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Chuff (218), a churl or miser. Church-bench (193), the bench in

the church-porch. Churlish (73), stiff, hard. Circumstance (151), a roundabout

story. Civil doctor (182), one who has taken at a university the degree of Doctor of Civil Law. Clay-brained, thick-headed. Clemency, mercy, kindness. Closely, secretly. Clouts, rags: Cloy, to fill with too much of a

thing. Cockpit (63), a pit in which cock. fighting took place; here used for the theatre. As if Shakespeare's Agincourt, compared with the real battle, was better than a cock-fight. Cockshut time (93), when it grows dark. "Cockshoots' were glades in which nets were stretched after dark to catch the birds that shot into them when they were driven by beaters. Coffer, a money-chest. Cogitation, thought. Coil, a noise, bustle. Colours (85), excuses. (Also re

ferring to the red rose.) Colt (217), to make a fool of. Combustion, violent disorder. Comeliness, beauty. Commandement (178). We pro

commandment' now. Comment, bear a (140), to be


By and by, at once.
By'r lakin (201), by our ladykin,
or little lady (an old oath).

Calendar of Virtue (105), a list
in which good deeds appear like
the Saints' names in an almanac.
Canker, a caterpillar which de-
stroys the buds and leaves of
Capacity, to my (206), to my
understanding, as far as I am
able to take things in.
Capital, punished with death.
Carat, the proportion of pure

metal in anything made of gold. Carriage (97), the way a man

carries himself or behaves.
Carrion, dead and rotting.
Case ye (217), put on your dis-

Casement, the frame of a window.
Casket, a small ornamental box.
Casque, helmet.
Caterpillar (218), one who preys

on society, an extortioner.
Celerity, speed.
Celestial, heavenly.
Censure (132), to judge.
Ceremony (76), grandeur, royal
state ; )131), an act of honour.
Certain, certainly.
Cess (213), reckoning, measure.
Chamberlain (215), the upper ser-

vant of an inn.
Chantry (77), a chapel or altar
endowed for a priest to sing mass
daily for the souls of the dead.
Charging-staff, a long weapon like
the quarter-staff, used for attack
and defence.
Chattels, property.
Cheerly, cheerfully.
Chide him hither (56). A short
way of saying "Talk to him
severely and send him here'.
Choice-drawn (70), carefully
Choler, anger.
Choleric, angry.
Christen (214), christened.
Christendom (37), baptism, or the
faith of a Christian.

criticized. Commiseration, pity. Commission, a warrant allowing people certain rights or ordering them to carry out certain duties. Commissioner, one who has a com

Commodity (151), goods on which

money could be raised.
* Commodity (189). H.
Compact, agreement.
Compass (114), reach.
Compound (57), to mix.




Compound 80), to come to an

agreement. * Comprehend (192, 195).

D. means ' apprebend', take to jail. Con by rote, learn by heart, Conceit (130), to judge of. Conception, an idea. Concord, agreement. Condition (186), on condition that. *Condole (199. B. seems to mean

"feel with, sympathize'. * Confidence (194). D. means'con

ference. Confines (57), the nearest countries. Confound, to destroy. Conjecture (72), a notion. Conjoin, to join with. Conjure (121), to call up a devil by magic, using some sacred name to do it. Conscience, my (74), my real

thought. Considerance, consideration. Consign (63), to agree. Constancy, firmness, unshaken

truth. Constitution, state. Construe, to explain to one's self. Contain (181), to keep. Contaminate, to stain, disgrace. Contemplative, given up to quiet

study. Controversy, dispute. Controversy, hearts of (120), hearts eager for a struggle. Conveniency, promptness. Convert, to change. Convoy, conveyance, travelling. Cope (177), to match, give as a fair

return, Cormorant, sea-raven, noted for

the quantity of fish which it eats. Corrupted (87). When a man was condemned by a bill of attainder, his family lost their rank and their estate: this was called 'corruption of blood'. Couching, lying on the ground,

grovelling Counterfeit, to make a false copy

of. Counterfeit, a sham. Counters (142), round pieces of

metal used in reckoning; used scornfully of real money. Courtnol, courtier. Coward 67), to make a coward

of. Coxcomb, fool (because the jester's

cap had a cock's crest). Coz, cousin. Crave, to ask. Craven, coward. Crestless, not having the “crest'

