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ing Dr. Wire 10 out of 28 votes, on motion of Mr. Roden his election was made unanimous. Mr. Hild moved that the secretary be directed to cast one vote for Mr. Burchard, the retiring secretary, and the latter was re-elected; Dr. Wire having made a similar motion in regard to Mr. Merrill, the latter was re-elected treasurer for the ensuing year.
Mr. Roden moved that a vote of thanks be offered to the retiring officers. The meeting then adjourned.
W. S. MERRILL, Secretary pro tem.
those libraries from which information could be obtained; many good illustrations of the various buildings are included. The report contains also an historical sketch of "Some early libraries," by H. F. Bassett, librarian of the Silas Bronson Library of Waterbury; and the text of various "special acts" relating to libraries and passed at the 1893 session of the legislature.
DENVER (Col.) P. L. Public library hand-book,
For about a year past there have appeared from month to month in Books, the organ of the Denver Public Library, short papers on prime factors of library work. So apt and lucid were CONNECTICUT. P. L. COMMITTEE. Connecticut they, that issue in such ephemeral and inconpublic library document, no. 1, 1895 (whole venient shape seemed unfortunate, and the anno. 4); report of the Connecticut Public nouncement of their amplification and publication in book form was a most welcome one. Library Committee, 1893-4. 1895. 116 p. O. The little volume into which these papers have This is the first report of the Connecticut been gathered is issued solely as the production Public Library, and it is a gratifying record of of the Denver Public Library. According to the well-directed and fruitful work. The commit-title-page, it is "by the Public Library of Dentee was organized under the "law relating to libraries," passed in 1893, and promptly began its work by the distribution of a circular, setting forth the main features of the law regarding the establishment of libraries by state aid, and urging communities to take advantage of it. The report gives the text of the law, the circulars issued by the committee, and directions as to the action to be taken by towns desiring to establish libraries. The method of purchase and distribution of books is described, and a sample list of about 150 v. is shown. During the period covered by the report, nine towns have voted to establish libraries, and books to the value of $200 have been sent to six of these. Specially interesting is a short article, entitled "Suggestions for the smallest libraries," by Miss C. M. Hewins, who gives simple and concise directions for the routine work of a library of from 3002000 v. A series of tables gives statistics of Connecticut libraries from 1891-1893, showing the name and location of the library, its general character, number of volumes, yearly accessions, circulation, income and source, library building with name of donor, if any, informa- | tion as to use by children and mechanics, stock of books on education or pedagogy, and name of librarian. These statistics have been compiled with care and attention to detail, and afford an interesting bird's-eye view of the library status of Connecticut. Out of 171 towns, 13 possess libraries, owned and con- Mr. Dana covers the whole field of library routrolled by the town and free to all the people; tine in its simpler details. Beginning with the three have libraries "owned and controlled by starting of a library, either by gift, legislation, the municipality and free to all the people of the or the expansion of subscription or school libramunicipality"; 22 have free libraries having no ries, he describes the best means of enlisting and connection with the town; five have libraries to arousing public interest, methods of selecting, which the town appropriates money, but is not buying, lending, and charging books and periodirepresented in the management; 56 have libraries cals, gives suggestions to the public and to assiswhere a fee is charged; and 71 towns have no tants, and presents careful and lucid expositions library. Following the statistical tables are 50 of the modus operandi in accession work, deliverypages of "sketches of libraries," collected and ar- desk methods, classifying, cataloging, stock-takranged by Miss Alice S. McQuaid, giving in al-ing, binding and rebinding. The keynote of the phabetical order short accounts of the history of book seems an earnest belief that "the first duty
ver, and the preface bears signature of the same corporation. But, in contradiction to the ancient axiom, the soul of this corporation is easily discoverable. The modest note prefacing the table of contents informs us that "criticisms of the book should be directed against J. C. Dana, who planned it, and edited and revised all ms."— and if criticism, then, too, the recognition and appreciation that it is so much pleasanter and more needful to accord. Mr. Dana has had the co-operation of three members of his staff, F. D. Tandy, John Parsons, and J. M. Lee, to whom full credit is given; but his direction and supervision are manifest throughout. He has contributed nine of the 25 chapters, two others being his work, conjointly with Mr. Tandy. The hand-book owes its existence largely to a process of evolution. It had its inception in an attempt to answer some of the many requests received for information and suggestion as to library work, and its scope gradually widened far beyond the original plans of its projector until it formed a compact "body of library doctrine" as preached and practised at the Denver Public Library. Its immediate usefulness, however, extends far beyond the limits of a single city or state, and though meant especially as a manual for the training classes of the Denver Public Library and for small Colorado libraries, it deserves a front rank among library text-books.
