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tics, etc.; Contr. Amer. Educ. Hist. (Bureau of Educ.); Harvard rpt. on special collections.
the L. A. U. K. handbooks and year-book, which are very suggestive.
A mistaken apprehension may arise on the part of public librarians as to the amount of time to be given by the supervisor to a class. It will take more of this person's time to plan and prepare a schedule than to apply it, but once prepared it may be applied again and again with only such alterations and additions as experience may suggest. If a daily schedule is posted, assigning each pupil's work for the day, the class need be assembled only when a change in assignments is made, and then only long enough to explain the best mode of procedure. To form habits of neatness, system, arrangement, discrimination, etc., all work submitted by pupils, be it only a pencil draft, should be subjected to criticism. Elementary cataloging may be introduced by calling attention to abbreviations, capitalization, catch-words, etc.
Having obtained in this way a knowledge of the fundamental government of libraries, a pupil will more readily observe and follow out peculiarities in library administration.
To familiarize pupils with the nature and extent of periodicals, let them be required at stated If a wider scope is desired, the following ref- intervals to submit lists of new books with erences may be given: for Germany, Graesel's references to reviews of them, always giving full "Bibliothekswesen," or its review in the L. J., publisher's particulars concerning the book. and the Centrallblatt fur Bibliothekswesen, the Such work as this may be carried on at odd moofficial organ of the German library system; for ments between assignments, etc., and should England, Greenwood's “ Public Libraries”; The serve only as another means of stirring up the Library, official organ of the L. A. U. K.; and | pupil's interest and attention.
Group III. - Proprietary Libraries.
Define various kinds; mode of government; report on 10 representative proprietary libraries; how founded; size and character of collections; librarian; catalogs; special features, etc. References: U. S. Report, 1876; rpts. of libraries; Flint, Statistics; L. J.; Poole.
In this connection the library law of the state in which the library is located should be dictated entire and analyzed, and a brief comparison of it made by the superintendent with other state library laws. If the library operates under a law different from this, as a municipal library may under a city charter, it should be analyzed and explained.
THE ANONYMOUS ASSISTANT.
BY ONE WHO ISN'T.
THE library assistant, through sheer force of | years, she remains anonymous both in and tradition, hides her light under the librarian's outside of her own city; her name is not found bushel. Anonymity is the immemorial usage in in any of the library's annual reports, nor is library economy, as it is in journalism, depriv- that of any of her associates. All is kept a coning an able assistant of the credit and position glomerate secret under the general title of the which is her * due. A dozen years of plodding "Utopian" Public Library. in those paths of library science which usage Our best catalog of children's books bears and custom make all but hopelessly obscure upon its title-page, "Prepared by the State scarcely emboldens one to seek new fields Superintendent"; while nowhere within its or reap new honors. It is the silent subjuga-pages is found the name of the real author-the tion of the assistant that restrains her from superintendent's assistant — who devoted months attaining her honest, appropriate level. The of thought to its preparation. The compilation only way an assistant can legitimately excel is of one of our most noted and authoritative cataby impressing the superiority of herself upon logs was carried on by a woman who received a the appreciation of the library world. Under word of acknowledgment, in the preface, from the present order of things, it is difficult to see the librarian. What possible harm could have how this can be done. For example, there is a come from placing the name of the painstaking library which is especially noted for its bureau cataloger, in modest type, on the title-page? of information; and yet, although this work has The advantage of such an omission is surely for been done by the same woman for the past 10 the man or men at the head of the institution or for the institution itself. When a woman
*I believe that she is the impersonal pronoun in li- tells us of the sleepless hours spent in worry brary science. while the sheets were going through the press,
we can never believe the general supposition | THE NEW HAMPSHIRE LIBRARY LAW. that a catalog is the Iemanation of a corpora- WE give herewith the full text of the recent New Hampshire Library Law, approved March
Contrast this with the experience of an assist-29, 1895. This law is especially notable, as making the establishment of libraries compulsory (sec. 1-3), and in several other details is, it will be noted, different from the legislation in force in other states. The compulsory assessment provided by section I is equal to a tax of about 15 cents on a valuation of $1000. It will be seen that the law provides a minimum limit for library appropriation instead of a maximum limit, as is usually the case, and that by the terms of exceptions in sec. 8, any neglect or indifference on the part of a town not having a library would result in bringing such town under the law. AN ACT in amendment of chapter 8, section 21-26 of the Public Statutes, relating to the establishment and maintenance of free public libraries.
