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number traveling with private transportation (camping parties) was 4,264.

The grand total of all visitors to the park during the season was 9,579.

Three thousand one hundred and six tourists took the trip on the Yellowstone Lake during the season, of which 1,526 came into the park with the regular transportation company; 127 with Humphrey & Haynes, and 1,453 who were traveling with camping parties, 916 of whom were with the Wylie Camping Company.

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The hotels in the park are owned and managed by the Yellowstone Park Association. Mr. J. H. Dean is president of the association. They are thoroughly well kept in every respect, and are models of cleanliness and neatness. No complaint as to their management has come to my notice, nor do I believe any could justly be made.

In addition to the hotels, this association maintains lunch stations at Norris Basin, Upper Basin, and at the Thumb.

The system of hotels should include one at the Upper Geyser Basin. The principal geysers are here, and it is perhaps the most interesting and wonderful point along the whole line of tourist travel. At present this place is visited from Fountain Hotel, at Lower Geyser Basin, distant 9 miles, for which a day is required, and involving an extra travel of 18 miles. An opportunity to see some of the greatest geysers in action is often lost to tourists by their not being able to stay over night here.


These include two regular stage lines, the Yellowstone National Park Transportation Company, under the management of Mr. S. S. Huntley, the Monida and Yellowstone Stage Company, Humphrey & Haynes, proprietors; the Wylie Camping Company; other licensed transportation in connection with camping privileges, and the Yellowstone Lake Boat Company, E. C. Waters, president.

The Yellowstone National Park Transportation Company runs from Cinnabar, Mont., to Mammoth Hot Springs, thence through the park, making the tour in five days.

The Monida and Yellowstone Stage Company runs from Monida on the Oregon Short Line into the park by way of Riverside Station, and the trip includes the same points of interest as the other line. Both of these lines are thoroughly equipped with the best Concord coaches and harness, have good horses, reliable drivers, and give excellent service.

Mr. W. W. Wylie is licensed to use twenty wagons in connection with his permanent camps, and certain other parties are issued licenses for a number of wagons—not to exceed five for each licensee—to do a movable camping business. The names of these licensees and the number of wagons so employed are included in the appendix. The teams, vehicles, and drivers employed by Mr. Wylie and the other licensees were adequate for the purpose, and so far as I know gave general satisfaction.

The Yellowstone Lake Boat Company has one steamboat on the lake and makes daily trips from the Thumb to the Lake Hotel, connecting at the Thumb with the stage line coming from the Fountain Hotel and affording such tourists as desire it an opportunity to make the trip from the Thumb to the Lake Hotel by water and obtain a view of the lake. The equipment and management of this boat is satisfactory in every respect.

PERMANENT CAMPS. These are maintained by Mr. Wylie at Appollinaris Spring, Upper Geyser Basin, the Lake, and Grand Canyon, with two lunch stationsone between Appollinaris Spring and Upper Geyser Basin, the other at the Thumb.

That there is a demand for this kind of entertainment is fully indicated by the large number of tourists availing themselves of it during the present season. Inspections of these camps showed them to be comfortable, clean, and well kept, with more conveniences about them than is usually found in camp life.

. It is probable that, for sanitary reasons, their locations may have to be changed from time to time.



There have been no fires within the limits of the park during the present year. Notices containing the precautions to guard against fire are posted throughout the park and at all places suitable for camping. As an additional precaution, mounted patrols examine all camps on their line of travel after they are vacated to see that camp fires are extinguished. In a few instances fires bave been found in deserted camps, and on two occasions the parties who left them were pursued, arrested, and brought before the United States commissioner for trial.


I recommend that the necessary legislation be enacted to make the forest reserve bordering on the southern limits of the park a part of the park, and bring it under the provisions of the national park protective act. This is necessary for the better protection of the game in the park. As the matter now stands the superintendent has no authority to prevent hunting in this strip, except when it is done in violation of the game laws of Wyoming.


The statement of cases tried for violations of the park regulations before Judge John W. Meldrum, United States commissioner, will be found in the appendix.


Antelope. It is believed they have increased within the last two years. At this season they are nearly all within a few miles of this post, on the slopes of the foothills where there is little or no snow. About 600 can be seen here nearly every day. There are probably not more than 700 or 800 in the park. It is with the greatest difficulty that they are preserved at all, as they are constantly trying to get across the line and outside of the park limits, where there are numerous hunters watching for an opportunity to shoot them. It requires one of the civilian scouts and two soldiers to be permanently posted along this part of the line to drive them back. · As they wander across in the nighttime, these must be on the alert before daybreak to prevent them from being killed. A fence about 4 miles long on this boundary of the park would solve the problem of their protection.

Bear.—These are numerous and are without doubt increasing. They are to be seen about the hotels in numbers and have given much trouble at these places by breaking into buildings in search of food. It will undoubtedly be necessary to kill some of them to prevent such destruction.

Buffalo.-It is not known how many there are left or whether or not they are increasing. I shall try and find out this winter as to their number. One of the scouts saw twenty-six last spring, and signs were seen of others. It is probable that there are fifty or more.

Coyotes. There are many of these, especially where the antelope are ranging. They undoubtedly kill many antelope, as well as young

elk and deer. The only means of getting rid of them is by poison. This method will be tried during the winter.

Deer.—There are many of them in the park. They can be seen at this season all about the post, and they frequently come on the parade. They are increasing.

Elk.-Are more numerous than any other animal in the park. The scouts frequently report seeing herds of a thousand or more.

