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summer-houses of great beauty. The journey hither from Amsterdam. It contrast between these fairy parterres was a lovely night, with a glorious and the venerable walls which tower moon; and the sky was brighter and above them, is very fine ; and the more blue than I should have expecte whole is reflected by the water, which ed to see it in so low a country as in many places is bordered by two of Holland. The sides of the canal are the most picturesque trees in nature, adorned with many villas, surrounded the willow and the weeping birch by gardens and shrubberies, which

Within the walls the streets are have summer-houses close upon the clean and cheerful, and present more water's edge;. and those balmy airs, the healthy aspect of a country village which I have already described, were than of a walled city. With regard more than usually refreshing, after to any object of curiosity which U- the close and heated atmosphere of the trecht may contain, I am ignorant, as ruim. We glided smoothly along from the greater part of my time, from sun- one fine grove to another, with the rise to sunset, was spent on the battle moon and her attendant image on the ments. The morning after my are still water, either sailing along with rival I met with a Dutchman, et facie us, as if competing with each other, & school-master, who spoke toi me in or suddenly obscured and darkened Latin. At this I was somewhat a. by the dense foliage of some majestic larmed; but I thought it better, at tree. least to appear as learned as he. So I told him, in French, that I was an

Rotterdam. Hungarian priest ; that Latin was my Having been rather amused with vernacular tongue, and that I was the scene presented by my last noctravelling to Paris to acquire a more turnal voyage, I again embarked in perfect knowledge of the French lan- the evening, and travelled during the guage, to speak which I was anxious night from Utrecht to Gouda. In the

to avail myself of every opportunity ruim I found as motley a group as on Ebefore visiting the capital. This had the former occasion. The company 3 the desired effect. b He tried no other was, however, very musically inclined.

dead languages and as he spoke French One man commenced operations by

with as much awkwardness as I did whistling a tane, another hummed, EXO myself, hescaped detection. Among and a third sung aloud. Matters did

other pieces of information, he told not stop here. A young man pro Smey what I perhaps ought to i havei duced a flutes and an old one a fidale,

known before that Utrecht is one of and to ic they set, whistlers, hummers, the oldest towns in Holland; that in singers, flute-players, and fiddlers, all the time of the Romans it was a mere together, and produced amongst them ferty praca Zled. Trajectum, tafterwards no inharmonious concert. The love Trajectums Ulpii, out of respect to of music, indeed, seems'a prominent Ulpius Trajan; and that from these feature in the character of the lower the present name was derived. He classes in Holland, and the only 2also informed me, that there is in this musement which I have observed ca

neighbourhood a colony of Moravian pable of making them withdraw their hom brethrenstof the simplicity and promo tobacco-pipes from their mouths. This bigpoi priety of whose manneds he gave an effect, however, it does not always pros

interesting accounts. The females are duce, for I have frequently seen them el distinguished, according to their age, smoke and sing at the same time. In op by a difference in the colour of the Holland, indeed, a pipe is absolutely rebel riband upon their caps. Rose colour necessary in the performance of every to characterizes the children under twelve duty-moral, physical, and commer

years old, from that period till the cial. = 33110705 D'11 o) P171911 fine laborate age of eighteen, yellow and a deeper I arrived at Gouda just as the sun # red are wom; pale rose colour is appeared above the horizon, which in

then assumed, which is kept till mart this country is at very early hour. colo riage after which the colourois skyAs there is not a relift or mountain bluer Lwidows wear white ribands, within the visible diurnal sphere,

Gjusq'uta la mort but I forgot to the sun is seen emerging, as it from ask if any changedis effected in this the plain of the ocean, without an obe matter by aseeona marriager ih al-ostot jeết to intercept his Horizontal rays.

was much delighted with my There is indeed a feature of the picVol. I.


turesque in Holland, and a very grand tion. Their cleanliness and sobriet ont too, which I have never seen men are beyond praise ; and their buseste, tioned by any traveller. A short time with the exception of cases ad before sunrise, each field and meadow, idle seamen, who profia their services as far as the eye can reach, is covered in taking you on shore, and so ate by an impenetrable mass of the whitest rogues all the world ove, I have had mist, resetnbling a sea of cotton, no reason to doubt. The love of gain through which, like so many beauti- seems their raling passion; but, c. ful oazes in the desert, the tops of clusive of Jews, who are very muna. villages, with the spires of churches, ous in this country, I am not a and tall poplars, are seen in every di- that they employ any mean or dishes. rection. These vapours, when about ourable artifices to promote its grantto be dispersed by the solar beams, cation. assume a variety of forms and colours, Talking of the gentlemen, leads, h and exhibit, through their airy case a natural transition to the lake ments, rich glimpses of the verdant They are in general a handsorne ra meadows sparkling with the morning though, I believe, in proportion by dew.

