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tion of the public. "It has been found convenient future needs of the library in its new quarters. to divide the library into four departments, Art As the association expects to commence the cirand Letters, History, Science, and Philosophy.culation of books among its members in the new Within these departments the old subdivisions building, the plans are drawn with a view of are still used in our statistics, but will soon be meeting the arrangement of the books in two replaced by others corresponding more nearly departments, reference and circulating. The with the ultimate state of the collection." building will have a frontage of 75 feet and about the same depth. As the rear portion will have light-shafts on either side, the floor will not be as wide in the rear, and this rear section or L will be used for the storage of books on the stack system. The sixth or top floor will be used for the reference department, and will contain a reading-room for book readers only, one section being railed off for the use of artists and supplied with drawing tables. On this floor also will be the rooms of the librarian and catalogers, the latter containing stacks three tiers high. This floor will also communicate with the upper tier of the floor below by means of stairs, thus utilizing the upper tier of the fifth floor stack for the reference department, which will be much the largest, bringing a large part of the reference library within easy access of the
New York State L., Albany. (76th rpt.) Added 10,045 (4369 purchased); total 172,154. Receipts $37,900; expenses $37.349.93.
The report covers the year 1893, and is, as usual, detailed and interesting. The development of the many departments of the library has been most gratifying, and its administrative machinery becomes yearly more effective. The condition of the law, education, and medical divisions are separately described. In the ms. room, shelving has been provided and the quarter million mss. of the library are there accessible for examination and research.
Besides the 1228 periodicals received, there is a total of 3438 "sequents," or publications appearing at intervals, such as reports, proceedings, etc.
The reference use of the library is estimated at 250,000 v. and is constantly increasing. The demand for reading and reference lists in special subjects has also grown continually among schools and special students. One of the features of the library is the weekly "book night," when the new books of the week, including important importations, are open for public inspection from 7-10 p. m. every Thursday evening. The loan of books from the library for speciality study purposes shows an increase of 18.71 per cent. during the five years to 1893, and the amount of "paid help," or information furnished to persons at a distance, for which a charge covering actual cost of time is made, has grown from $8.40 in 1890, the first year of the plan, to $431.77 in 1893-"a sum small in itself, but representing thousands of dollars of practical service to the public." The work of the library school for the year is summarized, and lists of the graduates and students attending the school and accepting library positions during the year, are given. There is also a comprehensive review of the work done in aiding library development throughout the state. Appended is a "summary of state library statistics, 18921893"; the "statistics of New York libraries," issued as State Library bulletin "Public libraries no. 2;" and State Library bulletin " Legislation no. 3,' giving the usual annual "summary and index of state legislation" during 1892.
New York. University Club L. (Rpt.) Added 948; total 11,892. Expenditures for books and bindings $1806.82; total expenditures $2808.78. The report is almost wholly given up to a review of the year's accessions.
New York. Y. M. C. A. L. The plans for the library department of the association, which will occupy the fifth and sixth floors of the building of the Y. M. C. A., which is to be erected in 56th and 57th streets, between Eighth and Ninth avenues, have been developed with much care, and will, it is thought, fully meet the present and
The fifth floor will have stacks two tiers high for the circulating department, also for bound newspapers, patent reports and public documents. There will be a periodical reading-room, part of which is to be railed off for those consulting bound newspapers, patents, and public documents. Here will be the delivery department, from which books will also be sent to the various branches of the association. The capac
of the two floors will be about 120,000 v., but as the fourth floor can be converted to the use of the library when required, the shelving area can be very largely increased. The new building will probably be ready for occupancy within two years after work is begun.
Philadelphia. Mercantile L. (72d rpt.) Added 3583; total 171,525. Issued, home use 86,621 ; attendance 301,558. Membership 2903, as against 3115 in the previous year. Receipts $21,105.78; expenses $20,867.05.
At the annual meeting, held Jan. 15, 1895, it was voted to reduce the membership fee to $2.50 annually for subscribers, and $2 for stockholders.
ries of the board of education expects to open
two new branch libraries within the next two
Portland (Ore.) L. A. (31st rpt.) Added 1609; total 21,510. Issued 25,874 (fict. 71 %), an increase of 11 % over previous years; readingroom attendance 49,876. No record is kept of newsroom attendance.
The financial statistics show a deficit of $3166.23 in the yearly account, and the estimated deficiency for 1895 is $8173.40. The president of the association says: "It will not answer to allow so large a deficiency to confront us at the close of the year, or to trust to a speedy revival of former prices, to enable us to sell the property for sufficient to pay our present indebt
edness. The interest and other deficiency will seriously embarrass us, and steps must be immediately taken to make up the deficit." He urges that generous contributions for library support be made by friends of the association.
