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New York State Library School.

CLOSING EXERCISES FOR 1894 - 95.

THE closing exercises of the New York State Library School for 1894-95 were held in the state library, June 22. The exercises were very simple, consisting only of an informal address by the director and the presentation of the diplomas.

The following is a complete list of diplomas conferred since July, 1894:

Degree of B.L.S.: George Franklin Bowerman, Honeoye Falls, N. Y., B.A. University of Rochester, 1892; Jennie Lind Christman, Albany, N. Y., B.S.C. Iowa State College, 1883.

Diplomas with honor: Grace Fisher Leonard, Providence, R. I., Brown University, 1893; Harriet Howard Stanley, Magnolia, Mass.; Minnie Cornwell Wilson, St. Louis, Mo.

Diplomas: Edna Dean Bullock, Lincoln, Neb., B.L. University of Nebraska, 1889; George Greenman Champlin, Alfred, N. Y., Ph. B. Alfred University, 1884, Ph.M., 1890; Walter Greenwood Forsyth, Providence, R. I., B.A. Harvard University, 1888; Helen Cornwell Silliman, Rutland, Vt.; Mary Louisa Sutliff, Albany, N. Y.

State Library Associations.

MASSACHUSETTS LIBRARY CLUB.

A MEETING of the Massachusetts Library Club was held in Ames Memorial Hall at North Easton, May 22, 1895. The Boston party left the Old Colony station at 8.30 a. m. in a private car provided by the kindness of the N. Y. N. H. & H. R. R. Co., and reached North Easton at 9.17, where those who had come from the south awaited them. The whole party were then conducted to the library, visiting on the way Unity Church, which contains a beautiful stained glass window by La Farge. The library building and Memorial Hall, both designed by Richardson, are grouped effectively upon an eminence, and present a singularly attractive picture as viewed from the approach from the station.

After inspecting the library the party crossed to the hall, where the meeting was called to order by the president, Mr. Foster, at 10.40.

Mr. W: R. Eastman, of the Public Libraries Division of the New York State Library, opened the session with an entertaining and valuable paper upon the travelling libraries of New York. These are now familiar to readers of the LIBRARY JOURNAL, but a few quotations must nevertheless be permitted. Since Feb. 8, 1893, 223 of these libraries have been sent out, and counting the use of those now out it may be safely said that 40,000 of these books have thus been read in a little more than two years. "The effort is made to bring together books of some educational value that are deservedly popular; books that are neither trivial nor heavy; a few books to meet the wishes of a few cultivated people, but most books to meet the tastes of the many, and to meet them in such a way as to

cultivate higher and better tastes." "They serve also as an object-lesson to show what a library is, how it may be arranged and handled, how many attractive and excellent books may be had, and how good and how easy it is to have them." 'Libraries that are fully able and ready to buy books still find the travelling libraries a decided advantage in showing them the books they want, and giving them the actual trial of many books in advance of their buying."

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been prepared, and it is the intention to add Several juvenile libraries of 25 vols. have one of these to a general library for an extra charge of $1, so that the use of 125 books may be had for six months for $6.

Miss Chandler, of Lancaster, said she thought this state and in this direction by private enterit was not widely known what had been done in prise, and read the circular of the Woman's Education Association, which she followed by an interesting account of the work of the association. The object of the association is to generally "promote educational interests," but it has recently taken up the special work of increasing the usefulness of the small town libraries of the state. This is done by loaning travelling libraries of about 25 volumes for periods of six months to libraries or societies applying for them. About seven libraries of varying character have been used in this way by a number of towns with most gratifying success.

Mr. Foster described the plan of the state library commission to buy reference books to loan on request to libraries, with a view to acquiring a reference loaning library.

