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with regard to this point can be found- Swiss tradition, that without further ed. The epidemic diseases to which comment, I extract the latter from my children are liable, varying in the ex- journal, and send it for your perusal. tent to which they prevail and the It relates to an ancient family, now character which they assume, are al- extinct, whose names I neglected to ways more or less present in the town. write down, and have now forgotten, To make some record of these, from but that is a matter of little importime to time, and to give an account tance. of the state of the healthiness of the town, and of the circumstances which “ His soul was wild, impetuous, appear to affect it, are objects of in- and uncontrollable. He had a keen terest and importance. Much valua- perception of the faults and vices of ble information is contained in the an- others, without the power of correcto nual reports of the diseases of Edin- ing his own; alike sensible of the noburgh, which were published by Dr bility, and of the darkness of his moMonro, primus, in the Medical Essays ral constitution, although unable to of Edinburgh, early in the last century; cultivate the one to the exclusion of and an excellent account of the epi- the other. demics of Edinburgh, which it is to be “ In extreme youth, he led a lonely regretted has not been continued, was and secluded life in the solitude of a published by Dr Duncan, senior, in Swiss valley, in company with an only the year 1811. More recently, quar- brother, some years older than himterly reports of the diseases treated at self, and a young female relative, who the New Town Dispensary have been had been educated along with them regularly given, containing information from her birth. They lived under much more minute concerning the di- the care of an aged uncle, the guarseases prevailing in Edinburgh, than dian of those extensive domains which is intended to be given in those which the brothers were destined jointly to we are now commencing.


J. W. T. “ A peculiar melancholy, cherished Edinburgh, June 1, 1817.

and increased by the utter seclusion

of that sublime region, had, during The First MedicAL. REPORT will ap- the period of their infancy, preyed uppear in our next Number.

on the mind of their father, and finally produced the most dreadful result. The fear of a similar tendency in the minds of the brothers, induced

their protector to remove them, at an MR EDITOR,

early age, from the solitude of their In the course of an excursion, during native country. The elder was sent the autumn of last year, through the to a German university, and the wildest and most sechuded parts of Swit- younger completed his edncation in zerland, I took up my residence, during one of the Italian schools. one stormy night, in a convent of Ca- “ After the lapse of many years, puchin Friars, not far from Altorf, the the old guardian died, and the elder birth-place of the famous William of the brothers returned to his native Tell. In the course of the evening, valley; he there formed an attachment one of the fathers related a story, to the lady with whom he had passed whici, both on account of the interest his infancy ; and she, after some fearwhich it is naturally calculated to ex- ful forebodings, which were unfortuncite, and the impressive manner in ately silenced by the voice of duty and which it was told, produced a very of gratitude, accepted of his love, and strong effect upon my mind. I noted became his wife. it down briefly in the inorning, in my “ In the meantime, the younger journal, preserving as much as possible brother had left Italy, and travelled the old man's style, but it has no over the greater part of Europe. He doubt lost much by translation. mingled with the world, and gave full

Having just read Lord Byron's dra- scope to every impulse of his feelings. ma, “Manfred," there appears to me But that world, with the exception of such a striking coincidence in some certain hours of boisterous passion and characteristic features, between the excitement, afforded him little plastory of that performance and the sure, and made no lasting impression



upon his heart. His greatest joy was ing rocks; these accorded with the in the wildest impulses of the innagi- gentler feelings of his mind, but the nation.

strong spirit which so frequently over“ His spirit, though mighty and un- came him, listened with intense debounded, from his early habits and light to the dreadful roar of an imeducation naturally tended to repose; mense torrent, which was precipitated he thought with delight on the sun from the summit of an adjoining cliff, rising among the Alpine snows, or among broken rocks and pines, overgilding the peaks of the rugged hills turned and uprooted, or to the still with its evening rays. But within mightier voice of the avalanche, sudhim he felt a fire burning for ever, denly descending with the accumulate and whieh the snows of his native ed snows of a hundred years. mountains could not quench. He “ In the morning he met the obfeared that he was alone in the world, ject of his unhappy passion. Her eyes and that no being, kindred to his own, were dim with tears, and a cloud of had been created; but in his soul there sorrow had darkened the light of her was an image of angelic perfection, lovely countenance. which he believed existed not on earth, “ For some time there was a mutu. but without which he knew he could al constraint in their manner, which not be happy. Despairing to find it both were afraid to acknowledge, and in populous cities, he retired to his neither was able to dispel. Even the unpaternal domain. On again entering controllable spirit of the wanderer was upon the scenes of his infancy, many oppressed and overcome, and he wishnew and singular feelings were expe- ed he had never returned to the dwelrienced-he is enchanted with the sur- ling of his ancestors. The lady is passing beauty of the scenery, and equally aware of the awful peril of wonders that he should have rambled their situation, and without the knowso long and so far from it. The noise ledge of her husband, she prepared to and the bustle of the world were im- depart from the castle, and take the mediately forgotten on contemplating veil in a convent situated in a neigh

“ The silence that is in the starry sky, bouring valley.

