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for the executioner, who, on approach- mercy.” Immediately after, without ing, was about to ask his lordship's trembling or changing countenance, he forgiveness ; but Balmerino stopped him knelt down before the block, and exby saying, that the performance of his claimed, with outstretched arms, “O duty was commendable. “ Friend,” Lord ! reward my friends, forgive my continued he, presenting the man with enemies, and receive my soul !" Having three guineas, “I never had much uttered these words, he gave the premoney: this is all I possess at present." concerted signal (dropping his hands) He regretted that the gift was so small, for the executioner to strike: but the but observed that he could add nothing latter was so unnerved by the earl's to it except his coat and waistcoat, coolness and intrepidity, or flurried of which he immediately divested him by the unexpected suddenness of the self, and placed them upon his coffin. signal, that it was only on the third fall

On taking his last farewell of his of the axe that Balmerino was decapifriends, he said to one of them, “ I am tated. afraid there are some who may think In compliance with a desire which he my behaviour too bold: but remember, had expressed, the coffin containing his sir, what I tell you; it arises from a remains was placed on that of the Marconfidence in God, and a clear con- quess of Tullibardine, in St. Peter's science.” He then took the axe in his church, in the Tower. " It is but hand, and having felt the edge, returned justice to the memory of Lord Balmeit to the executioner, whom he clapped rino," says Douglas, “ a great, but unon the shoulder, and tucking down the happy man, to assure the world, that collar of his shirt, showed him where to his whole deportment, previous to his aim, encouraging and requesting him tragical end, was graceful without affecto strike with resolution ; * for in that, tation, and cheerful without presumpfriend,” added he,“ will consist your / tion.'


This nobleman was born in 1690: main body had determined to cross the he married during his minority, and border, was attributed, by his associhad several daughters, but no son. In ates, to the earl's advice; and he was October, 1715, he joined the insurgent consequently treated with such coolforces under Forster, a division of ness, that he retired in disgust; but, which was subsequently denominated after a brief absence, feeling, perhaps, The Earl of Wintoun's troop. He that he could not elsewhere obtain even soon became obnoxious to the English temporary security, he returned to the commanders, by his resolute indepen- camp of the insurgents; and, although dence of opinion. In opposition to the dissatisfied with their proceedings, and Northumbrian gentlemen, he invariably excluded from their councils, he conrecommended a march towards the tinued to act with them until the west of Scotland, in order to join the capitulation at Preston, when he was insurgent clans. Had this counsel been conveyed, with the other prisoners of adopted, the united forces of the rebels quality, to the metropolis. might have become formidable ; but it Being impeached for high treason, was vehemently and successfully op- he was found guilty, and sentenced to posed, as was also the earl's project to death; but, unlike several of his unattack General Carpenter's troops when fortunate associates, he disdained to fatigued with their laborious march to- implore the king's mercy, and would wards Kelso.

noi sanction any application to governThe obstinacy of the Highlanders, ment for his pardon. Great exertions who peremptorily refused to march were, however, made to save his life; southward, and numbers of whom and they were so far successful, that abandoned the rebel standard when the the earl was respited during the royal

pleasure, and would, in all probability, connive at his escape. He quitted the have been included in the act of grace ; Tower on the 4th of August, 1716, but he avoided the ultimate clemency and passed the remainder of his life which he had never sought to obtain, on the continent. His death took place by bribing some of his attendants to at Rome, in 1749.


WILLIAM DRUMMOND, fourth defeat and dispersion of his party; for Viscount Strathallan, was born in 1690, at the beginning of the engagement, and succeeded to his title in 1711. His while gallantly advancing at the head principles were decidedly Jacobitical; of his regiment, he received a musket and he would, in all probability, have shot in the breast, and died instantly. joined the rebels in 1715, but for the His son and heir, James, Master of advice of his friends, and the entreaties Strathallan, made his escape to France; of his young and amiable wife. His but being included in the act of atzeal for the house of Stuart increased tainder against bis deceased father, with his years; and, on the arrival of under the denomination of James Charles Edward, in 1745, he hastened Drummond, eldest son of William, to display his attachment to the exiled | Viscount of Strathallan, though he was prince, by joining the young Pre at that time Viscount of Strathallan iender's army, with his eldest son, and himself, his honours were forfeited to a considerable number of his friends and

the crown.

Towards the close of the retainers. He distinguished himself last century, an attempt was made to through the whole of the adventurous set aside the attainder, on the ground campaign, which terminated at Cul of this misnomer, but it proved unsucloden; but did not live to see the total | cessful.


