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riah Cox, Esq. Captain of 230 Lancers, to colonel of the 2d battalion 60th foot, and Louisa Frances, youngest daughter of the great uncle to the presert Lord Dorchester. late Tho. Waleston, Esq. of Walton Hall, 3. Sir Isaac Pennington, Knt. M.D. Reco. York.-22. Thomas Stamford Raffles, gius professor of physic, Canıbridge.-A. Esq. of Berner's Street, to Sophia, daughter Mrs Christiana Howell, in her 107th year. of James Watson Hull, Esq. late of Great She was sister to the late Colonel Monro of Baddow.-27. George Ulric Barlow, Esq. the royal marines.-6. The Right Hon. eldest son of Sir George Barlow, Bart. Lady Glenbervic.-7. At the Jews' Hospi. G. C. B. to Hilare, third daughter of Sir R. tal, Mile-end, aged 104, Henry Cohen. He Barlow.

was taken ill in the morning, and expired in March 5.-At Albury Vale, Surrey, the evening, retaining his faculties to the James Simpson, Esq. advocate, to Eliza, last.-S. At Pisa, Francis Horner, I sq. M. second daughter of the late Jonas Maldin, P. (See our first article. In her 89th year, Esq. of Putney.

the Dowager Lady Carew.-il. Aged 82,

Sir John Paliner, Bart.-14. At Marseilles, DEATHS.

Lieut.-Gen. the Hon. Sir John AbercromJan. 1.-At Berlin, the celebrated che- by, G.C.B. and Member of Parliament for mist Klaproth, in the 71st year of his age. the county or Clackmannan. At her hotel, -2. At Foveran-house, Andrew Robert- in Paris, aged 85, the Countess of Coislin, son, Esq. of Foveran, aged 86.-In luis formerly one of the attendants on the Queen 66th year, Sir Martin Stapylton, Bart. of of Louis XV. and grand-aunt of the duchess Myton-hall, county of York.-4. In the of Pia of Bavaid.-- 15 At Edinburgh, 77th year of bis age, Sir Arthur Owen, Lady Miilci, wifi of Sir William Miller of Bart. He is succeeded in his title by his Glenlee, Bart.--17. Aged 80, Rear-Admirnephew, William Owen, of the Temple, al Alexander Edgar. He was the last male barrister at law.--8. At Hainfield, in Styria, desceedant of the Edgars of Wedderlie, in Godfrey Winceslaus, Count of Purgstali, &c. Berwickshire, one of the oldest families in Scotonly son of the late Winceslaus, Count of land, as appears by deeds as far back as 1170. Purgstall, &c. and of Jane Anne, second -19. At Edinburgh, the Lady of Sir Alexandaughter of the late Hon. Geo. Cranston.-9. der Don, of Newton-Don, Bart. M. P.-21. At Wells, Tho. Clark, Esq. of Westholme. At Stirling, the Rev. John Russell, one of house. He was descended from a branch the ministers of that town, in the 44th year of the ancient and well-known family of of his ministry. At Little Dunkeld, Perthhis name of Pennicuik, near Edinburgh. shire, aged 102, Mr J. Borrie.-23. The 10. At West Ham, Essex, George Ander- Right Hon. Lady Amelia Leslie, second son, Esq. F.L.S. son of the late Dr James daughter of the late Earl of Rothes.--24. Anderson, author of Essays on Agriculture, Lady Henrietta Cecilia Johnstone.- Lately, The Bee, and other works.--At St Andrews, at Rudding Park, in her 83d year, the Dow. Rev. Dr. Robertson, professor of oriental ager Countess of Aberdeen.- At Cammaes, languages.--11. At Edinburgh, Mr Moss, in the parish of Llanhadrick, Anglesea, long the dramatic favourite of the Edin- aged 105, Mary Zebulon.--At Trawnsburgh public, and well known for the ex- tynydd, county of Merioneth, aged 110, cellence with which he pourtrayed Lingo, Edmund Morgan, being, as it is believed, and many other characters of the same the oldest inhabitant of Wales. He retain. stamp.-14. At Clifton, Lady Miller, wi- ed his faculties to the hour of his death. dow of the late Sir Thomas Miller of Glen- At Fglinton Castle, aged 74, Eleonora, lee, Bart.-15. At Dundee, Charles Craig, Countess of Eglinton.-The ci-devant weaver, at the advanced age of 108.-20. Prince Primate of the Rhine, and Grand At Edinburgh, General Drummond of Duke of Frankfort. Strathallan.-- 21. At Johannisberg, aged March 2.-At Brighton, in her 74th 70, the Prince llohenlohe-Waldenberg. year, Theodosia, Countess of Clanwilliam. Bartenstein, Bishop of Breslau.— 23. At Her ladyship was lineally descended from Turin, the Count de Barruel-Bauvert. He the illustrious Earl of Clarendon.-3. At was one of the hostages for Louis XVI.- Edinburgh, Maj.-Gen. William Lockhart, 24. At Warsaw, General Bronickowski, late of the 30th regiment.-5. At Gilcomwho commanded the Polish legion of the ston, Aberdeenshire, aged 101, John MacVistula, in France.-26. In Grosvenor. Bain. He was present at the battle of Cul. place, Caroline, Dowager Countess of Buck- loden, and was attached to the corps brought inghamshire.-28. Lieut.-Col. Norris, of into the field by Lady M·Intosh.-9. In the engineers in the East India Company's Bolton-row, in her 75th year, Jane, Counservice. - Lieut.-Col. Findlayson. Lately tess of Uxbridge, mother of the presevt Marat Aron, Galway, in his 120th year, Mr quis of Anglesca.-12. In his 84th year, Dirrane. He retained his faculties to the G. P. Towry, Esq. commissioner of the last, could read without spectacles, and till Victualling-office, father of Lady Elenbowithin the last three or four years, would rough-13. Sir William Innes, Bart. of walk some miles a-day.

