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During the year there were 15 of these who left because they could not pay their expenses. About one-half of those who remained were unable to pay in full.

All of the classes completed their year's work, and the professors are much pleased with the graded course of instruction. There were graduated from the regular course in the month of May. Nuinber graduated from the dental course...

7 Number graduated from the pharmaceutical course.

6 Total number of graduates...

32 The branches taught are as follows: Anatomy, physiology, materia medica, therapeutics, chemistry, histology, bacteriology, pathology, obstetrics, gynecology, practice of medicine, surgery, eye and ear, medical jurisprudence, pediatrics, hygiene, sanitation, principles and practice of operative dentistry, dental pathology, prosthetic dentistry, crown and bridge work, pharmacy, and botany.

LAW DEPARTMENT.

37

The whole number received.

92 Number left the department of their own volition Number remaining at the end of the year..

85 The above are divided into juniors, seniors, and post-graduates. There were graduated with the degree of LL.M

11 There were graduated with the degree of LL. B.

The branches taught are the same as those of other law schools in the city of Washington, as follows: Blackstone's Commentaries, Tied. man on Real Property (with Indemaur's Common Law Cases), Bishop on Contracts (enlarged edition), Norton on Bills and Notes, Schouler on Domestic Relations, Clark on Criminal Law, Hale on Torts, Clark on Criminal Procedure, Shipman on Common Law Pleading, Adams on Equity, Shepard's Selected Cases in Equity, Darlington on Personal Property, Greenleaf on Evidence (3 volumes), Smith on Commercial Law, Cooley on Constitutional Law, Woolsey on International Law, Schouler on Executors and Administrators, Clark on Corporations, Wambaugh's Study of Cases.

The students as a whole attained good averages, most of them being by previous mental training, as well as natural bent, well equipped for entering upon the study of law.

It is worthy of note that the recent addition of one year to our regular course (heretofore two years, now three) affected our school decidedly less, in point of numbers of matriculates, than any of the other law schools in the city adopting a similar course; for while the latter, by reason of the change indicated, sustained quite a decline in their roster of students for the year just past, we carried only four short of the number of the previous year, when operating under a two-year's course.

The attendance, application, and zeal on the part of the students manifested the greatest possible enthusiasm in the work, and disclosed on their part (notwithstanding many were hampered by lack of means to make ends meet) an interest and a purpose born of a real and an earnest desire to succeed in their great and exacting undertaking.

The year was indeed a grand success. The improvement over previous years along all lines was so very marked as to justify the hope, on the part of all those interested in this branch of professional education, of great usefulness in the near future at the hands of young men and young women fitted by efficient legal training to grapple successfully, in the sphere of their particular calling, with life's problems. It is a matter of interesting record that on the occasion of graduation the President of the United States was present and conferred the degrees.

THEOLOGICAL DEPARTMENT.

4

The theological department, which is not supported in any degree by Congress, makes the following report: Whole number of pupils daring the year

48 Number left during the year ..

Number at the close of the year The following are the branches taught: Greek and Hebrew scriptures, English Bible, biblical history and antiquities, systematic theol. ogy, church history, homiletics, Christian missions, pastoral theology, moral philosophy, natural theology, evidences of Christianity, elocution, rhetoric, and vocal music.

The attendance has been larger than for many years, and the spirit of Christian love and enthusiasm very encouraging. The tokens of good work done by its graduates in the various denominations and of the confidence of those denominations in it are inultiplying. The standard of scholarship is rising, and the conditions of graduation are from time to time increased. More than one-third of the students pay their way entirely by work. Nearly, probably quite, all of them are engaged in various kinds of Christian philanthropy. Many denominations are represented, and all work in perfect harmony.

As this department receives no Government aid, an effort is being made to secure for it an adequate endowment, so that the beneficent work which it has been doing for twenty-nine years may be put on a permanent and enlarged basis. During the year a bequest of $2,500 has been made this department by the late Mrs. S. C. Pomeroy, wbose husband was one of the founders of the university and who was so long a member of the United States Senate. The interest of this fund is to be used in aid of indigent students.

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526 At its last session Congress generously granted $1,500 to endow the chair of pedagogy, up to this time the so-called normal work having been partly academic. A pedagogical department is now fully organized and wholly separated from academic work, which last work is hereafter to be known as the English department. This change has

been contemplated by the trustees from the time of the establishment of the practice school two years ago. It has been so made as to create no friction, although the teachers of the past are in many cases retained. It has always been regarded a part of the work of Howard University to provide facilities for elementary training in English. This is to be done with greater emphasis than ever before.

The $1,000 additional granted for repairs the university requests for the coming year, making the sum again $2,000. Our buildings are in part of artificial stone, and need continual watching and replacing; others are of wood and yield to decay, while mason work and tinning are constantly demanded. The security and endurance of our buildings are vital to our prosperity. This request is emphasized because of damage to buildings by recent cyclone.

We have been feebly fostering a night school in agriculture, supported mainly by gifts of the benevolent. This is theoretical agriculture, which we think it important that more of our students should study, as they go forth as teachers and professional men and women, and may do much to impart valuable information to farmers and others. We earnestly request that Congress establish in this university an agricultural chair, and give it the usual $1,500 as the support of a dean of the same. We hope sometime that some benevolent person will give us the means to purchase a farm for practical experiments and agricultural training. With our 600 to 700 students, coming directly from the soil and going back in a sense to the soil again, it seems unwise to neglect so important a subject.

