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riah Cox, Esq. Captain of 23d Lancers, to colonel of the 2d battalion 60th foot, and Louisa Frances, youngest daughter of the great uncle to the present Lord Dorchester. late Tho. Waleston, Esq. of Walton Hall, -3. Sir Isaac Pennington, Knt. M.D. Reco. York.22. Thomas Stamford Raffles, gius professor of physic, Canıbridge.-4. Esq. of Berner's Street, to Sophia, daughter Mrs Christiana Howell, in her 107th year. of James Watson Hull, Esq. late of Great She was sister to the late Colonel Monro of Baddow.--27. George Ulric Barlow, Esq. the royal marines.-6. The Right Hon. eldest son of Sir George Barlow, Bart. Lady Glenbervie.-7. At the Jews' Hospi. G. C. B. to Hilare, third daughter of Sir R. tal, Mile-end, aged 104, Henry Cohen. He Barlow.

was taken ill in the morning, and expired in March 5.-At Albury Vale, Surrey, the evening, retaining his faculties to the James Simpson, Esq. advocate, to Eliza, last.-S. At Pisa, Francis Horner, 1 sq. M. second daughter of the late Jonas Maldin, P. (See our first article. In her 89th year, Esq. of Putney.

the Dowager Lady Carew.il. Aged 82,

Sir John Pahner, Bart.-14. At Marseilles, DEATHS.

Licut.-Gen. the Hon. Sir John Abercrom. Jan. 1.-At Berlin, the celebrated che- by, G.C.B. and Member of Parliament for mist Klaproth, in the 71st year of his age. the county or Clackmannan. At her hotel, -2. At Foveren-house, Andrew Robert. in Paris, aged 55, the Countess of Coislin, son, Esq. of Foveran, aged 86. In his formerly one of the attendants on the Queen 66th year, Sir Martin Stapylton, Bart. of of Louis XV. and grand aunt of the duchess Myton-hall, county of York.–4. In the of Pia of Bavaria.--15. At Edinburgh, 77th year of his age, Sir Arthur Owen, Lady Muler, wifi of Sir William Miller of Bart. He is succeeded in his title by his Glenlee, Bart.--. 17. Aged 80, Rear-Admirnephew, Willian Owen, of the Temple, al Alexander Edgar. He was the last male barrister at law.-8. At Hainfield, in Stvria, descendant of the Edgars of Wedderjie, in Godfrey Winceslaus, Count ot Purgstall, &c. Berwicksbire one of theoldest families in Scots only son of the late Winceslaus, Count of land, as appears by deeds as far back as 1170. Purgstall, &c. and of Jane Anne, second 19. At Edinburgh, the Lady of Sir Alexandaughter of the late Hon. Geo. Cranston.-9. der Don, of Newton-Don, Bart. M. P.-21. At Wells, Tho. Clark, Esq. of Westholme. At Stirling, the Rev. John Russell, one of house. He was descended from a branch the ministers of that town, in the 4 ith year of the ancient and well-known family of of his ministry. At Little Dunkeld, Perthhis name of Pennicuik, near Edinburgh. shire, aged 102, Mr J. Borrie.-23. The 10. At West Ham, Essex, George Ander. Right Hon. Lady Amelia Leslie, second son, Esq. F.L.S. son of the late Dr James daughter of the late Earl of Rothes.-24. Anderson, author of Essays on Agriculture, Lady Henrietta Cecilia Johnstone.. Lately, The Bee, and other works.--At St Andrews, at Rudding Park, in her 83d year, the Dow. Rev. Dr. Robertson, professor of oriental ager Countess of Aberdeen.--At Cammaes, languages. ll. At Edinburgh, Mr Moss, in the parish of Llanhadrick, Anglesea, long the dramatic favourite of the Edin- aged 105, Mary Zebulon..At Trawnse burgh public, and well known for the ex- tynydd, county of Merioneth, aged 110, cellence with which he pourtrayed Lingo, Edmund Morgan, being, as it is believed, and many other characters of the same the oldest inhabitant of Wales. He retainstamp.-14. At Clifton, Lady Miller, wie ed his faculties to the hour of his death. dow of the late Sir Thomas Miller of Gien. At Eglinton Castle, aged 74, Eleonora, lee, Bart.-15. At Dundee, Charles Craig, Countess of Eglinton.-The ci-devant weaver, at the advanced age of 108.-20. Prince Primate of the Rhine, and Grand At Edinburgh, General Drummond of Duke of Frankfort. Strathallan.-21. At Johannisberg, aged March 2.-At Brighton, in her 74th 76, the Prince Hohenlohe-Waldenberg- vear, Theodosia, Countess of Clanwilliam. Bartenstein, Bishop of Breslau.-23. At Her ladyship was lincally ciescended from Turin, the Count de Barruel-Bauvert. He the illustrious Earl of Clarendon.-3. At was one of the hostages for Louis XVI. Edinburgh, Maj. Gen. William Lockhart, 24. At Warsaw, General Bronickowski, late of the 30th regiment.-5. At Gilconiwho commanded the Polish legion of the ston, Aberdeenshire, aged 101, John MacVistula, in France --26. In Grosvenor. Bain. He was present at the battle of Cul. place, Caroline, Dowager Countess of Buck- loden, and was attached to the corps brought inghamshire.-28. Lieut.-Col. Norris, of into the field by Lady M'Intosh.-9. In the engineers in the East India Company's Bolton-row, in her 75th year, Jane, Counservice.Lieut.-Col. Findlayson.Lately tess of Uxbridge, mother of the present Marat Aron, Galway, in his 120th year, Mr quis of Anglesea.-)2. In his Sith year, Dirrane. He retained his faculties to the G. P. Towry, Esq. commissioner of the last, could read without spectacles, and till Victualling-office, father of Lady Ellenbowithin the last three or four years, would rough.-13. Sir William Inpcs, Bart. of walk some miles a-day.

