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was "Helpfulness to library readers." It said that the earlier meetings of the A. L. A. and of the state associations had naturally been largely devoted to questions of interior design and management of libraries, to technical details of interest to library workers, but that this year the aim in the A. L. A. meetings had been to bring out that aspect of library work which pertains to the great educational influence which libraries should exert, and the attitude of library workers toward readers who come to the library and toward the community in which it is situated. Librarians should meet people with tact, in a spirit of cordial helpfulness. A brief review was given of the papers in this line of thought written for the Denver meeting by Prof. Little and Miss Cutler.

Miss Sarah A. Cochrane, of the Detroit Public Library, read an interesting paper on "The card catalog." The advantages of this form of catalog were stated, and the most approved methods of managing it were clearly and concisely summarized.

vice to the public. In the Detroit Public Library it is the custom to place them on the shelves by congress and session. Their system of numbering was explained by means of a chart. The importance of having them well cataloged was emphasized. Mr. Gilmore is of opinion that the work of cataloging them begun at Washington will not relieve the libraries of that work, as a catalog on the plan of Mr. Ames's comprehensive index would be too cumbersome, being weighted with a large amount of material never needed.


The subject of "Lecal bibliography and the indexing of local newspapers" was enthusiastically treated by Mr. B. A. Finney, of the University Library, Ann Arbor. He said that newspapers contain material for local history that is not put into print in any other way, and unless they are bound and cared for much valuable information will be irredeemably lost. A brief interesting review of early newspapers in the state was given, the first being started in Detroit in 1809. The names of papers of which complete files can be found in the state were mentioned. The list was a short one. The importance of having local papers preserved in the libraries as the most suitable place was urged, and it was stated that editors are, as a rule, very willing to contribute copies of their papers for this purpose. Inquiry showed that of the libraries represented at the meeting four were binding files of papers. In regard to indexing items of local interest, Mr. Finney thought that the work could be done with comparative ease, in a minimum of time, while the librarian was

A pleasing address on "The public library from the citizen's point of view" was given by Prof. Hartwell, of the Kalamazoo schools. The citizen's point of view, he said, is one of great cordiality. There are none who are not proud of the progress of knowledge which is largely due to libraries, all are proud of the public library as an American institution, and of Michigan for her standing in regard to the growth of her pubic libraries. The citizen's point of view is one of great importance to librarians, who, like other experts, must avoid the danger of being so engrossed with the details of management as to forget the true end for which they labor- the intellectual interests of the general public. The librarian's true specialty is to make the influence of the library strong and farreaching. The ideal value of the library should be prominent in the minds of its officers. As there are books which are simply mines of information, so there are others which embody the thought and imagination which are our heritage from all ages. "One class must die, the other lives and is literature. The garners of Sicily,' says Lowell, 'are empty now, but bees of all climes still fetch honey from the tiny garden plot of Theocritus.' To point out to eager searchers the garden plots whence the essence of intellectual life has been distilled is the highest opportunity of the library. It may thus give the transmuting touch which changes dead learning to vitalized and efficient character."

reading the paper. Selecting only items of local interest and indexing usually under only one heading, the work would not consume more than an hour for each issue of a paper, and the index would be of increasing value as years pass.

A pleasing incident was a brief informal address by Mrs. Kent, who was librarian in Kalamazoo 23 years ago. She spoke of the progress of the Kalamazoo library, and said that one of the pleasant experiences of her life had been having people tell her of the help that she had been able to give them while in the library.


At the evening session a very pleasant address of welcome was given by Dr. Slocum, of Kalama- The closing session Wednesday morning was zoo. Mr. L. B. Gilmore, of the Detroit Public devoted to reports, election of officers, and misLibrary, read a paper on Classifying and num-cellaneous business. The secretary reported bering United States public documents." He said the addition of seven new members during the that attempting to make a proper disposition of year, the total membership being 40. There these documents is troublesome and sometimes are 38 public libraries in the state, containing exasperating. Still it is a matter of great impor- an average of 179 v. for each 1000 population. tance, and the work should be done in a spirit of The proceedings of the previous (1894) meetinterest and patience. In the libraries of Michi- ing, held at Ann Arbor, were published in gan, designated as depositories, there are 37,000 the report of the State Superintendent of Involumes of public documents, and it is believed struction. The treasurer reported a balance of that in a set of them there is as much valuable $39.63. information as in any equal number of other publications, yet they are often consigned by librarians to the attic or the basement, instead of being so arranged and cataloged as to be of ser

