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and cloisonné shall go to the Public Library, as intended by Job Male. The collection is valued at $30,000. Mr. Male purchased it for the library, but omitted to make testamentary provision. When the estate was in litigation the collection was ordered sold. The heirs all signed a petition to the chancellor renouncing their claims, and asking that it be given to the library.

Providence (R. I.) P. L. Of the nine sets of plans for the new library building submitted by competing architects to Prof. Ware of Columbia College, none were accepted by the committee on building. Five of the architects whose designs were commended by Prof. Ware were, however, awarded $300 each.

Quincy (Ill.) P. L. The two-books-on-a-card system was put in operation by Librarian Moulton during January.

Rockland (Me.) P. L. On the afternoon of January 16, the new library was opened for regular service. It has been in process of cataloging and classification for the past four months, and starts with about 2000 v. The library is open from 2 to 5 p.m. on Monday, Wednesday, and Saturday, and from 6.30 to 8.30 p.m. on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. During the first week 480 cards were issued. Miss Nancy Burbank is librarian.

Rome, N. Y. Jervis L. A. The Jervis Library Association was organized on January 19, when a meeting was held, by-laws adopted, officers elected and a librarian appointed. The associa

tion was formed in accordance with the will of the late J: B. Jervis, from whose estate it receives a fund of $44,165.83, and the Jervis homestead, which is to be altered to serve as a library building. The librarian appointed, Miss M.. E. Beach, will take a course of training at the New York State Library School.

St. Louis (Mo.) P. L. The basket-carrier system, used in large stores for the transmission of bundles and change, has been adopted in the library for the quick carriage of books from the shelves to the distributing counters. The mechanism will cost $200, and there will be four stations, at which the boys can put books in the baskets. A delivery station has been established at the south end of the city, and it is intended to open another one at a suitable location in the

north end.

'Author-list,' containing 184 pages, makes a convenient pamphlet, which, stapled in manilla tag-board covers, together with the 48 pages of the First supplement,' is sold to the patrons of the library at the nominal price of 15 cents each."

Scranton (Pa.) P. L. (4th rpt.) Added 4353; total 22,928. Issued, home use 156,918 (fict. 79.28%); books issued for ref. use 2675; no record of general ref. use is kept. New borrowers 2942; total no. borrowers 8974. Receipts $10,957.42; expenses $10,186.48.

"The edition of the Finding-list of the circulating department, January, 1893,' was exhausted by the end of February, 1894. It was continued in August, by a 'First supplement.' Later there was issued, just at the close of the year, an Author-list of books in the library,' which indexes to a certain extent the entire contents of the library to August 31, 1894, so far as its individual volumes are concerned, This

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Wisconsin State Historical Society L. Madison. The 42d annual meeting of the society was held on Nov. 13, in the rooms of the society. According to the report of Secretary Thwaites there were added during the year 4597 books and 2676 pm. making a total of 167,295 v. and pm. Of the accessions about 75% are from gifts and exchanges of duplicates.

Much bibliographical work is constantly going on at the library, in the desire to increase its usefulness. The card catalog-author, title, and subject—is well advanced in preparation, but will not be completed for some years to come. The elaborate catalog, with historical notes, of the immense newspaper collection (8000 bound v.) is nearing completion, and will be issued in 1895. The society's collection of newspapers is only surpassed in extent and importance by that in the Library of Congress. The catalog will be the first of its kind issued by a library. It will be followed by a catalog of maps.

The report contains a detailed list of the 450 bound volumes of Draper mss., covering the history of the West from 1742 to 1816.

As to the use of the library, 91% of the readers are professors and students in the state university. About 50,000 v. were issued for reference or alcove use.

An appeal is made for a larger appropriation, and the report closes with an urgent presentation of the need of a new library building. Finan

cially, the society has accomplished much work with little means. The general fund consists of the $5000 annual appropriation from the state, and from this books, etc., are purchased, several minor salaries paid, and miscellaneous expenses met. This sum, however, while large enough 20 years ago, is now far too small for the proper administration of the society, in its present stage of development. The binding fund is the outgrowth of gifts, half of the membership dues, etc., and amounts to $25,000; the antiquarian fund only amounts thus far to $2000, but is slowly growing from sales of duplicates and half of the membership dues; an attempt will be made during the year to secure gifts to swell this fund to an income-producing stage.

