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No. 1.- Don Gregorio Tagle to the President of The United States.

(Translation.) Most EXCELLENT SIR,

Buenos Ayres, 16th January, 1816. The circumstances are well known, which have heretofore prevented these Provinces from establishing with the United States of America, the relations of amity and strict correspondence, which reci. procal interest, and a common glory ought to have inspired. At length, the obstacles which were opposed to our desire have been overcome, and we have the fortune to be able to send near your Excellency a Deputy, to implore from your Excellency the protection and assistance we require for the defence of a just Cause, and sacred in its principles, and which is moreover ennobled by the heroic examples of The United States, over whom your Excellency has the glory to preside.

A series of extraordinary events and unexpected changes, which have taken place in our ancient Mother Country, have constrained us not to make a formal Declaration of National Independence; nevertheless our conduct and Public Papers have sufficiently expressed our resolution. When this Letter reaches your Excellency, the General Congress of our Representatives will have met; and I can assure you, without fear of being mistaken, that one of its first Acts will be, a solemn Declaration of the Independence of these Provinces of the Spanish Monarchy, and of all other Sovereigns or Powers.

In the mean time, our Deputy, near your Excellency, will not be invested with a Public Character, nor will he be disposed to exceed the object of his Mission, without an understanding with your Excellency and your Ministers. That these views may be exactly fulfilled, I have selected a Gentleman, who, from his personal qualities, will not excite a suspicion that he is sent by the Government, invested with so serious and important a Commission. He is Colonel Martin Thompson, who, independently of this Credential, has the title which we are accustomed to give to our Deputies. I hope that your Excellency will be pleased to give him full credit, and secure for him all the consideration which, in a like case, we would give and secure to the Ministers whom your Excellency may think proper to send to these Provinces.

The said Deputy has it specially in charge, to offer to your Excellency, in my name, and in that of the Provinces under my direction, the profound respect and particular estimation with which we view the very illustrious Chief of so powerful a Republic.

May your Excellency deign to receive these expressions, and to give us an occasion to accredit them. God preserve your life many years.


No. 2.- Declaration of Independence of the Provinces of La Plata.

(Communicated by Mr. Aguirre to the Department of State, 24th De. cember, 1817.) (Translation.) Tucuman, 9th July, 1816.

We, the Representatives of the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata, in General Congress assembled, invoking the Supreme Being, who presides over the Universe, and calling on Heaven, Earth, and Mankind to witness the justice of our Cause; in the name and in virtue of the authority of the People whom we represent

Solemnly declare, that it is the unanimous will of the People of these Provinces to break asunder all the Bonds which unite them with the Kings of Spain; to reinstate themselves in the enjoyment of the rights of which they have been deprived, and to raise themselves to the high rank of a free and independent Nation, capable of giving themselves such a Government as justice and imperious circumstances may require. Authorized by The United Provinces in general, and by each one of them in particular, to declare and lay them under the obligation to support this Independence, we hereby pledge their lives, fortunes, and sacred honour.

Mindful of the respect due to those Nations which take an interest in our fate, and conscious of the necessity of declaring the weighty reasons which have impelled us to this act, we resolve that a Manifesto, setting them forth, be immediately made public.

Given and signed in the Hall of our Sittings, sealed with the Seal of the Congress, and countersigned by our Secretaries, in the City of Tucuman, this 9th day of July, 1816.

F. N. DE LAPRIDA, President.
J. M. SERRANO, Secretary.
J.J. PASSO, Secretary.

No. 3.-The Supreme Director of Buenos Ayres to the President of

The United States.-(Translation.) Most Excellent SIR,

Buenos Ayres, 1st January, 1817. Being placed at the Head of these Provinces by the suffrage of the Congress of its Representatives, and having had the honor, on a former occasion, of offering to your Excellency the tribute of my respects, and at the same time of transmitting the Act of the Declaration of our Independence of the ancient Government of the King of Spain and his Successors; I profit of the present occasion to notify your Excellency, that I have ordered Colonel Don Martin Thompson, the Agent of this Government, near the Government of your

ExcelJency, to cease to exercise the functions appertaining to his Character as such.

When first sent to The United States, he went in the Character of Agent, and of this your Excellency was apprized by Despatches of the 16th of January of the last year, in which was assigned as the reason for not having appointed to so important a Mission, a

Person of greater consideration and weight, the necessity of obviating all suspicion that might otherwise have arisen concerning its object. It is with much concern that I have learned, by the Communications themselves of our said Agent, that lie has arbitrarily departed from the line of the duties marked out for him, and that, without having duly estimated the honor of conferring with you, he has granted Licenses which are in direct contradiction with the said principles. My Predecessor rested all his hopes of a favorable issue to the Commission given to Mr. Thompson, on the generosity and magnanimity of your Excellency; and I, who entertain the same sentiments, venture to hope that, suspending for the present the appointment of an Agent, we shall receive proofs of your friendly disposition towards these People; but if your Excellency should deen it necesary that a formal Agent should be appointed, I shall, upon the first intimation, take a particular pleasure in making choice of a Person who may be worthy of the consideration of the illustrious Chief to whoin he will be sent.

I have the honor to avail myself of this occasion to renew to your Excellency the sentiments of respect and high esteem, which it is the boast of the People over whom I preside, to entertain for you, and to offer you the like homage in my own name.

May God preserve you many years. The Hon. James Madison, J. MARTIN DE PUEYRREDON.

