texas, February 22; in Nebraska, April 22; MonMAY 20. ANNIVERSARY

OF THE SIGNING OF tana, third Tuesday in April ; Utah, April 15; THE MECKLENBURG DECLARATION OF INDE- Rhode Island, first Friday in May; Idaho, on PENDENCE: In North Carolina.

Friday after Mayl; Florida, February 7 ; Georgia, MAY 30.. DECORATION DAY: In Arizona, Call- first Friday in December. fornia, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District Every Saturday after 12 o'clock noon is a legal of Columbia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, holiday in New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland. Massachusetts, Maryland, Virginia, and the District of ColumMichigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, bia, the city of New Orleans, and in Newcastle Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New County, Del., except in St. George's Hundred; Jersey, New York, North Dakota Ohio Okla- in Louisiana and Missouri in cities of 100.000 or boma, Oregon,

Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, more inbabitants; in Ohio in cities of 50,000 or Soath Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Wis more inhabitants; and June 1 to September 30 consin, Washington, and Wyoming.

in Denver, Col. In Connecticut banks close at 12 JUNE 3. JEFFERSON DAVIS'S BIRTHDAY : In

aturdays. Florida and Georgia.

There is no national holiday, not even the JULY 4, INDEPENDENCE DAY: In all the Fourth of July. Congress has at various times States and the District of Columbia.

appointed special holidays. In the second session JULY 24. PIONEERS' DAY: In Utah,

of the Fifty-third Congress it passed an act makAUGUST 16. BENNINGTON BATTLE DAY: In ing Labor Day a public holiday in the District of Vermont

Columbia, and it has recognized the existence of SEPTEMBER 5. 1898. LABOR DAY: In Alabama, certain days as holidays, for commercial purposes, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Dis in such legislation as the Bankruptcy act, but, trict of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, with the exception named, there is no general Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Maryland, Massa- statute on the subject. The proclamation of the sosetts, Michigan Minnesota, Missouri,

Mon- President designating a day of Thanksgiving only tana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, makes it a legal holiday in those states which Kew Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Penn- I provide by law for it.

noon on

Old English Holidays. THESE bolidays, with their names, had their origin in mediæval England when the State religion ras that of the Church of Rome, and they are still observed generally or in some parts of England, scotland, and Ireland.

JANUARY 6. TWELIK DAY, or Twelfth-tide, sometimes SEPTEMBER 99. MICHAELMAS: Feast of St. Michael, the de 014 Christmas Day, the sam" as Epiphany. The previous Archangel. Old Michaelmas is October 11. wateg i Twelfth Night, with which many social rites have long NOVEMBER 1. ALLHALLOWMAS: All-hallows, or All Saints' e anectad.

Day. The previous evening is All-hallow-e'en, observed by home FaZU ARY 1. CANDLIMAS: Festival of the Purification of the gatherings and old-time festive rites. Fria. Consecration of the lighted candles to be used in the NOVES DER 2. ALL Bouls' Day: Day of prayer for the souls terch dariog the yerr.

of the dead. PERT ART 14. OLD CANDLEMAS: St. Valentine's Day. NOVEMBER 11. MARTINMAS: Feast of St. Martin. Old Martin

KARCH 95. LADY DAY: Annunciation of the Virgin. April mas is November 28. bold Lady Day.

DECEMBER 98. CHILDKRMAS: Holy Innocents Day. In 54. MIDSUMMER DAY:

Feast of the Nativity of John the Lady Day, Midsummer Day, Michaelmas, and Christmas are beest. Jaly 7 is old Midsummer Day.

quarter (rent) days in England, and Whitsunday, Martinmas, JULY IS. St. SWITHI's Day. There was an old superstition Candlemas, and Lammas Day in Scotland. Asif raia fell on this day it would continue forty days.

Shrove Tuesday, the day before Ash Wednesday, and Maundy aces 1. LAMMAS DAY: Originally in England the festival Thursday, the day before Good Friday, are observed by the libe heri harvest. In the Church the festival of St. Peter's Church. Mothering Sunday is Mid-Lent Sunday, in which the nealogs deliverance from prison, Old Lammas Day is old rural custom oblains of visiting one's parents and making them larust 12

presents,

Opening and Closing of Navigation.