Balvenie, at the age of about 100 years. Feb, 2.--At Seagrove, near Leith, Dame The title is now extinct.-15. At the enJane Hunter Blair, widow of the late Sir campment at Honiton, Mrs Boswill, sister ? mes Hunter Blair of Dunskey and Robert- to the Queen of the Gypsies. She was in. 1, Bart.-Aged 85, General Carelton, terred with great pomp.

Oliver & Boyd, Printers.



No II.]

MAY 1817.

[Vol. I.


ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. On the Nature of the Office of Mareschal 123 Account of Mr Ruthven's improved Printing Press.com

125 Account of the Method of Engraving on Stonecara

am...128 Anecdote of the Highlanders in 1745;

by Mary Lady Clerk..... ..129 Inscription in the Church of St Hilary_130 On the Origin of Hospitals for the Sick ib. On " Sitting below the Salt" serandorise 132 On the Pall of Volcanic Dust in the

Island of Barbadoes.imaw www.134 Anecdotes of Antiquaries.com

136 Chemical Process of Combustion 138 On the Original of Milton's Satan...mai 140 White's New Invented Horizon.co... 142 Tales and Anecdotes of the Pastoral Life, No II.naimana

143 Remarks on Greek Tragedy, No II.

( Æschyli Chæphori Sophoclis Electra)

crew.147 Shakespeare Club of Alloamna.com.152 Notices concerning the Scottish Gypsies (continued)corpumainada

SELECT EXTRACTS. Memorie of the Somervilles amanundan...162

ANTIQUARIAN REPERTORY. Letter from James IV. to the King of

Denmark, in favour of Anthony Gavino, Earl of Little Egypt, &c. 1506)

caracanaca. 167 Ad of the Lords of Council, respecting John Faw, &c. 1541.

ib. Confessions of Witchcraft, 1623.com ib.


169 The Pastas.com

m. ib. The Mossy Seatmammorna

ib. Stanzas

-170 A Night Scene

ib. Lines written in Spring.

ib. The Mermaid (From the German of Goethe Journa

www.171 Greece (From the French of Ardans ). ib. REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. Duchess of Angouleme's Journal.com 172 Ricardo on the Principles of Political

Economy and Taxation memmesiac... 175 Bingley's Uæful Knowledgemen...178

ANALYTICAL NOTICES. Encyclopædia Britannica-Supplement, VOL il. Part I..unamos

180 Edinburgh Encyclopædia, Vol. XI. Part I.




211 British Legislation............

218 Promotions and Appointments.com 219 Commercial Report.com

.221 Agricultural Report.........

.224 Meteorological Reportnancov

226 Births, Marriages, Deaths.




To whom Communications (post paid) may be addressed ;

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Antiquarian Notices” by the learned author of the article “ On the Nature of the Office of Mareschal,”—and the letter relating to the compilation of a Gaelic Dictionary, will appear in our next.