ant who prepared a reference list on an important topic, and who requested her superior officer to place her name on the title-page little realizing that the fame of the pamphlet would extend to the executive circles of Russia and be the means, indirectly, of securing the compiler the offer of a position of distinguished
Anonymous library literature, we repeat, such as catalogs, reference lists, etc., or work in some special direction, offers almost no hope to one who is ambitious for making a name for herself. The publication of the name would give to every assistant the same chance of sonal distinction.
Be it enacted by the senate and house of repreper-sentatives in general court convened:
Section 1. The selectmen in each town shall assess, annually, upon the polls and ratable at the rate of thirty dollars [sic] for every dolestate taxable therein, a sum to be computed lar of the public taxes apportioned to such town, and so for a greater or less sum.
Sec. 2. The town may raise a sum exceeding the amount aforesaid, which shall be assessed in the same manner.
Then again, there is a certain weight of responsibility which ofttimes goes with a signature which would be lacking without it. As Andrew Lang says, "A man would often take more care if he signed what he wrote, and that would be to his advantage." . In one city, a journalist declined to sign his name to his articles on the ground that he would then have to do better work! But it cannot be that there are such shirks in the library profession. In cataloging, a signature would carry with it retribution for haste and carelessness. The status of the individual would then be fixed. The man confident of his powers would ask to stand responsible for
his own work.
Sec. 3. The sum so assessed shall be appropriated to the sole purpose of establishing and maintaining a free public library within exists, the money so raised shall be held by the such town. In towns where no town library library trustees and allowed to accumulate until such time as the town may vote to establish a library. Every public library established by a town shall remain forever free to the use
of every inhabitant of the town where the same exists, subject to such general rules as the library trustees may prescribe. The word library may be construed to include reference and circulating libraries, reading-rooms, and museums.
Sec. 4. Every town shall at its annual meeting, or at a legal town meeting duly warned for that purpose by the selectmen, elect a board of library trustees, except in cases where a free publibrary has been acquired by the town, in whole or in part, by some donation or bequest containing other conditions or provisions for
the election of its trustees or for its care and management, which conditions have been accepted and agreed to by vote of the town.
Sec. 5. Said board of trustees shall consist of any number of persons divisible by three which the town may decide to elect. At the first election of trustees one third shall be elected for one year, one third for two years, and one third for three years, and thereafter one third the number annually for the term of three years, or until others are chosen in their place. No person shall be ineligible to serve upon said board of trustees by reason of sex. Such board of trustees shall be elected by ballot, and shall organgraceful compliment to his assistants. May he ize annually by the choice of a chairman and have many followers! secretary from their own number. Whenever a
And yet the assistants who are themselves could be counted on the fingers of one hand. Library assistants are regarded as mere integrants of a library; "nameless shadows." Of the 139 persons outside the state of New York, at the last A. L. A. conference, we find but 26 assistants in attendance. Might it not be well for the librari-lic an who attended the Lake Placid or San Francisco conference, to look about him and find some conscientious assistant who is not tired of work but who is tired of working, and send her as a substitute to Denver? The librarian may have the consequent pleasure of seeing the assistant glow with new enthusiasm and new idealsjust as the librarian did at his first conference,
In conclusion, a Western librarian, in his "Public Library Handbook," credits each chapter of the work to its author-a most fair and
state, and such further distribution being made as the judgment of the board may suggest.