Woburn (Mass.) P. L. An index of the old and valuable volumes in the library is being pre-in pared by Mr. W: P. Cutter, the librarian. There are few collections in the possession of the younger cities that can compare in value and age with Woburn's. In old law works the collection is singularly complete, and there is a long list of old school-books and other treasures of the printer's art, manufactured nearly two centuries ago. The art collection of the library will soon be increased by a large picture representing the ordination of Woburn's first pastor, for which

a local artist has received the commission.

Woodbury, N. J. Deptford Institute F. L. The library was opened under its new conditions early in November, 1894. It is free not only to the people of Woodbury but to the citizens of the neighboring townships of Deptford and West Deptford. Miss Whitall, the librarian, has been for the past two months busy classifying and listing the books. She was formerly assistant librarian in the Free Library of Philadelphia. The founding of this library was one of the provisions of the gift to the city by the trustees of the Deptford school property. The school building and lot upon which it stands was several months since trans

ferred to the city, and, in addition to this, the city council purchased an adjoining plot of ground for $5000. This sum is held in trust, and the interest is devoted to the purchase of books which will be added from time to time. Since the acceptance of the property by the city, contributions have been received amounting to over $600. The library is located in the city hall building, and is supported by the interest of the library fund, rooms, heat, and light being supplied free of charge.

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Total attendance at libraries and reading-rooms 2,162,657.

The issue of fiction is 4.74% less than it was two years ago.


A sixth supplement to the catalog of the central library, a class list relating to Archæology and antiquities," a new edition of the "Music and musicians' list," a supplement to the Lenton Lending Library catalog, and an authors' list of fiction, poetry and drama, have been published. Other lists are in compilation. The author card catalog in the reference library is almost complete, and a subject card catalog will soon be begun.

The fourth season's series of "Half-hour talks with the people about books and bookwriters" was given in 12 of the branch readingformer years. Two were given in each of rooms, and proved to be even more popular than the rooms. They were delivered by the librarian and others interested, and covered many of the leading English writers. These lecture courses have become an established feature of the library.

Nottingham (Eng.) F. P. Ls. (Rpt.) Added 3019; total 75,098. Issued 411,011 (fict. 61.77%).

There have been exhibited in the reference

library curious collections of books illustrating the arts of printing and book illustration, and during the visit of the British Association there was a special exhibit of curious scientific works. On the staircase there is an ever-changing collection of portraits of authors, and pictures illustrating book and newspaper production.



Library School, sends the following suggestions as to the mounting of newspaper illustrations, knife are better than scissors, as the latter do etc. For cutting the picture, a rule and sharp not always give a true, clean edge. Lay the picture face up on a smooth surface preferably binder's board-place the ruler so that the knife ill cut just inside of the plate, and draw the knife firmly along the edge of the ruler. For mounting small pictures and portraits loose sheets from the letter size pads (heavy paper) of the Library Bureau may be used, as these can be arranged alphabetically. Hot starch gives the best results as a paste, as it is sufficiently adhesive, has little body, and whatever exudes from the edge of the picture can be quickly absorbed by a blotter, leaving almost no trace. sheet to ascertain just where it is to go, marking Before applying the paste, lay the picture on the lightly with pencil at top and sides. Apply the paste with a small brush around the edges of the picture; not all over the back, as that causes it to draw and wrinkle; then lay it on the sheet of paper prepared, and press between two smooth surfaces until the paste is set. To make an imitation mat around a picture: place the picture, face up, on a piece of blotting-paper, lay your ruler on the sheet on which the picture is mounted parallel with an edge of the picture then draw some hard blunt instrument (the and as far away as you wish your mat to extend; handle of an ink eraser will do) along the edge of the ruler. The result will be a deep crease in the paper. Continue this crease around the

picture in a similar manner, and you will have a very good substitute for a mat, which will add greatly to the appearance of the picture. The blotter underneath allows the blunt instrument making the crease to sink deeply enough and yet not break the paper. To get the mat on the different pictures at the same relative distance, a small pasteboard "locator" may be made by cutting a square piece of pasteboard with a spur projecting at a corner. Lay the locator on a corner of the picture, so that the edges on each side of the spur coincide with the edges of the picture; this will throw the point of the spur where the corner of the mat should come, mark this point and locate the other corners in similar manner,

Gifts and Bequests.