ON THE HUDSON RIVER AND THE ERIE CANAL, AND OPENING OF LAKE KRIE

NAVIGATION.

Mar.

May

NAVIGATION OF THX HUDSON RIVKR.

NAVIGATION OF THE ELIX CANAL,

Opening of Lake River Open.

Ere,
River Closed.
Days Canal Open.

Navigable

Canal Closed
Open.

Days.
Mar. 3, 1824... Jan. 6, 1825... 809 April 30, 1824... Dec. 4.

219 6, 1825... Dec, 13, 1825... 283 April 12, 1825... Dec, 5

238 Feb. 25, 1826.../ Dec. 18, 1826... 802 April 25, 1826... Dec, 18..

243 Mar. 20, 1827... Nov. 25, 1827... 251 April 22, 1827... Dec. 18.

241 April 21, 1827 Feb. 8, 1828... Dec, 23, 1828... 220 Mar, 27, 1828... Dec. 20.

269 April 1, 1828 April 1, 1829... Jan. 14, 1830.... 286 May 2, 1829... Dec. 17.

230

May 10, 1829 Mar. 15, 1830... Dec. 25, 1830... 283 April 30, 1830... Dec, 17.

242

May 5, 1830 Mar. 16, 1831... Dec. 6, 1831... 262 April 16, 1831... Deci.

230 May 8, 1831 Mar. 25, 1832.../ Dec, 21, 1832... 289 April 25, 1832... Dec. 21

241 April 27, 1832 Mar. 21, 1833... Dec, 13, 1833... 277 April 19, 1833... Dec. 12.

238 April 23, 1833 Feb, 29, 1834... Dec. 15, 1834... 291 April 17, 1834... Dec. 12..

240

April 6, 1834 Mar. 25, 1835... Nov. 30, 1835... 268 April 15, 1835... Nov. 30.

230

May 8, 1835 April 4, 1836... Dec. 7, 1836... 244 April 25, 1836.... Nov. 26.

216

April 27, 1836 Mar. 27, 1837... Dec, 14, 1837... 261 April 20, 1837... Dec. 9

234 May 16, 1837 Mar. 19, 1838... Nov. 25, 1838... 257 April 11, 1838... Nov, 25.

228 Mar. 31, 1838 Mar. 25, 1839... Nov. 18, 1839... 286 April 20, 1839... Dec, 16..

241

April 11, 1839 Feb. 25, 1840... Nov. 6, 1840... 285 April 20, 1840... Dec. 9.

228

April 27, 1840 Mar. 24, 1841. Nov, 19, 1841... 286 April 24, 1841... Nov, 30..

221

April 11, 1841 Feb. 4, 1842... Nov. 28, 1842... 308

April 20, 1842... Nov. 28..

222 March 7, 1842 April 13, 1843... Dec. 10, 1843... 242 May 1, 1843... Nov. 30..

214 May 6, 1843 Mar. 18, 1844... Dec, 17, 1844... 278 April 18, 1844... Nov. 26..

2:22 Mar. 14, 1844 Feb. 24, 1845... Dec. 3, 1845... 283 April 15, 1845... Nov. 29..

228

April 3, 1845 Mar. 18, 1846... Dec, 14, 1846... 275 April 16, 1816...Nov. 25.

234

April 11, 1846 April 7, 1847... Dec, 25, 1847...263

May 1, 1847... Nov. 30...

214 April 23, 1847 Mar. 22, 1848... Dec. 27, 1848... 292

May
1, 1848... Dec. 9.

223 April 9, 1848 Mar. 19, 1849... Dec. 26, 1849... 286 May 1, 1849... Dec, 5..

219 Mar. 25, 1849 Mar. 10, 1850... Dec, 17, 1850... 282 April 22, 1850... Dec. 11..

234 Mar, 25, 1850 Feb. 25, 1851... Dec, 14, 1851... 293 April 16, 1851... Dec. 5.

235 April 2, 1851 Mar. 28, 1852... Dec. 23, 1852... 270 April 20, 1852... Dec. 16..

239

April 20, 1852 Mar. 23, 1853... Dec. 21, 1853... 274 April 20, 1853... Dec. 20.

245 April 14, 1853 Mar. 17, 1854... Dec. 8. 1854... 266

1, 1854... Dec. 3.

