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be kept, but the most valuable work of the library in aiding study and research is done in this manner."


The whole library is now being reclassified under the direction of Miss Sanborn according to the Cutter expansive system, and a new card catalog is being made at the same time. When this work is finished it will be possible to publish a complete catalog of the library if thought desirable.


It is proposed to extend the relations of the library with the local schools. "The plan as at present outlined is to permit the teachers in the grammar grades to take out six books at one time, to be retained one month. These will be usually of such character as to aid the teacher, supplementing the school text-books in such studies as science, geography, history, and literature. The board of education has purchased for each grammar school in the city a copy of Sargent's' Reading for the young.' In each copy have been written the call-numbers of those books which are contained in the library; thus the teachers will be enabled to send for the books they wish to use without the necessity of coming to the library to consult the catalog. If the scheme works well it may be extended to the lower grades."

Nahant (Mass.) P. L. (Rpt.) Added 547 ; total 9290. Issued 8472; no. borrowers 510.

The trustees devote their report chiefly to na account of the beautiful new building recently completed. In 1893 an appropriation of $40,000 was voted by the town for a building to house the library and the town offices, and in the same year plans were accepted. These were later discarded, as it was found that they called for a building costing at least $75,000, and new plans were procured from the same architects, Ball & Dabney. "These included the same rooms and general conveniences, and were in every respect as well adapted to the purposes for which the building is designed as the origi

nal ones."

The building is of Weymouth seam-faced granite, trimmed with Ohio sandstone; the interior finish is of quartered oak and dark cypress. The shelving is furnished by the Snead Iron Works, of Louisville, Ky., and the stacks are arranged in two tiers, with a glass floor between. The present shelving capacity is 28,000 v., but provision is made for another tier of shelves, increasing the capacity to 43,000. The building is lighted by electricity and heated by steam. On May 30 it was opened for public inspection, and it is hoped that it will be in complete working order by the middle of the summer. The 9300 books now in the library are in process of classification and recataloging by Miss Alma R. Van Hoevenberg, of the N. Y. State Library


The trustees have recently issued a pamphlet by F. A. Wilson, fully describing the new building, which is noted elsewhere.

New Bedford (Mass.) F. P. L. (43d rpt.) Added 2017; total not given. Issued, home use 104,591, an increase of 15,946 over previous

year. New cards issued 1255. Receipts $11,754.25; expenses $11,754.25.

The trustees make an urgent plea for a new building, the present quarters being seriously overcrowded and the work of the library impeded. They say: "Although one of the first free public libraries started in this country, antedating the Boston library by a few days, it has for so many years been hampered by the lack of proper accommodations and resources that its usefulness has been seriously impaired, and it cannot now compare with many libraries in country towns which are hardly a third as large."

F. C. L. (12th rpt.). New Brunswick (N. J.) F. P. L. (5th rpt.); The two libraries are conducted by separate boards, but are consolidated in administration and in use. The statistics here given are for both. Added 610; total 12,397. Issued, home use 44.755 (fict. 73%); no. visitors to reading-room 24,158. Total registration 4829. Receipts $4523.21; expenses $4094.18.

The age limit has been reduced from 12 to 10 years.

New York. The New York Free Circulating Library for the Blind was incorporated in June, and it is proposed to open in suitable quarters some time in the autumn. The Robert Bruce memorial branch of the N. Y. F. C. L. has offered to give shelf-room and care to the books of the new library, and it is probable that its headquarters will for some time to come be in this branch.

Newton (Mass.) F. L. (Rpt.) Added 1943; total 46,755 (5659 in West Newton branch). Issued, home use 143,887 (fict. 56.13%). cards issued 1256; total registration 13,763. Receipts $15,463.30; expenses $15,100.15.


Nearly 85,000 v. were delivered through the 10 agencies. The two-book system has proved satisfactory, and the increase in circulation is largely attributed to it. The establishment of a children's room is recommended.

North Adams (Mass.) P. L. (11th rpt.) Added 873; total 13,830. Issued, home use 73,944 (fict. 48.3%; juv. 30.8 %); lib. use not given. New cards issued 918; total registration 5262. Receipts $4734.42; expenses $4734.42

In April 208 French books were added to the library, and a new finding-list of the French department was prepared and issued. In September the second supplement to the catalog was published.