This nobleman was born on the the magistrate either could not or 28th of June, 1691, and succeeded to would not give him the information he the earldom, in April, 1705. Although a

desired. The earl then thought proper, catholic, and avowedly favourable to the imprudently perhaps, to evade capture Chevalier, to whom he was distantly re- by concealing himself in a cottage belated, he appears to have taken but little longing to one of his tenants ; and on share in the intrigues of the Jacobites Forster's appeal to the neighbouring for the restoration of the exiled family Jacobites, to appear in arms for James during the reign of Queen Anne: nor Frederick, he joined the disaffected at is it satisfactorily shewn, that he had their appointed rendezvous, near Greengiven any just cause of offence to the rigg, with his brother, his servants, and new government, although suspected a few of his tenantry, all well armed and of having secretly joined the parties of mounted. armed Jacobites, who had traversed the The earl accompanied Forster to country in August, 1715, when, in the Preston, where he surrendered with following month, he received intelli the rest of the insurgents. On the 9th gence that a warrant had been issued of December, he entered London, in by the secretary of state for his appre- | custody, and after a brief examination hension. Immediately proceeding to a before the privy-council, was committed justice of peace, he boldly demanded to the Tower. On the 10th of January, what charges existed against him; but | 1715-16, he was impeached for high

treason, and on the 16th of the same his execution, in which he eulogized month, thus addressed his peers, pre- the Pretender, and asked pardon of viously to pleading guilty:– My lords, those whom he had scandalized by his

- The terrors of your just sentence, plea of guilty, which, he stated, was a which will at once deprive me of my breach of loyalty to his lawful and life and estate, and complete the mis- rightful sovereign, King James the fortunes of my wife and innocent chil- Third. He concluded by saying that, dren, are so heavy on my mind, that I had his life been spared, he should have am scarce able to allege what may considered himself bound in honour extenuate my offence, if any thing can never again to take up arms against do it: my guilt was rashly incurred, the reigning prince. without any premeditation; for I beg to The earl handed a copy of this deobserve, that I was wholly unprovided claration to the sheriff, observing that of men, horses, or arms, which I could he had given another to a friend. He easily have provided, had I formed any then examined the block, and finding previous design. As my offence was a rough part on the surface, desired sudden, so my submission was prompt; that it might be chipped away with the for when the king's general demanded axe, as it would probably hurt his neck hostages for ensuring a cessation of if suffered to remain. Having stripped arms, I voluntarily offered myself; and off his coat and waistcoat, he prepared it was the repeated promises of mercy to receive the fatal blow, and on giving which I received, that induced me after- a signal which he had previously arwards to remain with the royal army. ranged with the executioner, his head I humbly entreat your intercession with was severed from his body at a single the king, and solemnly protest that my stroke of the axe. future conduct shall shew me not un- It is said, that, on the preceding worthy of your generous compassion." afternoon, he had sent for Roome, an

He received sentence of death on the undertaker, to receive directions for his 9th of February, and a warrant was funeral; but Roome having refused to soon afterwards issued for his execution. prepare a plate for his coffin, bearing On the morning after it had been signed, an inscription to the effect that he died the countess obtained an interview with a sacrifice for his lawful sovereign, the the king in his bed-chamber, and pa- earl immediately dismissed him, and thetically entreated his majesty to spare made no subsequent preparations for her husband's life; and she subsequently his sepulture; so that, instead of being went down to Westminster, accompa- deposited in a coffin, and carried away nied by a great number of ladies, and in a hearse, his remains were wrapped personally implored both houses of par- up in a cloth, and borne by some of his liament to intercede with the sovereign servants to the Tower, where they on his behalf. The public were strongly were soon afterwards interred. excited in favour of the condemned The earl appears to have been posearl, and his friends entertained a hope, sessed of many good qualities. “He was that he would have been pardoned. formed by nature," says Patten, “to be But, notwithstanding several peers and universally beloved; for his benevolence commoners of distinction endeavoured was so unbounded, that he seemed only to procure a remission of his sentence, to live for others. He resided among it was carried into effect.

his own people, spent his estate among His execution took place on the 24th them, and continually did them kindof February. While ascending the

His hospitality was princely, scaffold he looked particularly pale : and none in that country came up to it. but in a few moments he regained his He was very charitable to the poor, natural firmness and composure. After whether known to him or not, and performing a solemn act of devotion, whether papists or protestants. His he advanced to the rails of the scaffold, fate was a misfortune to many, who and read an address to those who had had no kindness for the cause in which assembled for the purpose of witnessing he died.”



This gentleman, a brother of the In 1746, he received a naval comEarl of Derwentwater, was born in mission from the King of France, and 1693, and evinced, from his boyhood, a took the command of a vessel, laden most enthusiastic attachment to the with arms for the use of the Jacobites exiled Stuarts. Utterly reckless of in Scotland; which, however, never consequences, he joined one of those reached its destination, being captured straggling parties of Jacobites, that at sea by an English cruizer. Ratcliffe appeared in arms for the Pretender was brought a prisoner to London, and late in the summer of 1715. He acted arraigned on his previous conviction, with Forster throughout the whole of which had never been reversed. He that inefficient leader's campaign ;-dis- boldly denied the authority of the playing, whenever an opportunity oc court, avowed himself to be a subject curred, a total disregard of personal of the King of France, produced his danger, and a sincere devotion to the commission, and declared that he was cause he had espoused, which threw a not Charles Ratcliffe, but the Earl of lustre over his rashness.