of a library is to be used not to pose as a monunumber of briefer notes being especially large. ment or mausoleum," and all that will make a li- The maps, plans, etc., comprise maps of Cenbrary more useful, more attractive, more popular tral Europe, Eastern Europe, the Roman Em-in the best sense of the word is specially em- pire, four "development maps" of Spain; a phasized. In this connection we find suggestions "logical outline" of Roman history; and chronfor a plentiful supply and circulation of periodi-ological tables of the ninth and tenth centuries. cals, no age limit-"the young people are the library's most hopeful material"— as free access to the books as it is possible to give, an absence of red tape, and a general responsiveness to the borrower's desires and needs. There are several excellent annotated lists—among them," Books suitable for a small school library"; literary journals, useful in the selection of books; "Some periodicals suitable for a small library"; and "Books on library work." The explanation of the decimal classification and of the classifying and cataloging of a library is so clear and careful that any intelligent novice who had no other guide should be easily brought into the way of light. Lucid as they are, the expositions of cataloging and classification are comprehensive of all essential details, bringing the reader up to the "refinements and niceties, the intricacies and moot points and woes thereof," of which it is not within the province of the "hand-book" to treat. All stages of cataloging are demonstrated by fac-similes of cards and methods of entry in actual use, reduced to fit the small page, but with the proper dimensions stated. Indeed, the many illustrations, covering not only cataloging and classification, but showing order slips, magazine records, application blanks, borrowers' cards, book cards, card pockets, public notices, accession sheets, tags, bindery orders, etc., are a most useful feature of the book. There is an excellent index, and a novel and useful list of "a few definitions," giving simple explanations of the terms most used in library work.
The book is a welcome and useful addition to the literature of what is aptly characterized as "the freemasonry part" of library work, and Mr. Dana and the Denver Public Library are worthy successors to Miss Plummer and Mr. Fletcher in a field where as yet there is little danger of overcrowding.
LARNED, Josephus Nelson. History for ready reference from the best historians, biographers, and specialists. In five vols. Vol. 4- Nicæa to Tunis. Springfield, C. A. Nichols & Co., 1894.
It is unnecessary to do more than summarize briefly the main features of this fourth volume of Mr. Larned's historical compendium. Its scope is as wide and its mass of information as varied as has been the case in the previous volumes. It is really astonishing to glance down page after page and note the extent and variety of the entries, covering all epochs and subjects within the compass of the plan. The subjects to which most space have been given are Rome, 98 pages; the papacy, 64 pages; printing and press, 20 pages; Russia, 32 pages; Scotland, 42 pages: Slavery, 62 pages; Spain, 44 pages; tariff legislation, 26 pages. On the whole, however, this volume contains comparatively few extended entries, or rather historical essays, the
WENCKSTERN, Fr. von. A bibliography of the Japanese empire: being a classified list of all books, essays, and maps in European languages relating to Dai Nihon [Great Japan], published in Europe, America, and the East from 185993 A.D.; to which is added a fac-simile reprint of Léon Pagès' Bibliographie Japonaise, depuis le xve siècle jusqu'a 1859. Leiden, E. J. Brill, 1895. [London, Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.] 14+338+68 p. O.
