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Table showing personnel of employees on the reservation, the Congressional district from
which appointed, amount of compensation, and duties.
Name, occupation, and duties.
Compensa- Congressional dis.
trict whepce apyear.
William J. Little, superintendent.
as messenger to the superintendent and bave charge of the furnace
and lights at the office and resideuce building and of the stable. William Sumpter, manager of free bath house. Duties are to have
general charge of the bath house, receive applications for free baths, collect tickets, and see that the rules and reynlations are carried out, together with such instructions as he may from time to time receive
from the superintendent. Simon Schultice, male attendent at free batu house. Dnties are to
havo charge of and keep in a cleanly condition the pools and bathing departments of the free bath house; to perform such other duties as required in and about the bath house, and act as manager in his
absence. Mary L. Schultice, female attendant at free bath house. Duties are to
bave charge of and keep in a cleanly condition the pools and women's
departments of the free bath house. John H. Jones, scavenger at free bath honse. Duties are to remove
all rubbish, paper, and rags and to preserve sanitary conditions
under direction of the manager. Charles Payton, night policeman on the reservation. Dities are to
have a general supervision over all Government property from 9 p. m. to 9 a. m., keep a lookout for fires, see that no stock or persons commit depredations on the reservation, and make arrests when
recessity requires. Christopher C. Cooper, day policeman on the reservation. Duties are
to have a general supervision over all Government property from 9
of foresters and gardeners.
a Per day.
Duties of foresters and gardeners are to cultivate and care for the flowers, trees, and shrubbery; keep up the roads, drives, and walks, and make and maintain other improvements on the reservation under the direction of the superintendent.
During the period since my last report considerable progress has been made in the quiet and orderly management of the reservation. The bath houses have seemed to enjoy a good season of business and have rendered a better compliance with the rules and regulations than heretofore, bath-house drumming has been considerably diminished, and more favorable attention has been directed to the Hot Springs Reservation than at any time in the past several years. The revenues accru. ing to the Government from water and grouud rents have all been promptly collected and deposited in the subtreasury at St. Louis. the improvements which I have been authorized to make have been practically completed, and generally the affairs of the reservation have progressed in a most satisfactory manner.
In the matter of the improvements and the purchase of material and supplies in “open market" and the employment of labor I have in no
sense lost sight of the interests of the Government, and have endeavored to practice such economy as seemed consistent and honorable with all concerned and with public policy.
The free bath house has been enlarged and repaired in accordance with the plans approved by the Department for this purpose, and the convenience with which th business of the house can now be transacted has been greatly facilitated. All indigent persons applying for free baths have been supplied, and a large portion of those using the baths have been cured and put on the way to become useful citizens. The free dispensary, for some time past operated in connection with the free bath house, has accomplished great good and is beginning to receive more liberal support from charitable persons by whom it is sustained. If it is charity to help those who can not help themselves, the Government and all concerned have great reason to feel proud of that which has been accomplished at the free bath house and free dispensary during the past year.
The cultivation and extension of the parks has proceeded in a satisfactory manner; considerable additional shrubbery has been gathered up and planted and additional grounds set in grass. This branch of the reservation improvements is well in hand, and the parks themselves present a very creditable appearance and afford much pleasure and recreation to the visitors, anu are much used and frequented by the citizens. A feature of considerable enjoyment in Reserve Park this summer has been the biweekly concerts given in the pavilion at the head of the grand central entrance, each of which is attended by a large number of people. The concerts are supported by public subscriptions.
Bath-house drumming bas again been somewhat reduced, and it is probable that during the past year less of it has been indulged in thau in any other year since the inception of the bath houses; that of it which is left at this time is so inseparably connected with the drumming doctors that it is almost impossible to reach it. Neither the drummers themselves nor the drumming doctors are permitted to take persons to or loiter in or about the bath houses, yet in some way a species of communication is kept up between some of the drumming doctors and some of the bath houses, which is the principal means of perpetuating that which is left of bath-house drumming.
Since the removal of this office to the present quarters the inquiries made in person about Hot Springs have very greatly increased and the business of the office has been very greatly facilitated. It is now located in the center of the business section and is accessible alike to visitors and others having business with the superintendent. During the year a great many inquiries have been received from all parts of the United States and some from foreign nations, including England, Germany, Austria, and France, generally calling for the minutest information about the hot waters, the mode of application, the cost of medical treatment, hotel and boarding house charges, the cost of transportation, and the probable effect of the water on certain diseases, the necessary time to effect a cure, etc. To all these courteous answers have been returned, and the effect has been to bring a great many persons to Hot Springs, many of whom have been cured. Through these and others coming to Hot Springs a great demand has sprung up for authentic information descriptive of Hot Springs and the hot waters, in suitable form for mailing to friends and acquaintances who need the benefit of the waters; an analysis of the hot waters made by a competent Government officer is continuously called for, and anything bearing the stamp of the Government Printing Office is gladly and often eagerly accepted. I have
INT 99-MIS, PT 1-31
collected and distributed all the reliable printed information I could, but have not nearly been able to supply the demand. Through these sources and other intelligent means of advertising, supported and maintained by the citizens and through the magical effect of the hot waters, Hot Springs is rapidly becoming famous the world over.
