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says, “ to the pleasant days that were The following ludicrous title of a gone and past," --for the lady deserted collection of old poems by George GasSignor Pegaso, and married his rival. coigne, has the appearance of being In July 1580, Spenser was, by the in- too intentionally absurd to be called fluence of the Earl of Leicester and quaint. Sir Philip Sydney, appointed secretary “A hundred sundrie flowers bound up in to Lord Grey, Lord Lieutenant of Ire- one small posie, gathered partly by translaland. He afterwards received, on his tion, in the fine and outlandish gardens of return to England, a grant of a con- Euripides, Ovid, Petrarch, Ariosto, and siderable property in the county of others, and partly by invention, out of our Cork from Queen Elizabeth. His re

own fruitful gardens of England-yielding sidence, every spot around which is sundrie sweet savours of tragicall, conicall, classic ground, is described by Smith profitable to the well smelling noses of learn

and moral discourses, both pleasant and in his Natural and Civil History of the ed readers.” County of Cork. The castle was then nearly level with the ground. It must IV. Stage Directions. have been a noble situation : a plain It appears from the stage directions almost surrounded by mountains, with in some of our oldest English plays, a lake in the middle ; and the river that parts of the minor speeches were Mulla, so often mentioned by Spenser, left to the discretion and invention of running through his grounds. In this the actors themselves. This at least romantic retreat he was visited by the would appear, from the following very noble and injured Sir Walter Raleigh, ludicrous note in Edward IV.Jockey himself an accomplished scholar and is led whipping over the stage speaking poet, under whose encouragement he some words, but of small importance.committed his Faery Queen to the press.



III. Quaintness of Erpression.

It is difficult to define precisely MR EDITOR, what we mean by the common term, While I by no means intend to

quaintness of expression.” It im- detract from the celebrity of the saluplies, I think, great simplicity of brious mineral waters of Pitcaithly, &c. thought and language with a certain yet I cannot refrain from making your dryness, which is humorous, from readers acquainted with a mineral the perfect gravity and good faith in spring which has lately come into nowhich the thought is given, and the tice in the estate of Cromlix, the proabsence of all intention to excite ludi- perty of the Earl of Kinnoul. Cromlir crous ideas. It is, in some respect, lies about one mile and a half north synonymous to the French naïvé. from Dunblane, and about seven miles should say, for instance, that the fol- in the same direction from the town of lowing sentence regarding poetical Stirling. Indeed there are two springs ; physicians was quaint.

and Dr Murray of Edinburgh, the Such physicians as I have marked to celebrated chemist, in an ingenious be good practitioners, do all piddle some

paper communicated to the Royal Sowhat in the art of versifying: and raise up ciety of Edinburgh, has given the foltheir contemplation very high—and their verses are not of any rare excellencie.”

lowing analysis of these, and of PitEnglish Translation of Huarte's caithly. In a pint of the water of Examen de Ingenio.

Cromlix north spring. South spring.

22.5 In the Poem of Psyche, or Love's Muriate of Soda,... 24 grs. .....


wom16 Mystery, by Dr J. Beaumont, we have Muriate of lime,.... an example of quaintness of poetical ex- Sulphate of lime,... 3.5

Carbonate of lime... 0.5 m 0.3 pression, in the description which Aph- Oxide of iron, maan. 0.17 cameo.com 0.15 rodisius gives of the court paid to him, and the pretty messages sent him by


41.25 the ladies.

Of Pitcaithly. “ How many a pretty embassy have I

Muriate of soda....... 13.4 grains.
Receiv'd from them, which put me to my wit Muriate of limegromow 19.5
How not to understand—but by-and-by

Sulphate of lime,
Some comment would come smiling after it. Carbonate of lime, 0.5
But I had other thoughts to fill my head,
Books call'd me up and books put me to bed."

34.3 VOL. I.


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Thus the comparative strength of If he proceeds farther east, he has these waters is ascertained.

the view of Lochleven, and of the casCromlix possesses many advantages tle where the unfortunate Mary Queen for the convenience and amusement of of Scots was confined. olubren those who may resort to reap benefit I think, Mr Editor, we have made from its mineral waters. The town of a very pretty trip. Allow me to conDunblane (formerly a Bishop's See), duct you back to the Caldron Lin, and where visitors can be comfortably ac- to request of you to record in your commodated with lodgings, is in its Magazine one of the most providential immediate vicinity. Through it daily escapes from immediate death that has passes à coach to and from Glasgow happened in the memory of man. and Perth, and it has a daily post. The detail is strictly true- is known The soil is gravelly, and therefore after to hundreds -- butothers who may view a fall of rain no way inconvenient to these terrific falls will scarcely credit pedestrians. The river Allan affords it in after times. d buurt sport to the angler,—and the surround- In the month of September 1806, ing country abounds with game. J-H-Esq. (for he has inter

