Communism and Nationalism: Karl Marx Versus Friedrich List

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Oxford University Press, 1988 - 307 страница
Three years before publication of the "Communist Manifesto" Karl Marx began work on a critique of a movement that was gaining popularity as a challenge to capitalism - nationalism, as put forth by the German economist Friedrich List.Long regarded as a major cultural and political force in 19th-century Europe, nationalism was in fact to become directly involved in the conflict between capitalism and socialism, offering an appealing alternative to capitalism's "New World Order" - the doctrine of Free Trade - and socialism's call for a worldwide unification of the workers against the bourgeoisie.In this original new work Professor Szporluk offers a major reinterpretation of Marxism's historical development - one that recognises nationalism as the third contender on the battlefield where Marxism met capitalism.A bold new interpretation of Marx's intellectual biography, showing how the history of Marx and Marxism is to a great extent the story of their confrontation with nationalism before 1848. At the same time, this is a fresh look at nationalism, focusing on the heretofore neglected although increasingly recognized figure of Friedrich List, the first economist whom Marx seriously studied. Professor Szporluk outlines the comprehensive vision of List's nationalism, a vision thatconstituted a historical alternative - and possible threat - to the Marxian project.Finally, this is the story of the enduring relationship between communism and nationalism that extended beyond 1848 into the 20th century, had enormous implications for Russia in 1917, and still lies at the heart of debates over the importance of allegiance to nation as opposed to social class, the choice between internationalism and national independence, and the role of communism in developing countries.

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Садржај

Introduction
1
Part
17
The Hegel Critique
19
The List Critique
30
Marx and Engels 18451848
43
The Communist Manifesto
61
Part
77
Nationalism before List
79
The Unity of Theory and Practice
152
Part Three
167
Marx and Engels Face the Nation
169
Nationalists Face the Social Problem
193
List and Marx in Russia
205
Conclusion
225
Notes
241
Bibliography
276

17891846
96
The World of Nations
115
Freedom Versus Organization
132

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