their numbers, there are more beautI believe there is nothing remark- ful women among the Jews in Hd able in Gouda. In it the two Crab- land, than among the Dutch, properly reths flourished, celebrated as glass- so called. The beauty of the higher painters, I think, in the sixteenth cen- ranks did not appear to me to be in sy tury. Some of their works adorn the degree peculiar, or national, but admi. windows of the principal church. It ted of great variety; as I frequenti is also worthy of remembrance as the observed in the same town, featwe birthplace of Hartsoeker

which would have been considered, in From Gouda to Rotterdam, proba- the respective countries, as characte bly owing to the nature of the coun- istic of Britain, France, Germany, and try, there is no direct conveyance by Spain. The Batavian embon points water ; so, after being obliged to sub- more frequently exemplified by the mit to an affectionate salute from an men than by the women. old man, with whom I had a good deal In some parts of Holland, particu. of conversation in Dutch, (not very larly at Haarlem and Enchuisen, classical-its chief ingredient, on my the occasion of a birth, a piece of sik, part, being borrowed from a sister with a lace border, four or five inches language, the broad Scotch,) and who in diameter, sometimes round, soms insisted upon treating me to a glass of times square, is pasted on the outsie gin, which, together with the snuff of the lady's door, as an intimations from his shirt-ruffle, brought tears to the world, that is, the neighbour my eyes on this most melancholy oc- each side of her house, of this imperi. casion, I departed in the diligence, ant event. In our own country, ss! and arrived at Rotterdam in good time was informed by an elderly gentleman for breakfast.

in Amsterdam, the same information, . Here I fancy myself quite at home, however attempted to be disguised, and from the aspect of a few streets and indeed solemnly denied, were you to canals being familiar to me, in conse- assert such a thing, is conveyed by: quence of my former visit. I believe paper, entitled, “ Please call at the bor I shall not be able to discover any door," as if, the old gentleman adda, thing new in Rotterdam, or worthy any gentleman not paid for it, would of note, and shall therefore, in all accept of such an invitation, or call by probability, prepare to-morrow for my a route appropriated exclusively journey to the Netherlands.

servants, attorneys' clerks, sick-nurses I consider the Dutch to be a civil in long silk cloaks, and square stered obliging people, willing enough to ac- femmes sages. Many of our remote *commodate travellers, though proba- ancestors, I am credibly assured by bly seldom inclined to sacrifice their several old women and some antique pwn interests for the welfare of others. ries, 'had only it seems one door, and 1, In as far as I have gone, I can say, that sometimes low enough. Even at

with truth, that I am not sensible of present, I am told, that same decent zhaving been imposed upon by any one, looking people reside at this moment

or of having been treated with neglect., in many parts of Britain, up sometimes where I had any right to expect atten. one pair of stairs, and sometimes up

half a dozen ; that there they contrive, fied it ; but those immense masses, nobody knows how, actually to have which constitute what are called the children, and that

primary mountains, seem in a great ***** Buirdly chiels and clever hizzies !!! measure to have remained unaltered "Are bred in sic a way as this is.”

during the subsequent convulsions that Long before the days of Tristram produced the secondary structure, and Shandy, there must have been some- gave to the universal body its present thing magnificent naturally associated

unequal appearance : But a smooth with the idea of parturition, I mean

and uninterrupted surface was incomamong females; for as to the male

patible with those laws which are supa

patible with animal chiefly concerned, it has been

posed to have been called into action remarked, that on such occasions he

in the formation of the earth; and has rather a sober, pitiful, sneaking,

though it is not necessary, on the preaspect. Even a hen in an outhouse

sent occasion, to enter into the merits cannot drop an egg quietly. No

of the contending Volcanic and Nepthere is incontinently such a clack and

tunian theories, we must still be conhullyballoo set up in the neighbour

scious, that many series of facts conhood, in which the cock, too, like a

stantly presented to our view on the fool, sometimes joins, as is absolutely

exterior, as well as those that have intolerable. A learned friend of mine,

been explored in the bowels of the who has studied all languages, particu

earth, are consistent with, and may larly that of birds, and who pretends

very plausibly be attributed to, the inhe can converse with them, assures

fluence of both powers. * me, that all this cackle and uproar in

For the purpose of exhibiting an the hen-house, is nothing more than object of geology more immediately ***Please call at the low door."*

within the reach of our own observaX. Y. Z.