which in heraldry makes a gentleCrown him ?-that ;- (122), if we crown him ;-yes, if we only do that. Crowns (64), crown-pieces. Cry (27), hounds giving tongue. Cue, the last words of an actor's speech, written out in another actor's copy to let him know when his turn comes to speak. Cuirass, breastplate. Culled, picked. Cumber, to be a burden to. Current, it holds (215), it holds

good, is true. Dalliance (64), trifling, light playfulness (here used of the gay dresses and behaviour of the courtiers who had passed their time in mere amusement). Danger, within his (170), in his power (A lawyer's phrase: compare 'out of debt, out of dan. ger'). Dare us with his cap like larks (113). Larks were caught with the help of a hawk called the 'hobby' which flew over them and dared' them or frightened them from rising ; then the net was drawn over them by the fowler. Sometimes a piece of scarlet cloth was used for the

daring': Daw, jackdaw. * Decerns (194). D. means 'con

Dedicate (72), to yield up.
Deface, to destroy.
Defend (196), to forbid.

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Do withal, I could not (164), I

could not help it. Dogged, cruel, like a savage dog. Dogs of war (132). Compare

63, Chorus, 1. 7. Doit (155), a Dutch coin worth half a farthing. Dole (211), sorrow. Dole, happy man be his (218), may happiness be his lot, good luck to him. Domestic fury (131), the madness

of civil war. Doublet, a man's dress before coats and waistcoats were invented ; a close-fitting jacket with short skirts. Drachma, an old Greek silver

coin, worth about 9 d. Dub, to make a knight. Ducat, a gold coin of Venice worth Dukeling (101), poor duke (a

sneer). Dull (54), making dull, quieting.

about 95.


* Defend (190). H. means of

fend'. Defray, to pay the cost of. Degrees, base (123), lower steps. Demean, to behave. Demeanour, behaviour. Demi-paradise, half paradise, a heaven upon earth. * Demurrer (226), objection.

(Really a law word for trying to stop an action.) Deputy, one who acts for another;

(112) the king's representative. * Desartless (191), without desert. D. means 'deserving': Descry, to make out in the dis

tance. Destiny, fate. Determine (56), to make an end of. Device, a plan, invention ; (205),

a show. Dexterity, doing a thing cleverly

and quickly. Diadem, an ornamental headband, Dialogue, a talk between two people. Dicker, ten hides. Dignity, rank, office. Dint, impression. Disable, to cripple. Discord, disagreement. Discourse, to speak. Discretion, prudence, acting

wisely. *Disfigure (202). Q.

'figure'. Disjoint, to separate. Dispiteous, pitiless. * Dissembly (195). D. means

assembly'. Distemper (66), the mind thrown

off the balance. Distemper (48), to derange. Distil out (73), to draw out, extract, find out the hidden mean. ing. Distressful (77), won by hard and painful work. Divers, several. Divert, to turn aside. Divorce, to part what has been joined by law.


Earn (43), to grieve.
Earnest (69), money paid in ad-

vance as a pledge of more to be paid when the work is done. * Eftest (196). D. means ' deftest',

or 'readiest'. Eight and six (202), the ballad metre, alternate lines of eight and six syllables each, Eke out, to piece out, fill up. Elaborate, worked out carefully,

perfect. Elegance, neatness and grace. Element (45), the sky. Elements so mixed in him (145). Man's body in old days was thought to be made up of the four elements, earth, air, fire, and water, showing themselves in the four humours, blood, phlegm, choler, and melancholy. Melancholy came from earth, blood from air, phlegm from water, choler from fire. If they were all mixed evenly in a man, he was perfect; if not, he showed what humour he had most. Too much fire made him a choleric or angry man. Elf-skin (222), a shrunk and

shrivelled creature. Eloquence, the gift of speaking

well. Embracement, an embrace. Empery, empire. Enamoured on, in love with. Encompass, to surround, close in. Enforce (49), to compel. Enforced (82), thrown with great force; (142), struck strongly, greatly provoked. Enfranchisement (126), giving public rights to a man who has lost them, (127) equal rights to all citizens. Engage, to pledge, bind over. Engirt, to surround. Englut, to swallow up. Enow, enough. Enround, to surround. * Enterlout (189). He means 'interlude,' but he thinks the word means "Enter Lout', or "The Clown comes in ' (as if it were a stage-note). Enthronize, to enthrone. Environ, to surround. Epilogue, an actor's speech to the people at the end of a play. Epitaph, the words on a grave or in memory of the dead. Equity, justice. Estimable, valuable. Estimation (170), value, esteem;