Champaign, Ill. A. C. Burnham, a banker of Champaign, has offered to give to the town his old homestead, to be used as a site for a library building, a sufficient sum for building purposes, and $10,000 for furnishing and stocking the library.


Iowa State Univ. L. The library has recently come into possession of a private library, by gift from Mr. D. H. Talbott, of Sioux City, Ia. contains about 4500 v., besides a large number of unbound periodicals, pamphlets, etc. The literature of natural history is the predominant feature of the collection. Mr. Talbott has also

made large and valuable gifts to the natural history museum of the university during the past five years.

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are as follows: $200 a year until a $6000 fund and a $20,000 fund have been accumulated from the administration of other bequests provided, for, and 232 feet of ground on Main Street, to be used as site for a library building. The library will receive $200 a year until the $6000 fund is accumulated. It will then receive that fund and one-fourth of the net income from all of the properties willed to the city, including the net income of the $20,000 fund.

Ottumwa, Ia. By decision of the supreme court in the Ballingall will case, the city receives the entire bequest of $200,000, left by the late Peter G. Ballingall, of that place. Mr. Ballingall, who was one of the richest citizens of Ottumwa, left an abstruse and intricate will, bequeathing nearly all of his fortune to the town. After considerable litigation on the part of the heirs, the will has now been declared valid. Besides various bequests for a park and hospital, the provisions for the Ottumwa Library Association

Princeton (N. J.) College L. The library has received from a prominent alumnus, whose name is withheld, a fine mediæval ms. of Terence, consisting of 166 leaves, partly parchment, and partly paper. The text is written throughout in one hand in clear minuscule characters, and it is complete for the six plays. The ms. bears date 1402; it is the finest now in the college library, and is said to be one of the best classical manuscripts in the United States.

Univ. of Pennsylvania L. The Hon. W: Potter, ex-minister to Italy, has presented to the library a complete set of "Hansard's Parliamentary debates," 459 volumes, covering the proceedings and speeches in the English Parliament from 1066 to 1891. The volumes contain the of 825 years, going back to the time of its Saxon debates of the English Parliament for a period origin, before the days of William Rufus and the wars of the roses. It is believed that this is the last complete set of Hansard that will ever

be offered for sale.

Waltham, Mass. By the will of the late Francis Buttrick, a wealthy lumber merchant of Waltham, that town is bequeathed $60,000 for the establishment of a public library.

Winchester (Mass.) P. L. The library has been presented with a beautiful memorial window, given by the family of the late J. H. Tyler. The design is by Frederick Wilson and Joseph Lauber, and the window, which illustrates the

history of book-making and the discovery of printing, was made by the Tiffany Glass Co. In the central light is the "First proof," representing Gutenberg taking the first impression from Schoeffer. In the two side-lights are represenmovable type, in the presence of Furst and branches hang escutcheons bearing the booktations of the tree of knowledge, from whose marks of some of the most famous early printers, such as Plantin, Aldus, Caxton, and Vostre. Accompanying them, and inscribed on ribbons or labels, are several extracts from great authors

relating to books-for example, "My library des amis surs et fidèles," etc. Below the lights was dukedom large enough," "Les livres sont are representations of three kinds of primitive books-the wax tablets of the Romans, the scrolls of the Greeks, and a medieval parchment manuscript. The last-named bears the memorial inscription, "In memory of Joseph Howe Tyler. born February 11, 1825; died July 11, 1892," followed by this passage from the book of Proverbs: "Happy is the man that findeth wisdom and the man that getteth understanding." On the Roman tables there is a quotation from Cicero, in fourth century characters, and on the Greek scroll there is a passage from Plato.