If the visitor finds it convenient to dicted me from giving his name) conintermit his libations at the spring, he ducted his friend, the late David Sibmay amuse himself with examining bald, Esq. of Abden, W.S. to view the some most interesting remains of a Ro- grand scenery upon this part of the man camp at Ardoch, within two or Devon. The schoolmaster of the parish three miles. If he bends his course to of Muckart, Mr Black, accompanied the west, he is within five miles of the them. A short way above the first remarkable improvements on Blair- caldron are stepping stones across Drummond Moss, and of the ingenious the river. By these Mr H., perhaps wheel constructed by Lord Kames for too adventurously, attempted to pass. raising water to clear away that moss. One heel getting entangled with the Proceeding still farther in the same other, by his spurs locking, he was direction, he views the stately ruins of precipitated into the river, and by the Doune Castle ; and a few miles farther current carried headlong down into on, beyond Callender, he is enraptured the first caldron, a fall of at least thirty with the beautiful scenery of Loch feet. Fortunately for him, an overCatrine, of which the immortal Scott flowing of the river had recently has sung. He may cross Monteith, and brought down a considerable quantity will soon reach the banks of Lochlo- of sand and gravel, which, by the acmond, or, from the top of the lofty Ben, tion of the water, had been heaped up view at once both sides of our island. on the south side of the cylindrical Again, if he proceeds to Stirling, he cavity. After having been tossed about can, from its ancient castle, survey a for some time in this horrible vortex, finer and more extensive landscape Providence stretched forth his hand than painter ever delineated or fancy and placed him upon this heap, where ever pictured. If from thence he pro- he found himself standing in water up ceeds to Carron works, he will reap to the breast, just beyond the reach of much gratification from contemplating the immense foaming torrent, With the largest iron manufactory in Eu- a canopy of rock over his head, surrope.

mounted by a precipitous bank coverIf from Dunblane he inakes an ex-ed with wood, --in all a height of fifty cursion by the south of the Ochil feet from where he stood, did he reHills, he reaches the romantic scenery main for the space of Castle Campbell. A little farther He has told me, awful as his situation on, he arrives at the falls of the River was, that hope never forsook him. Devon, the Caldron Lin, the Rumbling His agonized friend and attendant, Bridge, and the Devil's Mill, aii who had been looking for his lifeless minutely described by Pennant and by body in the dreadful abysses below in every Scottish tourist. And here I vain, again returned, and at length may remark, that if the Carron Cer- discovered him. Ropes were speedily tals, he will have a welcome reception house. By this time the gravel on at the Devon iron foundery, which is which he stood had so much receded carried on on tile estate of Lord Mans that the water was up to his chini: field near Alva.

The ropes were lowered, but fell short





He ea

of his reach, -an addition was procured, but from the situation in which he stood it was necessary to give the rope a pendulous motion.

No III. gerly snatched the end with a death

Leyden. grasp, and immediately swung by it. LEYDEN is a delightful city, and in Those above, by the sudden jerk, were appearance the healthiest town I have nearly precipitated into the gulph. Yet, seen in Holland. The broad street (T alas ! he had still another difficulty to have already forgotten the Dutch encounter, for near the brow of the name, though I have given the Engprecipice the elbow of a cruel seedling lish signification) in which I took up ash interposed itself between his arms my residence, is the principal one, and, and head. Self-preservation, however, if straight, would be very fine; it is gave nerve to this last effort, and let pretty broad, of great length, and reting go one hand, he extricated him- markably clean. In it is situated the sell, and was safely landed on the pre- Stadhouse (Town-house), a strange cipitous bank.

building, which seems to combine seLet the traveller, Mr Editor, view veral orders of architecture, without the Caldron Lin, and believe my detail exemplifying any; a circumstance if he can. I will forgive him for being which is pretty common in most parts sceptic. I am, it is true, anonymous of the world. I went through this to all but to yourself, but he will find house with the hope of seeing some the testimony, not only of the worthy good pictures, but in this I was disdominie of Muckart, but of all the appointed. There are, however, a country around, to corroborate it. few paintings worthy of inspection.