Here is a cosmopolitan work, written by a German, in the English language, containing a photographic fac-simile of a French bibliography with words of praise for its comprehensiveness, and dedicated to an American librarian, "In memoriam Guilielmi Friderici Poolei, illustrissimi bibliothecarii Americani." The preface bears out this character, for it is written in English just enough tinged with German to amuse and give it that charm which often attracts in the pronunciation of a foreign lecturer. It is a work of German thoroughness; some 21,000 lines -long lines in small type - are given to a classified list of all books, essays, and maps in European languages, relating to Dai Nihon (Great Japan), published during only a quarter of a century, from 1859 to 1893. The thoroughness of research may appear from six successive references on p. 158 to Appleton's Journal, Englishwoman's Domestic Magazine, Galaxy, All the Year Round, Rendiconti dei Lincei, Murray's Magazine, and on the opposite page Gazette de Beaux-Arts, Magasin Pittoresque, Proc. U. S. Nat. Museum, Mem. Lit. and Phil. Soc. Manchester, Chemical News, Journal of Indian Art. The title should have read " European languages excepting the Russian." Mr. Wenckstern justifies this omission from the difficulty he "would have had to overcome in order to give an approximately accurate and complete list" of Russian works. It is not said whether this obstacle is be a sufficient excuse, and as it is shared by most ignorance of the language; that certainly would
readers, the omission of the Russian literature is little to be deplored. We have not noticed titles in any other Slavic language nor in Hungarian; perhaps there are no books on Japan in those tongues. But we have come across entries in Dutch, Danish, Swedish, Spanish, Italian, French, German, and English, the latter being much the most numerous. The classification is elaborate and well conceived. 23 classes have 82 sub-divisions. The order has some peculiarities. Travels is the 4th class, History the 8th, with Religion and Philosophy, Philology and Belles-Lettres coming between them, and Topography and Hydrography is the 19th, followed by Physiography. The Folk-lore puzzle is well solved by putting it, with Fairy tales and Proverbs, under Ethnography. For the style of
sub-classing take Fine Arts. That has the sections General works, Catalogues of collections, Drama, Enamels and Carving, Lacquer, Metallurgy, Magic Mirror, Music, Pictorial Arts, Pottery.
No large library should be without the work. It should be bought, if for no other reason, to reward the author for a most meritorious piece of work and to lighten his inevitable loss, for he has borne the expense of its preparation himself. C: A. C.
Library Economy and History.
PENNSYLVANIA L. CLUB. Occasional papers, no. 2, March, 1895. Philadelphia, 1895. 8 p. O. Contains an account of " The Halliwell
Phillipps collection," by Prof. Albert H. Smyth; and a paper on "Library law in Pennsylvania," reviewing the most desirable features of library legislation in the various states, by S: H. Ranck. Both papers were read at meetings of the Pennsylvania Library Club.
The UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK has issued as "Circular no. 32," the paper on travelling libraries, by W: R. Eastman, entitled "A new aid to popular education: free travelling libraries," first printed in the Forum, Jan., 1895.
Baltimore, Md. Enoch Pratt F. L. (9th rpt.) Added 13,019; total 149,224, distributed among the central library (96,646 v.) and the five branches. Issued, home use 548,287 (fict. and juv. 76 %); ref. use 29,083. New members 6748; total no. borrowers 28,477. Expenses $48,
The circulation of periodicals for the year was 58,035.
Mr. Steiner says: "We have circulated amongst the people of Baltimore since the beginning of 1886, four millions of books, and have now nearly 150,000 volumes accessible to the public. The bare statement of these facts shows the influence this library has exerted upon the city, and the importance of the wise administration of such a large institution. Only three similar libraries in the United States, those of Boston, Chicago, and Cincinnati, surpass us in the number of books they possess, and only three, Chicago, Boston, and New York, in the number of volumes circulated.