The articles" On the Utility of studying the Ancient and Foreign Languages'

s”—“On the Origin of Whig and Tory”—“On the Detrition of Mountains, &c.”—and the Review of a recent elegant Poem, transmitted by A. D. -are under consideration.

The Review of Dr Irving's Life of Buchanan has been unavoidably postponed.

The continuation of the “ Memorandums of a View-Hunter,"—and the Letter relating to the proposed New Translation of the Psalms, were too late for insertion.

The obliging ‘Hints' from N-3, and the Additional Communications from • Strila,' and from “An unknown Friend,” have been duly received :- -Also several Gypsey Notices, which will be carefully attended to in our next.

The paper on Craniology,' by Peter Candid,' would have appeared in our present Number if it had not contained some improper personal allusions.

The “Memoirs of the House of Graham,” in the shape in which they have been sent us, have nothing more to recommend them than the good intentions of the author.

The paper under the title of “ Irish Literature,” which announces the intended early publication of an “ Irish-English Dictionary, in one volume quarto, by Edward O'Reilly," was omitted, to be noticed in an another place. From the same quarter we have received some extracts from a new work, of which the object seems to be to prove an affinity between the Hebrew and Irish languages; but we know not well what to make of them, and our correspondent has not condescended to assist us.

N. B. As the Editors are resolved to observe punctually the day announced for Publication, they request that all Communications for the Magazine may be forwarded, at the latest, before the end of the month preceding that in which they are intended to appear. N. III. will be published in Edinburgh on the 20th of June, and in London

on the 1st of July.



No II.

MAY 1817.

[Vol. I.




“ He callit his marschall till him tyt, ON THE NATURE OF THE OFFICE OF

And bad him luke on all maner;

That he ma till his men gud cher ; The learned Selden has traced the For he wald in his chambre be, etymology of MARSHAL under all its

A weill gret quhile in private."

BARBOUR, II. 4. MS. Fariations of Mariscaldus, Marscaldus, and Marscalcus, from the Teutonic Edward the Second's valet is called “schalk," a servant, and “ maere," a

marescallus aule regis.”+ It was horse, or rather a mare—the mare, it indiscriminately given to stewards of seems, being always the better horse*, bishops and abbots, # governors of jails and therefore very properly used ge- and prisons, § and officers attending nerically, to designate the species upon courts of law, ll &c. &c. adding, that the term strictly describes These were not unfrequently depua person who busied himself about ties of the hereditary marshal of the horses and the manege.

kingdom, but most commonly they · This popular derivation is, in some were “ servientes," or functionaries of degree, countenanced by the epithet rather a higher order. having been applied to innkeepers,

There was also an old English office, grooms, farriers, and horse-doctors, as of a singular import to modern ears, is proved by sundry passages from held heritably by grand sergeantry, Becanust, the capitularies of Charle- and attached to a manor, magne, and other authorities. It is, callus de meretricibus in hospitio regis." however, at the same time, evinced to An ancient roll of Edward the Third have very early received other signifi- indicates, that “ Johannes de Warcations, having no reference either to blynton, filius et hæres Thomæ de the above quadrupeds or to their at- Warblyntone, fecit finem cum rege, tendants.

&c. quod dictus Thomas tenuit maMarshal notoriously denoted a civil

Quoted by Dr Jameson under this officer whose jurisdiction lay alone word. Vid. alsó Du Cange, voce Marescalwithin the state rooms of a palace lus. " marechal de palais”-an adept in + “ Rex concessit valetto Galfrido de the ceremonies and forms of court Mildenhall

, marescallo aule regis, unum etiquette ; and, at the same time, any messuagium-in Bredon.” (17 Ed. II. superior domestic servant, or steward, Abbreviat. Rot. Orig. Scaccar.) in which last sense it is used in this lus Abbatis,"

with their explanations. Du

# “ Marescallus Episcopi,” “ Marescalpassage from Barbour :


Marescallus Banci Regis," in statuto “ Marescalcus, equorum minister vel Edwardi III. ar. 5, c. 8. Cui potissimum potius equarum, quod præstare olim vide- incarceratorum incumbebat. Inde “ Mabutur genus fæmineum, ut apud Græcos in reschalcia,” dictus ipse carcer Londoniensis. Jovis Olympiaci certaminibus." &c. Seld. Ib.

Il “ Marescallus Curiæ,” in Bulla Aurea + Bec. Lib. Francicorum.

