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By Prof. David Dale Owen, State geologist:

Organic matter, combined with some moisture
Silica, with some sulphate of lime and dissolved by water.
Bicarbonate of lime..
Bicarbonate of magnesia.
Chloride of potassium
Chloride of sodium
Oxide of iron and a little alumina.
Sulphate of lime dissolved by water.
Loss, iodine (?) bromine (?)

Grams. 1. 16 1.40 2.40 .50 .40 .218 . 133 .350 .053

From a later report by Professor Owen:

Silicate with base.

Bicarbonate of lime. Bicarbonate of magnesia.

Alumina, with oxide of iron. Carbonate of magnesia.

Carbonate of potash. Sulphate of maguesia.

Sulphate of lime. Oxide of magnesiit.

Chlorate of magnesia. Bromide, a trace.

Organic matter, a trace. The waters are thoroughly impregnated with free carbonic acid.

By Dr. William Elderhorst, analysis of 100 grams:


Sulphuric acid

.059024 Chlorine
.045600 Sapo.
.019400 Potash

Grams. .002275 .004650 .001569


During the period intended to be covered by this report no leases for additional hot water have been granted, and no new bath houses have been erected.

The Rammelsberg bath house has been the only one to make considerable repairs, which have consisted of replacing the worn-out wooden floors with concrete floors, rebuilding the framework over the bathing department so as to provide better ventilation, a new roof, additions to the plumbing and painting, the aggregate cost of which has been $4,800.

The repairs made to the other houses have only been such as were necessary to keep the buildings in a good state of repair, and have consisted mainly of carpenters' repair work, plumbers' work, and painting, with some interior decorations and additions to the furnishings.

The attendance of visitors has materially increased during the past year, and as a result the business of the bath houses has been much more satisfactory. The bath-house rules and regulations have been better observed than heretofore. The bath-house owners themselves have manifested a better disposition in this respect, and I am encouraged to believe that with the promulgation of the new rules and regulations, as they are to be revised, that bath-house drumming will be brought under better control and materially reduced. There are many conditions in Hot Springs which induce and encourage bath house drumming, not the least of which is bath-house competition. There are eighteen active bath houses in Hot Springs, each striving with the other for the largest share of business. Apply to them the settled business principle, “that all men do not succeed equally though all may have started with equal advantages." Those who find themselves falling behind conclude at once, without accusing themselves of inef. ficient management, that the more fortunate ones have achieved their

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success by bath-house drumming; and in this they are encouraged by both the drummers and the drumming doctors, who are ever alert to break through the lines, and who are unscrupulous in the means they employ to convince the one who has fallen behiud that the success of his competitor has been accomplished through doing business with them. In like manner the drumming doctors will occasionally send all their patients to one particular bath house in order to create the impression among the others that they are getting paid for the patronage they send.

Out of the ninety-odd doctors practicing here, about one-half openly employ drummers or other means not recognized by the medical profession for getting their patients. They form a fraternity with the hundred or more drummers, whose business it is to get every stranger they can to the doctor who will pay the most for this service, regard. less of his qualifications or standing. Here they induce the stranger, if possible, to pay for a month's medical treatment in advance, usually $25 to $40, which is divided with the drummer, and the stranger sent with him farther down the line to the drug store and the bath house, if they have one on their list, often with the advice from the doctor that the waters at the bath house, where they propose to sell him again, are better for his particular complaint than at any other. It is owing to these reasons, which are perpetuated by the drumming doctors and drummers, that bath-house drumming obtains to any considerable extent in Hot Springs. Whenever the nefarious practices of the drumming doctor can be eliminated, then will the balance pass away, or at least that which would be left would be of little consequence.

In order to accomplish this desirable end, I again renew my recominendation that a board of competent medical examiners be appointed, whose duty it shall be to pass upon all qualifications of all physicians who desire to prescribe the hot waters in connection with their prac. tice, and to refuse license except to those of good moral and professional standing.” And if it is considered that sufficient authority is not at present vested in the Secretary of the Interior to warrant the issuance of this order, that at the proper time the Assistant AitorneyGeneral for the Interior Department be directed to prepare a bill for enactment by the next legislature of this State which will grant sufficient authority to the United States to regulate the practice of medicine on the Hot Springs Reservation. There is but little doubt that such a bill would, upon the request of the Secretary of the Interior, be promptly passed, and would bring to an end the disgraceful practice of drumming by doctors for clients and remove all the trouble and difficulty now experienced in the management of the bath houses. Such a condition would be hailed with delight by the responsible citizens of Hot Springs and by the large colony of regular physicians, many of whom have attained very high standing in the medical profession of the United States. I hope that at the proper time this subject may have the thoughtful consideration of the Department.