The subject of place of next meeting was then brought up, and after a good deal of discussion as to the propriety of holding a Michigan meeting in Ohio, it was voted to have the

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The conference was a thoroughly enjoyable one. The beautiful library building, the gift of Dr. and Mrs. E. H. Van Deusen, was much admired. Dr. and Mrs. Van Deusen attended the meetings, and with the many other friends of the library not only gave their time and thoughtful attention to the papers and proceedings, but opened their homes to entertain all the members with a gracious hospitality that was gratefully received and highly appreciated.

The officers for the year are: President, H: M. Utley; Vice-presidents, Miss G. M. Walton and Miss I. C. Roberts; Secretary, Mrs. A. F. Parsons; Treasurer, Miss Lucy Ball.


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New York State Library School.

LIST OF STUDENTS, 1895-96. THE fall term opened Wednesday, October 2, with the following students:


Avery, Myrtilla, Katonah, N. Y. B.A. Welles-
ley college, 1891.
Betteridge, Grace Lillian, Brockport, N. Y.
Wellesley college, 1887-89.

Biscoe, Ellen Dodge, Albany, N. Y. Wellesley college, 1885-88.

Bullock, Waller Irene, Baltimore, Md. Welles-
ley college, 1892-94.
Corwin, Euphemia Kipp, Greendale, N. Y.
Crawford, Esther, Missouri Valley, Iowa. B.L.
Iowa Agricultural college, 1887.
Curtis, Florence Rising, Ogdensburg, N. Y.
Wells college, 1891 - 94.

Olcott, Frances Jenkins, Nassau, N. Y.
Pond, Nannie May, Woonsocket, R. I, B.S.
Wellesley college, 1893.


Abbot, Etheldred, Utica, N. Y. B.A. Vassar college, 1895.

Ames, Anne Seymour, Washington, D. C.
Andrews, Elisabeth Parkhill, Wethersfield, Ct.
Atkinson, Jane, Holicong, Pa. B.A. Swarth-
more college, 1893.
Fellows, Jennie Dorcas, Norwich, Ct.
Flagg, Charles Allcott, Sandwich, Mass. B.A.
Bowdoin college, 1894.

Frisbee, Edward Selah, Albany, N. Y. B.A.
Amherst college, 1860; M.A. 1866; D.D. 1878.
Hopkins, Julia Anna, Palmyra, N. Y.
Iles, Constance Hurford, Providence, R. I.
B. L. Smith college, 1895.

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college, 1893.

Pierson, Harriet Wheeler, Florida, N. Y. Mt.
Holyoke college, 1892-94.
Smith, Bessie Sargeant, Wellesley, Mass.
B.A. Wellesley college, 1895.
Terwilliger, Mary Sayers, Alfred, N. Y. Ph. B.
Alfred university, 1890; Ph.M. 1892.
Thompson, Madeleine Sylvester, Passaic, N. J.
B.S. Cornell university, 1882.
Thorne, Elisabeth Gertrude, Skaneateles, N. Y.
B.A. Vassar college, 1895.
Waterman, Lucy Dwight, Gorham, Me.
Willard, Julia Etta, Watertown, N. Y. B.L.
Cornell university, 1885.


collection has been increased by recent gifts of books and music by persons interested in the work, and by publishers.

Library Economy and History.

Chicago, Building Trades L. The Building Trades library, intended for the free use of workingmen, which was opened in Chicago in 1892, has been discontinued after an unsuccessful existence. It was started by subscription among members of the trades unions and was a circulating library, free to all union members or persons recommended by members. Of the 4000 v. on the shelves at the beginning but 2000 remain. The project never won the interest exprobably owing to the several great and accessible free libraries of the city.


Alleghany, Pa. Carnegie F. L. (5th rpt.) Added 3784; total 27,201. Issued, home use 125,442 (fict. 66.95 %; juv. 21.30 %); ref. use 55,935; reading-room use of periodicals 159.791. New card-holders 2210; total registration 11,914. Receipts $15,000; expenses $14,875.16 (spent for books $5976.13).