Librarian Bursch says: "The great event of the year was the reduction in dues. This has resulted in a large increase in our membership.esting At the end of the year 1894 we had 193 more subscribing members than were enrolled at the end of 1893. Another innovation was the monthly publication of Our Library, a paper devoted to the interests of the Library Association, intended mainly to place before the members a list of the current accessions to the library. Incidentally it has been found convenient in a number of other ways. It serves as an excellent means of communication with the membership, and enables us to supply readers with lists of books on timely topics. It is also used as a medium of exchange with other libraries."
Two courses of university extension lectures were delivered during the year, but owing to the "flood of '94," then prevailing, they were poorly attended. Early in June the periodicalroom was furnished, and attracted a large and increasing attendance. A catalog of the fiction department is in preparation, and will be issued during 1895. Mr. Bursch calls attention to the inadequacy of the book fund and the need of a special collection of Oregon historical literature.
Quincy (Ill.) P. L. It has been decided to issue a library bulletin of additions every two months. The estimated cost will be about $90 a year for an edition of 3000 copies; it will be distributed free to library users. The statistics of circulation for February showed an increase of from 30 to 50% in books other than fiction. This is directly attributed to the system of issuing two books on a card.
and "Grimm's fairy tales." There is always great demand among the boys for biographies of heroes, as David Crockett, De Soto, Washington, Napoleon, and Lincoln. The girls are especially fond of Alcott, Finley, Coolidge and May, and fairy tales.
In the higher grades of literature it is interto note that nine complete sets of Shakespeare have been purchased since July, that Bulfinch's "Age of fable" has been issued 94 times in the same period, and Kant's "Critique of pure reason" 14 times. George's "Progress and poverty" is issued regularly three times a month, and the little "A B C of electricity," by Meadowcroft, is in constant demand, as are all the works on electricity. A comparison of the novels now read with those most popular in 1888, and also those of 1890, shows how evanescent was the popularity of quite a number, notably "Earth trembled," "Mr. Barnes of New York," “Anna Karenina," and "April hopes." On the other hand, "Vanity Fair," Monte Cristo," "Les miserables," "Ben-Hur," "Uncle Tom's cabin," and "Scarlet letter" show no diminution in the public favor, and "the tendency," according to Mr. Crunden, "is always upward. Better novels supplant the poorer, and gradually a larger percentage of other classes of books is read."
San Francisco, Cal. THE BANCROFT LIBRARY: by J. J. Peatfield. (In Overland Monthly, Mar., 1895. p. 272-281.) il.
of the library of Hubert Howe Bancroft. The An interesting account of the development illustrations include views of the library, a portrait of Mr. Bancroft, and reproductions of some of the rare volumes and mss.
Seattle (Wash.) P. L. On March 2, at a meeting of the library commission, it was decided to close the circulating department of the library St. Louis (Mo.) P. L. In a recent lecture be- for lack of necessary funds. The February apfore the Eliot Society of St. Louis on "What do propriation for the library was only $200, while the people of St. Louis read?" Mr. Crunden the expenses amounted to $600. The matter gave an interesting summary of the books most was taken up by the city authorities, and on in demand by borrowers of the Public Library. March 11 the council voted an immediate apHe said that since last July 71 copies of "Tril-propriation of $250 to the library committee; it by" had been purchased, and next to that comes was also decided that a fee of 10 cents per month 66 Monte Cristo,' of which 13 copies were in or 25 cents per quarter be charged to each borthe library, and 68 have been purchased. Conrower, and that the library be open only from tinuing down the list is "Vanity Fair," "Les 9 a.m. to 8 p.m., thus saving the expense of miserables," Ben-Hur," "David Copperfield," lighting. A reduction in library salaries was "Ivanhoe," "Uncle Tom's cabin," "Henry proposed, but not finally adopted. These expeEsmond,' ," "Scarlet letter," "Three guardsmen,' dients will allow of the reopening of the circulaMrs. Holmes' "Darkness and daylight," "Moon- ting department, and it is hoped that the library stone," "Adam Bede," "Old curiosity shop," may in time receive adequate financial support. "Wandering Jew," "Barriers burned away," "Mill on the floss,"" Pendennis," and "Saracinesca." Of these, the smallest number of copies found necessary is 28 for "Saracinesca." In juvenile literature Miss Alcott's four books, "Little women," " Jo's boys," "Little men," and "Under the lilacs" lead the list. There are 73 copies of "Little women" in the library, and 53 have been purchased since last July. Others popular among the children are "Tom Sawyer," "Jack and Jill," Scudder's "Book of folk stories," Lamb's "Tales from Shakspeare," "Andersen's fairy tales," "Robinson Crusoe,"
Stockton (Cal.) P. L. The new library building erected from the bequest of Dr. W: P. Hazelton was formally opened for inspection on March 14, and for the routine work of issuing and receiving books on March 16. The building was described in the March issue of the LIBRARY JOURNAL (p. 101). The library has been in existence for 10 years or so, and it contains about 30,000 v.
