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augmenting the income of some of the two is paralysed. M. Fouque, jun. of Pa. poorer fellowships.
ris, is said to have succeeded in effecting The Rev. Robert Tyrwhitt, of Jesus this, by producing a vacuum in an appa College, Cambridge, has bequeathed to ratus, simple, easily used, and not expenthat university £4000 navy five per cents, sive. He has made his apparatus of two for the promotion of Hebrew learning. sizes. One, which is intended to be kept
The Rev. Dr Charles Burney, and the in the kitchen to receive the dishes to be Rev. John Cleaver Banks, trustees of a preserved, is made of a square piece of certain fund appropriated to the use of flat stone, thirteen inches in diameter. the late Professor Porson during his life, In this stone a circular groove is cut, and have transferred to the university of Cam- furnished with mastic (or lute); a castbridge, £400 navy five per cent. stock, metal is fixed into the groove, and a hole the interest of which is annually to be is pierced in the top of the bell of one employed in the purchase of a book or line in diameter. The other safe consists books, to be given to the resident under- of a large earthen pot of a thin consist. graduate who shall make the best tran. ence, around the mouth of which a luted slation of a proposed passage in Shake groove is cut, and a cast-metal bell, speare, Ben Jonson, Massinger, or Beau. with a hole in the top fitted into it, mont and Fletcher, into Greek verse. in the same manner as in the other safe. The passage fixed upon for the present When the substances, which it is desiryear is the second part of Henry IV. act ed to preserve, have been placed in ei. third, scene first, beginning with “O ther of these safes, a little spunge is dipSleep," and ending with “ Deny it to a ped into spirit of wine, of 33 degrees, King."
then placed in a sauce upon the eatables, The List of Publications entered at and afterwards set fire to by means of a Stationers' Hall, has made its appearance, match. A considerable dilation immein 26 folio pages, for the year since Junediately takes place, which expels the atlast. Above three fourths of these have mospheric air ; and in order to prevent been demanded by the ten Universities its return into the apparatus, the hole in and Libraries entitled thereto. It appears the top of the bell is quickly stopt with that Trinity College, Dublin, and the common wax. A small quantity of atScottish Advocates Library, are the only mospheric air may perhaps get again intwo institutions which do not demand to the bell; but not more, it is probable, novels and music.
than the combustion of the spirit of wine, We may soon expect to be gratified by not yet finished, will suffice to decomthe commencement of the Grand Nation. pose, and convert into carbonic acid gas, al Monument, which is finally determined the preservative property of which is well on, upon the design of Mr Wilkins, au- known. thor of the Antiquities of Magna Græcia, A new census has been taken of the and M. A. of Cambridge. There was a population of Paris, which has been found ehoice of two hundred designs, and the to exceed 860,000, being 20,000 more expense is estimated at £200,000. than London within the bills of morta.
Dr Esquirol has read to the Academy A translation into French of the “Tales of Sciences of the Institute, a mémoir on of My Landlord” has just been published the kind of mental derangement to which at Paris, in 4 vols 12mo.
he gives the name of hallucination, a new Les Archives des découvertes et inven- term, denoting a species of insanity, in tions pendant l'année 1816, lately pub- which the patient receives, through one lished at Paris, contain accounts of the or more senses, those impressions which discoveries of M. Gay-Lussac on the com- sight alone otherwise conveys. In sup. binations of azote and oxygen, and on port of the principles and considerations prussic aeid : of those of M. Poisson on which he has developed, he adduces some the theory of the tides ; and of M. Biot very curious facts, and among others, the on light. M. Biot, it appears, is making case of a person almost the only sign of rapid advancement in the career of the whose derangement consisted in his hearillustrious Malus ; and his invention of ing secret voices, which incessantly rethe fine instrument to which he has given proached him with something that he the name of colori-grade proves how ea. had done. gerly he seeks to turn the results of his M. Laugier, who was the first that discoveries to purposes of use.
discovered the presence of sulphur and It is a well established principle, that of chromium in aërolites, has submitted three united' agents concer in the destruc to the Academy of Sciences a memoir, tion of alimentary substances-air, heat, in which he proves, by the details of cheand water; and that, by neutralising one' mical analysis, the identity of the ele. of these agents, the action of the other ments of those substances with the eno
mous masses of iron found in Siberia by machine can fill a mud-boat, containing Pallas, and which seem, in their compo. 432 cubic feet, in the space of six or sition and origin, to be like other masses seven minutes with five to eight men, or found in different parts of the world, in with one horse power. It equally works the midst of vast plains from all the fos. at the borders or edges of rivers, the sils of which they differ.
