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11. Which also said, ing Apparel, and spoke to them A. D. 33. Ye men of Galilee, in this chearful and comfortable why stand ye gazing


" It is vain, Oye up into heaven? this

“ Disciples of Jesus, to look any ofame Jesus which is taken up from you in.

“ longer after him, whom ye to heaven, Shall so can now no longer fee. But come in like manner,

“ be not discouraged at his Deas ye have seen him parture ; observe the Rules he go into heaven.

“ has given you ; wait his Pro

“ mise ; and courageously dir“ charge your Duty; and be assured, That, to your « eternal Honour and Happiness, you shall one Day “ see this fame Jefus, your Master and Saviour, come " again in the fame Glory and Majesty, to the so• lemn and final Judgment of all the World.

12. Then returned 12. These Transactions of they to Jerusalem, Christ's Ascension were done at from the mount call. Bethany, on a Part of the Mount ed Olivet, which is of Olives, (as I related Luke xxiv. from Jerusalem a lab. 50.) from whence the Disciples bath-days journey.

now returned to Jerusalem, being about seven or eight Furlongs distant, and there waited, according to his Order, for the Promise he had made them.

13. And when they 13 & 14. During their Stay in were come in, they which Place, they constantly atwent up into an up- tended the stated Worship of per room, where a. God in the Temple; and at other bode both Peter, and set Times met together for their James, and John, and Andrew, Philip, and

more private Devotions, in an Thomas, Bartholo- upper convenient and private Amew, and Matthew, partment; where they were used James ebe Son of Al- to assemble for that purpose along pheus, and Simon Ze. with the Women that followed lotes, and Judas the Jesus, and with Mary the Mobrother of James. ther of Jesus, and his other Re

14. These all con- lations and Disciples. tinued with one accord in prayer and supplication with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brethren.


15. And


& D. 33.

15. AND * in those 15. And * now being to give days Perer flood up an Account of several Transacin the midst of the tions of these Apostles and first disciples, and said, Disciples of Jesus Chrift, after (the number of the his Afcenfion into Heaven, I. names together were shall begin with that of their about an hundred and Choice of an Apostle in the twenty)

room of Judas, which was done + Ver. 13, at one of their Assemblies + before mentioned, con

fisting of about Sixscore, St. Peter moving them to it, 14:

by speaking to them in the following manner.

16. Men and bre. 16. My Fellow Apostles and thren, this Scripture Fellow Disciples, you well know must needs have been

those Prophetick Expressions of fulfilled, which the David, (Psal

. xli.9. lxix. 25.cix. holy Ghost by the 8.) which are most eminently

( mouth of David spake fulfilled in the Traitor Judas, I before concerning

both as to his Office, his Crime, Judas, which was a guide to them that and his Punishment. took Jesus.

17. For he was 17. For as in the first of those numbered with us, Passages, it was said of Achitophel, and had obtained part Mine own familiar Friend in of this miniftry. whom I trusted, which did eat of nry Bread, hath lift up his Heels against_me; so was Judas chosen into the nearest Place of Trust by our Lord, and was our fellow Apostle ; but betrayed him for a Sum of Money.


18. Now this Man 18 & 19. Of which he had no purchased a field with other Advantage, but 'to return the reward of iniqui- it back to them that gave it him, ty,


* Ver. 15. At this Verse I take the History of the Aas properly to begin, the foregoing Part of the Chapter being either a Recapitulation of, or Addition to his Gospel History.

| Ver. 16. Note, The true rendring of this Verse seems plainly to be this ; 'Tis fit that this Scripture fbould be fulfilled conceruing Judas – Which the Holy Ghost by the Mouth of David spake before (viz. concerning orber Persons, and Row perfectly applicable to Judas his Case.)

ty, and falling head- and in the utmost Horror and A. D. 33. long, he burft afun- Distraction of a guilty Mind, to w der in the midit, and go and hang himself, and falling all his bowels gushed down from the Place * he did it out.

in, his Body broke, and his Bow19. And it was els gulhed out. Which wicked known unto all the dwellers at Jerusa. Fact, and exemplary Fate of JuJem ; insomuch as

das, is so notoriously known to that field is called in all the Inhabitants of Jerusalem, their proper tongue, that the Field purchased by the + Aceldama, that is Chief Priests with that Money, to say, The field of is to this Day, vulgarly called, blood.

The Field of Blood. F 20. For it is writ- 20. Thus the violent and unten in the book of natụral End of this Man is a perPsalms, Let his ha- fect and dreadful Completion of bitation be desolate, the second Expresfion of the Psaland let no

mist. Let his Habitation be defodwell therein ; and his bishoprick let ano- late, and let no Man dwell in his ther take.