Northampton, Mass. Forbes L. After nine months of preparation, half the time with only four and half with six assistants, Mr. C: A. Cutter began, on July 1, to register borrowers

and issue books. He then had collected over 28,000 volumes, and 1100 large photographs of paintings and architecture. The books bought have cost on the average $1.14 a volume; there are 2 volumes to a work. Less than onethird of them have been classified and cataloged; but the others have been thrown into some two dozen classes and arranged alphabet

Plainfield (N. J.) P. L. (Rpt. 1894-5.) Added 965; total 13,292. Issued 30,473 (fict. and juv. 67%). Visitors (estimated) 39,848. No estimate made of use of books in the building, the public having access to the shelves.

The librarian reports decided progress in the use of books by the teachers of the public schools. On request, cards for school use have been granted to private school teachers, and to teachers in the Roman Catholic parochial school.

ically in each, so that they can easily be found. The catalog is typewritten on the Hammond machine at present; but if the newly invented machine which uses printer's ink does as good work as the specimens shown, that will be used, and possibly also the attachment for typesetting, if it should not be too expensive. The registration number is composed of the initial of the borrower's name and a running number (not a Cutter order number). The charging system is a combination of the Cutter end-pocket Among the recommendations made in the liand book card with the Nina Browne borrowers' brarian's annual report are: the adoption of the pocket described in the May JOURNAL (p. 168). "two-book system," increased hours for circuAlthough the library was completed and dedi-lation, the lowering of the price for the finding cated in October last, the delay in opening has list, and the publication of a separate juvenile not been unreasonable. The working force has list. On motion of the board, the salary of the been closely limited, and the time spent in prep- librarian has been increased by $200. aration has been equivalent to the work of one person for 61 months. Two other libraries started within a few years opened in 5 and 6 months respectively, with 15,000 and 13,000 volumes, the former having consumed the labor of one person for 61, and the latter for 67 months. The Forbes library, therefore, after expending no more months' labor, opens with almost twice as many books. This is owing partly to the rapid work of the assistants, partly to the simple methods adopted, but mainly to the librarian's being willing to begin to circulate the books without having all of them cataloged.


Northboro' (Mass.) P. L. The new library building given to Northboro' by Hon. Cyrus Gale as a memorial to his father, was dedicated and presented to the town on June 12. There was a large attendance, and short addresses were made by S: S. Green, Rev. B: F. Baily, and others. The library is a handsome stone structure, costing about $30,000.

Oak Park, Ill. Scoville Institute L. (Rpt.) Added 739; net increase 644; total 8503. Issued, for home use 48,240, an increase of 26% over that of last year; for use in the building of books not in the reference department, 1902, an increase of 45% over that of last year; total issue 50,142; no. visitors using the rooms 22,068, which does not include those coming merely to exchange books or to attend the meetings of societies, clubs, etc., held in other parts of the building.

Two important changes have been made during the past year; the age limit for cardholders has been changed from 12 to 10 years, and each person of the required age may hold two cards, one of which is a non-fiction card. The issue of the new series of cards was begun the first of April; the number of names on the new list June I was 1687, of which number 728 also held non-fiction cards. A small increase in the use of non-fiction books is already observed.

Teachers of 6th grade pupils and above are allowed teachers' cards, upon which 10 books may be drawn at one time, two renewals being | also allowed upon these books.

Special lists of books for young people and for literary clubs have been prepared, and it is hoped that still more may be done in the same direction during the coming year.


At a meeting of the library committee held July 2, the "two-book system," as mended by the librarian, was adopted. It was decdied that two cards should be used.

Poultney (Vt.) P. L. On June 1 the new public library and reading-room was formally opened. It contains at present about 700 v., the books supplied by the state not having yet been received; in the reading-room about 20 periodicals are on file. Miss Ada P. Kilbourn is librarian.

Providence (R. I.) P. L. (17th rpt.) Added 3920; total 71,613. Issued, home use 108,074 (fict. and juv. 59.72%); lib. use 90,960; new registration 4853: total registration 25,623. Receipts $33,719.22; expenses $31.359.42.

"A beginning has been made in the direction of a collection of trade catalogs (publications of the various industrial and manufacturing firms in this country and in Europe). Feeling sure that it would be very easy indeed to obtain a preponderance of worthless material unless proper care should be exercised, the librarian was very glad to avail himself of the counsel of a local practising mechanical engineer, on the one hand, and of Mr. C. W. Andrews, the general librarian of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, on the other hand. It is the testimony of the latter that in the work of the institution referred to, the bearings of some important principle of mechanical invention are to be found illustrated in trade catalogs of this kind long before they are to be found in the formal treatises on the subject. The publications sent for in accordance with the suggestions of the two gentlemen above referred to have been carefully and minutely cataloged, and are rendered fully accessible to all who can make intelligent use of them.

