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That all its tempest-beaten turrets shake,
Stand motionless expectants of its fall.
All has its date below. The fatal hour
Was register'd in heaven ere time began.
We turn to dust, and all our mightiest works
Die too. The deep foundations that we lay,
Time ploughs them up, and not a trace remains.
We build with what we deem eternal rock;
A distant age asks where the fabric stood,
And in the dust, sifted and search'd in vain,
The undiscoverable secret sleeps.

But there is yet a liberty unsung

By poets, and by senators unpraised,



Which monarchs cannot grant, nor all the power 540
Of earth and hell confederate take away:
A liberty, which persecution, fraud,
Oppression, prisons, have no power to bind;
Which whoso tastes can be enslaved no more.
'Tis liberty of heart derived from heaven,
Bought with His blood who gave it to mankind,
And seal'd with the same token. It is held
By charter, and that charter sanction'd sure
By the unimpeachable and aweful oath
And promise of a God. His other gifts

All bear the royal stamp that speaks them his,
And are august, but this transcends them all.
His other works, this visible display



Of all-creating energy and might,

Are grand no doubt, and worthy of the Word
That finding an interminable space


Unoccupied, has filled the void so well,
And made so sparkling what was dark before.

But these are not his glory. Man, 'tis true,
Smit with the beauty of so fair a scene,
Might well suppose the artificer divine
Meant it eternal, had he not himself
Pronounced it transient, glorious as it is,
And still designing a more glorious far,
Doom'd it as insufficient for his praise.
These therefore are occasional and pass.
Form'd for the confutation of the fool
Whose lying heart disputes against a God,
That office served, they must be swept away.
Not so the labours of his love. They shine
In other heavens than these that we behold,
And fade not. There is paradise that fears
No forfeiture, and of its fruits he sends
Large prelibation oft to saints below.

Of these the first in order, and the pledge
And confident assurance of the rest,
Is liberty; a flight into His arms

Ere yet mortality's fine threads give way;
A clear escape from tyrannizing lust,
And full immunity from penal woe.

Chains are the portion of revolted man,
Stripes and a dungeon; and his body serves
The triple purpose. In that sickly, foul,
Opprobrious 16 residence, he finds them all.
Propense his heart to idols, he is held
In silly dotage on created things,
Careless of their Creator. And that low


For their dwelling place

Accept this dark opprobrious den of shame.

Par. Lost, ii. 57.







And sordid gravitation of his powers

To a vile clod, so draws him with such force
Resistless from the centre he should seek,
That he at last forgets it. All his hopes
Tend downward; his ambition is to sink,
To reach a depth" profounder still, and still
Profounder, in the fathomless abyss
Of folly, plunging in pursuit of death.
But ere he gain the comfortless repose
He seeks, an acquiescence of his soul
In heaven-renouncing exile, he endures—

What does he not? from lusts opposed in vain,
And self-reproaching conscience. He foresees
The fatal issue to his health, fame, peace,
Fortune and dignity; the loss of all
That can ennoble man, and make frail life
Short as it is, supportable. Still worse,




Far worse than all the plagues with which his sins 605 Infect his happiest moments, he forebodes

Ages of hopeless misery; future death,

And death still future: not an hasty stroke
Like that which sends him to the dusty grave,
But unrepealable enduring death.

Scripture is still a trumpet to his fears;

What none can prove a forgery, may be true,
What none but bad men wish exploded, must.
That scruple checks him. Riot is not loud
Nor drunk enough to drown it. In the midst
Of laughter his compunctions are sincere,

17 In the lowest deep a lower deep

Still threatening to devour me opens wide.

Par. Lost, iv. 76.



And he abhors the jest by which he shines.
Remorse begets reform. His master-lust

Falls first before his resolute rebuke,

And seems dethroned and vanquish'd. Peace ensues, But spurious and short-lived, the puny child

Of self-congratulating Pride, begot

On fancied Innocence. Again he falls,
And fights again; but finds his best essay
A presage ominous, portending still
Its own dishonour by a worse relapse.
Till Nature, unavailing Nature foiled
So oft, and wearied in the vain attempt,
Scoffs at her own performance.

Reason now

Takes part with Appetite, and pleads the cause,
Perversely, which of late she so condemn'd;

With shallow shifts and old devices, worn

And tatter'd in the service of debauch,
Covering his shame from his offended sight.

"Hath God indeed given appetites to man, And stored the earth so plenteously with means To gratify the hunger of his wish,

And doth he reprobate and will he damn





The use of his own bounty? making first

So frail a kind, and then enacting laws


So strict, that less than perfect must despair 18?

18 His other excellence they'll not dispute,
But mercy sure is his chief attribute.
Shall pleasures of a short duration chain
A lady's soul in everlasting pain?

Will the great Author us poor worms destroy
For now and then a sip of transient joy? &c.

Falsehood! which whoso but suspects of truth,
Dishonours God, and makes a slave of man.
Do they themselves, who undertake for hire
The teacher's office, and dispense at large
Their weekly dole of edifying strains,
Attend to their own music? have they faith
In what with such solemnity of tone

And gesture they propound to our belief?


Nay,-conduct hath the loudest tongue. The voice 650 Is but an instrument on which the priest

May play what tune he pleases. In the deed,

The unequivocal authentic deed,

We find sound argument, we read the heart."

Such reasonings (if that name must needs belong To excuses in which reason has no part,)


Serve to compose a spirit well inclined 19

To live on terms of amity with vice,

And sin without disturbance. Often urged (As often as libidinous discourse


Exhausted, he resorts to solemn themes

Of theological and grave import,)

They gain at last his unreserved assent;

Till harden'd his heart's temper in the forge
Of lust, and on the anvil of despair,


He slights the strokes of conscience. Nothing moves,

Poor Satan doubtless will at length be saved,
Though once upon a time he misbehaved.

Young. Satire vi.

Let priests do something for their one in ten, It is their trade; so far they're honest men, &c. 19 Fere libenter homines id quod volunt credunt.


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