Derwentwater. After some further Having surrendered with his con quibbling on these and other points, federates, at Preston, he was arraigned his identity being satisfactorily proved, for high treason, in May, 1716, and was the attorney-general moved for the soon afterwards found guilty. He dis execution of his former sentence. The dained to petition for mercy, or to per prisoner now attempted to set up his mit any interest to be used with the pardon in bar, but the judges being king in his behalf. But the blood of of opinion that such a plea could not, one brother being deemed a sufficient under the circumstances, be legally atonement for the offences of both, received, a writ was issued for his desoon after the Earl of Derwentwater capitation. His person and appearance, had been executed, a free pardon was on this occasion, are thus described in granted to Ratcliffe; which, however, the British Chronologist :-“ He was he obstinately refused to accept. He about five feet ten inches high, upwas, consequently, detained in New wards of fisty, dressed in scarlet, faced gate until the 11th of December, 1716, with black velvet, and gold buttons,-a when he contrived to effect his escape, gold-laced waistcoat,- bag wig, and had as it is supposed, by breaking through a hat with a white feather.” He the chimney of his apartment to the wore precisely the same dress on the roof of the prison, and thence lowering scaffold, where he conducted himself himself, with the aid of a rope, into the with great fortitude. He was beheaded street.

on Tower hill, on the 8th of December, Patten, speaking of him about this 1746. period, says, “ He is young and bold, The courage of Charles Ratcliffe but too forward: he has a great deal of appears to have been a mere animal courage, which wants a few more years quality; he was evidently the creature and a better cause to improve it. There of impulse,-an inconsiderate slave to is room to hope he will never employ his feelings, who possessed none of the it in such an adventure again.” Un mental attributes of a hero. His dogged fortunately, however, for himself, he rejection of mercy, in 1716, was even continued to be an active partisan of more foolish than his attempt, on being the exiled prince; and frequently ven taken in arms at a subsequent period, tured to quit his asylum on the conti to avoid the execution of his sentence, nent, for ihe purpose of fomenting the by a series of absurd evasions, was discontents of the Highlanders.

mean and contemptible.

JAMES CAMERON, OF LOCHIEL. This gallant chieftain, the head of to have cut down, if he did not actually the Camerons, who idolized him for his kill, twelve of his opponents. bravery, his social virtues, and, to use These, and other equally improbable the words of the talented author of stories, obtained credence among the Lochiel's Warning, his loyal, though English peasantry, who, in some parts, mistaken, magnanimity, was born in are said to have considered the High1696. As he grew up, he imbibed all landers as monsters and cannibals, who the enthusiastic feelings of his family scarcely bore even an outward similiin favour of the Stuarts. James Frede tude to humanity. During the march to rick is said to have described him to Derby, the Chevalier Johnstone relates, the young Chevalier, as being among (but the story is almost incredible) that their most trusty and influential ad one evening, as Lochiel entered the herents; and he was, accordingly, one lodgings assigned to him, in an English of the first whose aid Charles Edward village, his landlady threw herself at endeavoured to procure, on his arrival his feet, and, with uplifted hands, and at Boradale, in 1745. Lochiel, how tears in her eyes, supplicated him to ever, had sufficient wisdom to foresee, take her life but to spare her two little that, unsupported as he was by foreign children. “ He asked her," continues troops, the young adventurer could Johnstone, “if she was in her senses, have but little chance of success, in the and told her to explain herself; when enterprise which he had so daringly she answered, that every body said the undertaken. He, accordingly, endea- Highlanders ate children, and made voured, with all the eloquence he pos them their common food. Mr. Cameron sessed, to prevail on him to abandon having assured her that they would it; but finding Charles Edward invul not injure either her or her children, nerable either to entreaty or argument, or any person whatever, she looked at the brave chieftain, at length, gene- him, for some moments, with an air of rously, although against his bitter surprise, and then opened a press, judgment, determined on sharing those calling out with a loud voice, Come perils, which the prince would evidently out, children, the gentleman will not have to encounter.

eat you.'" His followers, amounting to seven Lochiel remained with the young hundred men, were the first of the in Chevalier's army until the 18th of surgents to commence hostilities; hav- March, 1746, when he was despatched, ing surrounded and captured two com with his own followers, and some auxpanies of the king's troops, before the iliaries from the clans of Macdonald Jacobite standard was raised at Glen- and Stuart, to attempt the reduction of finnin. They also distinguished them- Fort William; but, after besieging it selves by obtaining possession of Edin- for several days, without making much burgh, by stratagem, pending the ne progress, he was compelled to relinquish gotiations between Charles Edward the enterprise, the Duke of Cumberand the inhabitants for its surrender. | land's movements having rendered his In common with the other Highlanders, presence important at the head-quarters Lochiel, and his clan, displayed great of the prince. He accordingly returned, bravery, and did astonishing execution with his followers, to the rebel army; at the battle of Preston-Pans. It is and, a few days afterwards, displayed related, that, on this occasion, a High- his usual intrepidity at the disastrous lander captured ten dismounted dra battle of Culloden; in which he was goons, on whom the mere sound of his

so severely wounded, that he must voice produced so appalling an effect, either have bled to death on the field, that he drove them before him like or been taken prisoner by the king's sheep; and a lad in the rebel army, troops, but for the desperate courage under fourteen years of age, is reported of some of his clan, by whom he was

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