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mous, or rather the infamous, Sciop- sar Scaliger, Casaubon, and Thuanus, pius, a man, who by his talents, his most celebrated names, as you well malevolent and perverted criticism, his know, and against whom Scioppius ever literary forgeries, and his bitter and entertained the most deadly rancour. biting satire, has had the honour of His punishment is an ingenious one, causing more hearts to ache than any and to him the most severe that could who have ever gone before or who be allotted. He has been condemned may ever come after him. Although to write an eulogium of Scaliger, in it was his lot to live in the sixteenth which you see him now employed, century, and during an age which, and to refute in it all those calumnious more perhaps than any other, was fer- and lying aspersions which he engrosso tile in great and illustrious men, yeted in his Scaliger Hypobolimacus. no talents, however exalted, no sta. Those little devils with their whips tion, however sacred, no disposition, admonish him to diligence ; and as he however gentle or unassuming, could dare not rise from his table, even to avert the venom of his censure, or meals, till his eulogium is concluded, sweeten the corrosive bitter of his his little dinner is cooked before him; quill. His walk through the fields of and to complete his mortification, his genius and literature was like the pas- fowls are singed with his Exercitationes sage of the simoom over the gardens Rhetoricæ, and his apples roasted in of my native Arabia.* It withered the leaves of his Infamia Famiani.* every flower of genius, and blasted all But we have no longer time to spend the infant blossoms of the mind. He on Scioppius." has darkened with his sacrilegious As we turned from this part of the breath the fairest pearls which glitter- wood, I discerned, at a distance, one ed on the string of poesy ; nor was it man undergoing the most signal castifor want of will that he did not des- gation from another, who stood above troy the noblest links that connected him in a most merciless attitude. the chain of science. Punishment has, “Whom do you imagine that pair to however, at last overtaken him. Ub- be?” said my little airy Spirit. I proserve with what malignity he eyes the fessed my ignorance." Why, that's persons near him.

Livy, the Roman historian, mauling • Videt ingratos intabescitque videndo.' the poor battledore-maker who made

An Eastern Peri of Gennistan his battledores with the parchment of quoting Oyid, thought I to myself

. one of his best Decads. T'hut wonder must be the subject

“ But turn to the right hand, before of future interrogation. I must not at present interrapt her account.

The works of Gaspar Scioppius are ". Those three aged-looking persons very numerous.--- See bis Life at some length whom you see near him, are Julius Cæ- refutation of the celebrated letter of Joseph

in Bayle. His Scaliger Hypobolimæus is a

Scaliger's, in which he gives a particular ac* The Peris are all of Arabic extraction count of the life of his father Julius Cæsar ScaliSee D'Herbelot, quoted above in part I. ger, and attempts to profe his descent from

This must also excuse the metaphors she the Princes of the House of Scaliger in Ver. uses, and the hyperbolical tone of indigna- ona. There is not the least doubt that Scioption which she assumes. The specch of the pius introduced innumerable falsehoods into little Spirit brings to my mind those fine lines this work; but, on the other hand, it seems in Gifford's severe and lashing, but most ad- just as evident, that Joseph Scaliger, in his mirable, Epistle to Peter Pindar,

description of the family tree, and the variTruck praise for lust-hunt infant genius ous anecdotes of his father's earlier days, down,

has indulged pretty freely in theoretical con. Strip modest merit of its last half-crown. jecture, and, not unfrequently, in direct Blow, from thy mildew'd lips, on virtue bloro, forgery. The Infamia Famiani is an at. And Olight the Goddess thou can'st never tack on the first Decad of the History of L' know :”

the Belgic Wars, by Famianius Strada. In Is Mr Gifford's muse to be for ever silent ? speaking of Scaliger, it is impossible not to • Is her most eloquent tongue now niute for add what must strike every one who is ever ?"

anxious for the interests of knowledge, that The country has a claim on one who pos- a life of Joseph Scaliger, with anecdotes of sesses his poetical powers. Has he forgot the literary men of his time (which would ten the expectations which his motto must be in fact, if properly executed, A History

of the Revival of Letters and Philosophy in +4 16v « Nunc in ovila

Europe), is at present almost the greate 1. Mor in relictan tas dracones." desideratum in modern literature.