Mr. Stevenson says: "To say that the librarian's most important and difficult task is the selection of books is but to utter a common-pected, place. But after the selection of the book as literature is made, then comes the difficulty of selecting or procuring the books as a commercial commodity. This part of a librarian's work is growing more difficult every year, on account of the increasing use of wood-pulp paper by book publishers. It is no exaggeration to say that not a single American publishing house in this Even country makes uniformly good books. the old conservative houses that the librarians always depended on seem to be succumbing to the mercenary spirit that prompts the putting on the public of books that are not worthy of the name. Publishers say that the competition drives them to this. The only thing left for librarians to do is to omit all wood-pulp paper books from their lists, and that is what many are now doing. Most of such books have now disappeared from this library and are not likely to be replaced. As a general rule the wood-Two pulp paper book is no better as literature than it is as paper, fortunately enough. But this is not always the case. There are many standard English publications that cannot be found in any decent American edition. Of the 3000 volumes added the last year the larger number were books made in England, and with but few exceptions they are books that any library may be proud of."

Battle Creek (Mich.) P. S. L. Added 1104; total 13,139. Issued 42,772. No. card-holders 3689.

Chicago, Newberry L. The third annual report of the trustees describes briefly the removal of the library to its new building. At that time the library contained 123,516 v. and 30,556 pamphlets, and the readers for the year (1894) were 58,618, of whom 45,850 were men.

Bridgeport (Ct.) P. L. The second annual photographic exhibit in the art department of the library opened on Sept. 26, to continue until Nov. 2. Every Thursday evening, at eight, during the exhibition, there is a stereopticon exhibition of photographic lantern slides, explained by Frederick C. Beach, of the American Amateur Photographer.

Cleveland (0.) P. L. The school board on Oct. I decided to sell the public library building, allowing the board of education to continue their use of it until Oct. 1, 1897. This gives the library 18 months in which to prepare for removal and settle on new quarters. It is hoped that the action may result in the erection of a new library building, which is much needed.

Denver (Colo.) City L. The two-book system was adopted at the library early in September. cards are used in charging the books.

Brookline (Mass.) P. L. It is planned to establish a music library as a department of the library. It will be arranged in a separate room, with ing-table and writing materials, and will comprise the various books on music contained in the library, in all about 400 v. The collection will include music as well as books on the subject, and Mr. Bolton hopes to induce music publishers to contribute to the collection. The songs and ballads peculiar to each country have been separated into groups, as have also the operatic works of the great composers. The

Des Moines (a.) P. L. It has been decided to remove the library to temporary quarters until the new building to be erected by the city is completed. The overcrowded and uncomfortable condition of the present rooms makes the change necessary. The new quarters comprise the lower floor of the Rogg building, corner of Eighth and Locust streets, and afford about three times as much room as is now available.

Erie, Pa. On September 10 the corner-stone of a public library building was laid, with appropriate ceremonies.

Everett, Mass. Parlin L. The new Frederick E. Parlin Memorial Library was formally dedicated on September 17, the exercises being held in the local Y. M. C. A. hall. The attractive building, which cost $21,972, was opened to the public on the following day.

Fall River (Mass.) P. L. On September 13 the trustees accepted the plans for the new library building submitted in competition by Cram, Wentworth & Goodhue, of Boston. There were 18 architects in the competition. The selected read-drawings were placed on exhibition the following day. The design adopted, based on the best available models, shows an effect of solidity in appearance and construction. It presents the typical Roman palace, with its central cortile — in this instance covered with glass, and used as a delivery-room. A vestibule, surmounted by a lofty dome, gives access to the librarian's, trustees', and central delivery-rooms. These three rooms occupy an area of 2250 square feet. The