same as in the deep middle stream, Perpetual Motion. To the many sup- clearing all away or deepening as requir. posed solutions of the problem of perpe. ed. Also, a mill for draining marshes, taal motion, another has just been added overflowed lands, &c. which it performs by a M. Louis of Valence, formerly captain with such celerity, that, for example, in in the Neapolitan service. He has found, 1770 acres, there are 77,101,200 square he says, “ means to raise a column of feet, which, multiplied by four, the depth water strong enough to force another to given, contains 308,404,800 cubic Engthe same height. Thus, when the im. lish feet, for the mass of water to be pulse is once given, this machine will drained ; this can be done with ease by perpetually retain its action, if there ex. one mill in 359 days, whatever the wind ists a fluid which does not lose by evapo. may be; and an instance has been known ration, or a material indestructible by use. of its emptying the amazing quantity of One may however employ a quantity of 320 tons per minute. water sufficient in play for several years. This same machine may be employed as the impelling power, for the produc
GERMANY. tion of various kinds of regular motions. It has been recently ascertained, that The inventor proposes to adapt a clep- fogs contain a great portion of water, but sydra to it, and he is convinced, that by not in a condensed state, being kept sus. means of a basin or reservoir, a private pended by the opposed powers of the house might derive various advantages electric fluid with which it is charged. A from it."
convincing proof of this was lately affordAncient Tombs.—There has just been ed by a curious meteorological occur. discovered at Baslieux, near Longwy, a rence in Westphalia, where the fog being considerable number of ancient tombs driven by a gentle north-east wind against concealed under broad stones, the remo- the trees, the electric fluid was attracted, val of which uncovers square comparte condensation and congelation took place, ments of brick-work. In each tomb and the largest trees were torn up by the was found a skeleton, rarely two, and roots, by the preponderating weight of several parts of arms, such as sabres, ice upon their branches. swords, javelins, arrows, daggers, axes, Messrs Kauffmann, senior and junior, &c. An iron head of an arrow placed in of Dresden, have exhibited four instruthe centre of a skull, is doubtless the ments composing an orchestra, which sign of a combat. No sign of christiani. they call the Belloneon, the Cordalaudior, ty has been found among the numerous the Automaton Trumpeter, and the Har. articles that have been collected. On a monicord. The upper part of the Bellobas relief some persons think they recog. neon exhibits a trophy of arms, in the nise the principal Gallic Divinity, Mer. midst of which are placed twenty-four cury Teutates. According to appear trumpets reversed ; and the lower part ances, it is thought that the time of the encloses two kettle-drums with their event which gave rise to these inhuma. sticks. It executes flourishes and marchtions, may be fixed about the first irrup- es with extraordinary perfection. If tions of the Vandals, in the beginning of it contained other wind instruments, it the 15th century.
might be compared with Mälzl's PanNo less than five new epic poems are harmonicon, exhibited some time since announced as being soon to enrich the in London and Paris. The Cordalaudion literature of France. Their titles are produces together and separately the Philip-Augustus, by Mr Perceval-Grand. sounds of the piano-forte, and of four maison ; The Maccabees, by Mr Ray- flutes, which play with such precision nouard ; The Holy War, by Mr Fon and accuracy, that the illusion is com. tanes; Tasso, by Mr Campenon; and plete. The Automaton gives out notes Richard, by Madame de Stael.
with double sounds. But these instru
ments, though highly curious, are sur NETHERLANDS.
passed by the Harmonicord. It is shaped An ingenious mechanic in Holland, in- like an upright piano-forte; a cylinder vented some years ago, a machine for is adapted to it, and turns at a very small deepening and scouring canals, rivers, distance from the strings, which are the docks, ports, &c. which, at the depth of sarne as those of the piano. By pressing 12 or 20 feet, cuts up all sand, mud, or down the keys, which embrace four OChard clay, with the greatest ease. This taves and a half, the friction is effected.