217

April 29, 1854 Mar. 27, 1855...] Dec, 20, 1855... 268 May 1, 1855... Dec. 10.

224 April 21, 1855 April 11, 1856... Dec. 14, 1856... 248

May
6, 1856... Dec. 4..

214 May 2, 1856 Feb. 27, 1857... Dec. 27, 1857... 303 May 6, 1857... Dec. 15.

223 April 27, 1857 Mar. 20, 1858... Dec. 17, 1858... 273 April 28, 1858... Dec. 8.

225 April 15, 1858 Mar. 13, 1859... Dec. 10, 1859... 273 April 15, 1859... Dec. 12.

242 April 7, 1859 Mar. 6, 1860... Dec. 14, 1860... 283 April 25, 1860... Dec. 12..

232 April 17, 1860 Mar. 5, 1861... Dec. 23, 1861... 294

1, 1861... Dec. 10..

224

April 13, 1861 April 4, 18 Dec. 19, 1862... 259

May 1, 1862... Dec. 10.

224

April 15, 1862 April 3, 1863... Dec, 11, 1863... 252 May 1, 1863... Dec. 9..

223

April 3, 1863 Mar. 11, 1864... Dec, 12, 1864... 277 April 30, 1864... Dec. 8..

223 April 13, 1864 Mar, 22, 1865... Dec. 16, 1865... 270

May
1, 1865... Dec. 12.

226 April 26, 1865 Mar. 20, 1866... Dec. 15, 1866... 270

May
1, 1866... Dec, 12.

226 April 28. 1866 Mar. 26, 1867... Dec. 8, 1867...257 May

6, 1867... Dec, 20.

229 April 21, 1867 Mar. 24, 1868... Dec. 5, 1868... 252

4, 1868... Dec. 7

217 April 19, 1868 April 5, 1869... Dec. 9, 1869... 248

6, 1869... Dec. 10..

218 May 1, 1869 Mar. 31, 1870... Dec. 17, 1870... 261 May 10, 1870... Dec. 8.

213 April 16, 1870 Mar. 12, 1871... Nov, 29, 1871... 263 April 24, 1871... Dec, 1

220 April 1, 1871 April 7, 1872... Dec. 9, 1872... 247 May 13, 1872... Dec. 1

202 May 6, 1872 April 16, 1873... Nov. 22, 1873... 221 May 15, 1873... Dec. 6.

205 April 29, 1873 Mar, 19, 1874... Dec. 12, 1874... 269

May
5, 1874... Dec. 5

215

April 18, 1874 April 13, 1875... Nov. 29, 1875... 229 May 18, 1875... Nov. 30 (byice) 297 May 12, 1875 April 1, 1876... Dec. 2, 1876...) 245

May 4, 1876... Dec. 1

211

May 4, 1876 Mar, 30, 1877... Dec. 31, 1877... 277 May 8, 1877... Dec. 7

214 April 17, 1877 Mar. 14, 1878... Dec. 20, 1878... 282 April 15, 1878... Dec, 7

237 Mar. 24, 1878 April 4, 1879... Dec. 20, 1879... 261 May 8, 1879... Dec. 6.

212 April 24, 1879 Mar. 5, 1880... Nov. 25, 1880... 266 April 20, 1880... Nov. 21(byice)

216 Mar. 19, 1880 Mar. 21, 1881... Jan, 2, 1882... 288 May 17, 1881... Dec. 8..

206

May 1, 1881 Mar. 8 1882... Dec. 5, 1882... 273 April 11, 1882... Dec. 7

241 Mar. 26. 1882 Mar. 29, 1883... Dec, 15, 1883... 261

May
7, 1883... Dec. 1..

208 May 4, 1883 Mar. 25, 1884... Dec. 19, 1884... 269

May
6, 1884... Dec. 1.

209 April 25. 1881 April 7, 1885... Dec. 7, 1885... 247 May 11, 1885... Dec. 1

205 May 2, 1885 Mar. 30, 1866... Dec. 3, 1886... 248

1, 1886... Dec. 1..

214 April 25, 1886 April 6, 1887... Dec. 20, 1887... 258

7, 1887... Dec. 1.

209

April 17, 1887 April 7, 1888... Dec. 14, 1888.... 232 May 10, 1888... Dec. 3..

