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served, during a great portion of the government: their pardon, as he obresidue of his time as a midshipman, served in a letter of thanks to the in the West Indies, and off Nova Scotia governor on the occasion, was the most and Canada. The following anecdotes agreeable present that his excellency of this part of his naval career are could have offered him. strikingly illustrative of his character: Having served his full time as a midDuring his first trip to sea, having had shipman, he was promoted in the ordisome altercation with one of his brother
nary manner; and, for several years, midshipmen, of the name of Sturt, the commanded the Pegasus frigate. On latter said to him pettishly, "I would the 20th of May, 1789, he was created teach you better manners, sir, if you Duke of Clarence and St. Andrews, and were not the king's son.” The prince, Earl of Munster. He shortly afterin reply, stated, that he was above wards took his seat in the house of being mean enough to derive any ad lords, and frequently spoke in defence vantage over his associates from the of the war with revolutionized France. superiority of his birth, and offered, at In 1790, he became rear admiral of once, to fight his opponent, after the the blue; but, notwithstanding his galmanner of seamen, across a chest. lantry, his intimate acquaintance with Sturt, however, declined the proposed naval tactics, and his notoriety as a contest; which, he said, would be unfair, strict disciplinarian, he was not peron account of the superiority that he mitted to gratify his ardent inclination possessed over his royal highness in to engage again in active service. years and strength. This generous On the 11th of July, 1818, he was objection so charmed the prince, that united, at Kew palace, to Adelaide he immediately offered his hand to Louisa Theresa Caroline Amelia, Sturt; a reconciliation took place, and daughter of the Duke of Saxe Coburg they soon became much attached to Meinengen, (born on the 13th of each other.
August, 1792) who, on account of the While the prince was at Port-Royal, excellence of her disposition, and the in 1783, a midshipman, named Lee, unimpeachable purity of her morals, was condemned to be shot, for dis had been strongly recommended to the respect to a superior officer. “ The notice of his royal highness, by Queen whole body of midshipmen,” says a Charlotte, his mother. Parliament havyoung gentleman in the service, who ing granted an addition of £6000 per was then on the same station, “ were annum only, to the duke's income, on deeply affected at this sentence, but this occasion, the royal couple, fearing they knew not how to obtain a mitiga that their allowance was too limited for tion of it, as Mr. Lee was ordered for them to live with proper dignity in this execution, while they had not time for country, after having passed a few days an appeal to the admiralty, and con in retirement at St. James's palace, prosidered a petition to Admiral Rowley ceeded to Hanover. Long before his useless. However, Prince William marriage, the duke had formed a con generously came forward,—drew up a nexion with the fascinating Mrs. Jordan, petition,- to which he was the first to the fruits of which were several chilset his name, and solicited the rest of dren, who have all received the strongest the midshipmen in port to follow his proofs of paternal affection on the part example. He then carried the petition of their royal parent, the cause of whose to the admiral himself, and, in the most sudden and final separation from their urgent manner, begged the life of an mother still remains a mystery. Mrs. unhappy comrade; and Mr. Lee is re Jordan died in France, about two years prieved. We are all grateful to our before the duke's union with the Prinhumane, brave, worthy prince, who cess Adelaide. has so nobly exerted himself in saving At the latter end of the year 1819, the life of a brother sailor.” During the duke and duchess set out on their the same year, Prince William success return to England; and just before fully interceded with the governor of the close of 1820, she became the Louisiana for the lives of some English mother of a seven months' child, (the men, who had been sentenced to death Princess Elizabeth) who died in her for a violation of fidelity to the Spanish infancy. On thrée other occasions,
twice in 1819, and again in 1821, the were made to the expense of his produchess had the misfortune to be pre- gresses, in consequence of which his maturely confined.
royal highness thought proper to resign. On the death of his brother, Frederick The frankness and affability of his Augustus, in 1827, the duke being ren manners, his sterling good sense, the dered by that circumstance heir-pre- liberality of his opinions, and the zeal sumptive to the crown, obtained an with which, in 1829, he advocated the additional parliamentary grant, which cause of the catholics, insured him a raised his income to nearly £40,000, per continuance of that high popularity annum. In the course of the same which he had attained while in office, year, he was appointed lord high up to the period of his elder brother's admiral. While in this important sta demise: to record his subsequent career tion, his meritorious conduct procured does not fall within the plan of this him the warm attachment of the navy, work; we follow the illustrious subject and the most hearty approbation of the of our present notice only to the foot of public. When the Duke of Welling the throne,-the period of his accession ton became premier, some objections | being the allotted bourne of our labours.