University of California, Berkeley. (Rpt.) Added 3462; total 55,780.
Univ. L. The average all-day attendance of readers in
the library in March and April, 1894, was 102.9, an excess of 22.7 over the previous year. The percentage of students using books in the library has increased over 28 %, "though the student body itself increased only 25 %." In December, 1893, the deposit of $5 charged for the issue of library cards was abolished, and the circulation of books promptly rose from 1221 v. in March, 1893, to 2005 v. in March, 1894, with constant growth since then.
"The reclassification of the library, begun in 1892, has been completed, and the scheme of classification published as Library Bulletin no. 12." The work of reclassification, together with the first complete inventory, taken in June, revealed a loss of 160 v., or about 23 v. per year for the past eight years. On appealing to the students on the subject, a resolution was promptly passed by the Associated Students' organization, condemning the abstraction of books, and pledging watchfulness to discover and report
In their annual report to the regents, the library committee of the university recommend various modifications of the library rules, and ask that they be authorized to negotiate with the trustees of the state library as to the adoption of a system of interchange between the books of the university library and the state library.
The interesting collection of the writings of California authors, prepared for the Columbian Exposition, has been presented to the university library, to be preserved, together with similar material already in the library, as a permanent exhibit of California literature.
January the first number of a monthly bulletin of accessions which is intended for free distribution among readers.
Washington, D. C. Smithsonian Institution L. (Rpt.) Added (incl. pms.) 37,952; of which 12,418 were retained in the National Museum. Total 292,425. The increase in accessions is 8464 over 1892-3.
Three sectional libraries are now established in the Institution - the editor's, the astronomical, and one for works on aerodromics. A room has also been set apart for the collections of prints belonging to the Institution. A few of these have been framed and hung upon the walls, the remainder being retained in bound volumes and portfolios. The card-catalog record of periodicals received has been transferred from the large cards formerly employed to the smaller card, known as the postal size; a new card catalog of periodicals in the Institution has also been prepared for the reading-room."
Watertown (Mass.) F. P. L. (27th rpt.) Added 237; total 22,431. Issued, home use 33,033; lib. use 9050. Receipts $3502.05; expenses $3502.05.
The circulation shows an increase of 20% over the previous year, and the use of the library is constantly increasing. Librarian Whitney rec
ommends the establishment of a children's
letins. An account of the routine work of the
room, and of an addition to the building. He suggests the publication of printed subject bulreception and preparation of books for circulation is included, to enlighten public ignorance as to "the amount of time and knowledge required to do the most important part of library work."
676; total 24,039. Issued, home use 72,549; ref. Clerkenwell (Eng.) P. L. (7th rpt.) Added visitors to newsrooms 334,036. No. borrowers use 25,541; reading-room attendance 128,940; 3744, of whom 366 held two-book" cards. Receipts £1818.6.14; expenses £1584.9.72.
University of Nebraska L., Lincoln. The bill appropriating $80,000 for a new library building for the university was passed by the legislature on March 21 with a fine majority. The bookroom of the building was erected some time since, and will form a main division of the structure to be built around it. The plans provide for the fireproof book-room in a wing 54x 76 feet, joined by a connecting passage with the main building, 84 x 47. The ground floor of the main building will be devoted to the uses of the State Historical Library, containing In May, 1894, the system of "open access its library and historical collection; the first closed during April pending the necessary alterwas put into operation, the library being floor will contain classrooms, offices of the uni- ations. The new method has given most satisversity and historical society, and the unpacking factory results. Notwithstanding the closing, room of the library; the second, recitationrooms, reading-rooms, librarian's office, and tion of the previous year. The commissioners there was an increase of 2559 over the circulacatalogers' rooms; the third is wholly devoted to university purposes. The second floor of the say: "Most of the increase is due to the new wing is the book-room of the university library, system of service, but nearly 2000 of the issues the third floor being given up to classrooms must be credited to the practice of allowing stuuntil needed for library purposes. To make the dents and others extra tickets available only for wing as absolutely fireproof as possible, there taken advantage of by the studious class, for non-fictional works. This privilege is mainly are no openings between floors, the only method of entrance being by the main building and whom it was intended, and has undoubtedly through the passage connecting the two build-proved of great value. The percentage of ficings. Each floor of the wing can thus be reached tion issued in 1894 has decreased as compared only from the corresponding floors of the main with 1893, and appears to be steadily declining. building. The whole structure is to be heated Practically the whole of this decrease is due to by steam and lighted by electricity. The total the opportunity which readers now have of excost is estimated at $75,000, and it is hoped that amining books in the classes of history, travel, the building will be completed by the fall. biography, art, and sciences. Owing to the manner in which the reading of fiction fluctuWaltham (Mass.) P. L. The library issued in ates, it is impossible to draw any definite con
clusions from this fact till a longer trial has been made of the system."