main court extends to the full height of the building, with an arcade of marble columns entirely surrounding it on the second floor. The general delivery-room communicates, through fireproof doors, with the stack-room, with an area of 2600 square feet, and also into a catalogingroom, with an area of 550 square feet. An historical or art collection room is on the principal floor. A reference-room of 800 square feet is arranged for, between the art and the reading rooms. A side entrance has been provided for which leads direct to the periodical and children's rooms, and also to the rooms of the school committee in the second story. From the floor level on Elm street is the principal basement entrance. A toilet-room, a large workroom and boiler-room, all taking in about 300 square feet, are in this part of the building. Arranged around the central hall, on the second floor, are the quarters for the school committee. A general office, board-room, a sub-committeeroom, and superintendent's office are reached from the gallery about the central court, The structure is of the Italian renaissance style, and stands 56 feet high on the Main street elevation. The library will occupy a most commanding site, and its architecture is commensurate with its surroundings. Including the basement, the building will be of three stories. Over the front entrance the national, state, and city seals will be cut. The building will be 130 feet on Main street and 80 feet on Elm. The stack-room extends from the basement to the 10of, and has a capacity for 400,000 v. By legislative enactment a loan of $150,000 was secured, but at least $100,000 more will be necessary to complete the ideas suggested by the plans. Mrs. Sara S. Brayton parted with the site, worth $125,000, for $50,000, and this leaves but $100,000 to complete the construction of the building and put it in shape for use. Limestone or sandstone will probably be used in the construction.

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full in the department of Ethiopic language and literature. It will be placed in the room of the Oriental Seminary, and will be known as the "Dillman collection."

lost and paid for 24; lost 4. Issued, home use Lincoln (Neb.) P. L. Added 752; total 10,905; holders 1175; total registration 4900. There 81,155 (fict. 80 %); ref. use 12,807. New cardare 178 magazines and periodicals on file in the reading-room.

and well lighted, increases constantly. All the The use of the reference-room, which is large bound volumes of magazines, Poole's index, and many reference-books have recently been placed in the reference room for free access, but in

spite of this large addition to the unrecorded use of books, there has been an increase of 2466 over the previous year in the books issued for reference use. There has been a slight decrease in home circulation since the removal of the library, but this is probably only temporary. Miss Dennis suggests that the issue of two books on a card be tried.

Michigan State L., Lansing. Mrs. Spencer, the state librarian, has issued a general request that the various literary clubs, reading circles, etc., in the state send to her a copy of their season's program or outline of work. The law passed last winter authorizes the state librarian to assist and aid such societies as far as practicable, and Mrs. Spencer is anxious to make this work a helpful and useful feature of the state library.

Milwaukee (Wis.) P. L. The bids for the new library-museum building were opened on September 28 and were found to be so low as to insure the construction of the building according to the accepted plans of architects Ferry & Clas. This was a pleasant surprise to the library authorities, who had feared that the estimates would largely exceed the $500,000 appropriation. The bids range from $400,000 to $500.000. Contracts have not yet been awarded.

arranged an interesting exhibition of Bibles, Minneapolis (Minn.) P. L. The library has prayer-books, and curios, the property of Rev. John Wright, the author of "Early Bibles Indian Bibles, the property of the public library, of America." These, with a rare collection of and a prayer-book of the fine limited edition, published by the last convention, are placed in the directors' room under a custodian. In the

collection is Melancthon's Bible, with notes in his own handwriting, and a prayer-book that belonged to Shelley, with a letter of the poet's.

Johns Hopkins Univ. L., Baltimore. The fine Semitic library of the late Prof. Dillman, of the University of Berlin, has been obtained by Johns Hopkins University, through the generosity of a friend, who desires to remain anony-6242). mous. The purchase of the library, for 20,000 marks, was made by Prof. Paul Haupt, of the oriental department of the university, who returned from Europe on October 1, bringing the

collection with him. The Dillman library, which contains about 5000 v., is especially rich in works upon the biblical languages, and is also very

1723: total 4173; issued 23,289 (fict. 13,276; juv. Montclair (N. J.) F. P. L. (2d rept.) Added No. borrowers 1532. Receipts $5081.82; expenses $4146.39.

The trustees urge the necessity of a suitable and well-arranged reading-room. A general finding-list of all the books in the library has been prepared.

New Haven (Ct.) P. L. The children's department of the library was opened in the first

week of September, and has proved very popular. It is located in the gallery, extending nearly two-thirds the length of the building, and contains about 1200 v. One long reading-table is devoted to magazines and periodicals. The department is entirely distinct from the library proper, a separate list of card-holders being kept. There is no age limit.

Newark (N. J.) P. L. The library trustees, who recently returned from a tour of inspection among Eastern libraries, have decided to make a second trip to visit the chief libraries of the West. These tours of inspection are intended to furnish hints and suggestions for the new library building which it is planned to erect in


by the town, over 4000 volumes, were removed from the present leased quarters to the new building, which was then opened to the public.