Mr. Eastman said that it was one of the duties of the New York State Library to answer questions, but that for research of more than an hour in length a charge was made. Officers of any institution connected with the University were entitled to borrow books of reference, particularly from the duplicates. The morning closed at 12 m., and after enjoying a bountiful dinner, the club, in a body, visited the greenhouses on the Ames estates, delighting in the profusion of charming and wonderful flowers and the beauty of the housing.

The afternoon session opened at 2.40 p.m.such was the effect of nature and of art with a report from the executive committee upon the appointment of a special committee on lists of fiction, consisting of Mr. Jones, of Salem, chairman; Miss Nina E. Browne, of Boston, secretary; and 15 readers.

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Mr. Jones then spoke upon the variations in charging books under the "two-book plan," giving in the main the facts and figures printed in the LIBRARY JOURNAL for May, 1895. Some discussion of the respective merits of one and two cards followed, from which it appeared that either plan was capable of good results in hands familiar with it.

Miss Thurston said that a boy of 12 who had lately applied for his first card asked for two, "one for fiction and one for truth."

Miss Blanchard, of Weymouth, issues a special card stamped "not for fiction "; 300 of these had been issued, and during the period from February

to April 900 more volumes had been issued than in the same period in the preceding year, while the proportion of fiction declined from 70% to 65 %.

Miss Chandler said that at Lancaster there had been an increase of 20% in circulation since the plan was adopted -9% of which was in school work-and there was a marked increase in the use of magazines. Fiction percentage had declined from 68% to 60 %. Miss Thurston had found that people sometimes thought they must take fiction on the fiction card.

Mr. Foster called attention to the fact that it took people longer to read solid literature than an equal amount of fiction, and said that this should be borne in mind when interpreting

statistics.

Mr. Gifford, librarian of the Cambridge Public Library, then gave an account of the purchase of books for the Millicent Library, at Fairhaven, which he had conducted while assistant librarian in the New Bedford Public Library. The Millicent Library was founded by Mr. H. H. Rogers, as a memorial of his daughter. The town holds the title of the land and building, but the management is in the hands of a self-perpetuating board of trustees named by Mr. Rogers, and the cost of maintaining the library is met from the income of $100,000 given by Mr. Rogers and placed in the care of the state as trustee. By the deed of gift the library must be kep open twelve hours a day every day in the year. About 10,000 volumes were bought to stock the library at the start. After selecting the reference books, with due regard to the existence in New Bedford of an unusually good reference library, two copies of the catalogs of the leading publishers were secured and in each were checked the titles desired. One copy was kept as a record, and the other sent to the purchasing agent in New York, of whom, by Mr. Rogers' wish, all the books were bought. The chief attention was paid to fiction, biography, and travel; in philosophy -philology but little was got. No texts were bought in the original, though some have since been added, but a translation of each classic was secured. A similar method was adopted with a number of good second-hand catalogs, and finally the "Trade List Annual" of 1892 was searched. The A. L. A. catalog had not been issued when this purchase was made, but on its appearance a very large proportion of its titles were found to have been bought.

Mr. Faxon called attention to the standing offer of Swedenborgian Publication Society to supply a copy of Swedenborg's works to any library that would engage to pay for transportation and to place the books on the shelves. Mr. Jones stated that certain Unitarian books could be had on the same terms from the Unitarian Association.

Mr. Chase then moved a vote of thanks to the trustees of the Ames Free Library, to Miss Lamprey, the librarian, and other friends who had contributed so greatly to the pleasure of the day, which was unanimously adopted, whereupon the meeting adjourned.

WM. H. TILLINGHAST, Secretary.

Reviews.

AMERICAN LIBRARY ASSOCIATION, Publishing Section. List of books for girls and women and their clubs; edited by Augusta H. Leypoldt and George Iles. Part 1: Fiction; chosen and annotated by a reviewer for The Nation. Boston, Library Bureau, 1895. 160 p. Tt. 10 C.