CHARLOTTE AUGUSTA MATILDA,
QUEEN OF WIRTEMBERG. The eldest daughter of George the where she displayed such active benevoThird, Charlotte Augusta Matilda, was lence, as speedily to acquire the gratiborn on the 29th of September, 1766. fying appellation of “ The good Queen She received a careful education, and her Þowager." talents being naturally good, she became When George the Fourth went to a very well-informed and accomplished the continent, shortly after his coronawoman. On the 18th of May, 1797, tion, she met him on his progress, and she was married, at St. James's palace, sportively welcomed him at the ento Frederick Charles William, here trance of a house, in front of which ditary Prince of Wirtemberg, whom she had caused to be erected the sign she accompanied to Germany, early in of the Hanover Arms. In the spring the following month. Her marriage of 1827, she visited this country; and, portion was £100,000, one half of which during her residence here, she found it was invested for her separate use in the necessary to undergo the operation of government securities of this country. tapping; from which, however, she By the treaty of Luneville, in 1803, her derived no permanent relief. While husband, who had found it expedient on her return to the continent, a violent to form an alliance with the French, storm for some time threatened dewas raised to the dignity of elector; struction to the vessel in which she at the convention of Presburg, his then had embarked. Her conduct, on this aggrandized dominions were converted occasion, was admirably serene: “I into a monarchy; and he was pro am here," said she to her attendants, claimed king of Wirtemberg on the 1st “ in the hands of God, as much as if I of January, 1806. His conduct as one were at home in my own bed.” Soon of the members of the Rhenish con after she had reached Wirtemberg, she federacy, afforded especial gratification was found to labour under symptoms to Napoleon Buonaparte; who, on more of water on the chest; but no apprethan one occasion, visited the queen hensions of immediate danger were at her court, and, according to the entertained, and she continued to reMoniteur, bestowed on her a variety ceive the visits of her friends, with of splendid presents. The king died, whom she conversed in her usual viwithout issue by her, on the 30th of Oc vacious manner, until two days before tober, 1816, and she soon afterwards her demise, which took place on the retired to the castle of Louisburg, 6th of October, 1828.
Her character appears to have been the children of her husband, by his decidedly admirable. By the people first wife, loved and honoured her of Wirtemberg she was regarded with as though she had been their own the utmost affection and respect; and | mother.
EDWARD AND VICTORIA, DUKE AND DUCHESS OF KENT. EDWARD, the fourth son of George parliamentary grant of £12,000 per the Third, was born on the 2nd of annum. A large portion of this allowNovember, 1767. His education was ance he set apart for the liquidation of commenced in this country, and com his debts; and, in the year 1816, he pleted at Hanover. He entered the went abroad in order to abridge his exarmy at an early age, and soon became pences. On the 29th of May, 1818, he an enthusiastic admirer of military was united to Victoria Maria Louisa, discipline. Having attained the rank widow of the late Prince of Leinengen, of colonel, he served during the years (by whom she had had two children), 1790 and 1791, under General O'Hara, and sister to the Prince of Saxe Cobourg, at Gibraltar, where he rendered him who was then in the thirtieth year of self so unpopular by his strictness, that her age, having been born in 1788. his regiment repeatedly mutinied, and The duke and his amiable bride, whose his life is stated to have been, on more character has been most highly and than one occasion, in considerable peril. deservedly eulogized, shortly after
On quitting Gibraltar, he was sent wards arrived in this country, and out as commander of the forces in were re-married according to the rites Canada. In 1794, he received orders of the church of England. In 1819, the to join the expedition under Sir Charles duchess gave birth to a daughter, (the Grey, against the French West India Princess Victoria); and, in the latter islands; and, during the campaign part of the year, with a view to the rethat ensued, his impetuous bravery establishment of her health, which had procured him the general admiration been materially affected by her conof his companions in arms. He headed finement, she proceeded to Sidmouth, the flank division at the storming of in Devonshire, where the duke, who several strong and important forts in had accompanied her royal highness, Martinique and Guadaloupe; and so was attacked by an inflammation of the brilliant were its exploits, that, “ The lungs, and died, after a brief illness, on Flank Corps" became a standing toast, the 23rd of January, 1820. as well at the admiral's table, as at His person was tall and athletic; his that of the commander-in-chief. The appearance dignified ; his understandprince was subsequently appointed go- ing strong ; his deportment affable, vernor of Gibraltar, where the rigorous and his bravery chivalrous. The course measures which he adopted for the which he pursued in politics, appears to purpose of repressing various abuses in have been almost invariably tolerant, the garrison, produced such excitement liberal, and conciliatory. Towards the and insubordination, that it was deemed latter part of his life, he had become prudent to recal him. In 1799, he was exceedingly popular, and his death was created Duke of Kent, and obtained a deeply regretted by the nation.
ERNEST AUGUSTUS AND FREDERICA, DUKE AND
DUCHESS OF CUMBERLAND. ERNEST AUGUSTUS, fifth son of tion at the university of Gottingen, George the Third, was born on the 5th where he was entered, July 6, 1786, with of June, 1771. He received his educa- his two younger brothers ; each being
accompanied by a governor, a preceptor, highness was created Duke of Cumand a gentleman. They were lodged berland and Tiviordale, and obtained in one house, and had their table fixed a parliamentary income of £12,000, at six hundred crowns a week, including which was increased in 1819, to £18,000 two grand institution dinners, to which per annum. In 1815, he married the professors and some students were Frederica Sophia Charlotte, of Meckinvited. They were taught German lenburgh Strelitz, widow of the Prince by Professor Meyer; Latin by Heyne ; of Salms, (born on the 20th of May, religion by Less, ecclesiastical coun 1778,) with whom the duke remained sellor ; and morality by counsellor on the continent for a very considerable Feder; for which duties, each received period. The duchess visited this counan appointment of one thousand crowns try, for the first time, in 1829, during per annum.
which year she appeared at a drawingOn the 23rd of April, 1798, his royal | room held by George the Fourth.