Balvenie, at the age of about 100 years. Feb, 2.-At Seagrove, ncar Leith, Dame The title is now extinct.-15. At the enJane Hunter Blair, widow of the late Sir campment at Honiton, Mrs Boswill, sister James Hunter Blair of Dunskey and Robert- to the Queen of the Gypsies. She was in. Land, Bart.-Aged 85, General Carelton, terred with great pomp.

Oliver & Boyd, Printers.



No II.]

MAY 1817.

[Vol. I.



On the Nature of the Office of Mareschal 123 | A Last Adieu.
Account of Mr Ruthven's improved

The Pastura mammamunawaannnnn ib. Printing Press comm on naman .. 125

The Mossy Seatmammamuammomnoman ib. Account of the Method of Engraving on

Stanzas mundinamarcanandanamannaahammani 170 Stonecamano

129 | A Night Scene.mamammamannanna. ib. Anectlote of the Highlanders in 1745; Lines written in Springmanna min ib. by Mary Lady Clerk.com.cammacammann 129

The Mermaid (From the German of Inscription in the Church of St Hilary..130 Goethe mannenm

onomana 171 On the Origin of Hospitals for the Sick ib. Greece (From the French of Ardans ). ib. On “ Sitting below the Salt”sanavimase 132

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. On the Fall of Volcanic Dust in the

Duchess of Angouleme's Journal mmm.172 Island of Barbadoesawasawwissu134

Ricardo on the Principles of Political Anecdotes of Antiquaries. woman. 136

Economy and Taxation minim 175 Chemical Process of Combustion comm.... 138 On the Original of Milton's Satan....140

Bingley's Useful Knowledge.mmmmm.178 White's New Invented Horizon.com.142 ANALYTICAL NOTICES. Tales and Anecdotes of the Pastoral Life, I | Encyclopædia Britannica-Supplement, No II. naranasamarino.com

VOL II. Part 1....amma Remarks on Greek Tragedy, No II.

Edinburgh Encyclopædia, Vol XI. - ( Æschyli Chaphori-Sophoclis Elec

Part I.com

(186 tra atarmannamamman 147

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC Shakespeare Club of Alloa.com.mmmm....152 Notices concerning the Scottish Gypsies .


J. WORKS PREPARING for PUBLICATION 194 (continued ) arangonpainamanaw. 154


TIONS.awnawanamwaminaramundan196 Memorie of the Somervilles mans ... 162 MONTHLY REGISTER.


PROCEEDINGS OF PARLIAMENT.... 206 Letter from James IV. to the King of BRITISH CHRONICLEconomura 211

Denmark, in Favour of Anthony British Legislation.....mmm...mmorem. 218 Gawino, Earl of Little Egypt, &c. Promotions and Appointments.

com. 219 1506 commencemaran naman.com 167 Commercial Report.ammomnomor 221 Aa of the Lords of Council, respecting | Agricultural Report.

moomine John Faw, &c. 1541 com memom. ib. | Meteorological Reports.com.mmmm...226 Confessions of Witchcraft, 1623.manor ib. Births, Marriages, Deaths.commmmm227



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NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. The curious “ Antiquarian Notices” by the learned author of the article “On the Nature of the Office of Mareschal,”—and the letter relating to the compilation of a Gaelic Dictionary, will appear in our next.