vacancy shall occur in the board, the remaining members shall give notice of the fact in writing to the selectmen of the town, who shall proceed Sec. 10. Chapter 8, Sec. 21, of the Public to fill such vacancy until the next annual town Statutes shall be amended by striking out the meeting. Any town having a town library es- word "two" in the seventh line, and inserttablished prior to the year 1892, shall be exempting the word "four" in place thereof. Such from the provisions of sections four and five of change in length of term of office shall also apply this act. to full term appointments made since the organSec. 6. The trustees elected by the town shallization of the board. have the entire custody and management of the Sec. 11. The board of library commissioners free public library and all property of the town shall receive no compensation, but shall be alrelating thereto; and all money raised or appro-lowed such reasonable sum for clerical assistance priated by the town for its support and main- and other necessary expenses as the governor tenance, and all money or property that the and council may determine; and all sums extown may receive by donation from any source, pended under the provisions of this act shall be or by bequest, in behalf of said free public li- paid from the state treasury after the bills brary, shall be placed in the care and custody of therefor have been approved by the board and the board of trustees, to be expended or retained by the governor and council. by them for and in behalf of the town for the support and maintenance of its free public library, in accordance with the conditions of each or any donation or bequest accepted by the town.
Sec. 7. The trustees shall make an explicit report to the town at each annual town meeting of all their receipts and expenditures, and of all the property of the town in their care and custody, including a statement of any unexpended balances of money they may have, and of any bequests or donations they may have received and are holding in behalf of the town, with such recommendations in reference to the same as they may deem necessary for the town to consider. They shall also make a report annually, to the board of library commissioners, showing to what extent the provisions of the foregoing sections have been complied with by the town.
Sec. 8. Any town or library official violating any of the provisions of the preceding sections shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars. Whenever there shall be available in any town for the purpose of maintaining a free public library an annual income which alone or with the town appropriation shall equal the amount required to be raised by that town, annually, then the town officials shall be exempt from the provisions of this section, so far as it relates to the enforcement of the provisions of section one of this act. Whenever a town, having no town library and having made no assessment under the provisions of this act, shall vote that it is inexpedient to establish a library, such action having been taken under a special article inserted in the warrant for the annual town meeting, then the officials of such town shall be exempt from the provisions of this section for one year thereafter.
Sec. 9. The board of library commissioners shall, at least twice in each year, issue a library bulletin, which shall contain recommendations as to the best methods to be employed in library | work, together with notes on library progress and such other matters of general information relating to library work as they may deem proper. The said bulletin shall be printed and distributed under the direction of the commissioners, at least three copies of the same being sent to each free public library in the
Sec. 12. All acts and parts of acts inconsistent with this act are hereby repealed, and this act shall take effect May 1, 1895. Approved March 29, 1895.
RECENT LIBRARY LEGISLATION. WITHIN the past few months several states have added their quota to the gratifying record of library legislation for 1895. The library law of New Hampshire is given in full elsewhere, as being especially notable.
A bill providing for a library commission for Wisconsin was introduced into the legislature at the beginning of the last session, was approved on April 19, and published April 29. Credit for its passage is chiefly due to Mr. F. A. Hutchins, president of the Wisconsin Library Association, who drafted the bill and urged its passage, and to Senator J, H. Stout, trustee of the Memorial Library of Menomonee, Wis., who introduced it into the senate. The law provides for the appointment, by the governor, of two persons, who, with the president of the University of Wisconsin, the state superintendent, and the corresponding secretary of the State Historical Society, shall constitute a state library commission. One of the governor's appointees is to serve for a term of five years, the other for four years. All subsequent appointments, excepting when made to fill vacancies, shall be for terms of five years each. Save in the details of appointment of members, the commission is modelled upon those existing in the other states, especially that of New York. The members serve without pay, and an annual appropriation of $500 is made to meet travelling expenses and other necessary disbursements. A biennial report is to be made, and the work of the commission is along the usual lines of supplying advice and counsel to all communities desiring to establish libraries, or improving those already established. No provision for state aid is made; nor has the system of travelling libraries been touched upon.
In Indiana the state library has been brought under new legislation, which will result in taking the office and its organization out of politics. One of the last bills passed by the legislature authorized the establishment of "a state library board, providing for the administration of the
state library, the election of a state librarian and the appointment of his assistants, and prescribing their duties." It puts the library under the management and control of the state board of education, which, for library purposes, constitutes the state library board. A librarian is to be appointed by the board on April 1, 1897, to serve for terms of two years, until a successor is elected. Other provisions regulate the use and care of the books, collection and binding of documents, the segregation of laws and law books, etc. The salary of the librarian is raised to $1500 a year, instead of $1200, and provision is made for two assistants at $1100 and $900 a year respectively.