208 April 14, 1888 Mar. 19, 1889... Open all winter... 286 May 1, 1889... Nov. 30.

214 April 10, 1889 Open entire year Dec. 2, 1890... 337 April 28, 1890... Nov. 30, 1890. 217 Mar. 31, 1890 Mar. 24, 1891... Dec. 24, 1891... 277 May 5, 1891... Dec. 5, 1891.. 215 April 13, 1891 April 1, 1892... Dec. 22, 1892.... 266

May

1, 1892... Dec, 6, 1892.. 219 April 10, 1892 April 1, 1893... Dec. 6, 1893... 250

May

3, 1893... Nov. 30. 1893.. 212 April 15, 1893 Mar. 18, 1894... Dec. 24, 1894... 281

May
1, 1894... Nov, 30, 1894..

214

April 28, 1894 April 2, 1895... Dec. 9, 1895...1 252 May 3, 1895... Dec. 6, 1895. 216 April 4, 1895 April 7, 1896.../ Dec. 19, 1896...) 256

May 1, 1896...) Dec 1, 1896.. 215 April 19, 1896 * At Buffalo. The record in the above table is kept by the State Superintendent of Public Works.

May

May
May

May
May

a Ready Reference Calendar. For ascertaining any Day of the Week for any given Time within Two Hundred

Years from the introduction of the New Style, 1752, to 1952 inclusive.

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NOTE. -The letters in

TABLE OF DAYS. the list of "Years from 1753 to 1962," refer to the table headed with the 1 2 3

6

7 Months, the figures in Monday 1 Tuesday 1 Wednesday 1 Thursday 1 Friday 1 Saturday 1 SUNDAY 1 which refer to the same Tuesday, Wednesday 2 Thursday

2 Friday
9 Saturday

2

2 SUNDAY 2 Monday 3 Friday

3 Saturday, 3 SUNDÁY 3 Monday figures at the head of the Wednesday 3 Thursday

3 Tuesday Thursday 4 Friday 4 Saturday 4 SUNDAY 4 Monday 4 Tuesday 4 Wednesday 4 table of Days. For ex- Friday 3 Saturday 5 SUNDAY 5 Monday 5 Tuesday 6 Wednesday 5 Thursday arnple: To know on what Saturday, 6 SUNDAY 6 Monday 6 Tuesday 6 Wednesday 6 Thursday 6 Friday 6

7 Tuesday 7 Wednesday ? Thursday ? Friday 7 Saturday day July 4, 1898, will SUNDÁY 7 Monday

Monday 8 Tuesday 8 Wednesday 8 Thursday 8 Friday 8 Saturday fall look for 1898 in the Tuesday

8 SUNDAY 8 9 Wednesd. 9 Thursday 9 Friday

9 Saturday, 9 SUNDAY 9 Monday table of Years. The let- Wednesd. Thursday 10 Friday 10 Saturday 10 SUNDAY 10 Monday

10

10 Tuesday 11 Saturday 11 SUNDAY 11 Monday 11 Tuesday

11 Wednesd. 11 ter c is attached. Look Thursday 11 Friday

12 Saturday 19 SUNDAY 12 Monday 12 Tuesday 12 Wednesd. 12 Thursday 12 for the same letter in the Saturday 13 SUNDÁY 13 Monday 13 Tuesday 13 Wednesd. 13 Thursday 13 Friday 13 table of Months and in a SUNDAY 14 Monday 14 Tuesday 14 Wednesd. 14 Thursday 14 Friday 14 Saturday

15 Tuesday 15 Wednesd. 15 Thursday 16 Friday parallel line under July is Monday

15 Saturday 15 SUNDÁY 15 16 Wednesd. 16 Thursday 16 Friday 10 Saturday 16 SUNDAY 16 Monday 16 the figure 5, which di- Wednesd. 17 Thursday 17 Friday 17 Saturday 17 SUNDAY 17 Monday 17 Tuesday 17 rects to column 5 in the Thursday 18 Friday 18 Saturday 18 SUNDAY 18 Monday 18 Tuesday 18 Wednesd. 18