The Publishing Section of the American Library Association authorized in 1894 the preparation of a list of books for girls' and women's clubs, to be especially intended as a guide for readers and students. The compilation of this list was begun over a year ago by Miss Ellen M. Coe, whose progress on the work has been from time to time noted in the JOURNAL (See L. J., November, 1894, p. 381; January, 1895, p. 20). When, in the spring of the present year, Miss Coe's connection with library matters ceased, her work was taken up by Mr. George Iles, of the Publishing Section, and Mrs. Augusta H. Leypoldt, editor of the Literary News, who have largely extended and modified the original plan. The complete work, of which the present pamphlet is the first part, will contain five divisions, each of which will be published separately, as ready. Part 2, covering Biography, History, Travel, Literature and Folk-lore, will follow promptly after Fiction; the other divisions will include: Part 3, Fine Arts and Music; Part 4, Education, Self-culture, Science; Part 5, Useful Arts, Livelihoods, Country occupations, Domestic economy, Recreations and Sports. The various parts, together with lists of reference books and of periodicals, brief hints on club organization and management, and a full index, will be finally issued early in the coming autumn in a single substantial volume. The list will thus be obtainable either in separate paper-bound parts, similar in size and style to the A. L. A. Handbook and sold at ten cents each, or in the form of a classed catalog with author, title, and subject index, in pages four times the size of those of the parts, at 50 c. in paper, and $1.00 in cloth.

Of course, the distinctive feature of the list is its “evaluation." In this particular Mr. Iles has been able to carry out his long-cherished purpose of bringing to the aid of the general reading and inquiring public the services of men and women who have thoroughly mastered specific fields of literature. Among the contributors of the various departments of the catalog are: for Fiction, a reviewer of The Nation; for History, R. G. Thwaites; for Travel, Miss A. R. Hasse; for Literature, G. Mercer Adam; Folklore, Stewart Culin; Fine Arts, Russell Sturgis; Music, H. E. Krehbiel, musical editor of the N. Y. Tribune; Kindergarten. Miss Angeline Brooks, of the Teachers' College, New York; Natural History, Olive Thorne Miller; and Education, Prof. E. R. Shaw, of New York University. Of the value of the list as a whole, it is as yet impossible to speak, though Part I promises well for its successors, but certainly

its leading feature of authoritative critical annotation cannot fail to be widely useful.

The fiction list is limited to the principal works of 250 American, British, and Canadian authors, including, besides well-known writers, a few of the weak, frivolous and trashy novelists, whose popularity is one of the woes of the librarian, and for whom there is a word of comment or of condemnation. It is an author list; entries are made generally under real name, with references from pseudonyms, and when practicable the dates of birth and death of authors are given. Names of publishers are abbreviated; as a rule at least two low-priced editions of a book are noted-one in cloth and one in paper; and the first note after an author's name is followed by the number of his works in the D.C. The plan of the annotations has been to give to each leading writer a general characterization of his place in literature and the dominant qualities of his work, and to follow this with short comment on his best books, bringing out, as far as possible, the key-note of each. The annotations are extremely interesting and written with spirit and color. Probably no critical estimate can be made that does not show some trace of the "personal equation," but setting aside questions of personal bias, the annotations to the present list will undoubtedly prove most suggestive. For librarians it will be useful as a comprehensive critical estimate of novels in the English language, and with the call-numbers written in should serve as an excellent finding-list. Considered as "advance sheets," it promises a complete catalog of representative literature of quite unusual interest and value.

BIERSTADT, O. A. The library of Robert

Hoe a contribution to the history of bibliophilism in America; with 110 il. taken from ms. and books in the collection. N. Y., Duprat & Co., 1895. c. 10+224 p. O. net, $15.

This beautiful volume is not only a most notable contribution to American bibliographical literature, but it is undoubtedly one of the most perfect examples of typography and bookmaking that has left the press of an American printer. From the simple binding of plain blue cloth to the choice of type and the use of creamy vellum paper, no detail has been slighted, while the artotype reproductions of the 110 illustrations taken from mss. and books in the collection are veritable gems. Mr. Hoe's collection is well worthy of such a presentation, and Mr. | Bierstadt, who is assistant librarian of the Astor Library, has described it with enthusiasm and trained knowledge.