Crerar Library, Chicago. The appointment was unsolicited by Mr. Andrews, and the fact that The librarian attributes much of the increase his name was being considered by the committee in the more "solid" departments of reading to was not known to him until he was so informed the circulation of music, from the fine arts sec- by representatives of the board. Communication, and says: "It is my belief that a well- tions highly recommending him to the post were equipped music section will do much to reduce received by the committee from the foremost lithe demand for fiction in public lending libra- brarians of the country. Mr. Andrews was born ries and add greatly to their practical value." in Salem in 1858. He graduated from Harvard He comments also on the 46 open access in 1879 with the degree of M. A., and was for system: "It has been the means of placing in the next two years an assistant in organic chemisactive circulation good books which formerly try in that university. For the two succeeding used never to quit the shelves. I have observed years he was engaged in laboratory work in a many cases of works in the classes of history, manufacturing establishment, which brought sciences, and arts which have been issued oftener him into contact and sympathy with the working from May to December, 1894, than during the classes, whose interest in and use of scientific five years from April, 1889, to April, 1894. works he had an opportunity to observe. He Personally, I have derived immense advantage came to the Massachusetts Institute of Technolby being brought into direct contact with bor- ogy in 1883 as instructor. He was placed in rowers and their wants, and the staff has also charge of its chemical library in 1885, was approfited greatly for the same reason. The sys-pointed librarian of the Institute in 1889, and tem on which the library is classified and its has from that time been at the head of its 13 decontents arranged and distinguished, has over- partment libraries. In 1891 and 1892 he had come the dangers of wholesale misplacements, the full supervision of its laboratory work in orand no disposition to misuse or take away books ganic chemistry, but since that time the demands has been manifested. The total loss for the eight of his library duties have so increased that his months, including one doubtful case, consists teaching has been confined to a short course as inof three small volumes, of the net value of structor in optical analysis of sugar. In that de3s. 8d." partment he is considered a leading authority, as is evidenced by his appointment by the United commission on the commercial valuation of States Treasury Department as adviser to the sugar at a number of the principal ports in the country. He is the secretary of the Society of Arts of the Institute of Technology, and since 1892 has been the editor of the Technology Quarterly and Proceedings of the Society of Arts. He has also published various papers on scientific subjects. He is a member of the American Library Association, having attended its conferences since 1889, and is also a member of the Massachusetts Library Club.
Sheffield (Eng.) F. Ls. On Feb. 13 the Sheffield city council gave formal sanction to a plan for establishing a delivery station of the library in the outlying district of Brightside. The system, proposed by Mr. Samuel Smith, librarian of the Sheffield Free Libraries, is substantially the same as that in use in the Jersey City and Chicago public libraries, of which Mr. Smith has made a careful study. The Sheffield and Rotherham Independent of Feb. 13 gives a detailed account of this attempt to "Americanize our institutions," and says, "we shall watch the working of this delivery station at Brightside village with no small interest, believing it may mark an epoch in the method of library work in Sheffield."
ANDERSON, Edwin Hatfield, librarian of the Carnegie Library of Braddock, Pa., was March 15 elected librarian of the new Carnegie Library of Pittsburg, Pa. Mr. Anderson is 33 years old, and graduated from Wabash College, Indiana, in 1883. He studied law for a year in Chicago and for a time was engaged in newspaper work. Later he entered the New York State Library School (class of '92), and in May, 1891, became a cataloger at the Newberry Library, where he remained until 1892, when he was elected librarian of the Carnegie Free Library of Braddock. Mr. Anderson was not an applicant for the headship of the Pittsburg Library, but was the choice of the committee, after correspondence and consultation with leading librarians of the East. His salary is $4000 a year. There were about 30 applicants for the position.