Two pedals serve to make the rotation A fragment of the Consular Annals of the cylinder quicker or slower, and to was found at Rome, on the 29th of render the vibration stronger or weaker. March, in the ruins of the Temple of Under the hands of Messrs Kauffmann, Castor. It corresponds with the tables this instrument gives out sweeter tones that were found some time before, and than the Harmonica, and produces a deposited in the Capitol. They contain truly celestial harmony.
the names of eight of the Decemvirs, Mr Menke of Berlin, has invented a who were the authors of the law of the process for converting Mahogany saw twelve tables. dust into a soft paste, which becomes The following account of the manu. harder by exposure to the atmosphere, scripts lately discovered and published and is susceptible of receiving and re. by Mr Mai of the Ambrosian Library taining the forms given to marble, wood, at Milan, we give in his own words: and bronze. This substance takes the " Amongst the Bobian MSS." says he, most beautiful gilding, as well as the “I found one which contains the works colour of bronze. It is made into can of the Christian poet Sedulius; and, while delabra, lustres, lamps, vases, statues, I was examining it very closely- O im. and all kinds of ornaments for furniture, mortal God!' on a sudden I exclaimed, which equal in elegance the finest works what is it that I see? Behold Cicero ! in bronze, and cost only one-eighth of the behold the light of Roman eloquence bu. price.
ried in unmerited obscurity! I recognize The catalogue of the late Leipzig Eas. the lost orations of Tully, I perceive his ter Fair occupies 330 octavo pages, eloquence flowing with godlike force from being considerably thicker than of late these fountains, abounding with sonorous years na proof of the favourable influ. words and noble sentiments.' By degrees ence of the present pacific state of affairs the titles also of the works disclosed themupon the branches of trade connected selves in the margin of the MS. Judge with literature and the sciences.
with what rapture I was blled, when I
detected large unpublished fragments of ITALY.
three orations of Cicero, to wit, pro ScauSculpture, &c.-Rome, 27th March. ro, pro Tullio, and pro Flacco. They are The digging up of the very ancient Urns written in large and beautiful characters, and Sarcophagi about Albano, is diligent- each page being divided into three co. ly continued. Their form is rude, re. lumns. The oration pro Scauro, is sur. presenting sometimes little towers, some rounded with elegant scholia, of which times strange little houses, in the shape some are written in very ancient, though of an oven. These are found, of every minute, capital letters; others in a ruder variety of size, filled with ashes and hand, but still ancient, and, as it appears, bones; and the opening is closed by a from the same author. The writer of lid, which is fastened with brass pins. these scholia I suspect to have been AsRound about, and also within some of conius Pædianus. For the style and them, are pieces of amber, little shields, complexion, and kind of writing, seem to swords, lances, and clasps of metal, pots, point him out. The MS. is in octavo, lamps, and tripods. The material of because the monkish transcribers of Se. which these Sarcophagi or urns are com- dulius doubled the quarto leaves. The posed, is not burnt earth, but, according character of the Sedulius is of a very anto appearance, a mixture of earth and cient form, but very different from that mineral pitch, or coals. What is most of the Cicero. It is the opinion of seve. remarkable is, that in order to find them, ral antiquaries, that the former may be one must dig first through a layer of referred to the eighth century of the Peperino, and then a thick stratum of Christian era ; and the latter to the se. earth; so that it is evident that they cond or third. The four books of Sedua have been buried under a stratum oflius are mentioned in the ancient cata. lava, like Herculaneum and Pompeij. logue published by Muratori, and this Now since, according to the tradition, Codex continues them, though in a mu. Ascanius founded his new city on the tilated state.” These manuscripts formed Lake of Castel Gondolfo, (the extin- part of the library of a convent at Bobio, guished Volcano of the place,) the anti- in the Appennines, which had been purquity of these things must be placed chased in the seventeenth century, and farther back than the Trojan war, how. brought to Milan. ever averse one may be to allow this. The Archeological Society at Rome has
SPAIN. · already begun to examine all these re- Madrid, April 29.-The king has con
mains; and we may expect very divided sulted the academy of St Ferdinand on opinions, and violent disputes, on the the best means of checking the inunda. subject.
tion of ludicrous engraving, in which picture-sellers carry on a traffic humilia- first submitted to censors, and obtaining ting to the arts, and even to the nation. the approbation of the academy. Objects the most sacred, the King, all 2d, That those who are not members the august members of the Royal Family, of the academy, and not wishing to take are made the subjects of such engravings, the title of the same, shall be fined Afty and are even transformed into carica. ducats (about £6 sterling), in case they tures. To avoid this profanation, and on should presume to paint, engrave, or in the report of the academy, it is ordered any other manner give to the public the
lst, That individuals even of that bo. representations of sacred obfecis, or pordy, or of whatever class they may be, shall traits of his Majesty, or of the persons of not in future publish any work of art, or the Royal Family, without having previ. of literature, without having the same ously obtained the consent of the academy,
WORKS PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION.