The sleep that is among the lonely hills." “ With this resolution she departA light, as it were, broke around him, ed on the following morning ; but in and exhibited a strange and moment- crossing an Alpine pass, which conary gleam of joy and of misery ming- ducted by a nearer route to the adjoinled together. He entered the dwelling ing valley, she was enveloped in of his infancy with delight, and met mists and vapour, and lost all knowhis brother with emotion. But his ledge of the surrounding country: dark and troubled eye betokened a The clouds closed in around her, and fearful change, when he beheld the a tremendous thunder storm took place other playmate of his infancy. Though in the valley beneath. She wandered beautiful as the imagination could about for some time, in hopes of

gainconceive, she appeared otherwise than ing a glimpse through the clouds, of he expected. Her form and face were some accustomed object to direct her associated with some of his wildest re- steps, till exhausted by fatigue and fear, veries,-his feelings of affection were she reclined upon a dark rock, in the united with many undefinable sensa- crevices of which, though it was now tions, he felt as if she was not the the heat of summer, there were many wife of his brother, although he knew patches of snow. There she sat, in a her to be so, and his soul sickened at state of feverish delirium, till a gentle the thought.

air dispelled the dense vapour froin “ He passed the night in a feverish before her feet, and discovered an enstate of joy and horror. From the ormous chasm, down which she must window of a lonely tower, he beheld have fallen, if she had taken another the moon shining amid the bright step. While breathing a silent prayer blue of an Alpine sky, and diffusing a to Heaven for this providential escape, calm and beautiful light on the silvery strange sounds were heard, as of some snow. The eagle owl uttered her long disembodied voice floating among the and plaintive note from the castellated clouds. Suddenly she perceived, withsummits which overhung the valley, in a few paces, the figure of the wanand the feet of the wild chamois were derer tossing his arms in the air, his heard rebounding from the neighbour- eye inflamed, and his general aspect wild and distracted-he then appear- with enchanted ear to his wild and ed meditating a deed of sin,--she rush- impassioned eloquence, and careless of ed towards him, and, clasping him in all other sight or sound. her arms, dragged him backwards, just “ She too had renounced her mornas he was about to precipitate himself ing vows, and the convent was uninto the gulph below.

thought of, and forgotten. Crossing “Overcome by bodily fatigue, and the mountains by wild and unfreagitation of mind, they remained for quented paths, they took up their asome time in a state of insensibility. bode in a deserted cottage, formerly freThe brother first revived from his quented by goatherdsand the hunters of stupor ; and finding her whose im- the roe. On looking down, for the last age was pictured in his soul lying by time, from the mountain top, on that his side, with her arms resting upon delightful valley, in which she had so his shoulder, he believed for a moment long lived in innocence and peace, the that he must have executed the dread- lady thought of her departed mother, ful deed he had meditated, and had and her heart would have died within wakened in heaven. The gentle form her, but the wild glee of the brother of the lady is again reanimated, and again rendered her insensible to all slowly she opened her beautiful eyes. other sensations, and she yielded to She questioned him regarding the pur- the sway of her fatal passion. pose of his visit to that desolate spot- There they lived, secluded from a full explanation took place of their the world, and supported, even through mutual sensations, and they confessed evil, by the intensity of their passion the passion which consumed them. for each other. The turbulent spirit

The sun was now high in heaven- of the brother was ai rest—he had the clouds of the morning had ascended found a being endowed with virtues to the loftiest Alps--and the mists, like his own, and, as he thought, des ' into their airy elements resolved, titute of all his vices. The day were gone.' As the god of day ad- dreams of his fancy had been realizvanced, dark vallies were suddenly ed, and all that he had imagined of illuminated, and lovely lakes bright- beauty, or affection, was embodied in ened like mirrors among the hills that form which he could call his own. their waters sparkling with the fresh “On the morning of her departure breeze of the morning. The most the dreadful truth burst upon the beautiful clouds were sailing in the mind of her wretched husband. From air--some breaking on the mountain the first arrival of the dark-eyed strantops, and others resting on the sombre ger, a gloomy vision of future sorrow pines, or slumbering on the surface of had haunted him by day and by night. the unilluminated vallies. The shrill Despair and misery now made him whistle of the marmot was no longer their victim, and that awful malady heard, and the chamois bad bounded which he inherited from his ancestors to its inaccessible retreat. The vast was the immediate consequence. He range of the neighbouring Alps was was seen, for the last time, among next distinctly visible, and presented, some stupendous cliffs which overhung to the eyes of the beholders, 'glory the river, and his hat and cloak were beyond all glory ever seen.'