tion, we shall confine our remarks to an extraordinary change to which the

beautiful and fertile valley of Strath*** GEOLOGICAL'OBSERVATIONS ON

earn has anciently been subjected;

and which, though perhaps of less imAt le .. STRATHEARN.

portance to the naturalist than the 1346 MR EDITOR,

prodigious altitudes and extensive The wonderful revolutions to which

dales of the Alps and Andes, are still the surface of the globe has been sub

worthy of admiration, as this tract.

possesses a variety of subjects interest-, jected since its primary formation, have of late years claimed the atten

ing to the student of nature, and to

the lover of her sublime and picturesque tion of philosophers. Those changes,

beauties. . almost every where apparent, have given rise to new theories no less sin

The great chain of the Grampian gular than satisfactory, and have ex

mountains, which constitutes the norcited a desire in mankind to become

thern, as the Ochil hills do the southacquainted with the causes by which

ern, boundary of this valley, are in those extraordinary phenomena have

many parts composed of primitive been occasioned, and which, in former

matter; but in several places this forw times, either escaped their notice, or

mation is surmounted by secondary

rock of various character and diversity appeared so mysterious and inscruta

of alternation and position. The pora ble as to preclude all research.

tion of those mountains in the vicinity V The human mind cannot now form

of Lochearn, and what forms the imany conception of that aspect which, the surface of the earth originally had

mediate limits of that lake, is not bassumed, though it cannot be doubted,

wholly granitic, their exterior being that, from the various agents employ

covered with wacke, different species vied in the mighty operations of nature,

of shistus, lime, and sandstone. Some exerted in giving form

mais beds of trap are also visible in its

and stabiliity to our planet, considerable irre- ,

usual linear direction, traversing these

rocks without regard to their stratifigularity must all along have diversi

cation, and always disposed in vertical See Plinius's Nat. Hist. B. 9, Č. 491. War Cicero de Divinationc, 2. 39. and many But the most striking features in 1 German works on the language of birds and the district of Strathearn are, the sur"Trother animals. y's

face it is prising changes that the ground

undergone by the different courses The efflux of Locheam, in its then which the river has taken at various extensive form, seems to have been periods. These alterations are very different from the course which the evident in travelling along this exten- river at present follows in leaving the sive tract, from the departure of the plain of Dalginross, and appears to river out of its parent lake to its have passed from Ochtertyre, whose confluence with the Tay, a distance lakes are the remains of the ancient of near thirty miles, as the numerous eastern boundary, along the hollow af channels by which it has run may be the manse of Monivaird, near to which traced with tolerable accuracy.

it was joined by the water of Turret. It appears almost certain, that Loch- At the present day, the old and perearn at one time had extended to haps original bed of the river Earn more than double its present magni- can plainly be traced along the west, tude, having occupied the whole of side of the town of Crieff, where it the flat from its south-eastern extrem- still intersects two of the streets, ity to Ochtertyre, covering the great sweeping, in a circular direction, the plain on which the village of Comrie, base of the hill on which that town is the remains of the Roman camp of built, and passing eastward, held its Dalginross, the Victoria of Ptolemy, course upwards of 90 feet higher than and many farm-houses now stand.* the present river. Pursuing that diThis opinion is strengthened and ren- rection, it appears to have made seve dered satisfactory by an examination eral windings until it reached Abers of the surrounding country, or what cairney, whence it continued its chase originally marked the borders of the nel, with little variation from a straight lake, where the soil and banks formed line, nearly due east, running along by the water are visible, and still re- the tract of the Powaffery river, nor tain their first appearance, although a retrograde stream, over the valley for ages submitted to the operations of where moulder the ruins of the abbey agriculture. The soil over all this of Inchaffery; and, holding the same flat is also of a decisive character, being line, passed below the House of Bale composed of water, gravel, and al gowan, and the Castle of Methven, luvion, as almost all the stones that until it joined the Water of Almond have been dug up are round or el at Pitcairn Green, at that period proliptical, the certain effects of water; bably an arm of the sea, which the and this is particularly the case in the certainly covered large portions of the neighbourhood of Ochtertyre, along flat land along the banks of the Tay the road from Crieff to Comrie. On near Perth. Over the whole of this the south side of the valley, near the ground undoubted proofs of the ele House of Struan, there is a large con- fects of water are evident, by an ere cretion of breccia, the composition of amination of the debris collected at which is sand, and stones that have different times, which form a variety undergone attrition by the action of of strata, and contain boulder stones water, and have been consolidated by of many species, brought from the the admixture of metallic oxide. This mountains by successive floods and species of rock is not commonly to be inundations of the river. met with in the interior of the kingdom, But, after the river had ceased to and in no situation but where consid- flow by the course which it has thus erable bodies of water either now are, been supposed primarily to have taken, or have formerly been. On the west the valley of Strathearn seems to have ern shores of Scotland it is frequently undergone other considerable revoluseen ; but we are not acquainted with tions from the changes of its river.. its appearance in masses of great mag. We have said that Lochearn, s. nitude at a distance from the coast, cording to its original expanse, formel nor in situations of very lofty eleva- a lake, from its western extremity do tian. . .