(175) value the scales, weight. Exaction, making people pay. * Examination (195). A verb


made up by D. Exchequer, the court which col

lected the king's money. * Exclamation on (194), crying out against. But D. means "talk about'. * Excommunication (195). D.

means 'examination'.
Exempt (87), cut off from.
Exhalation, meteor.
* Exhibition (196). D. means

Expedience, speed.
Exposition, an explanation.
Extant, existing.
Extempore, without preparation,

on the spur of the moment.
*Extruction (185). H. means' de-

struction'. Extortion, wringing money out of people in the name of the law. Eyne, eyes. Faction, party, side. Facundious (226), having a flow

of words, eloquent. Fair, speak mie (173), speak kindly

of me. Falconer, a keeper or trainer of

hawks for sport. Fall (93), to let fall. Farced (76), stuffed, full. Favour, appearance, face. Favourable (54), kindly. Feign, to pretend. Feli, cruel. Fern-seed (215). Ferns seed themselves from the tiny, dust-like spores on the back of the fronds. Before people knew this, they thought the plant grew from invisible seed; if you had any, you would be invisible too. Fet, fetched, derived. Fetlock, the tuft of hair on a horse's

leg behind the pastern-joint. File (20), to place among public

records. File (110), to march in line, keep Fine (82), to stake, agree to pay

as a fine. Firmament, sky. Fix posterity (104), to make peo

ple of a later day firmly believe. Flaw (52), a storm of rain or

snow. Fleece, to rob. Fleeting (89), shifting, unfaithful. Flight (150), power of flight, an arrow of equal size and weight. Flight (19), an arrow for distant

shots. Flocks (213), tufts of wool or bits of cloth.

pace with.

Flourish, a sound of trumpets to announce the coming of a great


Flourish (137), to show off as a

winner. Flux, flow. Foils, blunt rapiers used in fenc

ing. Followed (19, 1. 65), if it is kept

up. Fond, foolish. Foot (154), to kick. Foot-land-raker (215), foot-pad,

highwayman. For stirring (32), against his

stirring. Force, of (177), whether I wish

or not. Fore-hand, front position, advan

tage. Forestall, to be beforehand with. Form (57), state, orderly govern

ment. Formal, stately, in full state. Forsooth, truly. 'Found (188), confound. Franchise (36), free use. Franklin, one who farmed his

own land. French-crown-colour (200), bright yellow. Fret, to disturb. Frustrate, to disappoint, make

useless. Full-fraught (68), richly stored, highly gifted. Function, action. Furniture (99), outfit. Gaberdine, a long coarse smock

frock. Gait, walk. Gall (66), the bile, and so, bitter

feeling. Galled (71), chafed, lashed by the

spray. Gamesome, fond of sports, gay. Gammon, the lower end of a Aitch. Garland (58, 61), wreath, crown.

Compare p: 3. Gear (102), business. General, for the (122), for the sake of the people.

Gentle his condition (79), to make


him a gentleman. Gentry, the rank of gentleman. Giglot (36), false, changing. Girded (70), hemmed in. Glistering, shining. God buy' you (78), God be with you ! Godfathers, twelve (177), a jury. Good (152), well off (in a commercial sense). Gorbellied, with a big belly. Gossip (156), (1) a godmother,

(2) an intimate, (3) a chattering Gramercies, many thanks. Grand-jurors (218), citizens appointed by the sheriff to examine the charges against persons accused of crime and send them to trial if they think the charges true. F. uses the word as an insult: a thief would naturally think a grand-juror a kind of devil. Gratify, to thank and reward. Gratis, for nothing. *Great-oneyers (215). G. perhaps means 'those who have to do with great ones' (just as lawyer' is one who has to do with law); he has not the sense to keep quiet, and he dare not do more than throw out a hint. 'Gree, agree. Gross (68), large and plain. Gross (153), the full sum. Grosser, coarser. Gulled, deceived. Gummed (216), stiffened with

gum, and so liable to fret. Habitation (153), dwelling-place. S. refers to the story of the Gadarene swine in the Bible. Hale, to drag, haul. Half-sword, at (220), at half a

sword's length, at close quarters. Hangings, the curtains or tapestry

hung round the walls of a room instead of papering them. Harbour (98), a shelter. Harbour (41), to cover, hide.

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