"The percentage of fiction used is slightly less than that recorded in the report of one year ago, and this is plainly not so much due to the fact that the readers have been stimulated to read less fiction as that their interest has been developed to read more of the more solid departments. Probably in few intelligently conducted libraries -certainly not in this library is any crusade made against fiction, as a class. Certainly any one who deliberately leaves all fiction out of his reading deprives himself of one of the most effectual means of acquainting himself with the

conditions of modern life. At the same time it is well to point out that a statement which has appeared in print in regard to the percentage of fiction used in this library ludicrously, though obviously unintentionally, misstates it. ['75 per cent.' This figure has never been reached in this library. The nearest approach to it was in the second year of its history (73 per cent.), but 60.42 is the highest which has been reached in the past 10 years.] The attitude of the library towards the matter, as already stated, is that of interesting itself in the development of reading in other departments, believing that the question of fiction will take care of itself, and this belief is abundantly justified by the experience of the past 17 years."

Springfield (O.) P. L. (23d rpt.) Added Issued, home use 90,541 767; total 16,830. (fict. 62,747). New cards issued 443; total registration 5256. Sunday attendance, 2182. Receipts $6555.56; expenses $6433.51.

Appendix No. II is the report of Prof. Ware Of the volumes issued for home use 3134 were on the plans submitted by competing architects for the new library building. No plan has yet has been practised in the library since 1877 was German books. The system of free access that been chosen, but the building committee expect slightly modified during the year, by restricting to soon present a definite report. In the new building one entire room, about 50 x 40 feet, is access to the shelves "only to persons selecting set apart for all industrial purposes connected books, all others to ask permission at the desk." with the use of the library. Here are to be found This has prevented the crowding formerly anthe American and foreign patents, together with noying during busy hours, and as permission is all the library's other works on industrial sub-freely granted, the plan has worked well. The jects. Not only tables and desks of the ordinary librarian urges the necessity of a larger income type will be supplied, but draughting-tables, and to usefully extend the work and influence of the library. a dark room, to provide for the needs of those who wish to take away with them a copy of some mechanical device."

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to be used according to the discretion of the trustees. In the cellar are storage-rooms and heating apparatus.

Schenectady (N. Y.) P. L. The new public library will be in working order within a few months. The erection of shelving is now in progress, and the library room is being fitted and altered. The directors have had much help in their work from Mr. Peck, of the Gloversville Library. Henry Glen is librarian.

University of State of N. Y., Albany. A library for teachers is soon to be established in the Department of Public Works under the provisions of chapter 546 of the laws of 1895. Its objects and methods are thus set forth in a cir

Rindge, N. H. Ingalls Memorial L. On June 13 the new Ingalls Memorial Library, given to Rindge by Hon. Rodney Wallace, of Fitch-cular recently issued by the department: burg, Mass., a native of Rindge, was formally dedicated. It is a memorial to Mr. Wallace's first wife, a daughter of Thomas Ingalls, of Rindge. There was a large attendance at the dedicatory exercises, the business of the town being suspended for the day, and the schools closed. Mr. Wallace formally presented the library to the town with a brief speech, which was responded to by one of the selectmen. The address of the day was by Hon. Ezra Stearns, Secretary of State of New Hampshire; and a short speech was made by S: S. Green, of the Worcester Public Library. Dinner was served to the guests of the day at the hotel and to the general public in the lower town-hall.

In June, 1894, Mr. Wallace offered to build the library, at a cost of not less than $5000, and present building and site to the town, on condition that the town raise $500 within one year after completion of the building, to be used in the purchase of books, a further sum of $1000 to be raised for a permanent fund for books or other expenses.

The building was completed last winter and has been in use for the past five or six months. It is 47 x 40 feet, in the Romanesque style, built of Trenton pressed brick and brown-stone, with base course of granite. An elaborately carved entrance arch leads to a tiled vestibule 10 x 13, from which opens, on the right an art-room, 21 x 12, and on the left a reading-room of the same size. In the rear is the delivery-room and the book-room, with shelving capacity for 8500 V. The second story is devoted to a small hall, |

"Any teacher, or person intending to teach, known at the department, or recommended by superintendents or commissioners, may make application for any book named on the list, but must agree to return such book to the department, postage paid, at the end of one month. Blanks will be furnished by the state superintendent for such applications, and the book will be forwarded, postage paid, to the address named. At the end of the month the teacher may return the book, or purchase it by remitting its price to the department. By special arrangement the price will be very near wholesale rates, and will be marked plainly on the second page of the cover of the book, along with other regulations."