Caroli IV. Imper. cap. 27. Ib.



tury. +

nerium de Shirefield, tanquam ma- The said John Warblington must rescallus de meretricibus in hospitio have been as versatile and expansive regis.'

as Mercury; for he not only performed Such an establishment was then an the more familiar duties of this deliordinary appendage of court etiquette; cate charge, but also the high legal it was as indispensable as a foreign or- office of coroner within the liberties of chestra, or a regiment of grenadiers to the palace-was clerk of the market to any German prince and their imitators the household, or purveyor-general in our own times.

thereofbroke condemned felons upon His most Christiap Majesty, how the wheel-exercised the duties of a ever, was not so very Turkish as to gauger, and enforced the observance permit the superintendance to one of of his self-regulated standard of weights his own sex, as we find from the royal and measures. expenditure of his household at the The etymology, then, of the excelcommencement of the sixteenth cen- lent Selden would appear not to be

altogether conclusive; and Wachtert “ A Olive Sainte, dame des filles de would seem to be more fortunate, in joye suivant la cour du roy 4, 90 livres, deducing the term from“ mer, mar,' par

lettres données a Watteville le 12. major vel princeps, and schalk, as beMay 1535, pour lui aider, et auxdites fore, a servant, i. e. officer of any filles a vivre et supporter les depenses kind-thus making it to signify any qu'il leur convient faire a suivre ordi, considerable officer or superintendant, nairement la cour. Alius, an. 1539. or, according to Jameson (who seems A Cecile Viefville, dame des filles de rather to incline to this deduction), joye suivant la cour, 90 livres, par upper servant, or steward not neceslettres du 6. Janv. 1538, tant pour elle, sarily of the crown alone; a much que pour les autres femmes, et filles more extended signification, and one de sa vacation, a departir entr'elles pour which accounts for the term having leur droit, du l. jour de May dernier characterised so many various and hepassé, qui etoit dû a cause du bouquet terogeneous employments. qu'elles presenterent au roy ledit jour, I have forgot to allude to the more que pour leurs estrains, du 1. Janvier; ordinary sense, indicative of high miainsi qu'il est accoustumé de faire de litary command, # either as exercised tout temps. Eadem occurrunt annis by the marshal of Scotland over the 1540, 41, 42, 44, 46."

royal guards, previous to the union, or The old adage in papal times," Jua by field marshals, or marshals of ardæi vel meretrices, was not always mies, personages familiar to all. An equally vilifying. Carpentier remarks, office of a similar nature,--to com« Quæ (sc. meretrices) hic uti infames pare small things with great, would habentur, de comitatu regio fuerunt, appear formerly to have been common pensionibus etiam donisque dotatæ."ß in the Highlands of Scotland, as we

learn from the following amusing It is noticed in Borthwick’s Remarks description in an ancient Ms. History on British Antiquities, but more fully in of the Name of Mackenzie, composed Madoxe's Baronia Anglica, p. 242, note, before the year 1667, by John Macwhere the office is proved to have existed as kenzie of Applecross, extant in the far back as the time of Henry II.

Advocates' Library. + Comput. ærarii Reg. ap. Carpentier,

“ Alexander M-Kenzie of Coull was vocc. Meretricialis, Vestis. # Hence the origin of courtezan, now

a naturall son of Collin, the 12 laird only used in a restricted and bad sense.

of Kintail, gotten wyt Marie M-Ken$ Selden, quoth Lord Lyttelton, (Life of Henry II. vol. iv. p. 50), would not have *" Johannes de Warblington, coroadmitted among the grand sergeantries War. nator marescalciæ ac clericus mercati hesbleton's office,“ of the meanest and most pitii regis ad placitum. dishonourable nature ;” and he is angry with “ Idem tenet in feodo serjantiam essendi Madox for having so classed it !- This is marescalli meretricum in hospitio, et disa good illustration of Chalmers's remark, membrandi malefactores adjudicatos, et (Cal. vol. i. 626), that this lord's “ notions mensurandi galones et bussellos."

Rot. and language are altogether' modern." In- Pat. 22 Ed. III. dependently of other considerations, it may + Wachter, Glossar. voc. Marescallus. be stated, that Blount, in his Tenures, has # “ Marescalli-postea dicti, qui exerciquoted an old deed, where it is expressly tibus, et copiis militaribus præerant." Du said to be held by "grand sergeantry.Cange.

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