"The usefulness of the branch libraries cannot be stated in too strong terms. During the last year 242,308 books were given out by them, and 55,402 periodicals used in their reading
"During the year, the second and third parts of the finding list for the main library and the finding list for branch libraries were issued. This completed the fifth edition, and made ours the first large library in the world to issue a complete finding list by the use of the linotype method. A supplement to the fifth edition was at once begun, is all in type, and very soon will
Boston P. L. On Monday, March 15, the library was opened for the delivery of books and the regular business routine. By nine o'clock, when the doors were thrown open, about 30 or 40 persons were waiting to enter the building, and within the next few hours the whole interior of the library had put on an air of business. All of the rooms intended for the public were open, with the exception of the newspaper room, which was closed for a been added to the staff, and the entire library few days longer. Twelve extra assistants have and cataloging departments, numbers about 140. force, including the employees of the binding The library is to be opened every week-day from nine a.m. to six p.m. On Sundays it will be open for readers from two to six p.m. It will be impossible to have the library open in the evening until the installation of the electric plant is completed-probably early in April. A system of civil service examinations, divided into five grades, has been adopted for the appointment of new assistants. Examinations for the various grades will be given at stated intervals, and from the applicants who pass, a certain number will be selected to enter probationary service at the library. For this service there will at first be no pay, but assistants on probation will have opportunities to do occasional substitute work, for which they will receive pay. From this they will gradually be advanced until they enter the regular service. Candidates for promotion in the library will also be required to satisfy the trustees of their fitness by passing the regular examination for the desired position.
Boston P. L. THE NEW LIBRARY IN BOSTON. (In Harper's Weekly, Mr. 16, 1895, p. 251-254).
An account of the arrangement and architectural features of the new library, illustrated with eight views of the interior.
Burlington, Vt. Fletcher F. L. (21st rpt.) Added 508; total 22,712. Issued, home use 43,942 (fict. and juv. 651⁄2 %); no statistics of ref. use. New registrations 827. Receipts $2471.96 ; expenses $2253.84.
Miss Hagar calls attention to the lack of sufficient shelf-room, the poor heating, and deficient lighting of the library. She also says: "The same system of distributing books through the schools, in use for many years, has been continued. It makes each school accepting the privilege practically a branch library with a librarian in the teacher,' who is acquainted with the needs and tastes of the children, and especially with the books that will be most useful to aid or interest them in their lessons. A smaller
number of books was given out to the teachers for use in the schools than last year. Four of the intermediate, two of the primary, most of the grammar schools, and the high school drew books to use in this way. About 650 volumes were thus circulated by the teachers, 30 in the primary schools,'490 in the intermediate schools, 100 in the grammar schools, the remainder in the high school. Many of the scholars in the primary and intermediate schools exchanged their books every week during the school sessions, so each volume was read many times."
California State L., Sacramento. (44-45th rpt.) Added 6739; total 94,752.
Los Angeles (Cal.) P. L. (6th rpt.) Added 6353; total 43,777. Issued, home use 450,818 (fict. 40.5%; juv. 10 %; current magazines 20 %); ref. use 38,271. New members 4709; total membership 18,057. Receipts $20,452.82; expenses $20,208.13.
Additional shelf-room has been given by the construction of 600 feet of extra shelving, but the space for books is constantly becoming more limited. The appendix contains a useful list of The circulation of pictures and mounted ilstate publications, noted elsewhere, and a sum-lustrations was 1779 for the year, or .3 per cent. mary of the free public libraries of California, of the total home use. giving statistics of the 28 libraries organized and operated under the general law or under city charters.
"Fiction shows an increase, due to the publication of the 'fiction list.' There are 10,000 volumes in the library in classes other than fiction which are not listed, or printed, and which are consequently unknown except through the medium of the shelf-sheets.