TEACHERS COLLEGE AND THE BRYSON
In Memoriam of Peter McCartee Bryson." For the library was founded by Mrs. Bryson as an enduring memorial to her husband.
Here are welcomed not only the college students, the high-school pupils, and the studentteachers, but teachers from the city schoolsall, indeed, who are interested "in those broad and liberal methods of education in which the righ use of books plays so important a part."
THE handsome building of the Teachers College, standing on Morningside Heights at 120th street, New York, is the "outward and visible sign" of a gradually developed ideal fostered by public spirit, educational reform, and enlightened philanthropy. It is the first of the group of colleges and public buildings which is being placed on that commanding site, and which will form a modern acropolis, a veritable citadel of defence. Here will stand, opposite Teachers College, the buildings of Columbia University; not far off the "white wings" of St. Luke's The library has at present over 6000 volumes, Hospital already spread themselves; later on consisting of works on pedagogy in English, will come the Cathedral of St. John, and not French and German, works on psychology, anlong to be deferred, it is hoped, will be the build-thropology, history of education, methods of ing of Barnard College. teaching, etc. It has also a select list of general works on philosophy, history, and literature, and to these must be added about 90 of the leading periodicals, those of educational bearing being represented most fully, including French, German, and English publications, besides American. Among the more recent gifts to the library are some rare and costly books on art, archæology, and American history. These gifts are to be known as the Hemenway collection, and form part of a memorial from Mrs. Bryson to her sister, Mrs. Hemenway.
Teachers College, as it stands at present, is a substantial edifice of red brick, with sandstone trimmings, consisting of two buildings. The main structure, which has a frontage of 210 feet facing south, contains the offices of the faculty, lecture-rooms, laboratories, conferencerooms, the library, museum and recitationrooms of the Horace Mann School. The other, the Macy Manual Arts Building, was dowed and equipped by Mrs. Caroline Macy as a memorial to her husband, is fitted with the latest and best appliances for all departments of its work, and is said to be the finest building devoted to art education and instruction in manual arts in the world. It contains laboratories, lecture-rooms, library and conferencerooms of the Departments of Manual Arts and Art Education. A west wing, not yet erected, is to contain departments which as yet have no proper accommodation, those of domestic science and art, and of physical training. The buildings were erected on land given by George Vanderbilt, from plans by William A. Potter, architect, largely under the personal oversight of Spencer Trask, president of the board of trustees, and Miss Grace H. Dodge,
On the third floor of the main building is the delightful room of the Bryson Library, 40 x 60 feet, with its broad windows looking south, over a pretty little park belonging to the Columbia College grounds, west over the Hudson and Palisades, and east across the vast outstretching city. It is an ideal spot for which "to leave the crowded world so hot about its trifles" and find oneself sheltered from its tumult and haste in the peaceful company of congenial books.
The room is plain in architecture, as the object has not been to make it imposing, but simply artistic and comfortable. Tables and chairs are here and there, palms and ivies rest the eyes; while the large, old-fashioned fireplace, with andirons and logs of wood, suggests all the comforts of the ingleside, and in the recessed windows, with their cushioned seats, a very haven of rest is found. Over the fireplace a brass plate is inserted bearing the inscription:
Among the educational features of the whole college, the large collection of pictures and casts holds an important place, as the arrangement, as far as possible, has been such as to make them useful and conveniently reached for any departmental work they may bear upon.
The library now serves as a reading-room, but with the erection of the much-needed west wing, the adjacent rooms to the library, now necessarily used for other purposes, will be utilized as annexes to the library proper.
The books are cataloged by the card method, author and subject, and are arranged on the shelves by subject, according to the close Dewey classification. The readers have free access to the shelves, and much time is saved by this method in getting directly at the book wanted.
