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“ Husa !-'tis the old man's funeral !
"The bell has ceased the earth is closed “Toll on! thou mournful Herald to eternity! again—the tearful crowd has gone. -thou hast carried anguish to his soul ere “Peace!
peace to him who sleeps beneath this—but now he hears thee not!
the turf ! “His old sword rests upon the coffin lid. “ His character reëstablished among men Ah !-bear him gently to his grave, in life -he has gone to meet his God! so roughly handled !
From Eliza Cook's Journal.
HANG UP A PICTURE.
The many ingenious methods which have his features, we think we feel as if we knew been discovered of multiplying works of art, him better, and were more closely related to by engravings, lithographs, woodcuts, and him. Such a portrait hung up before us photographs, now renders it possible for daily, at our meals and during our leisure every person to furnish his rooms with beau- hours, unconsciously serves to lift us up and tiful pictures. Skill and science have thus sustain us. It is a link that in some way brought art within the reach even of the binds us to higher and better natures. poorest.
There was a Catholic money-lender who, We have seen some woodcuts in recent when about to cheat, was wont to draw a cheap publications, which, if cut out and veil over the face of his favorite saint. Thus framed, or hung against the wall in the the portraiture of a noble man or saint is in simplest way, would shed a glory round the some sort a companionship of something room—of a peasant or of a lord. Of this sort better than ourselves, and though we may of cheap cuts, we may particulary mention not reach the standard of our hero, we are to the Madonna and child, after Rafaelle, so extent influenced by his depicted admirably executed by Mr. Linton.
That presence. head reminds one of the observation made by It is not necessary that a picture should be Mr. Hazlitt upon a picture, that it seems as high-priced in order to be beautiful and good. if our unbandsome action would be impos- | We have seen things for which hundreds of sible in its presence. It embodies the ideas guineas have been paid, that have not oneof mother's love, womanly beauty, and hundredth part of the meaning or beauty that earnest piety. And any picture, or print, or is to be found in Linton's woodcut of Raengraving, that represents a noble thought, faelle's Madonna, which may be bad for that depicts a heroic act, or that brings a bit two pence. Picture-fanciers pay not for the of nature from the fields or the streets into merit, so much as for the age and the our room, is a teacher, a means of education, rareness of their works. A rich man may and a help to self-culture. It serves to make possess a gallery of 1,000 great paintings, home more pleasant and attractive. It and yet be able to appreciate none of them. sweetens domestic life, and sheds a grace and The poorest may have the seeing eye for beauty around it. It draws the gazer away beauty, while the millionaire may be blind to from ‘mere considerations of self, and in it. And the cheapest engraving may comcreases his store of delightful associations municate the sense of beauty to the artizan, with the world without as well as with the wbile the thousand-guinea picture may fail to world at home.
communicate to the lord anything except the A portrait of a great man, for instance, notion that he has got possession of the work helps us to read his life—it invests him with which the means of other people cannot a more personal interest for us-looking at compass.
Does the picture give you pleasure on look- , tered the alphabet and scraped acquaintance ing at it ? That is one good test of its worth. with grammar. You may grow tired of it; your taste may “ The glimpse of an engraving is good, outgrow it, and demand something better, the dwelling on it better: stealing on the just as the reader may grow out of Satan sense with its suggestive variety ;-no fear Montgomery's poetry into Milton's. Then you of its being snapped up—but remaining a will take down the daub, and put up a pic- | bousehold god for ever,-at least, till paper ture with a higher idea in its place. Thus crumble and ink fade, -the children and there may be a steady progress in art made their children reading day by day this wonupon the room walls. If you can put the derful silent world of instructive figures
, that pictures in frames so much the better; but if move not unto derangement of observing you cannot, no matter, up with them! We ideas. Grant this boon to the lately born know that Owen Jones says it is not good and the unborn, and secure this household taste to hang 'prints upon walls—he would property to hewers of wood and drawers of merely bang room papers there. But Owen water, who will treasure up their mites till Jones may not be infallible, and here we think the 'mickle' is 'muckle' enough to buy he is wrong. To our eyes, a room always them into good company, and feel that, after looks unfurnished, no matter how costly and their life's work, they leave their children numerous the tables, chairs, and ottomans, heirlooms of sterling worth, to smooth the unless there be pictures against the walls. ruggedness of labor and turn away the and homes ought to be made pleasant, in- arrows of care. The careless lounger from structive and satisfying.