AUGUSTUS FREDERICK, DUKE OF SUSSEX. This prince, the sixth son of George Lady Augusta, who had become the the Third, was born on the 27th of mother of two children, separated from January, 1773. He received his educa- his royal highness, and the remainder tion on the continent, where he formed of her life was passed in dignified rean union, which was solemnized ac tirement. cording to the forms of the church of The prince was created Earl of InRome, with Lady Augusta Murray, verness and Duke of Sussex, in 1801, a daughter of the Earl of Dunmore. when he obtained a parliamentary grant “ Lady Augusta,” ludicrously observes of £12,000 per annum, to which a a cotemporary writer, “ soon became yearly addition of £9,000 was subpregnant, and returned to England; his sequently made. His attachment to the royal highness did the same.” On Whigs, the frankness with which he their arrival in this country, they were avowed his political sentiments, and the again married by banns, in St. George's course which he adopted with regard church, Hanover square, and the duke to the differences in the family of proposed to resign whatever claims he the king, his brother, rendered him a might possess as a member of the royal stranger at court during the reign of family, on condition that his marriage George the Fourth; with whom, howshould not be disturbed : it was, how ever, during his majesty's last illness, ever, some time afterwards declared the duke was cordially reconciled. As illegal and invalid by the ecclesiastical a speaker, he possesses considerable court, as being contrary to the provi- facility: his opinions are decidedly sions of the royal marriage act. No liberal, and his manners frank and consooner was the sentence published than descending.
ADOLPHUS FREDERICK AND AUGUSTA WILHELMINA,
DUKE AND DUCHESS OF CAMBRIDGE. ADOLPHUS FREDERICK, the 1793, he served with the British forces seventh son of George the Third, (by before Dunkirk, and on the 13th of whom he was much beloved,) was born September, in that year, he is stated to on the 24th of February, 1774. He have returned to England, wearing a received a military education, and en coat that exhibited several sabre marks, tered the army at an early age. In and a helmet, through which he had
been wounded in the eye. In 1794, he was born on the 25th of July, 1797 : attained the rank of colonel : in the her education is said to have been confollowing year he was raised to the ducted with remarkable care, and her dukedom of Cambridge, and parliament union with his royal highness is stated granted him a yearly allowance of to have been attended with the de£12,000, which was subsequently cided approval of the whole of their raised to £27,000 per annum. In respective relatives. 1803, he was placed at the head of an The private conduct of the duke aparmy of 14,000 men, destined for the pears to have been always unexcepdefence of Hanover: but, finding on tionable: his public career can scarcely his arrival in the electorate, that its be said to have been brilliant; but alinhabitants evinced but little inclina- though it may have procured him little tion to aid him against the enemy, applause, it has decidedly entitled him he soon solicited his recal, and after to public esteem. His political opinions some delay, procured permission to have rarely been censurable ; as an return to England, leaving the army orator, he may be pronounced acute, under the command of Count Wal- well-informed, correct, but not altomoden, who was shortly afterwards gether eloquent. His habits are said compelled to surrender.
to be studious, and his acquirements as The duke gradually rose to the rank a scholar are reputed to be much more of field-marshal, and on the restora- considerable than is generally supposed. tion of Hanover, he was appointed its on the whole, the duke, who has never governor-general. On the 7th of May, courted notoriety, appears to be de1818, he married Augusta Wilhelmina serving even of a larger share of adLouisa, niece of the Landgrave of Hesse. miration and respect than he actually This amiable and accomplished lady | enjoys.
WILLIAM FREDERICK AND MARY, DUKE AND
DUCHESS OF GLOUCESTER. WILLIAM FREDERICK, son of public conduct: he, accordingly, conWilliam Henry, Duke of Gloucester, tinued to support his previous political by his wife, the Countess Dowager of connexions, the Whigs; and while the Waldegrave, was born at Rome, in bill of pains and penalties against Queen January, 1776. His education was Caroline was pending, he uniformly completed at the university of Cam- acted in her majesty's favour. The bridge; which he had but recently duke has always kept within the bounds quitted when he entered the army. He of his income, which is stated to be served a campaign under the Duke of £14,000 per annum; he is utterly deYork, in Holland, and subsequently void of ostentation ; and frequently apattained the exalted rank of field pears, either alone or accompanied by marshal. In 1816, he married Mary, the duchess, (with whom he is said to the fourth daughter of George the enjoy great domestic felicity,) in the Third, born on the 25th of April
, 1776, streets of the metropolis, and at its to whom he was supposed to have been places of public amusement, with much long attached. On this union taking less of "pomp and circumstance," than place, he stipulated that it should by many whom he surpasses as much in no means be expected to influence his rankas affability.