It is my pleasant duty, in closing, to acknowledge the very kind and valuable services of the honorable Secretary of the Interior and his representatives as the Government patrons of this university.

The suggestion that Freedman's Hospital be turned over by the District to the management of the trustees of the university, if consummated, would assure us clinical facilities unequaled. The trustees would doubtless accept the trust. A few years since, by legislation inaugurated at the instance of ex-Senator Edmunds, of Vermont, joint resolution approved August 28, 1890 (26 Stat., 678), directing the Librarian of Congress, the librarian of the Senate, the librarian of the House of Representatives, and the librarian of the Department of Justice, respectively, to deliver extra or duplicate copies of law books to the law department of Howard University, a large number of valuable law books were guaranteed to this university from the Library of Congress. The trustees would respectfully remind the Secretary of the Interior of this legislation, and would ask him to use his personal influence to have this legislative action, so long inactive, carried out. With great respect, very truly,

J. E. RANKIN, President. Hon. ETHAN A. HITCHCOCK,

Secretary of the Interior.

EXPENDITURE OF APPROPRIATION. The appropriation bill requires the proper officer of the university to report how the appropriation is expended, and in compliance with this requirement I have the honor to add the following: Seven professors and heads of the normal, preparatory, and college departments, respectively, $1,500 each...

$10, 500.00 One assistant professor....

900.00 Two lady teachers in the normal and college departnients, each $1,000... 2,000.00

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7,200.00 The sum of $3,000 appropriated for the manual-training school (industrial department) was expended as follows: For instructors in carpentry, printing, sewing, and tinning.

$2, 315, 00 For janitor and fireman.

125.00 For fuel

146.35 Lumber, hardware, and other material for carpenter shop, tin shop, printing office, etc

383. 65

Total...

3,000.00 The university expended during the year something over $4,000 for repairs of buildings, of which $2,000 was appropriated by Congress; the appropriation of $900 for the Law and general library” was expended under the direction of the several faculties, one half going to the law-department library and the other half to the general library. The books were purchased of the lowest bidder in each case.

The bids were all submitted to the honorable Secretary of the Interior and the purchases made by his authority; and the sum of $200 appropriated for “Chemical apparatus" was used by the professois of chemistry, physics, and natural history, after submission of proposals to the honorable Secretary of the Interior. Nothing was expended, directly or indirectly, for the theological department.

Treasurer's statement of receipts and disbursements from July 1, 1898, to June 30, 1899. ACCOUNT PERTAINING TO CURRENT EXPENSES OF ACADEMIC DEPARTMENTS, INCLUD

ING ADMINISTRATION AND INSTRUCTION.

RECEIPTS.

$0.06

Balance on hand July 1, 1898..
From United States for-

Salaries ...
Industrial department
Chemical apparatus...
Library books

Repairs of buildings
From rents ...
From incomo from investments
From students' rooms
From proceeds of shops
From miscellaneous..
From donation to salaries..
From United States, balance of account of J. B. Johnson, treasurer.
From transfer from general endowment fund to pay for extension of

nurse's home at Freedmen's Hospital

20, 300.00 3,000.00

200.00

900.00 2, 000.00 4, 357.63 8, 454. 17 1, 458. 50

101. 17 404. 33

95.00 976. 67

675.00

42, 922.53

EXPENSES.

Salaries
Industrial department
Chemical apparatus.
Library books

25, 119.00 3, 029.00

200.00 900.00

$2,000.00 2, 054.88

234. 39 1, 303. 01 1, 971. 42

933. 71 900.00

Buildings and grounds (Congressional appropriation)
Repairs of buildings.
Care of grounds
Fuel and gas..
Janitors, fi remen, and watchmen
Insurance
Interest on $15,000 to medical department
Miscellaneous expenses (including postage, stationery, telephone, tuning

pianos, advertising, clerk bire, diplomas, water rent, catalogues, repair
of stoves, latrobes, and furnaces, cots and mattresses, and miscellaneous
labor, including annual cleaning of buildings, and other bills of the

same character) Balance United States, account J. B. Johnson, treasurer, charged back to

"Appropriation, Howard University”.. Balance on hand June 30, 1899....

2, 194. 04

976. 67 1, 106.41

Total......

42, 922.53

1, 800.00 1, 794.49

126.00

Theological department:

By interest on Stone fund from American Missionary Association

trustees.
By donations through agent.
By special donations.
To amount paid theological professors.

$3, 100.00 To amount paid agent's commission..

601. 45 To amount paid for incidental expenses..

.99 To amount transferred to chapel fund by vote of executive committee ..

18. 05

3, 720.49

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To amount invested in real-estate notes

22, 112. 35 To amount transferred to current expense account to pay for extension of building at Freedmen's Hospital..

675.00 To special assessment and sewer taxes, square 1055.

95. 58 To balance, June 30, 1899.

481.53

23, 364.46

7, 200.00 7,200.00

Law department:

By United States, for salaries...

To salaries of professors and lecturers
The Fred. Douglass scholarship fund:

By balance on hand July 1, 1898.
By interest
By loans paid.

44. 34 243. 18 800.00

To amount transferred to aid fund
To amount invested...
To balance, June 30, 1899.

243. 36
800.00
44. 16

1, 087.52

J. K. McLean scholarship fund:

By balance on hand July 1, 1898
By interest....

30.00
90.00

To amount transferred to aid fund

120.00

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