DAVIDSON, Mrs. Emma, of Peru, Ind., was elected state librarian of Indiana on Jan. 11, by the state legislature. She succeeds Miss M. E. Ahern, who has filled the position with admirable success for the past three years. Her election was entirely a matter of politics, the Republican victory of 1894 leading to a general "sweep" in the various state offices. Mrs. Davidson is the widow of an old soldier, who fought in the 39th Indiana Regiment. Since her husband's death, 20 years ago, she has been a school teacher in Peru, Ind. She was a candidate for the office of state librarian in 1881, when she was defeated by another Republican candidate. Her closest rival in the present election was Miss Nancy Baker, of the Indianapolis Public Library, secretary of the Indiana Library Association. In all there were 72 candidates for the office, which pays a salary of

$1200 a year.

DRISCOLL, Miss Emma, has been elected librarian of the Spokane (Wash.) City L., succeeding Frank L. Price.

Library in a letter to the trustees from State Librarian Tillinghast, dated Jan. 18. He was unanimously chosen at a fully attended trustees' meeting, and entered upon his new duties on February 11, at a salary of $5000 a year.

PUTNAM, Herbert, was on February 5 appointed librarian of the Boston Public Library. Mr. Putnam is a son of G. P. Putnam, the founder of the New York publishing house of G. P. Putnam's Sons, and was born in New York City in 1861. He entered Harvard University in 1879, was graduated in 1883, studied for a year subsequently at Columbia Law School and in the fall of 1884 went to Minneapolis. In 1885 he entered the Minnesota bar, and about that time became librarian of the Minneapolis Athenæum, a stock corporation library, with a fund yielding $10,000 a year for the purchase of books, but with a very meagre income for current expenses. Mr. Putnam organized the Minneapolis Public Library, as a free circulating library, with branches and delivery stations, under the control of and supported by the city authorities. By the issue of bonds and private subscription, and the income from current taxes, the library board bought a site and erected a building costing nearly $400,000, which ranks as one of the best equipped of American library buildings. The old Athenæum was merged in the new library and the aggregate income of the joint libraries has been from $50,000 to $75,000 per annum. During the construction of the building Mr. Putnam was engaged in purchasing books, going abroad for that purpose, and at the end of the seven years of his administration he had added about 50,000 volumes to the 12,000 originally possessed by the Athenæum, while the library had grown to be the fifth in the United States in point of circulation. In December, 1891, Mr. Putnam resigned his position and came to Boston, where he has since practised law. He married Miss Elizabeth Munroe, of Cambridge, where he resides. Mr. Putnam's appointment was a decided surprise. It is said that he was first mentioned in connection with the headship of the Boston Public

SCOTT, Dr. J. L., has been appointed state librarian of Wisconsin.

WINCHESTER, G: F., librarian of the Paterson (N. J.) Free Public Library, is ill with nervous prostration, the result of mental strainand overwork.

WIXSON, Mrs. Helen M., has been appointed state librarian of Colorado.

Cataloging and Classification.

The BOSTON P. L. BULLETIN for January continues its chronological index to historical fiction, covering Switzerland and the Netherlands, including Holland and Flanders. The special lists in this number relate to Roads, and to Corea, Japan, and China; as usual they are carefully classified and very full — bibliographic rather than library lists. There is also a list of books for exchange and sale by the trustees. The usual historical appendix consists of a letter from John Wiswall to George Rigby (1638); 11 views of the north end of Boston, and a panoramic view of Haymarket Square and its neighborhood all with historical notes.

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Catalogs 4500 v., including all books not given in the catalog of 1892, excepting government documents. Follows style of former catalog, i. c., books are separated in three divisions - reference, general circulating, juvenile. Dictionary arrangement. Fiction is given under subject heading only; thus Black, Wm." appears in proper alphabetic order, with only the reference "see fiction." "All books except fiction have a class number, which should be added to author and title when making out list of books. Fiction has no number and may be called for by author and title only." Short titles; full names are not generally given; dates, but no imprint.