The collection, which ranks as one of the most remarkable private libraries in the United States, comprises, at a rough estimate, about 15,000 volumes; of early mss. upon vellum and paper there is an unusually large number, and to these hundred or more varieties the first attention is given. The early typographers of Germany, Italy, France, Switzerland, the Low

Countries and England are fully represented and the connection between the varying styles and methods is interestingly traced. Then follow full and interesting descriptions of the Books of Hours of the 15th century, the Aldines, Elzevirs, and the rare books of the Renaissance epoch, embellished with quaint and curious fac-simile illustrations, beautifully reproduced. English literature also occupies a prominent place in the library, and first editions abound. There are black-letter Chaucers, folio Shakespeares, Elizabethan dramatists and dramatists of the restoration, the masters of English thought and speech of the eighteenth century, and the great writers of the Victorian era. Much space is given to the description of notable bindings and the collection is rich in specimens of the best work of the great binders of ancient and modern times. Both as a bibliographical work and as an example of artistic bookmaking this volume will long remain the most important addition "to the history of bibliophilism in America," and to the study of the private libraries of New York.

LARNED, Josephus Nelson. History for ready reference, from the best historians, biographers, and specialists. In five vols. Vol. 5- Tunnage to Zyp, and Supplement. Springfield, C. A. Nichols & Co., 1894.

This volume concludes Mr. Larned's great historical compendium, and it is a fitting crown and finish to what is one of the most notable and useful recent works of reference. The 3935 closely printed, double-column pages of these five volumes cover an extent and variety of information that it is difficult to estimate. In the present volume 423 pages, or more than half of the entire space, is given to the United States. This division - which might be termed an independent history in itself contains seven maps, five of them devoted to the principal theatres of the civil war. The other topics to which considerable space has been given are Turks, 27 pages; Venice, 13 pages; and Virginia, 12 pages. The volume proper ends with the entry "Zyp, Battle of the," on page 3668, and the 200 pages following are devoted to the supplement. The contents of this appendix are best given in Mr. Larned's own words. He says: "This supplement contains: 1. Some passages translated from German and French writings, touching matters less competently treated in the body of the work, where the compilation is restricted to the literature of history in the English language,' either originally or in published translations. 2. Some postscripts on recent events, and some excerpts from recent books. 3. Treatment of some topics that were omitted from their places in the body of the work, either intentionally or by accident, and which it seems best to include. 4. Some cross-references needed to complete the subject-indexing of the work throughout. 5. A complete series of chronological tables, by centuries. 6. A series of dynastic genealogies, in a form different from the usual plan of their construction, and which, it is hoped,

may be found more easily intelligible. 7. Select
bibliographies, partly annotated, of several of
the more important fields of history. 8. A full
list of the works quoted from in this compilation
of ' History for ready reference and topical read-
ing,' with the names of the publishers." Among
the especially novel and important features of
the supplement are the detailed chronology of
universal histov (45 pages); the tables of the
lineage of Europ an sovereigns and great historic
families (28 pages); the minute special chronol-
ogies of African and Arctic exploration (10
pages), which, it is said, are the only records of
the kind ever compiled; and the valuable essay
upon "Commerce" (32 pages). In the selec-
tions and translations from the German, Mr.
Larned has had the help of Ernest F. Hender-
son, author of "A history of Germany in the
Middle Ages," who has also prepared the bibli-
ography of French and German writings. The
"selected bibliography" of books quoted con-
cludes the work; it covers 51 pages of solid
nonpariel, is classed and briefly annotated, and
presents within the least space what is probably
the most comprehensive and representative con-
spectus of historical literature accessible to the
general reader. Perhaps one of the chief merits
of this work is the promptness with which it has
been issued, a promptness which is as desirable
as it is usually unattainable in publications of
this character. The first volume of "History
for ready reference" appeared in April, 1894,
and in July, 1895, it is possible to tender to Mr.
Larned hearty congratulations upon the com-
pletion of his magnum opus.
Norrenberg, Constantin. Die volksbiblio-
thek: ihre aufgabe und ihre reform; referat
auf der 25 generalversammlung der gesell-
schaft für verbreitung von volksbildung in
Hamburg am 19 Mai, 1895. 28 p. S.