Versailles (Ky.) P. L. A. The Versailles Public Library Association, which lost its library by fire in February, has been reorganized. It is the purpose of the new association to establish the library and reading-rooms upon a larger scale than formerly and to place it upon a solid foundation.

Wilkesbarre, Pa. Osterhout F. L. The library board has decided that current numbers of six of the popular periodicals of the day shall hereafter be circulated for home use; they may be kept for four days at a time. Ex"non-fiction" cards are also issued to all readers desiring them. Magazines cannot be drawn on these cards. These new rules went


into effect July 1.

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"Although the general character of the reading is very similar to that of previous years, some slight changes are observed which it may be interesting to note. The classes which show a smaller proportion to the whole issue than formerly are: Theology, Philosophy, etc.; History, Biography, etc.; Poetry and the Drama; Linguistics; and Miscellaneons Literature. The following classes have gained: Sociology, including Law, Politics, Commerce, etc.; Arts and Sciences; Fiction. The increase in the proportion of Fiction is due to the fact that, since the removal to Miller street, a number of girls and young women employed in the neighboring warehouses come into the library for a portion of their dinner hour, and that for the most part they spend the brief interval in their labor in the enjoyment of a novel. The percentage of fiction in the total issue is 9.22; in the reading in the ladies' room it is 33.'

In spite of the removal to new and wellarranged quarters, the library is still overcrowded, and the lack of sufficient room for study and research impairs its usefulness. "It is a comparatively frequent occurrence to count in the principal reading-room from 30 to 60 persons in excess of the number of seats. Readers may be seen sitting on and below the circular stairs, standing in the passages, maintaining an uneasy balance on the base of the rail, and even prone on the floor-truly a pursuit of knowledge under difficulties."

oirs of foreign scientific societies, the library agreeing to continue to members their rights to borrow the books, and to defray expenses of care, binding, exchanges, etc. During the year 115,788 scientific works were issued, the daily average being 386.

A valuable addition to the scientific resources of the library has resulted from agreements entered into with the Glasgow Natural History Society and with the Glasgow Geological Society. These societies have transferred to the library their sets of the transactions and mem

Norwich (Eng.) F. L. (17th rpt.) Added 179; total 30,303, (lending dept. 16,208). Issued 92,730. New cards issued 968; total registration 3800.

"The wear and tear of the books in the juvenile department was found so considerable when they were last called in, that 1700 had to be rebound or repaired, and in the four circulations about 800 volumes have been found defective or worn out and withdrawn. The committee therefore decided to issue the reduced number of books, to such schools as made application for them, under more systematic regulations, by which it is hoped more satisfactory results will 2770 volumes were delivered in February last to be secured. After being thoroughly repaired the 24 schools which duly applied for them.

"The juvenile department may be held to ries, the provision of which the present income some extent to supply the place of branch libraof the library is insufficient to satisfactorily establish."

Gifts and Bequests.

Herkimer, N. Y. On June 1 Judge and Mrs. Robert Earl, of Herkimer, offered to give to that town their handsome residence, to be used as a free public library. The work of remodelling will be promptly begun at their expense, the Herkimer Free Library Association will be incorporated, and it is thought that by November the library will be ready for work. Judge Earl will also give his own private collection of books to the library.

The total number of books issued to women

during the three years was 35,136, or 2.31% of the ceeding Miss E. M. Coe.

whole issue.


BOSTWICK, Arthur E., formerly with D. Appleton & Co., was recently appointed librarian of the New York Free Circulating Library, suc

BOWERMAN, G: F., of the New York State Library School (class of '95), has been appointed reference librarian of the Reynolds Library, Rochester. Mr. Bowerman is a graduate of the University of Rochester (class of '92) and has received the degree of B.L.S. from the Library School.

BROOKS, Miss Henrietta St. B., a member of the N. Y. State Library School (class of '96), has been appointed head cataloger at the Carnegie Library, Pittsburg, Pa.

CLARKE, Miss Edith E., has accepted a position as cataloger in the office of the Superintendent of Public Documents, Washington, D. C.

CRAWFORD, Miss Esther, librarian of the Sioux City (Ia.) Public Library, has declined to be a candidate for re-election to that position when her term of office expires, Sept. 1.