LONDON. Annals of the Fine Arts, The Fourth great increase of matter, is expected to apPart of this work, which has been delayed pear in July. beyond its usual time, in consequence of the Capt. C. Clarke, of the Royal Artillery, death of one of the proprietors, will be pub- has in the press a Summary of the State of lished early in June, and the succeeding Spain at the Restoration of Ferdinand VII. parts as regularly as heretofore.
A new work, in one volume 8vo, will Dr Jackson is preparing for publication shortly appear, entitled, “ Authentic Mea Sketch of the History and Cure of Febrile moirs of the Revolution in France, and of Diseases ; more particularly the Febrile the Sufferings of the Royal Family ;" deDiseases of the West Indies, as they ap- duced chiefly from accounts by eye-witnesspear among the Soldiers of the British es, which will exhibit, besides information Army.
from other sources, a combined narrative of Mr Nichols will publish, in the course of details from MM. Hue, Clery, Edgeworth, the month, a Journal of a Voyage to New and the lately published and interesting Zealand, in company with the Rev. Samuel Journal of the Duchesse D'Angouleme. Marsden ; with an account of the state of Thomas Walter Williams of the Inner that country.
Temple, Esq. is printing a continuation of A work on the Ruins of Gour is an his compendious abstract of all the public nounced, which will be represented in 18 acts, on the same scale and plan as the acts Views, with a Topographical Map ; the passed anno 1816, which will be published whole compiled from the manuscripts and immediately after the close of the present drawings of the late N. Creighton, Esq. Session of Parliament.
The ninth volume of the Poetical Regis. We are extremely happy to hear that Miss ter, containing above three hundred original Edgeworth has another work immediately and fugitive poems, and numerous criticisms forthcoming, consisting of two tales, Har. on poetic and dramatic works, will appear rington and Ormond, forming, together,'' this month. The tenth volume is in pre- three volumes. paration.
The third volume of the new edition of The Lady's Receipt Book, containing a Wood's Athenæ Oxoniensis, with great collection of valuable miscellaneous receipts additions, edited and continued by Mr Bliss, and choice secrets, in useful, elegant, and will be published the end of this month, ornamental cuts, by Wm Pybus, author of closely printed in royal 4to. The fourth a Manual of Useful Knowledge, &c. will volume is in the press. speedily appear.
A small work of much utility will be Lectures on Scripture Doctrines are pre- published in a few days, entitled, Errors of paring by Dr Wm Bengo Collyer.
Pronunciation, and improper Expressions The Hon. Wm Herbert has nearly ready in current use, chiefly by the Inhabitants of for publication, a new and corrected edition London ; to which are added those in simiof the Musc Etonensis, with additional pieces. lar mis-use by the inhabitants of Paris. Line
Dr Montucci has in the press an Account A New Spanish and English Dictionary of the Rev. Robert Morrison's Chinese Dice will be published within a few days, in, tionary, and of his own. It will form a which the number of additional words in. 4to volume, containing about 200 pages, corporated exceeds 50,000. It will be the on superfine vellum paper, with above 1000 most complete dictionary of any two lanengraved Chinese characters.
guages extant. The Rev. T. F. Dibdin's Bibliographical Mr Colburn has in the press a TranslaDecameron, which has been delayed by the tion of the very interesting Narrative of the
Russian Captain Golownin, who was de- ries of the Church, and a list of all the Bene tained for three years a prisoner among the fices in England and Wales, is in the press. Japanese,
The Rev. Dr Williams is preparing for The Rev. Wm Milne is printing, in an publication a new treatise on geographical 8vo volume, a Translation from the Chin- science, to be entitled, The Geographical ese, with Notes, of the Sacred Edict, con- Mirror; containing an accurate and comtaining sixteen maxims of the Emperor prehensive description of the known world, Kanghi, amplified by his son, Yoong Ching; according to the most recent discoveries and with a paraphrase by a Mandarin.