19 Saturday 19 SUNDAY 19 Monday 19 Tuesday table of Days below, in Friday

19 Wednesd. 19 Thursday 19

20 Tuesday Saturday 20 SUNDAY 20 Monday

90 Wednesd. 90 Thursday 20 Friday 90 which it will be seen SUNDAY 21 Monday 91 Tuesday 21 Wednesd, 21 Thursday 21 Friday 91 Saturday 21 tbat July 4 falls on Mon- Monday 22 Tuesday 92 Wednesd. 22 Thursday 22 Friday 92 Saturday 29 SUNDÁY 92 day. Tuesday 93 Wednesd. 23 Thursday 23 Friday

23 23 Saturday 23 SUNDAY 23 Monday

24 Saturday 24 SUNDAY 94 Monday Wednesd. 24 Thursday 24 Friday

24 Tuesday 94 This improved calendar Thursday 25 Friday 25 Saturday 95 SUNDÁY 95 Monday 25 Tuesday 25 Wednesd. 25 was made for THEWORLD Friday 96 Saturday 26 SUNDAY 26 Monday 26 Tuesday 96 Wednesd, 26 Thursday 26

27 Tuesday 27 Wednesd. 27 Thursday 27 Friday

27 ALYANAC by Arthur Saturday, 27 SUNDAY 97 Monday

SUNDÁY 9 Monday 28 Tuesday 28 Wednesd, 28 Thursday 28 Friday 28 Saturday 28 Cunningham, of Colum

Monday 29 Tuesday 29 Wednesd. 29 Thursday 99 Friday 99 Saturday 29 SUNDAY 29 bas, O.

30 Tuesday 30 Wednesd. 30 Thursday 30 Friday 30 Saturday 30 SUNDÁY 30 Monday Wednesd. 31 Thursday 31 Friday 31 Saturday 31 SUNDAY 31 Monday 81 Tuesday 31

Table of Memorable Dates. B. C.

A. D. 1183 Fall of Troy.

1773 Tea destroyed in Boston Harbor. Dec. 16, 1082 Era of the Great Pyramid.

1775 Battle of Lexington, April 19. 878 Carthage founded.

1775 Battle of Bunker Hill, June 17. 776 Olympic Era began.

1776 Declaration of Independence, July 4. 753 Foundation of Rome.

1777 Burgoyne's surrender, Oct. 17. 588 Jerusalem was taken by Nebuchadnezzar. 1779 Captain Cook was killed, Feb. 14. 636 Restoration of the Jews under Cyrus. 1781 Cornwallis' surrender at Yorkt' n, Oct. 19. 509 Expulsion of the Tarquins from Rome. 1788 First settlement in Australia, Jan. 26. 480 Xerxes defeated Greeks at Thermopylæ. 1789 The French Revolution began July 14. 55 Cæsar conquered Britain.

1789 Washington first inaugurated President. 4 Birth of Jesus Christ.

1793 Cotton-gin invented by Whitney. A, D.

1793 Louis XVI. of France was executed Jan.21 29 The Crucifixion.

1796 Vaccination was discovered by Jenner. 70 Jerusalem was destroyed by Titus. 1798 The Irish Rebellion. 313 Constantine converted to Christianity. 1799 Battle of Seringa patam ; death of Tippoo. 410 The Romans abandoned Britain.

1799 Bonaparte declared First Consul, Nov. 10. 827 Egbert, first king of all England. (Oct. 14 1801 Union of Great Britain and Ireland, Jan. 1 1066 Battle of Hastings. Norman Conquest, 1803 Louisiana purchased from the French. 1096 The Crusades began.

1804 Bonaparte became Emperor of the French 1172 Ireland was conquered by Henry II. 1805 Battle of Trafalgar and death of Nelson. 1215 King John granted Magna Charta, June 15 1807 Fulton's first steamboat voyage. 1265 First Representative Parliament in Eng. 1812 Second war with Great Britain began. 1415 Battle of Agincourt, Oct. 25.

1812 The French expedition to Moscow. 1431 Joan of Arc was burnt, May 30.

1813 Perry's victory on Lake Erie, Sept. 10. 1453 Constantinople was taken by the Turks. 1811 The printing machine in vented. 1455 The Wars of the Roses began.

1814 Scott's “Waverley'' published. 1462 The Bible was first printed at Mentz. 1815 Battle of New Orleans, Jan. 8. 1471 Caxton set up his printing press.