GENERAL.

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The PENNSYLVANIA LIBRARY CLUB has issued as no. 3 of the Occasional Papers, published "American by the association, an address on libraries, their past, present and future," read at the meeting of Feb. 11, 1895, by G: Watson Cole, of the Jersey City P. L.; and Miss M. S. Two fundamentals," read at Cutler's paper on the meeting of May 13, 1895. Mr. Cole's address is a review of the library movement in the United States to the present time, with an ingenious forecast of the "future possibilities" of the library situation in the year of grace 1995. Miss Cutler's paper emphasizes the need of thorough organization and adaptation to local needs, to the right administration of a library. The paper on "Fiction" by John Thomson, printed in June, 1894, as No. 1 of the Occasional Papers, is now reissued in a second edition, dated June, 1895.

LOCAL.

1. The best and cheapest method of spreading good literature by the means of public libraries. 2. Plans for reform of the existing public libraries, which are wholly inadequate for the work that should be theirs.

Library Economy and History.

Bowdoin College L., Brunswick, Me. (Rpt.) The librarian's report covers p. 239-249 of the Bowdoin College Bulletin, no. 4, for June, 1895. With this issue the publication of the Bulletin is discontinued; its bibliographical department will, however, be published independently under the title Bibliographical contributions.

Mr. Little reports as follows: Added 2039; total (exclusive of medical 1., 3600 v.) 55,169. Issued 6090. A brief but urgent summary of the need of additional shelving and more space is made. As to the future growth of the library, Mr. Little says: "In 1892 the librarian reported as the result of eight years of experience that $1500 was the smallest annual appropriation that could insure the normal growth of the library. That sum was appropriated for two successive years. But in 1894, the centennial year, with the The librarian of the Kiel University Library when he attended the Conference at Chicago in college income $5000 greater than before, the ap1893 pronounced America ahead of the whole propriation for books was reduced to $1000, the very same amount which was appropriated for world in the education of the peeple by public the same object in 1803. It is hard to believe libraries. In the present lecture he has formulated his studies of the work of the A. L. A. for that this large reduction in so important an appropriation resulted from the belief that those the benefit of his fellow-librarians in Germany; of previous years had been excessive. It is which although ahead in higher education and universities, stands far behind England and equally hard to infer that it was for lack of America in its provision for the literary educa- money, since appropriations for other departments were considerably larger than in 1892. tion of the masses. In summing up Dr. NörUnless a return is made to the former approrenberg asked for reports on the following ques-priation the Bowdoin library will not be able to

tions:

longer maintain the position it has held for a century as the largest collection of books in the state. Four other libraries in Maine are now

able to spend a larger amount each year upon

new books. Without the state there is no col

He pointed out the need of making each library serve the needs of the educated as well as the lower classes; the necessity of having such libraries under the care of trained librarians; the special need of evening use of a well-lighted reading-room, of good catalogs, and of the awakening of such interest in libraries as should lead to bequests and provisions that should be handled with trained minds and methods.

lege, with which we would care to compare our

selves, that does not have an income from two to twenty-fold as great as our own."