Oakland (Cal.) F. L. (17th rpt.) Added 3122; total 28,102. Issued, home use 118,605; visitors to ref. room 8218 (six months only). New borrowers 2045; total registration 8861. Receipts $23,973.14; expenses $23,555.92.

"Since our last annual report four delivery stations have been established for the benefit of those residing at a distance from the main library. They are located in the branch readingrooms at the extreme eastern, northern, and western parts of the city. There is a notable increase in the number of books called for as well as an improvement in the character of books read, notwithstanding the fact that the borrowers are at a loss to know what to send for, owing to the lack of a catalog or printed lists of the books in the main library.

Newton Centre, Mass. Newton Theol. Institution. The new Hills Library of the Newton Theological Institution was formally dedicated on September 27, in the presence of a large au- "The central reading-room, which from the dience. The building stands on the crown of inception of the library has occupied the lower Institution Hill, and is a handsome two-story floor of the library building, has been removed structure in the Greek type of architecture, to more convenient quarters within a short disbuilt of light brick, with freestone trimmings. tance of the library. This change has proved The exterior is quite plain. In front there is eminently satisfactory to the patrons of the an Ionic portico, flanked by two courts and win-reading-room. By the change we were enabled dows separated by pilasters. In the basement to fit up the lower floor of the library building is the stack-room, a reading-room, printing plant, as a delivery-room, removing some 10,000 volthree study-rooms, toilet apartments, and fire- umes from the overcrowded room above. The proof room containing the heating apparatus. removal of these books permitted us to arrange The main reading-room is located on the first and display to better advantage the remaining floor, and is to be known as the Hartshorn me- 20,000 volumes, and convert the room into a morial-room. Its dimensions are 40 x 58 feet. quiet reading and reference department. This It is named in honor of one of the principal department is now in charge of an able assistdonors to the library fund. The entrance vesti- ant, who will devote his time to assisting stubules are on this floor, also the librarian's room, dents and others in their research." offices, and another stack-room. The rooms of the Backus Historical Society are located on the second floor; also the Backus library-room, toilet-rooms, and study apartments. The library has at present a capacity of 50,000 v., with opportunities for an increase of 25,000 v.

North Attleboro, Mass. Richards Memorial L. The memorial library building, presented to North Attleboro' by the children of Mr. and

Mrs. E. I. Richards as a memorial to them, was dedicated on the afternoon of Sept. 16. The new building is a substantial one of brick and stone, costing about $60,000, finely fitted up side, and allowing for the expansion of the library for years to come. The exercises were held on the lawn adjoining the library grounds. Previous to that time about 1000 school-children assembled and marched to the library, escorted by the Boys' brigade company of the Baptist church and a band. Until within a few hundred yards of the building the band played, but then the children struck up the well-known words of "Onward, Christian soldiers," to the music of which they proceeded to the grounds. There the building was formally presented to the town by Rev. George E. Osgood, and received by the chairman of the board of selectmen, John Q. Hennigan. Then came an oration by Hon. John D. Long. The exercises closed with the singing of "America" by the whole assemblage, led by the band. Later the books owned

The trustees call attention to the fact that "the work of cataloging the library is nearing completion. This has taken longer than was anticipated, but has been done in a thoroughly scientific manner and need never be done again. The Rudolph indexer system having been subthe catalog is readily accessible to every one stituted for the antiquated card-catalog system, visiting the library. But there is demand for a printed finding-list that can be consulted at home, would greatly add to the popularity and useand there is no doubt that such a publication fulness of the library and materially increase the in-efficiency of the delivery-station system.


catalog has been issued since 1885, and as the number of volumes in the library has trebled since then, it is practically useless."

At a city council meeting, held on September 11, $2000 was voted to the library for the printing of a catalog, in accordance with the suggestion of the trustees, that sum being half of the amount asked for.

Omaha (Neb.) P. L. A children's department has been established, with free access to the shelves. The return and delivery of books and the reading of magazines by children are conducted here instead of in the main departments, as heretofore, with most satisfactory results.

Peoria (Ill.) P. L. The corner-stone of the new library building was laid on the afternoon of September 30, a few of the directors and

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