arrangements ; to which will be added, a The Rev. W. Bellamy is preparing for comparative view of ancient and modern the press a Concordance to the Bible, to be Geography, with an interesting and popular printed of a uniform size with the editions selection of notices respecting the manners, of the Family Bible, lately edited under the customs, antiquities, and leading historical direction of the Society for Promoting outlines of the various nations of the earth. Christian Knowledge ; by the Rev. Geo. The same author has in the press The Pa. D'Oyley and the Rev. Dr Mant.
rent's Catechism of Useful Knowledge. Mr Alex. Chalmers has completed that A new work has been commenced, under great undertaking, the new edition of the the title of The Continental Medical Reposi. General Biographical Dictionary, in 32 vols tory ; exhibiting a concise view of the latest 8vo. The magnitude of the labour may discoveries and improvements made on the be conceived, when it is known that this Continent in medicine, surgery, and phar. edition has been augmented by 3931 ad- macy; conducted by E. von Embden, and ditional lives; of the remaining number, assisted by other gentlemen of the faculty. 2176 have been re-written, and the whole It will be published in quarterly numbers. revised and corrected. Appended to each The Greeks; being the Jeremiad of an article are copious references to the sources exiled Greek, " Venu de France d'une whence the materials are derived
manière inconnue," with notes and characMr Conrad Loddiges of Hackney, long ters, will be published in a few days. celebrated as a cultivator of plants, is pre. At the commencement of 1818, will be paring for the press the Botanical Cabinet, published, (to be continued regularly, at containing coloured plates of exotic and Bri- least once every three months,) Vol. I. Part tish flowers which have blown in his garden. I. of the Encyclopædia Metropolitana, or The whole will be published in parts, and Universal Dictionary of Knowledge, on an comprehend a great number of the most original plan; comprising the two-fold ad. curious species known in Great Britain. vantage of a philosophical and an 'alphabe
The Clerical Guide, or Ecclesiastical Di. tical arrangement; with appropriate and rectory, containing a register of the Dignita- entirely new engravings.
EDINBURGH. Lectures on the History of Ancient and issued Proposals for publishing by subscripModern Literature ; translated from the tion, in three 8vo vols, an interesting work German of Frederick Schlegel ; with notes, of great research, entitled, The Holy Scrip. and an introduction by the Translator, in 2 tures Illustrated ; from the Geography of vols Svo.
the East ; from Natural History; and from Lacunar Strevelinense. A Collection of the Customs and Manners of Ancient and Heads, etched and engraved after the Carved Modern Nations. Though the general Work which formerly decorated the Roof scheme has been anticipated, the proposed of the King's Room in Stirling Castle. In arrangement is more systematic than any one volume imperial quarto.
former work, and there is every reason to A Treatise on Geognosy and Mineralogical expect a performance that must be a valus. Geography, with numerous plates, illustrative ble accession to the Christian library. of the mineralogical structure of the earth in Rob Roy ; by the author of Waverley, general, and that of Great Britain and other &c. 3 vols. countries in particular; by Professor Jame- Dr Duncan, jun. has nearly completed son. In 2 vols 8vo.
the new edition of the Edinburgh Practice The Edinburgh Encyclopædia, Vol. XI. of Physic. Part II.
A new History of Berwick upon Tweed, Supplement to the Encyclopædia Britan- with notices of the neighbouring villages, nica, Vol. II. Part II.
by the Rev. Thomas Johnstone, minister of A Summary of the Law relating to the the Low Meeting-House in that town, in granting New Trials in Civil Suits by Courts 1 vol. 12mo, accompanied with a new plan of of Justice in England ; by John Peter the town, will appear towards the end of July. Grant, Esq. 8vo. !!
Mr W. Paterson, author of Vicws in Sermons, by the Rev. Dr Romeyn of Edinburgh, is preparing for the press a work New York, are printing, in one volume on the Scenery and Antiquities of Mid Lo8vo, and will speedily be published. thian, the first part of which will speedily
Professor Paxton, of Edinburgh, has just be published.'