print-shop to print shop knows little, perIt ought to be, and no doubt it is, a great chance, of the fascination which the veriest stimulus to artists to know that their works scrap of the graver conveys to the untutored are now distributed in prints and engravings, and unworn in the ways of art. It may not in all ways, to decorate and beautify the homes be that the remarks of eager unversedness of the people. The wood-cutter, the litho in picturesque expression shall be very eru. grapher, and the engraver, are the inter- dite, but, at any rate, a thought beyond self preters of the great artist to the people. Thus is a gain in any one. Much wisdom may not Turner's grand pictures are not confined to be elicited, but a good clearance towards it the wealthy possessors of the original works, is effected. But, as the inhabitants of cotbut may be diffused through all homes by the tages are not generally indebted to the Millars, and Brandards, and Willmotts, their wealthy of their neighborhood for the loan engravers. Thus Landseer finds entrance, of a courtly Landseer or Winterbalter for through woodcuts and mezzotints, into every the illumination of their nights at home, it is dwelling. Thus Cruikshank preaches tem- desirable that in the small print-shop of their perance, and Ary Scheffer purity and piety. neighborhood they should find something The engraver is the medium by which art in more adapted to their cravings than the elethe palace is thus conveyed to the humblest gancies of life in the mixed style, and more homes in the kingdom.
conducive to their tone as hardworking men, The Athenæum, in a recent article on this than a remarkably elegant greyhound watebsubject, urges the desirableness of a higher ing a superlative beaver hat. It would not style of cheap engravings for the people. The be amiss to connect this with some spice of
homely literature, so that in the text our “Let us have good, simple, cheap works, honest friend should find wholesome instruceschewing all that is merely costly and wholly tion, and, in the illustration of home, someprofitless. We prize cheap books, provided thing more improving tban a lady in a saque all concerned have their bire; wherefore, or the latest ennuyée. then, not have cheap abstracts of pictures, “ Honest George Cruikshank's homely instead of considering for evermore that the truths, and in series, too, drive closer home art of engraving is only a compact between than all the exotics which bloom for a sea. engraver and publisher ? Fear not, self- son, and then lose even their Greek and sacrifcing engraver and boldly speculative Latin names. We want homely food; we publisher, that your vocations will dwindle want clear human topics, out of which man, beneath this breath of popularity. The ex- without extra subtlety of intellect, can glean cellence of the graver's work will always a better heart, form a more acute feeling and minister delight to the refined mind; but it a larger intellect from a more extended suris not expedient that the public should bask vey of the history of man and his emotions in the sunshine of poetry before it has mas- “Honest wood, albeit implying something
too much of the mechanical in its process- life, and frock-coats relinquish the modesty of mere unintelligible chipping-has done of their folds, and table-covers swell beyond the State some service in this homely view. the patience of a housemaid.
a It has brought Art down from its stilts of We have yet room for a severe illustracostliness and fine paper, and has made a tion of abstract themes. If wood engraving style of its own. It triumphs in its vignette would discard somewhat of iis abundant character, and we feel that we love its final cleverness in favor of a higher moral, and flourishes into nothingness. But we feel, bate somewhat of its tricky light and shade even here, in the precursive steps of Art into and chiaroscuro for a more straightforward true popularity, that there is an inherent and striking illustration of the great tale of viciousness. The blanket school, exploded the human heart, the cottage would be the in severer Art, has found a refuge in humble gainer; and it is only in the interest of the wood; and drapery, although not ostensibly cottage that these pleas and arguments are the cumbrous appendage of a pseudo-classi- | put on the record.' cal figure, still clings to tales of domestic
From Eliza Cook's Journal.
INFLUENCE OF THE STUDIES OF NATURE.