Chicago P. L. Where all maY READ. (In Chicago Inter-Ocean, Mr. 17, 1895.) 7 col. 10 il. An account of various branches and delivery stations of the library, with lists of the periodicals subscribed for, views of reading-room interiors and exteriors and portraits of the librarian and four of the reading-room super
Cleveland (0.) P. L. The Open Shelf, heretofore published monthly by the library, has been made a quarterly publication, on recommendation of Librarian Brett. The advertising income of the journal proved insufficient to admit of its continuance as a monthly.
Columbus (0.) Public School L. (18th rpt.) Added 3065; total 20,738. Issued, home use 94,642 (fict. 32.27%; juv. 35.60%); ref. use 8096; no record of reading-room use is kept.
sented to the city by the members of the club. The library contains about 500 v.; it will be conducted as a free town library, open one or two days in the week.
There is a special collection of school classics, containing about 3730 v.; these are sent in lots of 25 copies to each school for a period of four weeks, with permission for renewal, if desired. They are kept in constant circulation throughout the school year, each set reaching from five to six schools during the year. The books are purchased in lots of from 50 to 150 copies each. Hartford, Ct. Watkinson L. An exhibition
"On March 12, 1894, the new charging system went into effect, each book being provided with a card which remains in the book when in the library, and when 'out' the card is in the slip-case. The cards bear the number of every borrower who has read the book to which the card belongs, and the charges indicate the sex of the reader and the date of the issue of the book. These book-cards have room for 35 issue charges, and the 450 cards which have been filled furnish a very interesting index to the books The card catalog of the library is complete most widely read in this city. Charles King's to date, arranged by author, subject and title. books head the list with 26 cards, five A ms. subject catalog is nearly completed, and being for Two soldiers,' four each for 'Foes when finished will be combined with author and in ambush,' and 'Starlight ranch,' and three for title entries as copy for a printed dictionary cata-Between the lines,' the remaining 10 being log. scattered. Rose Nouchette Carey comes next with 25 cards, and Little Miss Muffet' leads with five cards, followed by 'Averill' with four cards. Clara Louise Burnham has 22 cards, six of which represent Dr. Latimer,' this book having the largest number of issues of any in the library during that time. Next is Next door' with five cards. There are nine copies of each of these books, and eight copies each of the King and Carey books. King is a very popular author with boys and young men, the love story being subordinated to the action. Miss Carey is the favorite with girls, both authors occupying the intermediate ground between juvenile and adult fiction."
Indianapolis (Ind.) P. L. The bill taking the library from the jurisdiction of the school board and placing it under control of a board of directors, which passed the legislature in February, failed to pass the senate for lack of a constitutional majority. It was brought up twice, but was unsuccessful each time.
of the rare ancient and modern books obtained by the Watkinson Library at the Columbian Exposition was held during the week of March 15-22. It included valuable editions in literature, fine art, history, biography and travel, and rare books on forestry, vineyard and flower culture.
"Music has an increased circulation to its credit, and is a particularly satisfactory feature with the borrowers. The demand for many of the popular operas was so great that several duplicate copies of them had to be purchased
in order to meet it.
A list of the most popular writers is given in the following order: Behrens, Clemens, Gunter, Barr, Crawford, Dumas, Sarah Grand, F. MarHartwell (O.) L. On March 21, the library of ryatt, Burnett, Doyle, Haggard, Stannard, Baythe Hartwell Literary Club was formally pre-ley, Forrester, Barrie, Clifford, Hector.
most cases the author's best-known book does not appear to be the popular choice. A book with a sentimental title in any one author's list of novels will be the one most read, regardless of the fame of some other novel. Thomas Hardy affords an illustration of this statement, 'A pair of blue eyes' and Far from the madding crowd' being called for oftener than his famous Tess of the D'Urbervilles.' In purchasing fiction the policy has been rather to duplicate the works of standard and well-known authors than to furnish a great variety of unknown books." The duplication ranges from 15 copies of each of Miss Alcott's book to two of Trollope's, and includes 13 copies of Hugo, 10 copies of Thackeray, six of Scott, eight of Dickens, seven of Dumas, two of Meredith, etc.
