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level tenor of his mind. He never aspired 16. At Persey, Perthshire, Miss Frances to the lofty and even dignity of a Pitt, and Farquharson of Persey.-18. At London, was alike incapable of the quick conception Grace Jane, youngest daughter of Alex. and rapid elocution of a Fox. He was less ander Boswell, Esq. of Auchinleck, M.Pfertile in expedients, less perplexing in ar- 19. At Bath, Colonel John Jaques, late of gument, and less pertinacious in debate, the 51st. The Colonel served under Genethan Mr Perceval. The ardent spirits of ral Murray at the siege of Minorca, at which his own party so far ran beyond him in time the late Sir John Moore was a subal. their attacks, that they almost forgot they tern in his (then Captain Jaques) company. fought under his colours ; to whom, there. -At Bath, aged 79, John Palmer, Esq. fore, he was rather a point d'appui after the many years city architect and surveyor. battle than a leader in the field.-10. At Perhaps no architect of his day has built so Northumberland-house, London, his Grace many churches and chapels, all designed the Duke of Northumberland. This dis. and executed with appropriate solidity. clastinguished nobleman had been for years a sical elegance, and utility.-25. At Clifton, martyr to the gout, and for several weeks Dr Walter Craufurd.—At Peebles, Captain past had been considerably indisposed, but Alexander Dickson, formerly of the royal was recently supposed to be better, and his artillery.-26. At Edinburgh, John Mæ death at last was rather unexpected. The kenzie, Esq. of Dolphinton.-31. Stephen Duchess and his sons, Earl Percy and Lord Wight, M. D. aged 21. He had gone to Prudhoe, were, however, with him at the bathe between Leith and Portobello, and time of his death. His complaint latterly was seen to fall almost immediately upce was supposed to be a species of rheumatic entering the water, it is supposed from the gout. His Grace was born 25th August effects of a paralytic affection. The body 1742, and was therefore in the 75th year of was carried to the Seafield Baths, and media his age. He succeeded bis father, Hugh, cal assistance procured from Leitboas sut the late Duke, 6th June 1756 ; married, as possible ; but the usual method emplore! tirst, 20 July 1764, Lady Ann Stuart, third to restore suspended animation pored to
: daughter of John, third Earl of Bute, by effectual. whom he had no issue, and which marriage Lately-At Malacca, where he bad gure was dissolved by act of Parliament in 1779. for the recovery of his health, Lieutenant He married, secondly, May 25, 1779, Fran. William Carstairs Bruce, 4th native ices Julia Burrell, third daughter of Peter fantry, third son of the late James Brace Buirrell, Esq. of Beckenham, Kent, sisteľ to Carstairs, Esq. of Kinross. - At Thornton the Marchioness of Exeter, the Countess of Rust, Wensleydale, Yorkshire, Mrs Jang Beverley, and Lord Gwydir, by whom he Robinson, aged 105.-At Whitwell, parish had issue five daughters, three of whom are of Paul's Walden, Herts, Captain William dead, and one is married to Lord James Fothergill, royal navy-In Kirk Lenzt
, Murray, second son of the Duke of Athol; Isle of Man, aged 84, Mrs Ann Currin, and two sons, Hugh, Earl Percy, born mother, grandmother, and great gran! April 20, 1985, now Duke of Northumber- mother, of 104 children.At Brighton, in land, who was some time since called up to her 90th year, Lady Anne Murray, sister the House of Lords, to sit for the barony of of the late Lord Chief Justice MansfieldPercy; and Algernon, born December 15, Lady Hackett, wife of Sir C. Hackett, Knt 1792, lately created a peer, by the title of -Mr Charles Roland Drummond, of Hart Lord Prudhoe. The Duke of Northum- street, Bloomsbury. He was killed by being herland has been uniformly distinguished thrown from his horse in Hyde Park" He by the most munificent liberality, and his died in a few hours after. At Buogurteen, loss will no doubt be deeply felt. The pre- in the county of Kilkenny, James Carni. sent Duke was recently married to a daugh- at the extraordinary age of 106. A few ter of the Earl of Powis.--At Acharnich, in years ago an elder brother of his died, and Strathspey, Major Charles Grant, late of 117, who was attended to the grave by the Hon. East India Company's service.- children and grandchildren, the least of 13. At Edinburgh, Mr Alexander Walker, whose ages was above 50 years, and a som wine and spirit merchant.–14. At London, of his now alive, who is nearly 100 years Mrs Sarah Holland Walker, daughter of old, and enjoys good health, and the perfect the late Major Holland, aide-de-camp to possession of all his faculties. At Deme. General Wolfe, and wife of Lieutenant- rara, Captain Charles Dutchman, of the Colonel Robert Walker, Lieutenant-Go- Cognac packet, of Hull, who, with his brovernor of Sheerness.-At Bath, in the 54th ther Henry, and a boat's crew, had been to year of his age, Lord Arundel. His Lord- the assistance of a vessel in distress : they ship is succeeded in bis titles by his eldest were caught by a heary squall, when all
James Everard Anmdel, who married unfortunately perished. These trake ss Mary, the only daughter of the late Marquis sons Mr Dutchman, senior, has lost, viz. of Buckingham.- is. At Paris, the cele. three killed in action with privateers
, and brated Madame de Stael. --At Inveresk, one by an accident at a ship launch in Edmund Fergusson, Esq. of Baledmund.- America.