I shall not attempt, in any language The portraits, by Jan Schouten, of of mine, to describe those terrific cal- the Captains and other Officers who drons, but shall finish with an excerpt served in the train-bands during the from a poem of the late George Wal- famous siege of Leyden, are good ; lace, Esq. advocate, descriptive of these also, some parts of the Execution of himns.

the Sons of Brutus, by Carl de Moor. “ For see, the river breaks its bands,

There are some fine expressions of the And rapid darts its rocky bed along

dreadful misery of a besieged city, and A narrow stream, and wreathed and through of the horrors of famine, in the relief

of Leyden, 'hy Hendrie Van Veen. In dreadful fury, boisterous bursts its way The Crucifixion, and Taking from the Resistless, terrible he thunders down

Cross, by C. V. Engelbrecht, is palPrecipitous, and swelled, a second height,

try, stiff, and unnatural; and the Last Abrupter, broader, higher, than the first. Two slender trees grew wild above the lin: vulgar in the extreme. I remember,

Judgment, by Lucas Van Leyden, is Their roots half fix'd in earth and half in before leaving Germany, of having My doubtful stand I took between their been informed, that a celebrated painttrunks.

ing of the Judgment, by Huygens,

was preserved here; but I suppose it Grew cold I feel it yet the torrent pours ! was seized by the rapacity of the I hear it roar! Its wrathful shrieks! and French, who have probably forgotten dash

to return it, at least, I could learn noIn rage its foaming waters 'gainst the rocks!" thing concerning it in Leyden. But to return, Mr Editor, to my modern cities, and truly interesting,

This is one of the most classical of outset, I would seriously advise you, from the number of great men who

have got your July, or per- have been born or educated within its haps August, impression of your Magazine thrown off, to visit the Cromlix walls. Its university is the most anspring, and as an inducement, I may

cient in Holland, and famous, as well tell you, as you are a man of books, for the many illustrious characters who there is a most yaluable library at at different periods have filled its chairs Dunblane, which was originally found with so much honour and ability, as ed by Bishop Leighton, access to from the peculiar circumstances under which you and others can have. I am which it originated. The Prince of yours,

STRILA. Orange being duly impressed with the

unequalled gallantry displayed by the Prospects from Hills in Fife. inhabitants during the great siege by

the gate

air ;

-My flesh

after you

o the Spaniards in 1574, and desirous renown of its ancient name may again of inanitesting his gratitude for the im- attract the youth of Europe to its clasportant services which their example sic ground; and if the professors te had conterred on the cause of liberty, men of talent and judgment, I know and as a reward for their individual not any place more fiited for a calm valour, proposed to the inhabitants of and placid, yet enthusiastic turn of the town, the choice of their exemp- mind, a state, of all others the most tion from the payment of certain taxes, favourable to intellectual improveor the foundation of a university. Not- ment; and while, at the same time, withstanding the impoverished state to the shady groves of the suburbs, and which they must necessarily have been the academic appearance of the streets, reduced in consequence of such a se- would induce vigour of constitution vere and long protracted siege, they and cheerfulness of temper, the rewisely and nobly preferred the latter; membrance of what had been achierand thus, in the hour of poverty and ed by others, and that, too, under affliction, established the rudiments of the most unfavourable circumstances, an institution, with the fame of which, would animate the mind, and inspire ere long, “ all Europe rung.”

even the least sanguine, with the hope In the course of my peregrinations, of one day reaping the good fruits of I formed an acquaintance with a book- learning and research. seller of considerable intelligence (rara I went to the library, where I found avis), whose name I forget. He is lib- my newly acquired friend true to his rarian to the university, and curator of appointment. He shewed me many its valuable Greek and Latin and Orient- old books worthy of attention, and al manuscripts, and obligingly offered sundry manuscripts of exceeding beaume an inspection of every object of ty, great age, and exquisite perfection. curiosity under bis charge. Having A manuscript copy of the Iliad, writagreed to meet him at the library, ten on vellum, and richly illuininated, which is contained in a building apart deserves inspection; also, an illumifrom the college, I stept in for a moment nated copy of Virgil on the same mato look at the lecture rooms. There I terial. Divers MSS. of Dutchmeti found every thing dark, gloomy, and with long names, of great celebrity, of forlorn-an air of desertion and fad- whom I had never before heard a syled splendour wan," pervaded the whole lable, were shewn me; and many interior of the building. The profes- books with the annotations of Scaliger, sors chairs are large and heavy, with and a MS. holograph of that author, huge canopies, like the pulpits

in some besides very many others, each worthy old churches; and the seats of the of a volume. sadly diminished students are huddled I must never cease to remember the together at the foot of them, as it with ingenious and valuable present of the

the intention of keeping alive, by con- late king, Louis Bonaparte, to the colcentration, the few sparks of animation lection of the library. It is the work