During the year I have received several requests for information about the unsold Government lots from persons desiring to know when another sale would probably be held and for specific information about certain lots and parcels of land yet unsold. From this and the somewhat frequent personal inquiries made at this office I conclude that a successful sale of these lots may be had at the pleasure of the Department after this date, and I think it advisable that such sale should be authorized to take place not later than March 15, 1900, in order that the proceeds thereof may become available for the continuance of the reservation improvements which have done so much toward bringing Hot Springs up to the high standard it has now attained. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
WM. J. LITTLE, Superintendent, The SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR,
Washington, D. C.
ACTING SUPERINTENDENT OF THE YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK.
OFFICE OF THE SUPERINTENDENT,
YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK,
Mammoth Hot Springs, Wyo., November 1, 1899. SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the condition of affairs in the Yellowstone National Park from the date of the last report made on September 30, 1898, by Capt. James B. Erwin, Fourth Cavalry. My immediate predecessor as acting superintendent of the park was Capt. W. E. Wilder, Fourth Cavalry, who assumed these duties in March, 1899, and whom I relieved on June 23, 1899, upon his departure for the Philippine Islands. Owing to his short period of service here, no report was made by him.
Early in the year, and before my arrival, the work of improvement in the park was transferred to the Corps of Engineers and placed in charge of Capt. Hiram M. Chittenden. Since that time no funds for this purpose have been disbursed by the acting superintendent, nor has he had anything to do directly with this work, except that important improvements and changes, before being made, are referred to him by the enginer officer in charge, and an agreement between them is arrived at before the work is commenced. The detailed statement of expenditures for all improvements is contained in Captain Chittenden's report to the Chief of Engineers; mine contains only a general statement of what has been done.
I arrived at Fort Yellowstone with Troop M, First Cavalry, June 5, and within two or three days thereafter began relieving the detachments of the Fourth Cavalry stationed throughout the park with men from my own troop. The detachment at Snake River was not relieved until the last of June, owing to the great depth of snow between here and that point.
DISPOSITION OF TROOPS.
For the purposes of enforcing the regulations relating to the protection of the natural phenomena of the park from injury and mutilation, to the carrying of firearms, protection from forest fires, and care of the animals, fish, and birds of the park, detachments composed of from three to ten enlisted men were stationed during the summer at the following points, each station being in charge of a noncommissioned officer: Norris Geyser Basin, Lower Geyser Basin, Upper Geyser Basin, The Thumb west side of lake, Lake Station near Lake Hotel, Grand Canyon, Soda Butte, Riverside, Snake River.
A system of mounted patrols is kept up daily from each of these stations, covering approximately 180 miles of road, making the distance traveled each day about 360 miles.
The dispositions for the winter have been modified by abandoning the Thumb and Upper Geyser Basin as stations. changing the number of men at others, and it is my intention to establish within a few days a new station about 10 miles northeast of this point, on the east side of the Yellowstone River, to cover what is known as the Hellroaring country.
The stations mentioned vary in distance from this post from 20 miles, the nearest (Norris Basin), to 90 miles, the farthest (Snake River).
METHOD OF PROTECTION. During the summer patrolling is mainly along the roads traveled by tourists. When the hunting season begins, the country covered by scouts from the different stations is that where the game usually ranges and where poaching would most probably be done. Frequent scouts are made from the permanent stations, and to facilitate this a number of snowshoe cabins have been constructed at about a day's trip apart.
In these cabins a small amount of food is placed at the beginning of the winter, together with bedding, fuel, matches, cooking utensils, etc. These cabins and the supplies contained in them are indispensable, as without them trips of only one day at a time, or at most only two or three days, could be made from the permanent stations, as the travel has to be made on skees and it is impracticable, under these circumstances, to carry bedding or supplies; and such short scouts would leave a large part of the game country entirely unprotected.
The territory to be covered by the detachments of the different stations is described in the appendix to this report.
By reference to the map attached hereto, upon which the location of stations and snowshoe cabins is noted, it will be seen what a large extent of country has to be covered.
In addition to the scouting from outlying stations, frequent trips are made from this post by small detachments, accompanied by the civilian scouts. There are from two to four of these parties out continually during the hunting season.
TRAVEL IN THE PARK.
The aggregate number of tourists taking the park trip during the season of 1899 (June 15 to September 15) and stopping at the hotels of the Yellowstone Park Association was 3,637. Of this number the Yellow Stone National Park Transportation Company carried from the northern entrance of the park 2,997; and Haynes & Humphrey, from western entrance of the reservation, 414; the remainder-226 people were bicyclers, or those carried in private transportation.
The total number carried through the park by W. W. Wylie and accommodated at his permanent camps was 975. This number is included under head of “Licensed transportation” in the table below. Mr. Wylie also reports a transient custom at his camps during the season amounting to an equivalent of 1,305 persons for one day.
The aggregate number of persons taking the park trip with licensees of personally conducted camping parties was 703, and the aggregate