found by the chamois hunters at the " In the meantime a change had foot of an ancient pine. taken place in the feelings of the “Soon too was the guilty joy of mountain pair, which was powerfully the survivors to terminate. The strengthened by the glad face of nature. gentle lady, even 'in felicity, felt a The glorious hues of earth and sky load upon her heart. Her spirit had seemed indeed to sanction and rejoice burned too ardently, and she knew it in their mutual happiness. The darker must, ere long, be extinguished. Day spirit of the brother had now fearfully after day the lily of her cheek enovercome him. The dreaming pre- croached upon the rose, till at last she dictions of his most imaginative years assumed a monumental paleness, unappeared realized in their fullest ex- relieved save by a transient and hectic tent, and the voice of prudence and glow. Her angelic form wasted away, of nature was inaudible amidst the in- and soon the flower of the valley was toxication of his joy. The object of po more. his affection rested in his arms in a “ The soul of the brother was dark, state of listless bappiness, listening dreadfully dark, but his body wasted


not, and his spirit caroused with more it from the hands of the merchant, who fearful strength. The sounding ca- had purchased it as waste paper. It taract haunted him like a passion.' is a quarto volume, bound in vellum, He was again alone in the world, and and written in a fair hand about the his mind endowed with more dreadful beginning of the eighteenth century. energies. His wild eye sparkled with Nearly 300 pages of it remain. It is unnatural light, and his raven hair entitled, “ The Historie of Scotland hung heavy on his burning temples. He from the year 1660 ;” begins with an wandered among the forests and the account of the “ happie restauration" mountains, and rarely entered his once of Charles II., and ends with a letter, beloved dwelling, from the windows dated 27th October 1677, from the of which he had so often beheld the Privy Council to the Earl of Glensun sinking in a sea of crimson glory. cairn and Lord Rosse, preparatory to

“ He was found dead in that same the calling in of the Highland Host pass in which he had met his sister upon the western shires. The reamong the mountains ; his body bore maining part of the history, extendno marks of external violence, but his ing from 1677 to 1691, is of course countenance was convulsed by bitter a-wanting. In consequence of the insanity."

P. F. mutilations before referred to, there

is a large chasm in the MS. includ

ing the history from 1663 to 1669. LANV; BY SIR GEORGE MACKENZIE

There are also a number of blanks left

for the insertion of public papers. OF ROSEHAUGH ; Communicated by the Reverend Dr

My reasons for thinking that thisMS.

forms part of Sir George Mackenzie's M°CRIE.

history are entirely of an internal kind, MR EDITOR,

but they are such as leave no doubt on Ar your request, I send you an ac- my mind. This might be presumed count of a MS. which lately came in- from the circumstance of its detailing, to my possession, and which I consi- with great minuteness, those transacder as part of a History of Scotland, tions in which Sir George was perby Sir George Mackenzie of Rose- sonally concerned, and giving at length haugh. The fact of Sir George hav- the speeches which he delivered in ing left such a history is already Parliament. But there is more direct known. It is mentioned in the fol- evidence. In the introduction, the lowing advertisement, prefixed to the author says: the second volume of his Works : “ I may without vanitie promise, that no

" Whereas, in the list of the Author's man hath wrote ane historie who knew manuscripts, there is mention made of an more intimatlie the designes, and observed History of the Affairs of Scotland, from the more narrowlie all the circumstances, of restauration of King Charles II., 1660, to the these actions he sets down, than myself,

1691, which subscribers might have readily having been either actor in, or witnes to, lookt for in this second volune, but that ma- all the transactions which I mention ; esnuscript being in the hands of some of the pecially since y year 1677, at gch time I author's relations, who think it not ready for was made his Majestie's advocat." the press until it be carefully revised, they Now, it is known that Sir George have reckoned it more proper to have it Mackenzie became Lord Advocate in printed by way of appendir to this second the course of that year. It is unnevolume, how soon they have it revised and

cessary to quote other passages, in transcribed by a good hand.”

which the author is described in a This is the only notice of the work manner which cannot be easily misthat I have met with. It does not taken, although in terms less precise appear that the author's relations car- than the above. I shall, therefore, ried their design of printing it into merely add, that there are a number execution ; and I have not, upon in- of marginal alterations, in a handquiry, been able to learn that a copywriting different from that of the rest of the manuscript exists in any library, of the manuscript ; and from a compublic or private. I literally found the MS. which I hatures of Sir George, preserved in

parison of these with letters and sig. mean to describe to you,

the Register House, it appears that -in vico vendentem thus et odores ; they were written with his own hand : and unfortunately it had suffered to so that the MS. in my possession was a considerable extent before I rescued corrected by the author himself,