Bradford, Vt., Woods L. The new Woods Library building was dedicated on the afternoon of July 4, the oration of the day being by Col. The library was inJ. H. Benton, of Boston. corporated as the Bradford Social Library in 1796, and in 1880 was organized as a free public

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Dexter, Me., Abbott Memorial L. The Abbott

Memorial Library, given to Dexter by J: A. Abbott, of that town, was formally dedicated on

July 2. The building, which cost $25,000, is in

the form of a rectangle, with a wing extending in the rear. The style of architecture is Italian Renaissance. The ornamentation of the exterior is a continuous facia about the main portion of the facade, ornamented with a decorative panel bearing the names of distinguished men in literature, art, and science, arranged in groups pertaining to each of these individual classes.

In the centre, is the entrance portico, with broad steps and buttresses. On either side the buttresses are made to receive ornamental

statuary or pottery, and the main pediment of the portico is filled with Renaissance ornamentations, encircling a shield symbolic of liberty, architecture, and science. On either side of the entrance are ornamental shields relating to the departments of literature, and the main archway is supported by ornamental columns. The main entrance is through a large doorway, on either side of which is a window and heavy tracery, and the beauty of the portico is added to by the panelling of the ceiling. To the right and left are smaller entrances to the selectmen's room on the left and art gallery on the right. The main entrance leads into a large hall, 16 x 23. finished in quartered oak, even to the floor. On one side is the delivery-room; at the rear of the hall is the book-stack, with a capacity, of 20,000 v., and on the right of the hall is a room to be devoted to an art gallery. The ceilings are all beautifully frescoed, and much care and artistic taste is displayed in the decoration and fitting of the building. It is piped for gas and wired for electricity.

The library now contains but 4000 v., the collection of the old public library; but it is probable that it will be considerably increased after it is fairly established in the new building.

Fall River (Mass.) P. L. The board has issued a circular inviting architects to submit plans for the new library building. From among the plans submitted the best five will be selected. Should one of the five plans be selected, each of the four architects submitting other plans will be paid $250. In case all five are rejected, $250 will be paid for each, and the committee will take other means to procure plans. The author of the accepted plan shall be appointed architect of the building, and be paid for his services in accordance with the "Schedule of minimum charges" authorized by the American Institute of Architects. The new building is to cost not more than $100,000,

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(4th rpt.) Added 933; total 10,045. Jamestown, N. Y., James Prendergast L. Issued, Visitors to reference dept. 18,808. Total regishome use 49,194 (fict. 49.21%; juv. 22.42 %). tration 3338.

"The most noteworthy fact in the history of 10,000-volume mark, which ranks us with the the library during the year was attaining the 75 libraries of the state that have 10,000 vol

umes or more."

Comparison with the figures of last year shows that the reading of fiction was reduced 3.5 per cent. History, which includes travel and biography, gained 2.9 per cent., and all other classes have gained somewhat.

"During the year special outlay has been works, U. S. and modern history, travel and made for kindergarten literature, electrical biography. In fiction it has been the aim to put on the shelves the best of the new books, and to

duplicate the more valuable of the popular

works.

"Of the 710 accessions in the circulating department, 128 were Swedish books, imported the Swedish language added to the library. last September. These are the first books in They are works of high character, classified in philosophy, religion, sociology, literature, and history. In the nine months that these books have been in circulation 644 have been loaned, a daily average of three. They have been highly appreciated by the Swedish people, and the use that has been made of them justifies their purchase.

"A travelling library of 100 volumes was loaned us by the state for six months to supplement our own new books. The books were used as if our

own, and when they were returned, with report had the largest circulation of any travelling of their circulation, it was found that they had library ever sent out by the state. library of 100 volumes on a special subject was also loaned us by the state.

Another

"A special effort was made during the past vear to keep in touch with teachers and pupils. The librarian visited the schools, telling of the resources of the library and how they were available. Since that time pupils of all grades have used the reference-room extensively in search of articles and books to supplement their school work. Histories, biographies, books of travel and natural history have been in great demand. Gradually the resources of the library are becoming better known to the teachers, with the result of a largely increased use of books.

"In January a 'List of 350 good books for

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