ra se,

the leave this seene, and you will see Italian ; when Regner Lodbrog corne a singular group enough." The group municates with his Scalds in the Norse certainly was an uncommon one. It tongue, and Confucius spouts Chinese consisted of only three figures. One at his toilet, did we not understand a venerable-looking man, who, not- these languages we should stand like withstanding the mildness of his ex- so many stocks, unable to devise their pression, and the pacifie-looking suit commands, or administer to their neof quaker-grey in which he was habit- cessities. No, no, this would nere ed, stood in a firm érect attitude, and do. We must be well versed in the along side of him a little devil with tongues before we come here. We a cme in his hand raised and ready. are taught them from our earliest Beside these stood a learned-looking years, and become linguists' a teneris mitred father of the Church, and on unguicolis.' A Peri's place is no site the back of this reverend prelate was cure, sir.placed, in no very comely position, a

i Nil sine magno poor trembling pedagogue-looking be- hi. Vita labore dedit mortalibus ing, with his breeches taken down evi- We must ever be ready to listen to dently by premeditation, and his arms the least whisper of a command from pinioned across the neck and fixed on the other side by the strong grasp of our masters in the valley, and to find the bishop. The cane, which had out also how it may be most easily been raised in the air, was now appli- That's our motto. And now,

executed.' • Ausculta et perpende ed very smartly to the lower quarters after this lengthened harague, 1 maj

I think, of the pedagogue ; and between every conclude with Anacreon's dové. stroke I could hear some little observation or other made by the venerable • Ahosszav. pa'idazasi superintendent. Such as, " take that Ανθρωπι και κορωνης. ?!! for Massenius,-So much for the inter- " No apologies, Peri,” said I; polations from Hogaeus,—That's not apologies for your talkativeness. too smart for Staphortius," – which most delightful for me to meet seemed to increase the energy of the in- so learned, intelligent, and classical: fernal castigator, and to add bitterness spirit; and I intreat, that so longe to the groans of the unfortunate culprit. I remain in this new world, I mi snes That group," said the Peri, s- con- have the pleasure of your attendance sists of Milton superintending the « That, sir,” said the punishment of Lauder who so cruel- best of my ability, over to te

shall hare ly defamed him, and Bishop Doug- and although you greatly overfate et lass, or, as we generally name him, poor talents, yet it is true I Detector Douglass, performing the marked among my brethren as bei part of Janitor."-And if Samuel too fond of a learned seclusion. Other Johnson had got a back stroke or after our day's labour is finished, and two for his carelessness, thought I, it our little flower scrip emptied, when ed; "but we must proceed now, Peri, after dinner'in the air, or bathing and otherwise we may chance to be late frolicking in the lake, I will escape ta for Paulus' rout. By the way, I may some sweet and sunny cloud, and there ask, as we go along, how you came, pore over a favourite author i! P Peri, to quote Ovid so appositely in companions come frisking by and the describing poor Scioppius. You don't me i en stupifying and besotingan speak Latin in Gennistan, do you ?" wits with study Line : 023/kere

Lord, sir," answered she, “ we must “This reraonstrance, operis of all be able to speak not only Latin, but light-bodied friends, when, after the all the learned and ancient tongues, duties of the day, you relate to it tics hered What could we do amongst to one who was as fond of study, and so many learned men of all countries, as severely taxed for it, as yoursely if we were ignorant of their languages old Dan Chaucer,as Dan, was release When Sadf calls for his roseate bever. fond of putting his morali maxime inis age in Persian, Por Demosthenes thun to the months hof birds sind besta ders Wutinis messages in Greekwhen aridy if you recolleet; tie makes the Abulfetta scolas în Arabic, or pe eagle say of him, in his house at trarca despatches his "billets doux in Famer 23 w istoty sprayer