No. 4.- The Supreme Director of Buenos Ayres to the President of The

United States.-(Translation.) Most Excellent SIR,

Buenos Ayres, 5th March, 1817. The liberal and benevolent principles which distinguish your Goveroment, induce me to believe that the recent triumpbs of liberty in these United Provinces of South America, will be heard with pleasure by your Excellency and the happy Citizens of your Republic. This confidence, and the conformity of the principles which actuate the Inhabitants of this Hemisphere with those that stimulated the heroic efforts of The United States of the North in the achievement of their Independence, encourage me to make known to your Excel. lency the restoration of the opulent Kingdom of Chile, by the Patriot Forces of my Government.

The printed Documents which I have the honor to enclose, contain Accounts of the most memorable events of the last Campaign. It was opened by the passage of the formidable mountains of the Andes; and, through the interposition of Providence, our victorious arms have given liberty to a million and a half of the Inhabitants of the New World.

I pray your Excellency to accept the assurance of my respectful consideration, and my desire to strengthen the bonds of union and

mutual interest between the 2 Nations. God preserve you many years! The Hon. James Monroe. J. MARTIN DE PUEYRREDON.

No.5.—Commission of Don Manuel de Aguirre, from the Government

of Chile, (Translation.)

Santiago de Chile, 8th March, 1817. The Supreme Director of the State of Chile, &c. &c. &c.

It being important to the maintenance and advancement of the Provinces under my command, to have therein all those resources of armament, which, being useful to the Army as well as to the Navy, may protect them from invasion, and wrest them from the hands of the Enemies of our liberty; I have, therefore, with a view to accomplish the said object, given and granted full power and authority to Don Manuel de Aguirre, to enter into and set on foot all such Negotiations as may be relative to the purchase of Vessels of War, including a Frigate, completely armed and equipped; also, for the purchase of all descriptions of arms, warlike stores and supplies useful to the Army; it being understood, that the value of the different kinds which he is commissioned to purchase or stipulate for, and the transport thereof to Chile, are to be fully paid for, upon due verification of the same, and that, for the fulfilment of this promise, all the interests of the Public Revenue, and of the State of Chile in general, are made responsible.

In testimony whereof, I have ordered the present to be executed. Signed by me, sealed with the Arms of this Government, and countersigned by my Minister of State, in the City of Santiago de Chile, this 8th day of March, 1817.

(L. S.} BERNARDO O'HIGGINS. Countersigned, MIGUEL ZANARTU, Minister of State.

No. 6.-Commission of Don Manuel de Aguirre, from the Government

of Buenos Ayres, (Translation.)

Buenos Ayres, 28th March, 1817. The Supreme Director of the United Provinces of South America.

Inasmuch as it is necessary to appoint a Person who, in the character of Agent of this Government near that of the United States of North America, may promote whatever conduces to the progress of the Cause in which these Provinces are engaged, to their honor, and the consolidation of the great work of our liberty. Therefore, the necessary qualities of probity, capacity, and patriotism, uniting in the Commissary General of War, Citizen Don Manuel Hermenegildo de Aguirre, I have appointed him Agent of this Government near that of The United States of North America, granting to him the privileges, pre-eminences, and prerogatives which belong to the said Title.

In pursuance whereof, I have given the present, signed by me, countersigned by my Secretary of State for the Department of the Government and Foreign Affairs, and sealed with the Seal of the National Arms. Given at Buenos Ayres, the 28th day of March, 1817.

(L. S.) JUAN MARTIN DE PUEYRREDON. Countersigned, GREGORIO TAGLE, Minister of State.

No. 7.— The Supreme Director of Chile to the President of The United

States.-(Translation.) Most ExceLLENT SIR,

Santiago de Chile, 1st April, 1817. The beautiful Kingdom of Chile having been re-established on the 12th of February last, by the Army of the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata, under the command of the brave General, Don José de San Martin, and the supreme direction of the State being conferred on me, by the choice of the People, it becomes my duty to announce to the World the new asylum which these Countries offer to the industry and friendship of the Citizens of all Nations of the Globe.

The Inhabitants of Chile, having thus reassumed their natural rights, will not hereafter submit to be despoiled of their just prerogatives, nor tolerate the sordid and pernicious policy of the Spanish Cabinet. In its numerous Population, and the riches of its soil, Chile presents the basis of a solid and durable Power, to which the Independence of this precious portion of the New World will give the fullest security. The knowledge and resources of the neighboring Nation of Peru, which has resolved to support our emancipation, en. courage the hope of the future prosperity of these Regions, and of the establishment, on liberal grounds, of a commercial and political intercourse with all Nations. If the cause of humanity interests the feelings of your Excellency, and the identity of the principles of our present contest with those which formerly prompted The United States to assert their Independence, disposes your Government and People

avorably towards our Cause, your Excellency will always find me most earnestly desirous of promoting the commercial and friendly relations of the 2 Countries, and of removing every obstacle to the establishment of the most perfect harmony and good understanding.

God preserve you many years. The Hon. James Monroe.


No. 8.The Supreme Director of Buenos Ayres to the President of

The United States.-(Translation.) Most ExcellENT SIR,

Buenos Ayres, 28th April, 1817. When the interests of sound policy are in accord with the principles of justice, nothing is more easy or more pleasing, than the maintenance of harmony and good understanding between Powers which

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