While a great many died last winter, due to the unusually cold weather, yet they are without doubt rapidly increasing. Some of the scouts, from the number of dead ones seen by them; estimate that as many as 5,000 died during the past winter. It is estimated that there are at present from 35,000 to 60,000 in the park.

Moose. - Little is known as to the number of these animals, but there are still quite a number left and they will probably increase now, owing to the stringent laws against killing them in Wyoming. They range principally along the southern line of the park in Wyoming.

Sheep. There are not many in the park, and it is not known as to whether or not they are increasing. Most of them are near here on Mount Everts, and can be seen any day.

Beaver.—There are many of these in the park and they are believed to be increasing.

Mountain lions.- Are numerous and destroy much game. Several were killed last winter where the mountain sheep range.


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Nearly all streams abound in trout of different varieties. tities of them are caught during the season without apparently diminishing their number, except in some of the smaller streams. There is probably no place on the face of the earth where the angler can meet with such success as in the Yellowstone Park.


The early spring work begun with repairs in the road between here and Gardiner. This part of the road was improved by decreasing grades, straightening curves, and erecting guard rails along a precipitous hillside.

Early in June small road crews were sent along the roads to open up the route for tourist travel. It was necessary for them to shovel out the snow nearly the whole distance. The road over the Continental Divide was not opened and ready for travel until June 22, and it was July 5 before the snow finally disappeared from this part of the road.

High water carried away part of the bridge over east fork of the Yellowstone, cutting off my station at Soda Butte. This was promptly repaired.

The snowfall during the past winter was the heaviest ever known in the history of the park, and the consequent high water in the spring called for unusual repairs to roads.

The most important work done was the construction of a new road of about 3 miles between the Golden Gate and Mammoth Hot Springs. The ascent to the Golden Gate has always been one of the heaviest in the park, and to avoid this Captain Chittenden projected this road. It is the best piece of road building in the park, and makes the travel from here to Golden Gate comparatively easy, besides bringing into view many picturesque objects that could not be seen from the old road.

It is intended next summer to abandon the dangerous piece of road on the east side of the Gardiner River and construct a road on the opposite bank. This has been surveyed and a small part of it built, including a steel bridge with concrete abutments, the first of the kind in the park.

Preliminary surveys have been made, locating proposed roads from Mammoth Hot Springs to Yancey's; from the Grand Canyon to Yancey's over Mount Washburn; Yancey's to Soda Butte; Gibbon Canyon to Madison River; Upper Basin to Lone Star Geyser, and Grand Canyon to Norris.

Statement of funds for improvement and protection of Yellowstone National Park, for

fiscal year ending June 30, 1899, covering expenditures and transfers from December 1, 1898, to June 30, 1899.

Balance on hand November 30, 1898, as per report of acting superintendent,

dated November 22, 1898

$2, 240.44


Salaries of scouts

$1,030.00 Salary of watchman and clerk for acting superintendent

475.00 Necessary repairs to roads and bridges between Mammoth Hot Springs and Gardiner (to May 1)..

470.54 Labor and material finishing profile of proposed new road over south side of Mount Washburn....

6. 08 Paid for hay for animals in captivity.

80. 46 For mounting maps of park on linen.

4. 15 Transferred to Capt. Híram M. Chittenden, Corps of Engineers,

Special Orders, No. 70, Adjutant-General's Office, March 25, 1899....

154. 21 Balance transferred to Treasurer United States


$2, 240.44 NotE.-Actual amount transferred to Captain Chittenden was $1,581.33, but of this amount, $1,427.12 was to pay outstanding liabilities as per list furnished him.

Statement of funds allowed acting superintendent from appropriation for improvement and

protection of Yellowstone National Park, fiscal year 1900. Amount allowed, as per agreement between Capt. Hiram M. Chittenden,

Corps of Engineers, U. S. A., and acting superintendent Yellowstone
National Park, dated May 29, 1899, and approved by Secretary of War
June 12, 1899

$4,500.00 Allotted as follows: Scouts and detectives ..

$3,000.00 Clerk for acting superintendent.

1,000.00 Contingencies....



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Estimate of funds needed for protection for the coming fiscal year. Estimates for this purpose were furnished your office on September 12, and are repeated here for convenient reference. For scouts and detectives

$3,000.00 For one clerk, office of superintendent, one year.

1,000.00 Forty tons of hay, at $14...

560.00 Contingencies..

500.00 Two new stations for troops at detached points

1,912.50 Four and one-half miles of fence along north boundary between this post and Gardiner

3, 250.00 Station house and gate at northern entrance to park

1,200.00 Surveying and monumenting boundaries of park, 59 miles, at $75. 4, 425.00

The first two items provide for payment of regular scouts and detectives and a clerk for the office of the superintendent. The hay is for elk and deer in captivity. The amount for contingencies is for necessary expenditures that can not be foreseen.

The remaining items have been included in Captain Chittenden's estimates to the Chief of Engineers.

If the appropriation is made for the new stations, it is my intention to establish one in the extreme northwestern corner of the park and the other in the southwest corner. Under the present conditions these sections where there is much game must be protected by the detachments from Riverside and Snake River, respectively, which are too distant to do this efficiently.

The fence estimated for is absolutely necessary for the protection of the antelope and mountain sheep that range during the winter along this part of the north boundary, and will also serve to keep out the large bands of horses and cattle that cross over the line and eat down the grass on the feeding ground of this game. It is next to impossible to keep the antelope from straying across the line, and, as has already been stated, it requires a special detail for this purpose. This matter and the necessity for an entrance gate and station house at the north entrance of the park were fully set forth in the report of Captain Wilder, made to the Department on April 19

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