She expects to return to Albany and complete | as librarian of the Wilmington (Del.) Institute her course at the New York State Library Free Library to become librarian of the BlackSchool, graduating probably with the class of stone Memorial Library, at Branford, Ct. Mr. '96. Her successor will be elected either in Tyler took charge of the Wilmington Library in July or August. Miss Crawford has done ex- 1893, when that library was reorganized, and he cellent work during her active library service, will enter upon his new duties at Branford some not only in the Sioux City Library but in the time in September. The Blackstone library will, interests of Iowa libraries generally. it is expected, be completed by January, 1896. It is a superb structure, costing about $300,000, and will be liberally conducted.

DEWEY, Melvil. Mr. Dewey recently received from the office of the Société Internationale de Bibliographie of Brussels a request for permission to translate his decimal classification into French, German, and Italian, the purpose being to make use of it as the basis of a universal bibliographic catalog.

EDDY, H: H., a graduate of the Pratt Institute library training class of 1894-95, has been appointed librarian of the Norfolk Library, Norfolk, Ct.

HARRIS, Miss Isabella, of the graduating class of Drexel Institute, library department, has accepted a position as cataloger in the library of the Franklin Institute, Philadelphia.

LEONARD, Miss Grace F., a member of the New York State Library School, class of '95, has been appointed classifier at Providence Athe


Moos, Bernhard, for eight years a director of the Chicago Public Library, died at his home in Chicago on June 11. In his death the Chicago Public Library and the entire city sustain a great and almost irreparable loss. Mr. Moos, who had achieved for himself an enviable reputation as a fair, just, and upright man in every relation of life, and as a broad-minded, patriotic, and public-spirited citizen, had served on the library board for the past eight years, having been appointed and reappointed by the several administrations of both parties. During this time he gave the affairs of the library, which never before have been as important and as multifarious, if not more time perhaps, yet more thought and care, than his own business. It was largely due to his efforts that the previous incessant labors of the board of directors towards obtaining a building for the library were at last successful. Mr. Moos, who had been chosen chairman of the administration committee during his first term, was at the incipiency of the work of building also placed at the head of the committee on buildings and grounds. He directed, and partly inspired, every part of the preparation and work, until the building stands a beautiful and lasting monument to his intellect, fidelity, and self-sacrifice. As chairman of the committee on administration the services of Mr. Moos to the library were not less marked, nor of less value. It was he who developed and perfected the rudiments of its civil service system, until now, every post and every advancement in the service are but the just compensation for merit. Being at the library every day for several hours, he was not only the faithful and watchful guardian of the institution, but also the sympathetic friend and adviser of every employe.E. F. L. G.

TYLER, Arthur W., has resigned his position

WATSON, W: R:, a graduate of the New York State Library School (class of '95), has been appointed assistant librarian of the Carnegie Library, Pittsburg, Pa.

WIRE, DR. G: E., of the Newberry Library, in addition to his regular work has found time to study law, and on May 28 took his degree of LL.B. from Kent College of Law, Chicago. Dr. Wire was also present at the meeting of the American Medical Association, held in Baltimore in May, and on May 10 was elected librarian of the American Medical Association.

Cataloging and Classification.

CINCINNATI (O.) P. L. Quarterly bulletin, no. 124. January, February, March, 1894. 32 P. O.

THE monthly journal Books, the organ of the Denver P. L., appears with the June issue in a new dress and under the name of The Book-leaf. It contains bright miscellany on literary matters, reviews, and the lists of new books and announcements of the library.

FOSTER'S MONthly ReferenCE LISTS (Providence P. L. Bulletin) for June cover but a single subject, "Nicaragua and the Monroe doctrine," this being the 14th of these admirable bibliographies. The list of "school duplicates," begun in the May Bulletin, is continued.

NEW HAVEN (Ct.) F. P. L. Bulletin, January – February, 1895: classified list of books recently added. 8 p. O.

THE Library Newsletter (OSTERHOUT F. L.) contains in its May issue a short descriptive list of "A few books on fishing."

The OTIS LIBRARY, Norwich, Ct., has issued a 4-p. list of "duplicates, for sale by the library."

Plainfield (N. J.) F. P. L. Select list of travel: geographical reading; prepared by Miss Emma L. Adams, librarian. Plainfield, 1895 12 p. D.

"A list of books that may be used in connec tion with geography, to give additional informa tion and interest.' Books starred are especially good; those marked T are particularly for the teachers' use."


PRATT INSTITUTE F. L., Brooklyn, N. Y. First annual bulletin of additions, January - December, 1894. Brooklyn, 1895. 94 +8 p. O. A classed author list, with author index ap

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