The articles" On the Utility of studying the Ancient and Foreign Languages”—“On the Origin of Whig and Tory"_“On the Detrition of Mountains, &c.”—and the Review of a recent elegant Poem, transmitted by A. D.

-are under consideration. • The Review of Dr Irving's Life of Buchanan has been unavoidably poste poned.

The continuation of the “ Memorandums of a View-Hunter,"—and the Letter relating to the proposed New Translation of the Psalms, were too late for insertion.

The obliging ‘Hints' from N- 3, and the Additional Communications from • Strila,' and from “ An unknown Friend,” have been duly received :-Also several Gypsey Notices, which will be carefully attended to in our next.

The paper on Craniology,' by 'Peter Candid,' would have appeared in our present Number if it had not contained some improper personal allusions.

The “Memoirs of the House of Graham,” in the shape in which they have been sent us, have nothing more to recommend them than the good intentions of the author."

The paper under the title of “ Irish Literature,” which announces the intended early publication of an “ Irish-English Dictionary, in one volume quarto, by Edward O'Reilly,” was omitted, to be noticed in an another place. From the same quarter we have received some extracts from a new work, of which the object seems to be to prove an affinity between the Hebrew and Irish languages; but we know not well what to make of them, and our correspondent has not condescended to assist us.

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No III. will be published in Edinburgh on the 20th of June, and in London

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“ He callit his marschall till him tyt, ON THE NATURE OF THE OFFICE OF

And bad him luke on all maner;

That he ma till his men gud cher ;
The learned Selden has traced the

For he wald in his chambre be, etymology of MARSHAL under all its

A weill gret quhile in private.”

BARBOUR, II. 4. MS. variations of Mariscaldus, Marscaldus, and Marscalcus, from the Teutonic Edward the Second's valet is called " schalk," a servant, and “ maere,” a “marescallus aule regis.”+ It was horse, or rather a mare—the mare, it indiscriminately given to stewards of seems, being always the better horse*, bishops and abbots, I governors of jails and therefore very properly used ge- and prisons, $ and officers attending nerically to designate the species upon courts of law, || &c. &c. adding, that the term strictly describes These were not unfrequently depua person who busied himself about ties of the hereditary marshal of the horses and the manege.

kingdom, but most commonly they • This popular derivation is, in some were “ servientes," or functionaries of degree, countenanced by the epithet rather a higher order. having been applied to innkeepers, There was also an old English office, grooms, farriers, and horse-doctors, as of a singular import to modern ears, is proved by sundry passages from held heritably by grand sergeantry, Becanust, the capitularies of Charle and attached to a manor," maresmagne, and other authorities. It is,

callus de meretricibus in hospitio regis." however, at the same time, evinced to

An ancient roll of Edward the Third have very early received other signifi indicates, that “ Johannes de Warcations, having no reference either to blynton, filius et hæres Thomæ de the above quadrupeds or to their at- Warblyntone, fecit finem cum rege, tendants.

&c. quod dictus Thomas tenuit maMarshal notoriously denoted a civil Quoted by Dr Jameson under this officer whose jurisdiction lay alone word. Vid. alsó Du Cange, voce Marescalwithin the state rooms of a palace "marechal de palais”-an adept in of “ Rex concessit valetto Galfrido de the ceremonies and forms of court Mildenhall, marescallo aule regis, unum etiquette ; and, at the same time, any

messuagium in Bredon.” (17 Ed. II. superior domestic servant, or steward,

Abbreviat. Rot. Orig. Scaccar.) in which last sense it is used in this

I “ Marescallus Episcopi," “ Marescal

lus Abbatis,” with their explanations. Du passage from Barbour :


S“ Marescallus Banci Regis,” in statuto "“ Marescalcus, equorum minister vel Edwardi III. ar. 5, c. 8. Cui potissimum potius equarum, quod præstare olim vide incarceratorum incumbebat. Inde “ Ma. batur genus fæmineum, ut apud Græcos in reschalcia," dictus ipse carcer Londoniensis. Jovis Olympiaci certaminibus," &c. Seld. Glossar.

