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ples generalized, with a view to maintaining the domain of the law as a science by remarking the true lines.

The frequent assertion of sound doctrine with copious illustrations is promotive of harmony. The author has embodied in this work the result of thorough reading of the cases, and a thoughtful and earnest endeavor to extract and put in elementary form their best teaching. And he submits it in the modest hope that his fellow-practitioners and the courts may find it useful and contributory to that end.

J. G. S. SALT LAKE CITY,

December, 1890.

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CHAPTER III.

FORMS OF LEGISLATION — REFERENCE TO THE ENACTING POWER, AND THE

DELEGATION OF IT.

Forms of legislation . . . . . . .

Constitutional regulations of, directory in certain states

Mandatory in others . . . . .

. . . .

As to enacting style .

Legislative power cannot be delegated

What is a delegation of legislative power .

Exceptions which have been established . . . . . .

Effect of submitting laws, etc., to popular vote.
Local laws may be submitted .

. . . . . . .

CHAPTER IV.

CONSTITUTIONAL REQUIREMENT THAT NO ACT EMBRACE MORE THAN ONE

SUBJECT AND THAT IT BE EXPRESSED IN THE TITLE.

Substantial agreement of constitutional provisions .

Regarded as mandatory . . . . . .

Liberally construed to sustain legislation . ..

Provisions must be germane . . . . . . .

Requirement to state subject in title .

Provisions can have no greater scope than subject in the bill

Title need not index details of act

“Etc.” may increase scope of title

Title too general. .

Title should accompany bill in process of passage

What general title includes . . . . . .

Acts which relate to plurality of similar subjects .
Title and subject of amendatory and supplementary aots

Provisions not within subject in the title . . . . . . 102

Effect of act containing more than one subject . . .

CHAPTER V.

TIME OF TAKING EFFECT.

When silent as to commencement

.

Acts of parliament formerly took effect from first day of session

Actual date of passage adopted in this country. . . . . 106

Legislature may fix the time for act to take effect . . .

Constitutional regulations .

.

108, 109

Precise time of taking immediate effect .

. 110

Computation of time when to take effect in specific number of days 111-115

CHAPTER VI.

REQUIREMENT OF GENERAL LAWS AND THAT THEY BE OF UNIFORM OPERA-

TION.

Constitutional requirements

. 116

They are mandatory . . . . . . . . . . 117

General laws, or laws of general nature . . . . . 120-123

Required uniform operation . . . . . . 124-126

Special and local laws . . . . . . . . 127-129

Amendatory and curative acts may not interrupt uniform operation . 130

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CHAPTER VIIL

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