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* For when thy labour all done is, of correction, and in our literary dis-
And thou'st made all thy reckeninges, * sertations. A sharp eye may discern
Instede of rest and of new thinges, the little stars beginning to twinkle in
Thou goest home to thy house anone,
And all as dombe as any stone

your clear and liquid heaven ; and see, Thou sittest at another boke,

what a lovely crescent is resting on Till fully dased is thy loke.'

yon filmy cloud !"-"Be not afraid, House of Fame. master," said the Spirit :

just at the gate of Jovius' villa."--As But never be ashamed, Peri, of she spoke, we entered a dark avenue these remonstrances, Believe me, composed of trees, whose aged branchwhat Dan calls the dasedness of study

es met at the top, and formed that is better than the merriment of empti. species of shadowy and religious aisle - ness.—But we have put off too much to which the ingenuity of modern time in the examination of your house theory has traced the introduction of

our Gothic structures. Towards the * These reckeninges which Chaucer had end of thts avenue, at a considerable "to finish before he found time to study, distance through the intermingling were the duties of his office of Comptroller branches, I saw, constantly moving, of the Customs, conferred on him by sometimes appearing, and at other the influence of his magnificent friend times disappearing, many lights, which and patron, John of Gaunt.See, on this, left me no doubt that the villa of our Godwin's Life of Chaucer, vol. iv. c. lv, host was situated at the end of the - work in many respects amusing and instructive, though often desultory in the

avenue. It was a very striking scene. Last degree. The conjectural species of bio. The dark avenue, the silver crescent graphy adopted by Godwin is carried to an which shone serenely through the excess which is sometimes quite ludicrous. boughs, and the solemn tranquillity Chaucer perhaps saw Petrarch in Italy, of all around me, formed a striking perhaps studied at the university of Paris, contrast to the constant agitation and perhaps lived in Donnington Castle" he flickering of the lights in the distance. probably had a large share in forming the mind of the Patron of Wickliffe"-his son

-" How sweet, how silent, hoy was almost certainly created Speaker of the beautiful is Nature when she rejoices, House of Commons-le was most likely of thought I. “ How inconstant, how a convivial disposition--and it is probable, agitated in his pleasures is man.” that the grant of a daily pitcher of wine, This avenue, too, was dearer to me which is four bottles a-day, was for the for another reason: for whether it was poet's own daily consumption. Yet although that my mind was then dwelling upon this is the great fault of the work, that the former days, or that the coincidence doctrine of probabilities is carried too far, was merely accidental, it recalled to that conjecture often supplies the place of my memory a scene of our own world of truths,.- yet that labour certainly is never with which I was deeply familiar, to be condemned, which has been indus- which I had once most fondly cher triously and often ably employed in the elu- ished, but which now is lost to me for cidation of the life and character of the As we advanced nearer to its great Father of English Poetry, of one who termination, the brilliancy of the was in many respects the creator of our lights increased, the dark outline of language, and perhaps the greatest mas- the building was seen on the sky, and ter of humour that has ever appeared. I heard the music sounding in its halls. It is the critical part, however, of the At length we reached it; and after work of Godwin, and that more particularly in the last volutae, which forms its chief entering the porch, and walking excellence; and yet, perhaps, the most through several passages, which were pleasing part of all is that individuality superbly illuminated, two folding which the author has succeeded in giving doors, at the touch of the Peri, exto the character of his bard, by the discov- panded “their wings of pride.' ery of those little minutiæ in his manner of life, in his general temper and conversation,

“ Within them was one blaze of light, which are so interesting in their connexion A thronging scene of figures bright." with great men. Had Tod, in the Life he And certainly poor Ellen, when she has given us of Spenser, possessed some threw her tímid but beautiful game wiat of the imagination of Godwin, and kad Godwin's ardous and ingenuity' been over the assembled Court of King more terapered by something like the diffi- James, was not more astonished or bedence and coldness of Tod, both worke wildered than I, when the bright, the would have proated by the exchange. varicd, the astonishing picture of JoVOL.