A total of 484 periodicals are regularly received. The reference work, though hampered and retarded by lack of accommodations, has been energetically carried on; a useful expedient for lessening the crowding of the rooms has been the sending to the more advanced classes of the higher grade schools a collection of 50 or 100 books on a given subject being studied at the time, these special class loans being separate from the regular school deliveries. Miss Kelso gives an exhaustive summary of the "rules governing employment, rating and promotion of
attendants," and includes a list of the members of the library force, giving details of work and
without registration. There were left unaccounted for, finally, 20 v. and II pm. as the total loss in eight years from a library now amounting to nearly 6000 v. and 4000 pm. A similar examination of the physical library showed a loss of five volumes during the past year. From the engineering library only two volumes were lost, although many more had been taken out by instructors without registration. As these three libraries contain one-half of all the books in the institute, a total loss of about 20 v. a year is indicated."
Maine State L., Augusta. (26th rpt.) Added 5479; total not given. Mr. Carver gives a review of the work of the library for the past two years, during which the growth of the library has been nearly double that of any like period of time in its history. Appended are a list of adadditions; a list of exchanges; a list of publica-is tions issued by the state, Dec., 1892- Dec., 1894; "laws concerning the State Library "laws relating to free public libraries," and tabulated lists of the libraries of the state, free and subscription.
Mass. Institute of Technology Ls., Bost. Added 5652; total 34,464; distributed among the II libraries of the institute. There are 515 periodicals, serials, etc., on the library's periodical list, the cost of which was $1515.21 for 1894. The total amount, exclusive of salaries, spent on the libraries during the year was $6424.40. "The growth of the libraries during the past year has been marked by a considerable decrease in the number and cost of books purchased, and by a much larger increase in the number and value of gifts."
The main statistical features of the report and Michigan State L., Lansing. (Biennial rpt.) brary during the period covered (1892-94) have the account of the development of the state lialready been noted in these columns (L. J. 19: deserve individual mention, notably the lists 391). It contains, however, several features that of state and other publications included. The appendix includes a full list of the additions to the library during the biennial period, showing exchanges, gifts, purchases, etc.; a statement of the disposition of the Michigan Supreme Court reports from 1892-94, and of the Michigan pioneer collections; a supplement giving a list of the publications of Michigan from 1806-1891, including laws, codes, public documents, etc.; a catalog of the books and pamphlets belonging to the Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society; list of educational books in the library, arranged by publishers; and a list of the Michigan educational exhibit at the Columbian Exposition.
Milwaukee (Wis.) P. L. In the serious fire of March 26 the library had a narrow escape from total destruction. The building in which it quartered is in the business section of the city and contains several offices and stores; the li";brary occupies the western half of the building. The structure caught fire at about I a.m., and was saved only after hard work by the firemen. The fourth and fifth floors, devoted to a business college and society rooms, were badly damaged ; but the library section escaped.
During the year a shelf list of the chemical library has been completed, serving also as a partial substitute for a subject catalog. At the same time an account of the stock of the library was taken for the first time, resulting in the discovery that over 200 discrepancies existed between the cards and the shelves or pamphlet boxes, and that over 150 volumes and pamphlets were missing. "Many of these were simply out of place in the library; others were found by a careful search through the laboratories and offices of the department, having been taken out
New York, Astor L. (46th rpt.) Added 8294; total 260,611. Issued 218,051; no. readers
Superintendent Little says: "Compared with the previous year, there was an increase of 10,110 ordinary readers, and 7675 books drawn. Large benefaction as the Astor Library is thus shown to be, it meets only the most serious requirements of the public. Daily experience of a great public reference library suggests the need also of a great public lending library in a central part of the city, with branches and evening opening, and maintained as generously as the common schools."
The library was closed for cleaning and repair from August 13 to September 15. The work of rearranging the books did not make as rapid progress as usual, owing to the large number of accessions; the chief work in this direction was in the difficult division of philology. A clear and systematic arrangement of the books is all-important to the speedy accommoda