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OBSERVATIONS ON ANIMAL MAONET- good to man. On farther reflection,
however, I have thought it better to
defer this task till another opportuniMR EDITOR,
ty, and to occupy the present paper There is now before me the First with a few remarks relative to the hisPart of the First Volume of a work, tory of this singular species of magentitled, Archives of Animal Magnets netic agency, such as may not be unism, t published in the commencement accessible to those who have little of the present year, in the German leisure or inclination for research, in language, at Alteuburg and Leipsic. ' subjects so remote from the common This work is to be continued period- path of useful study, Te ndertaken 6
and the conduct of it has been The great teacher and practical ad
by three medical profes- ministrator of animal magnetisin in sors in
Jena, and Halle, viz. Drs cian named Mesmer. This individual Eschenmayer, Kieser, and Nasse. No first distinguished himself by a disserother proof than this is necessary, tation on the Influence of
that a system which sound philosophy, the Human Body, which he printed at I had, more than thirty years ago, pro- Vienna in 1766, and publicly defend
nounced to be a delusion, has agained as a thesis in that university, But been revived in Germany; and has Father Hehl, a German philosopher, obtained credit, not merely with the having, in 1774, strongly recommendvulgar, but with the more intelli- ed the use of the loadstone in the art gent classes of society; and has even of healing, Mesmer immediately begained the belief of some, who, from came a convert to his doctrines, and their having been elevated to the actually carried them into practice with situation of teachers in the highest success. In the midst, however, of seminaries of learning, may be pre- his attention to the utility of the loadsumed to possess a certain reputation stone, he was led to the adoption of a among men of science.
new set of principles, which he conIt was my intention, in the present ceived to be much more general and communication, to have presented important in their application. He your readers with such extracts from accordingly laid aside the use of the this journal as might enable them to loadstone, and entered on the cure of judge for themselves of the nature and disease on this more improved sysspirit of those doctrines, which are tem. This apostacy involved him in said to have excited so much interest a quarrel with Father Hehl, and with abroad, and to hold out the prospect, the celebrated Ingenhouz, by whom in their ultimate improvement, of so he had formerly been patronised ; and much mental, as well as corporeal, as their credit in Vienna was extreme
ly high, and their exertions against Archiv für Thierischen Magnetismus. him indefatigable, his system almost Hvo. 1817.
immediately sunk into general disse:
pate. To parry their opposition, he which he published, entitled, Inquiries appealed, in 1776, to the Academy of and Doubts respecting the Animal Sciences at Berlin. Here, however, Magnetism. his principles were rejected “as des- Mesmer, in his Memoir already titute of foundation, and unworthy of mentioned, described the agent which the smallest attention.” Undismayed he professed to have discovered, and by these important miscarriages, he to which he gave the appellation of made a progress through several towns Animal Magnetism, in the following of Germany, still practising magnet- manner :-“ It is a fuid universally ism, and publishing, from time to diffused; the vehicle of a mutual intime, accounts of the cures he accom- fluence between the celestial bodies, plished, which were as regularly fol- the earth, and the bodies of animated lowed by a denial on the part of his beings; it is so continued as to admit opponents. He returned to Vienna å of no vacuum; its subtlety does not second time, and made another at admit of illustration ; it is capable of tempt to obtain a favourable reception receiving, propagating, and communifor his doctrines, but with no better cating, all the impressions that are itsuccess than formerly; so that, whol- cident to motion ; it is susceptible or ly disconcerted by these uninterrupt- Aux and reflux. The animal body ed defeats in his native country, he subject to the effects of this agent; left Germany, and arrived in Paris in and these effects are immediately prothe beginning of the year 1778. Here duced by the agent insinuating itself his prospects soon began to brighten. into the substance of the nerves. We Having retired to Creteil with a few particularly discover, in the human patients (one of them a paralytic wo- body, qualities analogous to those of man), he restored them to perfect the loadstone ; we distinguish in it
, health in a few months; and in con- poles different and opposite. The sequence of this success, the numbers tion and the virtue of the animal me of those who applied to him for relief netism are capable of being communi increased rapidly, and his cures were cated from one body to another, aniof the most astonishing nature. A mated or inanimate; they exert thennumerous company was daily assem- selves to considerable distances, and bled at his house in Paris, where the without the least assistance from any magnetism was publicly administered ; intermediate bodies ; this action is inand M. Deslon, one of his pupils, is creased and reflected by mirrors; it is said to have cleared, during this tide communicated, propagated, and age of success, no less a sum than £100,000. mented, by sound; and the virtue itIn 1779 he published a Memoir on self is capable of being accumulated
. Animal Magnetism, and promised a concentrated, and transferred. Though a complete system upon the subject, the fluid be universal, all anima which should make as great a revolu- bodies are not equally susceptible of tion in philosophy as it had already it ; there even are some, though very done in medicine. Struck, as it is few, of so opposite a nature, as by said, with the clearness and accuracy their mere presence to supersede iesele of his reasonings, the magnificence of fects upon any other contiguous bodies his pretensions, and the extraordinary The animal magnetism is capable of and unquestionable cures he perform- euring, immediately; diseases of the ed, some of the greatest physicians nerves, and mediately, other distem and most enlightened philosophers of pers. It improves the action of mediFrance became his converts. He was cines; it forwards and directs the spatronised by people of the first rank; lutary crises, so as to subject there his system became an affair of bon ton ; totally to the government of the judgand animal magnetism was warmly ment; by means of it the physician espoused by the fashionable world. becomes 'acquainted with the state of
Nevertheless, the new doctrine was health of each individual, and decides not without its opponents. Some of with certainty upon the causes, the the ablest pens in France were em- nature, and the
progress of the most ployed in refutation of it; and
in par- complicated distempers; it prevents ticular, Thouret, Regont physician of their increase; and effects their extir. the Faculty of Paris, and member of pation, without at any time exposing the Royal Society of Medicine, great the patient, whatever be his sex, THE ly distinguished himself by a work or constitution, to alarming colse