Il “ Marescallus Curiæ,” in Bulla Aurea + Bec. Lib. Francicorum.

Caroli IV. Imper. cap. 27. Ib.


nerium de Shirefield, tanquam ma- The said John Warblington must rescallus de meretricibus in hospitio have been as versatile and expansive regis."

as Mercury; for he not only performed Such an establishment was then an the more familiar duties of this deliordinary appendage of court etiquette; cate charge, but also the high legal it was as indispensable as a foreign or- office of coroner within the liberties of chestra, or a regiment of grenadiers to the palace-was clerk of the market to any German prince and their imitators the household, or purveyor-general in our own times. .

thereofbroke condemned felons upon His most Christiap Majesty, how the wheel-exercised the duties of a ever, was not so very Turkish as to gauger, and enforced the observance permit the superintendance to one of of his self-regulated standard of weights his own sex, as we find from the royal and measures. * expenditure of his household at the The etymology, then, of the excelcommencement of the sixteenth cen- lent Selden would appear not to be tury.

altogether conclusive; and Wachtert « A Olive Sainte, dame des filles de would seem to be more fortunate, in joye suivant la cour du roy I, 90 livres, deducing the term from “ mer, mar,” par lettres données a Watteville le 12. major vel princeps, and schalk, as beMay 1535, pour lui aider, et auxdites fore, a servant, i. e. officer of any filles a vivre et supporter les depenses kind thus making it to signify any qu'il leur convient faire a suivre ordi, considerable officer or superintendant, nairement la cour. Alius, an. 1539.- or, according to Jameson (who seems A Cecile Viefville, dame des filles de rather to incline to this deduction), joye suivant la cour, 90 livres, par upper servant, or steward not neceslettres du 6. Janv. 1538, tant pour elle, sarily of the crown alone; a much que pour les autres femmes, et filles more extended signification, and one de sa vacation, a departir entr'elles pour which accounts for the term having leur droit, du l. jour de May dernier characterised so many various and hepassé, qui etoit dû a cause du bouquet terogeneous employments. qu'elles presenterent au roy ledit jour, I have forgot to allude to the more que pour leurs estrains, du 1. Janvier ; ordinary sense, indicative of high miainsi qu'il est accoustumé de faire de litary command, I either as exercised tout temps. Eadem occurrunt annis by the marshal of Scotland over the 1540, 41, 42, 44, 46."

royal guards, previous to the union, or The old adage in papal times, “ Juma by field marshals, or marshals of ardæi vel meretrices,was not always mies, personages familiar to all. An equally vilifying. Carpentier remarks, office of a similar nature,--to com“Quæ (sc. meretrices) hic uti infames pare small things with great would habentur, de comitatú regio fuerunt, appear formerly to have been common pensionibus etiam donisque dotatæ." $ in the Highlands of Scotland, as we

learn from the following amusing • It is noticed in Borthwick's Remarks description in an ancient MS. History on British Antiquities, but more fully in of the Name of Mackenzie, composed Madoxe's Baronia Anglica, p. 242, note, before the year 1667, by John Macwhere the office is proved to have existed as kenzie of Applecross, extant in the far back as the time of Henry II.

Advocates' Library. + Comput. ærarii Reg. ap. Carpentier,

“ Alexander M'Kenzie of Coull was vocc. Meretricialis, Vestis. # Hence the origin of courtezan, now

a naturall son of Collin, the 12 laird only used in a restricted and bad sense.

of Kintail, gotten wyt Marie M-KenŚ Selden, quoth Lord Lyttelton, (Life of Henry II. vol. iv. p. 50), would not have “ Johannes de Warblington, coroadmitted among the grand sergeantries War. nator marescalciæ ac clericus mercati hesbleton's office." of the meanest and most pitii regis ad placitum. dishonourable nature ;” and he is angry with " Idem tenet in feodo serjantiam essendi Madox for having so classed it!- This is marescalli meretricum in hospitio, et disa good illustration of Chalmers's remark, membrandi malefactores adjudicatos, et (Cal. vol. i. 626), that this lord's “ notions mensurandi galones et bussellos." Rot. and language are altogether' modern." In Pat. 22 Ed. III. dependently of other considerations, it may + Wachter, Glossar. voc. Marescallus. be stated, that Blount, in his Tenures, has † “ Marescalli- postea dicti, qui exerciquoted an old deed, where it is expressly tibus, et copiis militaribus præerant." Du said to be held by grand sergeantry.”


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