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ever.

vius drawing-rbonaves offered to my ghosts were endowed with a power of sightərsins & Men's case the scene was discerning a stranger the moment indeedi brilliant, but it must in some entered their company,

or that it pro: bespeets have been uniform and un ceeded from any peculiarity in y variedur The assembly was composed dress, I soon found that my appezza of 16 lovely

dames and gay accoutred ance occasioned as much surprise ta knights ;P..but every knight was, in them as theirs had given pleasure sné costume, but à prototype of his neigh- astonishment to me.. There was bour, and every lady shone in the self immediate buzz of inquiry and curiosame habiliments as her fair compa-sity amongst them; and I could hear, nions.. In my case, the assembly had Who is he?" When did he sall the brilliancy and elegance of the rive” is Where did he come from Court scene," and all that delightful and their answers crossing one another effect arising from the varied and cont from every corner of the assembly trasted costume of every age and coun- A young stranger from the lower try. The turbaned sages of Arabia, world," was all the reply they receive and the rich and flowing dresses of ed; and this species of general de the Persian and other Eastern literati, scription, it is needless to say, plessed their jewelled head-dresses, and em- me much more than any more partibroidered mantles, contrasted with the cular, but for that reason less accepta white-robed philosophers of ancient able, denomination. Greece; these again with the slashed The first circle which I joined of sleeves and short cloaks of the learned forded me great entertainment. The Dons of Spain,—the ruff and doublet, seemed eagerly and busily engaged i the hat and plume, the embroidered a conversational discussion, or criticise hose and full-bottomed breeches, of on some new work. The Peri, il the age of Elizabeth ; then the prim still walked beside me, whispered, starched-looking authoresses in hoops, this cirele consistenk of very emine who kept sideling through the crowd, personages, and that I must alreais and walking arm-in-arm, with the owing to its celebrity, have seen the graceful figures of the Grecian blue work which was the subject of their stockings; and these contrasted again debate, as it was Guy Mannering *ith the immense wigs, the peach- As to the circle, one of them, on whos blossom frocks, the variegated vests, I immediately fixed my eyes, there and embroidered sword-belts, of the was no need to inform me about me Kit-cat wits,--all these heterogeneous dress and figure instantly told med but astonishing materials, thrown into was Shakespeare, whom I had so late every possible variety of form, and ly seen. The rest as I was ibe disposed into that picturesque group- formed, were Cervantes, Shirley ing which chance so happily dictates, singular looking old man, exactly the composed a whole which, it is not too figure of a smoke dried alchemist, much to say, was at once the most decayed astrologer, whom I found w brilliant, and the most remarkable, Baptista Porta, the Neapolitan write that could have entered into the on magic; and Toby Smollett, whose dreams of the fondest votaries of no- handsome gentleman-like figure Le velty, or been conjured up by the cognised immediately, from being we brain of the most inventive and en- acquainted with the portraits of bitte thrusiastic master of ceremonies of any When I came up, I found Bay age, or creed, or country.

tista apostrophising to his satin It was with a mixed feeling of joy in a high tone,

I musti assiert and trembling that I made my debút said he, « that however excellent into this astonishing celestial rout. I other respects this work may be accort was introduced by my accompanying ing to your ideas, gentlemen, to mesto Spirit to Paulus, who stood at the door a matter of no small moment, to receive his company; and after the admirable science of judicial astus having paid my respects, and improv- logy treated with such unmerited and hed by a deeper inclination, and la idle ridicule. It is a subject on whính more decided and rectangular sweep I have long thought, read, and in bryny right leg, ny common bow, into tensely laboured, for the furtherine Tone

which I conceived due to aceles- of which no worlaly goods have bed tial assembly, I began to aningle with spared, no mental exertion though the compunyaiHere whether it was grievous svin the investigation that these worthy and gay-looking whose recondite truths I have sweated