Several departmental libraries have also been organized, having their own card catalog, thus placing special books in the various departments nearest the work they are intended to assist. These books are also cataloged in the main library, and are under the general management of the able and indefatigable librarian, Miss Lilian Denio. It has been thought wise, with the rapid growth of the college departments, to appoint a library committee from the professors representing the pedagogic, scientific, and lit
erary interests. Library talks are held at various times through the year, on "How to use a library," etc., the effect of which has already been excellent on the younger portion of the readers.
On the walls of the library are an interesting series of portraits of educational reformers, excellent engravings of Longfellow, Tennyson, and Shakespeare, and a charming head of Martha Washington which serves as a companion picture to that of her husband. Besides these there are some choice views of Moorish and Egyptian architecture, some good photographs of works of the old masters; and an especially fine portrait of Rembrandt is much valued. Upon the centre-table one finds Darley's beautiful illustrations of Shakespeare, and in a large cabinet is a liberal education in photographs-a collection presented by V. Everit Macy, and constantly added to by him in his foreign travels. Egyptian life and art are well illustrated, and many pictures in art, geography, and history are included. To make the photographs of ready service, a proper classification has been made, and each photograph is cataloged on a card with
its own class and book number.
Nothing could be more encouraging and satisfactory than the aspect of the Bryson Library in its new quarters. Starting on a well-thoughtout basis, with the future in view as well as the present, its work is a great and growing one.
Dyer wrote: "My minde to me a kingdom is." If this is true then what a sovereignty is hers who endows a library, and thus opens such individual kingdoms, by the magic words of wise men, to the broadening culture of great thoughts!
FANNY GIVEN Ford.
American Library Association.
SEVENTEEnth conference, denver,
IN issuing this final announcement the committee beg to call attention to the difference in the rates that have been granted to different associations holding annual meetings in Denver in July and August. The Teachers have been granted a round trip for one fare; the A. L. A. are asked to pay full fare going and one-third fare returning, on the certificate plan, which rethe agent of whom the ticket to Denver is quires that a certificate must be procured from
chased, which must be countersigned by the secretary at the meeting. The Pharmaceutical Association has been granted a round trip for one fare from all points west of Toronto, Buffalo, Pittsburg, and the Ohio River.
All librarians in that territory can, and, of course, will, take advantage of these latter tickets, which must be sold in Chicago on August II and 12 only, and at other points at about the same dates. Persons using them must pass the Omaha gateway before midnight on August 12. This makes it possible to leave Chicago early Monday morning, August 12, and reach
Of these single rate tickets a Western railroad circular says: Excursion tickets will be good for going passage, commencing date of sale only. Excursion tickets must be limited to strictly continuous train passage in each direction. Although tickets bear final limit August 25, they will be available for return passage from Colorado common points, that is, Denver, Colorado Springs, Manitou or Pueblo, on August 20 to 24 only. Passengers must regulate their return journey from Colorado so as to reach Kansas City on or before August 25."
These points are brought out here for the information of those who cannot join the Eastern party on their special train from New York and Chicago via the C. B. & Q., and who have not received direct information as to routes and rates.
Tickets may be procured and all information as to route and checking baggage to destination be obtained from James Potter, 833 Chestnut st., Philadelphia; B. F. Bond, Central Building, Baltimore; S. B. Hege, 707 15th st., Washington; E. D. Smith, cor. 5th and Wood sts., Pittsburg; C. W. Paris, Grand Central Station, Cincinnati; W. M. McConnell, 137 Superior st., Cleveland; and G. M. Taylor, 105 N. Broadway, St. Louis.
Any other information may be had, and any doubtful points settled, by writing to C: Alex. Nelson, Columbia College Library, New York; Dr. George E. Wire, Newberry Library, Chicago; or John C. Dana, Public Library, Denver.
SPECIAL TRAIN FROM NEW YORK.
Indications now point to the securing of the special train, personally conducted, from New York to Denver. This will be made certain if twenty more people will immediately signify their intention of joining the party at New York.
pur-Berths have been assigned to those whose names
"First come, best
ROUTE AND TIME-TABLE.
Lv. New York (foot Liberty St.) 9.00 A.M. Aug. 9.
... 2.30 P.M.