and intellectual lite which still exist. of a German, and consists of 135 volThe whole aspect of things presented umes, formed of wood. The binding a most sad and striking contrast be- of each book is formed of a different tween the present state and that of the tree; the back is ornamented with olden time. Who could have suppos- pieces of the bark, and such mosses, ed that those still and dreary abodes, lichens, and other parasitical plants, as where even the glimmerings of philo- characterise the species. Each volume sopliy were scarcely discernible, were opens, as it were, in the centre of the at one period the very head and front leaves, and contains the bud, leaves, of learning, and the resort of many of flower, fruit, farina, and every other the brightest luminaries in the annals part in any degree illustrative of the

of science ? Where was the light which nature of the tree. It affords á com: here descended on the Swedish Sage? plete and scientific exemplification of

where the glory of the renowned 135 trees, beginning with the oaks, Boerhaaved. The ashes of the latter and ending with the juniper;

and, in were beneath our feet, but his spirit fact, may be considered as a brief

and seemed fled for ever.

perfect epitome of the German groves miokam told the number of students and forests. In the case of plants

, is very limited ; should the olive such as the rose and juniper, the lig continue to flourish on the earth, the neous parts of which are not suffi

ciently large for the purposes required, earliest and most successful cultivators the binding is formed of some ordi- of that science, after the revival of nary wood, sprinkled over with fine learning in Europe. There are also a moss, and then elegantly barred with number of fine hot-house plants, and the rose or juniper wood, giving the a good collection of the indigenous trolume the appearance of a valuable plants of Holland, with a beautiful old manuscript with iron clasps. On specimen of an Indian water lily, the whole, it is one of the most inge- which seems to bear a striking resemnious and complete productions I have blance to that which occurs so freever seen.

quently in the canals of the country. - My friend the librarian was, I found, In a room adjoining the hot-houses one of the chief causes of the most va- there is a cabinet of antiques, in which luable manuscripts in the collection the remnants of some ancient statues not being transferred to Paris. He are well worthy of inspection. Most was continued in office during the ad- of these are in a very imperfect and ministration of the French; and being mutilated state; and such as have been i naturally inimical to that nation, he repaired by modern artists, mournfully endeavoured, by every device in his illustrate the decline of the noble art. power, to elude their rapacity, and to I never saw an ancient Greek or' Roprevent the manuscripts from being man statue, to which a head or limb seen by the Savans who visited Ley- had been added by the ingenuity of den. 1.

the present times, which did not apofi One professor was appointed by pear to be labouring under a severe

Bonaparte, and took up his residence attack, either of rheumatism or gout. in the city, with the avowed and ex- A worthy gardener, who was the only press purpose of procuring whatever person with whom I conversed during was rare or curious, for the adornment this part of my ramble, seemed grievof the capital of the Great Nation. ously afflicted with the apathy which, (The keys were frequently demanded he said, had affected the curators of from our friend, for the purposes of the collection. He admitted that some investigation ; and the demand was as of the statues had been much improved, often eluded by him, under the pre- but could not comprehend why the tence of their being in the charge of proposal of a French worker in plaster some professor or other, who was of Paris should have been rejected, seither confined by sickness, or under who offered not only to repair those

the necessity of residing a few days in which were incomplete, but even to vithe country. In this manner the furnish new and entire figures, in the

matter was fortunately delayed, until place of such as might be deemed too - the great and unexpected revolution inuch decayed to admit of being ef

took place, which rendered such pre- fectually mended. -cautions unnecessary; and the chief I found a description of this collec

actor, in the scheme, who seemeth tion in a bookseller's shop, by Oudenpassionately fond of the black letter, dorp. It was bequeathed to the unihas happily survived to enjoy the fruits versity in 1745, by Gerard van Papen*fof his resolute and praiseworthy con- broeck. duct.

The shades of night were now raI then journeyed unto the gardens pidly descending, and the storks, which of the university, where I knew there had nestled on the top of an old conwere several things worthy of note. servatory, were clamorous for my de» {By this time, however,

parture. I therefore bade adieu to

my friend the gardener, who civilly 1 Had'in her sober livery all things clad,"

thanked me for my visit, and hoped,

that when I returned I should find riso that I could not indulge in a very matters in rather better order. I of to mimate, inspection. I saw, however, course heartily joined in his wish, that enough to interest me. There are the “ relics of almighty Rome" might 11° many beautiful specimens of rare fo- all be whitewashed before the ensuing boreign trees and shrubs ; particularly a summer wit vlast n o f, •} "9993

tree planted by the hands of Boerhaave, Next morning I visited the theatre and a wajestic palm, which existed in: of anatomy, where there seeins to be the time of Clusius, the first professor a good collection of subjects of every Fof botany at Leyden, and one of the kind.is 'The monstrous fætuses seemed

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