The following table, corrected to June 30, 1899, giving the name to whom issued, the date and expiration of the several leases for hot water now in force, is, after being corrected, continued from last report:

Date and expiration of the several leases now in force.

Name of bath house.


Tubs. Date of leaso. Expiration of


Great Northern.
Horse Shoe
Hot Springs


Alhambra Baib House Co
Arlington Hotel Co......
Avenue Hotel Co...
Butterick Publishing Co
New York Hotel Co..
Curnel S. Williamson
Roots & Eastman
D. Fellows Platt.
Mark J. Smith.
Hot Springs Medical Co
Fred N. Rix and J. L. Barnes
M.C. Tombler and D. C. Buckstaff
Chas. B. Platt...
Maurice, Converse & Maurice
I. W. Carhart and F. B. Latta
Samuel W. Fordyce....
Park Hotel Co....
Jeanette Hogaboom and G. H.

Henry M. Rector..
Charles N. Rockafellow.
Sister Mary Aloysius...
John J. Sumpter
Robert Proctor and Henry W.

New Waverly Hotel Co...

40 Feb. 28, 1894 Feb. 28, 1914 40 Mar. 3, 1892 Mar. 2, 1912 20 Feb. 17, 1898 Dec.

31, 1902 8 Sept. 16, 1898 Sept. 16, 1905 40 May 12, 1892 May 12, 1912 19 May 25, 1897 May 15, 1912 26

1, 1893 Dec. 31, 1907 30 Jan.

1, 1895 Dec. 31, 1909 16 Jan. 1, 1893 Dec. 31, 1902

4 July 24, 1894 July 24, 1904 25 Jan. 1, 1892 Dec. 31, 1906 40 Jan. 1, 1897 Dec. 31, 1916 30 Jan.

1, 1895


31, 1909 21 Jan.

1, 1897


31. 1916 22 Jap. 1, 1892 Dec. 31, 1902 23 Jan. 12. 1893 Dec. 31. 1906 40 May 12, 1892 May 12, 1912 18 Jan. 1, 1892 Dec.

31, 1898


St. Joseph's Infirmary

12 Apr. 16, 1894 Apr. 16, 1904 20 July 1, 1898 June 30, 1901 4 Dec. 31, 1896 Dec. 31, 1901 8 Mar. 7. 1894 Mar. 7, 1904 16 Sept. 15, 1896 Sept. 14, 1906


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NOTE.-Lease of Jeanette Hogaboom and George II. Buckstaff for 18 tubs at Rammelsberg bath house expired December 31, 1898, but have continued to furnish water by authority of Department letter of December 17, 1898.

By the act of Congress approved March 3, 1891, the Secretary of the Interior is authorized to prescribe rules and regulations for the gov. ernment and control of the bath houses receiving hot water from the Hot Springs Reservation, and to regulate the prices to be charged for baths at the different bath houses. Owing to the changing conditions, it is found desirable, from time to time, to change or revise the rules and regulations, in order to more nearly conform to present demands. Those under which the bath houses here for some time have been oper. ated were approved by the Department October 15, 1897, and are as follows:



The superintendent of the Hot Springs Reservation is directed to enforce a prompt and faithful compliance with the following rules:

RULE 1. Rentals shall be paid gnarterly, in advance, at the office of the superintendent, and if not paid within tive days from the beginning of each quarter, the supply of water will be cut off.

RULE 2. No bath houso or hotel shall be supplied with more than enough water for 40 tubs of the usual size, and vapor baths when especially agreed upon, and then only for so much hot water as said vapor baths absolutely require when nsed economically.

RULE 3. The constant flow of hot water for vapor or other baths, even during business hours, or the unnecessary waste of water in any manner is strictly prohibited, and will, if continued after written notice from the superintendent to stop such waste of water, be considered by the Department sufficient grounds for the canceling of the lease of such offending lessee.

RULE 1. The charge for baths at the different bath houses shall be the rates fixed by the Department, and no bath or ticket shall be sold for more or less than said rate. No bath or ticket shall be sold except at the office of the bath house issuing them, and must show the date when issued, the name of the purchaser, and the amount

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