The sentiments which Sir George Advocat ; which drew upon both of them Mackenzie entertained on the public the odium of the ablest lawyers, who, betransactions of his time are well known. cause of their senioretie and abilities, thought But it may be proper to state, that in it their owne dew; and upon that accompt the history he expresses himself with all that societie, whose friendship in Scot

Middletoun's interest was much opposed by greater freedom and impartiality than in his Vindication of the Government to be much valued. Sir William Bruce gott

land, especiallie dureing parliament, ought in Scotland during the reign of King the office of the Clerk of the Bills by the Charles II. He does not scruple to favour of Sir Robert Murray; and in the condemn several of the court measures, nomination of the Colledge of Justice, each and exposes the selfish and mercenary great man was allowed a friend or two, till disposition of some of the chief states the list was compleat. But because the men. Not having seen the latter part ingratitude, for opposing him who had

Earle of Lauderdale charges Tarbot with of his history, I cannot speak of the prefer'd hini to one of these chairs, manner in which he has related tran- thought fitt to tell that he was nominated sactions during the period in which by the Earle of Rothes. The greatest he held an important situation under number of rivalls were those who sought Government.

for the place of Clerk of Register. But Sir I cannot say that this manuscript Archibald Prymrose, then Clerk to the contains much information which can Council, did openlie profess that none but properly be called new. It does, how- himself was able to serve in that employ. ever, state facts which I have not he told me, that this was the surest method

ment during parliament; and I remember found elsewhere ; and it certainly in competitions of that nature ; and it did throws light upon the transactions reallie advance much his designe at that which it relates. A history of that time, for no lawyer was on the list with him, period, by a person of such intelli- and no gentleman was sufficientlie qualified gence and opportunities of informa- for it. But to secure his clame, he payed tion as Sir George Mackenzie, must doun a considerable soume to Sir Wm deserve to be preserved and consulted. Fleeming, who had a grant of it from his

In general, the view which the au- Maj. dureing his exile, and hee swore a, thor gives of the characters of the constant dependance upon the Earle of

Midletoun. principal statesmen in Scotland after the Restoration, of their intrigues for Of the passing of the Act Rescissory supplanting one another, and of the the author gives the following account: causes of their elevation and their fall, “ The Commissioner (Middleton), instiagrees with that which has been given gated by Sir George Mackenzie of Tarbet, by Bishop Burnet. Considering the who was a passionat Cavaleer, resoly'd to wide difference between the principles rescind all the parliaments since the year of the two writers, this coincidence 1610, because they were but a series of recorroborates the truth of the Bishop's bellion... Albeit at first this overture disstatements. Sir George is more fa- pleased the Commissioner, yet Tarbet urg'd, vourable to Middleton than Burnet is. they would never secure his Majestie's pre

that without rescinding these parliaments, He gives the same view of Lauderdale's rogative in calling and dissolving parliavices; but his narrative sets the talents ments; and since this parliament had de. of that statesman in a stronger light. clar'd that to have been his Maj. preroga

I shall now furnish you with a few tive, it followed necessarily, that these par. extracts from the work, which will be liaments which sate after his Maj. had more satisfactory than any description dissolv’d them, and without his Commise of its contents. Having shewn how sioner, were unlawfull

. The force of which the principal offices of state were Mungo Murray, brother to Atholl, to con

argument prevail'd with Midleton to send filled up at the Restoration, the author sult his Maj. in this affair. But how soon says, on 75 sot tori

Chancellor Hyde did read his letters, he • Bellenden was created Thesaurer De dispatch'd immediatlie ane express to Midlepute in place of Sir Daniel Carmichael, who toun, chiding him for scrupling to pass that got that employment in anno 1649, but was act, and entreating him to pass it imme-' fallen in some disgust with his Maj. because diatlie, as most conducive for his Maj. inte helad refused to advance the king some rest. How soon it was inform'd that the inconsiderable soume in 1650. Whereas Commissioner had intended to urge this actie Cranstoun M'Gill was continued a Senator rescissorie, Mr James Wood, professor of , of the Colledge of Justice, because he assisted divinitie in St Andrewes, did, out of ane his Maj. in his necessities at that time. Sir indiscreet zeal, go to the Commissioner, and

Fletcher, because of his alliance to told him, that if he offer'd at it they would toun, was employed to be bis Majaust let loose the people upon them." But it

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