ANDREWS, Clement W., librarian of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, was on March 23 unanimously appointed librarian of the John |
CRANDALL, Francis A., has been appointed Superintendent of Public Documents, superseding Mr. J: G. Ames. The appointment is made under the provision of the new public documents bill, which transfers the bureau from the Department of the Interior to the control of the Government Printing Office, putting appointments in the hands of the Public Printer. Mr. Crandall is from Buffalo, and was at one time a candidate for the office of Public Printer. He has already taken the oath of office and entered upon his duties.
FOOTE, Miss Elizabeth M., of the New York State Library School (class of '92) began on March 6 the work of classifying and cataloging a Baptist historical collection which has been presented by Mr. Samuel Colgate to Colgate University.
PERKINS, Norman B., assistant librarian of the Detroit Public Library, died at Grace Hospital, Detroit, on March 20. Mr. Perkins was born in Vermont over 60 years ago and graduated at Yale College in the class of 1857, being a contemporary of Prof. Moses Coit Taylor, Chauncey Depew, and Justice H. B. Brown. He resided in Chicago for 20 years, where he gained and subsequently lost a considerable fortune. He
became connected with the Chicago Inter-Ocean, but soon after removed to Detroit in 1879, and was a member of the Post and Tribune staffs for
several years. In 1885 he was appointed assistant librarian, which position he held to the end of his life. His friendly and obliging disposition, painstaking labor, broad culture, knowledge of literature and books made him a very helpful and useful member of the staff. He was a lover and student of art, possessing both taste and knowledge, especially in bric-a-brac and china. His small but choice collection was sold a few days before his death. His wife died nearly ten years since. He leaves two children, residents of Detroit - a son and a daughter.
POOLE, Reuben Brooks, librarian of the Young Men's Christian Association of New York City, died suddenly at his home in that city on April 6, of heart disease, following an attack of the grip, by which he had been confined to his house only a few days. He was born in Rockport, Mass., in 1834, and was a son of Nathaniel Poole, a farmer. He was educated in Phillips Academy at Andover, and at Brown University, from which he was graduated in 1857. He wards taught for a year in Rockport, and during the Rebellion taught in the Philadelphia House of Refuge. In January, 1864, he became librarian of the New York Y. M. C. A., in which position he rendered over 30 years of continuous and efficient service. Mr. Poole was a life member of the A. L. A., having joined the association in 1876; he was an active worker in all library matters, and a familiar figure at library gatherings. He was twice president of the New York Library Club, and in September, 1894, was elected president of the New York (State) Library Association for 1894-95. He was of quiet tastes, unassuming manners, deeply interested in the development of the organization he had served so long, and his sudden death will
come as a shock to his many friends and to the members of the A. L. A. and the various library associations with which he was so long identified. Mr. Poole had made a special study of old biblical manuscripts and was well-informed on library topics. He was a frequent contributor to the JOURNAL, and had also written for religious periodicals. He married nearly 25 years ago Miss Frances Emerson Haskins, daughter of William Haskins, of Providence, R. I., who died in December, 1894, after a prolonged illness. He is survived by an unmarried daughter.
SPERRY, Miss Helen, has been appointed librarian of the Carnegie Free Library, Braddock, Pa., succeeding Mr. E. H. Anderson. Miss Sperry is a graduate of the New York Library School (class of '94), and since August, 1894, has been first assistant in the Braddock library, of which she is now made librarian. From 1883 to 1892 she was assistant at the Bronson Library, Waterbury, Ct.
STEINER, Bernard C., librarian of the Enoch Pratt Free Library of Baltimore, has written a "History of education in Maryland," which is published by the U. S. Bureau of Education, in the series of "Contributions to American educational history," edited by Herbert B. Adams.
Cataloging and Classification.
ABERDEen (Scotl.) UniversITY. Subject cataloging in the library. Aberdeen, University Press, 1895. 16 p. 0.
This list is a useful addition to the scanty after-existing bibliography of state publications. It covers only the collection contained in the_library, and comprises 728 separate issues. The catalog proper is arranged alphabetically, grouping publications under subject or author, "according to a purely arbitrary system adopted as a matter of convenience." Each entry has a consecutive marginal number. Following this is a careful index, referring to the marginal numbers of the main list, giving author, subject, and title entries, and facilitating the easy and ready consultation of the catalog.
A scheme of the subject classification proposed for the university library, prepared for the inspection of specialists and others interested, who are asked to give suggestions and advice as to the classification of books in their special fields. It is desired, in this way, "to carry the classification in the subject catalog to the degree of minuteness recognized by specialists in each department as most helpful in the study of that department." The decimal classification, with some modifications, is the one adopted. CALIFORNIA STATE L. Catalogue of state publications, 1850 to July, 1894 (p. 32–72 rpt. of librarian, 44th and 45th fiscal years, 18921894).