"STAND ont of my sunshine !"said Diogenes, eminence, that places us above the hopes and to Alexander, when the emperor asked what fears, the joys and sorrows of social life, service he could render him. Haughty as the must indeed be an unenviable one ; but that philosopher's reply may sound, it merely which puts us beyond the reach of the everexpresses the honest independence, which varying tide of circumstance and opinion is every highly-cultivated and well-balanced surely desirable ; and nothing on which the mind may feel towards those who possess mind can be employed tends so much to pronothing better than the accidental distinctions duce this state of internal sunshine as the of rank or fortune. He indeed deserves our study of Nature in her various forms. pity who needs the condescending smile of Politics, love of gain, ambition of renown, the proud, or the heartless flattery of the everything in short, which can be acted upon vain, either to rouse him to exertion or warm by the passions of mankind, have a corroding him into happiness.
influence on the human soul. But Nature, The power of self-excitement is the most ever majestic and serene, moves on with the desirable of all attainments, and it is the most same stately step and beaming smile, whether
To love knowledge merely for its use- a merchantman is wrecked or an empire overfulness—to form and strenghten virtuous dis- thrown. The evils of man's heart pollute all positions, with the hope of no other reward with which they can be incorporated; but than the deep tranquillity they bring—is a they cannot defile her holy temple. The doors task achieved by few; yet it is the only are indeed closed against the restless and the simple and direct road to lasting happiness. bad; but the radiant goddess is ever at the He who can find intellectual excitement in the altar, willing to smile upon all who are pure fall of an apple, or the hues of a wild flower, enough to love her quiet beauty. may well
say to the officious world, “Stand Ambition may play a mighty game; it may out of my sunshine." To him Nature is an task the sinews of nations, and make the seropen volume, where truths of the loftiest im- vile multitude automaton dancers to its own port are plainly written ; and the temptations stormy music; but sun, and moon, and stars,
h and anxieties of this life have no power to cast go forth on their sublime mission independent a shadow on its broad and beautiful pages. of its power; and its utmost efforts cannot
I do not mean that solitude is bliss, even change the laws which produce the transient where enjoyment is of the purest kind. Anglory of the rainbow.
Avarice may freeze the genial current of controversy more likely to find the evening affection, and dry up all the springs of sym- of his days serene and tranquil. The demon pathy within the human soul; but it cannot of dogmatism or of doubt may have grappled diminish the pomp of summer, or restrain the him closely, and converted his early glow of prodigality of autumn. Fame may lead us feeling, and elasticity of thought, into rancoon in pursuit of glittering phantoms, until the rous prejudice or shattered faith. diseased mind loses all relish for substantial But the deep streams of quiet thought and good: but it cannot share the eternity of pure philosophy gush forth abundantly from light, or the immortality of the minutest all the hiding places of Nature ; there is no atom.
drop of bitterness at the fountain; the clear He who has steered his bark ever so skil-waters reflect none of the Proteus forms of fully through the sea of politics, rarely, if human pride; and ever, as they flow, their ever, finds a quiet haven. His vexations and peaceful murmurs speak of heaven. his triumphs have all been of an exciting The enjoyment that depends on powerful character; they have depended on outward excitement saps the strength of manbood, and circumstances, over which he has very limit- leaves nothing for old age but discontent and ed power; and when the turbulent scene bas desolation. Yet we need amusements in the passed away, he finds, too late, that he has decline of life, even more than in its infancy, lived on the breath of others, and that happi- and where shall we find any so safe, satisfacness has no home within his heart.
tory, and dignified, as battery and barometer, And what is the experience of him who telescope and prism? bas existed only for wealth ? who has safely Electric power may be increased with less moored his richly-freighted vessel in the spa- danger than man's ambition; it is far safer cious harbor of successful commerce? Does to weigh the air than a neighbor's motives; he find that happiness can, like modern love, it is more disquieting to watch tempests lowbe bought with gold ? You may see him ering in the political horizon, than it is to hurrying about to purchase it in small quan- gaze at volcanoes in the moon; and it is much tities, wherever the exhibitions of taste and easier to separate and unite the colors in a talent offer it for sale ; but the article is too ray of light, than it is to blend the many ethereal to be baled for future use, and it soon colored hues of truth, turned out of their evaporates amid the emptiness of his intellec- course by the sharp corners of angry controtual warehouse.
versy. He that lives only for fame will find that Finally, he who drinks deeply at the founhappiness and renown are scarcely speaking tain of natural science, will reflect the cheeracquaintance. Even if he could caich the fulness of his own spirit on all things around. rainbow he has so eagerly pursued he would If the sympathy of heart and mind be withfind its light fluctuating with each changing in his reach, he will enjoy it more keenly sunbeam, and fading at the touch of every than other men; and if solitude be his porpassing cloud.
tion, he can, in the sincerity of a full and Nor is he who has wasted the energies of pious mind, say to all the temptations of fame his youth in disentangling the knotty skein of land pleasure, • Stand ye out of my sunshine!"