1815 Battle of Waterloo, June 18. 1486 The feuds of York and Lancaster ended. 1819 First steamship crossed the Atlantic. 1492 Columbus discovered America, Oct. 12, 1820 Missouri Compromise adopted. 1517 The Reformation began in Germany. 1823 Monroe Doctrine declared, Dec. 2. 1519 Cortez began the conquest of Mexico. 1828 First passenger railroad in the U. S. 1535 The first English Bible printed.

1830 Revolution in France, Orleanistsucces'n. 1539 Monasteries were closed in England. 1832 South Carolina Nullification Ordinance. 1558 Accession of Queen Elizabeth, Nov. 17. 1835 Morse invented the telegraph. 1565 Revolt of the Netherlands began.

1835 Seminole War in Florida began. 1572 The St. Bartholomew Massacre, Aug. 24. 1837 Accession of Queen Victoria, June 20. 1588 The Spanish Armada was defeated, July. 1815 Texas annexed. 1600 East India Company first chartered. 18-16 Sewing machine completed by Elias Howe 1603 Union of England and Scotland, March 24 1816 The Irish Potato Famine. 1605 The Gunpowder Plot in England.

1816 British Corn laws repealed, June 26. 1607 Jamestown, Va., was settled.

1816 War with Mexico began. 1609 Hudson River first explored.

1818 French Revolution. Republic succeeded. 1616 Shakespeare died, April 23.

1818 Gold discovered in California, September. 1618 Thirty Years' War in Germany began. 1851 Gold discovered in Australia, Feb. 12. 1620 Pilgrims by the Mayflower landed. 1851 First International Exhibition, London. 1623 Manhattan Island settled.

1852 Louis Napoleon became Emperor, Dec. 2. 1634 Maryland settled by Roman Catholics. 1853 Crimean War began. 1636 Rhode Island settled by Roger Williams. 1857 The Great Mutiny in India. 1640 Cromwell's Long Parliament assembled. 1857 The Dred Scott decision. 1649 Charles I. was beheaded, January 30. 1859 John Brown's raid into Virginia. 1653 Oliver Cromwell became Lord Protector. 1860 South Carolina seceded, Dec. 20. 1660 Restoration of the Stuarts.

1861 Emancipation of the Russian serfs. 1664 New York was conquered from the Dutch. 1863 Lincoln's Emancipa'n Proclam'n, Jan. 1. 1664 The great plague of London.

1803 Battle of Gettysburg, July 1-3. 1666 The great tire of London began Sept. 2. 1865 Lee surrendered at Appomattox, April 9. 1679 Habeas Corpus Act was passed in England. 1865 President Lincoln assassinated, April 14. 1682 Pennsylvania settled by William Penn. 1866 Battle of Sadowa. Prussia beat Austria. 1685 Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, Oct. 22 1867 Emperor Maximilian of Mexico executed. 1688 James II. abdicated, Dec. 11.

1867 The Dominion of Canada established. 1690 Battle of the Boyne, July 1.

1870 Franco-German War began July 19. 1690 First newspaper in America ; at Boston. 1870 Capitulation of French at Sedan, Sept. 1. 1704 Gibraltar was taken by the English. 1870 Rome became the capital of Italy. 1713 Peace of Utrecht, April 11.

1871 The German Empire was re-established. 1714 Accession of the House of Hanover, Aug. 1 1871 The Irish Church was disestablished. 1715 First Jacobite Rebellion in Great Britain, 1871 The great fire in Chicago, Oct. 8-11. 1720 South Sea Bubble.

1872 The great fire in Boston, Nov. 9. 1745 Battle of Fontenoy, April 30.

1876 Centennial Exposition at Philadelphia. 1745 Second Jacobite Rebellion in Gt. Britain. 1881 President Garfield shot. 1756 The Black Hole Suffocation in Calcutta. 1882 British occupation of Egypt. 1757 Clive won the Battle of Plassey in India. 1889 Brazil became a Republic. 1759 Canada was taken from the French. 1893 World's Columbian Exposit' n at Chicago. 1765 Stamp Act enacted.

1894 Chinese-Japanese war began. 1773 Steam engine perfected by Watt.

1895 Cuban Revolution began Feb. 20.

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