Tents. The last is, and his Office

let another take. 21. Wherefore of 21 & 22. Which it is plainly these men which have our Duty now to compleat, by companied with us, chusing á fit Person in his Place,

a all the time that the

our Lord designing the Number Lord Jesus went in and out among us.

to be Twelve, by his own first

Choice, and the Holy Ghost thus directing it in such plain Words. But he must be one



B 2

* The Sense of the Word athygalo (be banged himself) in St. Mattbew, being not absolutely determined by Interpreters, nor the manner of Judas his falling down and bursting, agreed upon, I have express'd it in the Paraphrase, with as little Addition to the Text as I could. Only I ob. serve, That our Translation of athygalo, more exactly answers to the Death of Achitophel, 2 Sam. xvii. 23. whom the best Interpreters allow to be the Type of Judas.

+ In the Syriack X077701 (Chakeldama) which was the Language of Judæa at that Time, with a very little Mixture with the Chaldean. That this Syro chaldaic was the Vulgar Language of Palalline in our Saviour's Time, and of the Affinity between those owo Tongues, the Reader may fee Father Simon's Crit. Hif. N. Tefl. p. 55, 56.

A D. 33

first Steps

from us,



22. Beginning from that constantly attended upon the baptism * of John, the Person, and knows all the unto that same day Discourses and Transactions of that he was taken up Christ, from the very

must one ordain'd to be a wit. ward his Religion, by preparing

that John the Baptist made toness with us of his resurrection.

Men for it by Repentance, to

the very Day of his Afcenfion : That so he

may be able to concur with us, in exactly teaching the same Doctrines, and giving a clear Tertimony to the same Facts, especially that of Christ's Resurrection, as the chief and greatest Argument both to Jews and Gentiles.

23. And they ap- 23. To this Proposal of St. pointed two, Joseph Peter the whole Assembly agreed, Called Barsabas, who and accordingly nominated two was surnamed Juftus, Persons thus qualified, Joseph and and Mattbias.

Matthias, 24. And they pray- 24 & 25. And because they had ed, and said, Thou not as yet the particular GuiLord, which knoweft dance and Direction of the Holy the hearts of all men, Ghost for such Purposes, they shew whether of these therefore referred their Choice two thou hast choren:

to God by solemn and earnest 25. That he may

Prayer, beseeching him as the take part of this mi infallible Searcher of the Hearts, niftry and apostleship, Temper, and Qualifications of from which Judas by all Men, to point out to them, transgrefüon fell, that which of the two was the Person he might go to his most proper and worthy, for the own place.

Discharge of so great and weighty an Office, which Judas had lost by so notorious a Transgression, and was gone + to receive the Punishment due to such a Crime.

26. And


. Either John's baptizing his own Disciples, or else his baptizing of Jesus, which lacter Grotius takes to be the proper Beginning of the Evangelical State and History. But the Phrase being the same here, as in Mat. xxi. 25. rather seems to denote the former; and St. Luke having been so particular in his Account of John Baptist his Birth, Preaching, and Baptism, I have chosen to express it accordingly in this place.

+ 'ES TÓTOV TÖy idrov, emphatically to his proper Place, a Place more fit for him than the Apofleship.


26. And they gave 26. And the particular manner forth their lots; and they requested of God to affift the lot fell upon Mat- and direct their Choice in, was thias, and he was by Lot, a Method he had been numbered with the e

wont to use among his People leven apoftles.

in his Designation of Things and Persons to several Uses and Offices; which Lot falling upon Matthias, he was chosen into the Vacancy, and made the twelfth Apoftle.

* See Levit. xvi. Numb. xxv. 55. Joh. xiji. 2, 6. Judg. XX. 9. i Cbrer. xxiv. 5. Prov. xvi. 33.



ND when the


The Descent of the Holy Ghoft on the Apostles. The

Manner. and Circumstances of it. The Amazement it
put them into. The Calumny raised upon it by the Jews.
St. Peter's Vindication of it. The Effect which his Dif-
course had upon many of them. Three Thousand baptized.


HE Day was now come A. D. 33. day of Pente

in which Jesus was to coft was fully come, fulfil the great Promise of the they were all with Holy Ghost to his Disciples; the one accord in one Day of Pentecoft, so calld from place.

its being the fiftieth Day after the Passover + (and the very Day of the Year on which the Law was given by God, from Mount Sinai, with so much Glory and Terror ;) and he did it accordingly, at an Assembly of the whole hundred and twenty for the Worship of God, and the Celebration of this great Feast of Weeks, in the following manner.

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B 3

2 & 3

+ The Jews reckon their Days from Sun-set to Sun-set, and so the Morning, or Time toward Noon was the Middle, or rather concluding Part of each Day; now this Meeting of the Disciples being about nine in the Forenoon, the Day was said to be fully come ; or, as some think, it was fully come, when the Day.light perfe&ly appear'd.

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