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for years beside d slow furnace, til IAB this grave exordium of the for Became as you see, "of the colour and reign astrologerze the nebunteriances of consistency of a shrivelled mushroom, the whole party, but more particularor watched beneath the winter's

moon ly of Cervantes and Chaucer) assumed was little less than a moving an inimitable expression aof humour, icicle. 19 When this author sports these which, as it was restrained by polite opinions, and plays with his unhal- ness from having the usual venti in lowed"Lidieule, on so sdered a subject, laughter, contented itself with dancing does he consider whom he is attacks about their eyes and mouth, fand illut ing? What will the divine Zoroaster, minating their striking pointenances the illustrious offspring of Oromases, with all the brilliancy of eömioriext say to this? What will my friend Thesa pression.tsgela bris porcsillid sdi ile plan, the wonder of the Gymnosophistie Humphry, my love," (my name is sehool? What will the aged Bhudda Humphry), said a shrill-toned female of the Babylonians, or the Thracian voice, which crackled on my tympanum Zamolxis, or the Hyperborean Abaris, the moment Shakespeare had addressed or any of those more modern, but not himself to speak." Humphry, sir," less illustrious sages, which shine in and the transition from my love to sir, the hemisphere of science, the constel was given with great effect, as she Tation of astrological discovery pero discovered we asleep, and shook me

BOLSOS nonobs old with a touch not quite so soft as my Peri, is bentoj. I don olonist

The urn has been hissing, and spit911 And what will the Quarterly Review zey might the inflamed Baptista have ting, and groaning, on the tea-table this added, in completing this climax of astrolo- half hour.-Recollect, you bade me try sical indignation, for it seems that the rage my best Pegon cannister to-night. Mrs of the Neapolitan Magician, and the Thra- Cockit, too, has stepped in to take her cian Zamolxis, is nothing to the irritated rubber.–And you no doubt expect feelings of our southern crítics against the to be allowed to sit dreaming here, an author of Guy Mamering, at the intro- immoveable non-entity-Rise, sir, and duetion of this supernatural machinery, leave your vagaries." I opened myeyes which they decidedly declare to be criminal or contemptible." Where the eri slowly on the severe and saturnine fear minality, however will fall, the world will tures of my maiden sister Dorothy determine, and they who, after having been they operated like a spell-Shakesaccustomed to the varied and uncommon ex- peare and his circle Jõvius and his cellence of Guy Mannering, to the sublimity illustrious company flitted for a moand Vigorous conception of the character of ment before me, then faded into air, her whom the Reviewer terms Mrs Meg Mer and restored me to the lower realities ríliesks the masterly rapidity with which of the tea-urn and Mrs Cockit, y 1999 the scenes are brought before us,the hu. Ist aupaistva jedi eini bozoquih mour and truth of the lower characters,and the unequalled beauty of the pictures setab yliqgnetsed saidw geri ed through all this enchanted ground, can ON THE SYMBOLICAL USES OF SALT. Dear to enter on a desert, can wade through sidan uzaz trom sds bhs ich the heaviness, the ignorance, and the utter ada MR EDITOR, sed bluse tedt Want of taste of the criticism, will be best-Since the publication of The Tales Ave Bodeteffiline on whose side this con- of my Landlord, a considerable degree teinipt Willa most appropriately recoil. The of attention has been excited in reQuarterly Review has been all along con gard to an ancient custom, the meducted withi ho common talent, and although, perhaps, too much place is given mory of which had been almost lost, to the lower parts of Greek literature, to cri- that of being seated at table above ticisms on quantities, and animadversions on or below the salt.” Through the the scholiasts, yet this has been redeemed channel of your valuable Miscellany, by many excellencies, - by consistency of it has been shewnd that this custom principle, Teorrectness of information on po- was by no means peculiar to Scotland, litical subjects, and the insertion of many but prevailed rralso in England, and faracles which wefes ably vand eloquently was not unknown on the iContinent: written to But constant exertion, and unre In proof of this, i Bishop Hall, Ben a peụiodical journal, and the occurrence of Jonson, land Massinger, has jwell as another such piece of criticism as that upon

Perat among the French, chave been Guy Mannering, would give it a disposition summoned as witnesseser-Magazine for towards the Bathos, orf Art of Sinking, May-p48801 magod 1 vidmaas luct which it might fit easily recover. Boveing raw his movlenofs distinguishing rank, b9189W I adopus adiba 991 seorw gnilool-yg bae ydraw 9a9dt ssd

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