DREXEL INSTITUTE L., Philadelphia. Reference lists, no. 2, January, 1895. Music. 8 p. An excellent list, classed under the general literature of the subject, its history, theory, fiction, etc.; the various branches-as dramatic music, vocal music, symphonies, instruments, pianoforte; and biographies, individual and collected, of musicians.

MONTCLAIR (N. J.) F. P. L. Finding-list of fiction. October, 1894. 26 p. O.

Printed by the linotype method; a title-a-line author and title list; no imprint; entries are generally made under well-known pseudonyms.

PRATT INSTITUTE (Brooklyn, N. Y.) F. L. Bulletin no. 10: Finding-list of works in the German language. January, 1895. 30 p. O.


The PROVIDENCE (R. I.) P. L. has begun the publication of a Monthly bulletin, in which Mr. Foster again resumes his valuable "monthly reference-lists." This is welcome news librarians, to whom these lists, issued for some years in connection with the JOURNAL, were ever among the most useful of bibliographic aids. The Bulletin containing the lists is sold at the subscription price of 50 c. yearly. In the first (January) number the reference-lists cover Oliver Wendell Holmes, the Korean war, and Buddhism, being, in their present form, says Mr. Foster, "a continuation on an enlarged scale" of the original series. It is unnecessary to dilate in extenso on the usefulness and value of these lists. We extend them a hearty welcome and best wishes for a long life.

The SALEM (Mass.) P. L. BULLETIN for January devotes its usual “special reading list" to Ancient Greece; the literature of Grecian history, life, art, religion and literature is excellently selected and arranged.

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ATKINSON, G: Francis. The study of the biology of ferns by the collection method. N. Y., Macmillan & Co., 1894. 12 + 134 p. 8°. A bibliography covers p. 129-132. BEVAN, Wilson Lloyd. Sir William Petty: a study in English economic literature. Publications of American Economic Association, v. 9, no. 4, 1894. 112 p. O. Contains a short "bibliography of the printed works of Sir William Petty." BURSTALL, S. A. The education of girls in the United States. London, Swan Sonnenschein, 1894 12+204 P. sm. 8°. Contains an 8-p. bibliography.

COBHAM, C. D. An attempt at a bibliography of Cyprus. 3d ed. Nicosia, Cyprus, 1894. 40 p. 8°, 3 fr.

FILON, A. Mérimée et ses amis; avec une bibliographie des oeuvres complètes de Mérimée, par le Vte de Spoelberch de Lovenjoul. Paris, Hachette, 1894. 8°, 3.50 fr.

The FOLK-LORE SOCIETY have decided to expedite as far as possible the preparation of the English"Bibliography of folk-lore," which is being compiled by the society. It is to be one of the publications for 1897.

GEORGE, C., Schlagwort-Katalog. Verzeichniss der Bücher und Landkarten in sachlicher Anordnung. Band 2: 1888-92. Lieferung 7. Hannover, Cruse. 193-224 p. 8°, 1.30 m.

A BIBLIOGRAPHY of the literature of Gloucestershire is being prepared by F. A. Hyett and Rev. W. Bazeley, honorary secretary of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archæological Society, of England. The book is divided into publications relating to the whole county, those concerned with the Forest of Dean, those relat

ing to parishes and towns in the county, and those relating to the city of Bristol. An index of authors, a list of local printers, and a bibliography of the Rowley controversy are to be added. The first volume will be ready early this


HUBER, J. Ch. Bibliographie der klinischen Helminthologie. Heft 7. u. 8: Dracunculus Persarum Kämpfer, Filaria sanguinis hominis Lewis und Trematoden. München, J. F. Lehmann. 8°, 3.60 m.

JONES, M. Katherine. Bibliography of college, university, and social settlements. [Boston, 1894.] 19 p. 12°.

LEGRAND, E. Bibliographie hellénique ou description raisonnée des ouvrages publiés par des Grecs au XVIIe siècle. V. I et 2. Paris, Picard & fils., 1894. 14+514+532 p.

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