the house of Ochtertyre, of twenty miles It has been supposed, by many learned

long, but of irregular breadth. The Antiquaries, that on this spacious plain was

catastrophe which diminished it to the fought the celebrated battle of the Gram

present size, and gave the river a new pians, betwixt the Caledonian and Roman direction, does not seem inexplicable. armiesia and, certainly, the names of many. It is the opinion of many profound ger places in the neighbourhood go far to sancologists, that the western mainland tion such a belief

of Scotland, with its numerous islands

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and promontories, were anciently unit- stances, a particular description might
ed, forming a compact and undivided not be generally interesting. The
continent; but that, by tremendous con- deep chasms, however, exhibit some
vulsions, produced by general, as well objects of mineralogical curiosity, and
as by partial earthquakes, a disjunction the steep banks expose a series of al-
of the primary structure was effected, luvial stratification, illustrative of the
and occasioned that separation of is- revolutions to which the soil and sur-
lands from the mainland, and on the face of mountainous countries are
mainland, that astonishing irregulari. liable.
ty of coast, so indented with arms of Having exhausted too much of your
the sea, which renders its navigation time, on a subject of little importance
so intricate, but gives to the minera- perhaps to your readers, we have only
logist an ample field of research, and to observe, that in pursuing similar
to the painter an admirable display objects of inquiry, sources of rational
of sublime scenery - To the cause that amusement may be developed, which
has produced such wonderful pheno. may ultimately lead to the acquisition
mena, do we also attribute the reduc- of knowledge, and the prosecution of
tion of ancient Lochearn.

useful science, while they must direct The departure of the river from the the mind to the contemplation of that great level plain of Dalginross, the Power whose wisdom has ordered, and former bottom of the lake, is through whose omniscience has regulated, the a narrow chasm, the sides of which magnificent and wonderful operations appear at one time to have been unit of nature, so constantly under our obed, as they are composed of the same servation.

materials, and were disjoined by some Crieff, Aug. 1, 1817.
of those convulsions of the earth,
which, even of late years, have been
so common in that vicinity. This dis-
union must have been sudden, though, MEMORANDUMS OF A VJEW-HUNTER.
from the very remote period at which
we may believe it took place, no cam

No III. .
lamitous consequences as to human
life could have happened, as the king.

Calais. iii dom was probably not inhabited for Toox a very cursory view of the the many subsequent ages. By the sud- town, as I meant to return through

den separation of this hill, the north it. Not so large as Dover. It has a of side of which was washed by the lake, very good market place, or square, of

an impetuous and irresistible discharge the country town sort: the streets are - of water would be the consequence, tolerably wide and straight, and the

which, forcing its way through a dif- houses respectable for a place of its chapis s ferent tract of country from the form size. It has an air and cast of the .

er stream, must have carried every op- French towns; but I perceived less a posing substance before it, and speedi, Frenchness, both in its buildings and

Iy have formed a new channel for it in the dress and manners of its inself. But this latter course, from pass habitants, than in any other town in

ing along a more enlarged plain than France. the formerly, has produced considerable Indeed, in London, our women, to alterations on the face of the country, since the peace, had so entirely abanpotent which is evidently broken by deep doned their own simple and natural

hollows that have been washed out by mode of graceful dress, and imitated the stream.;

the late fantastic French style in so The river in the plain near Comrie, barlesque a way, that, on crossing the has taken various channels after the water, I really began to imagine that

ground was drained by the breaking simplicity in dress had changed couny out of the water that anciently cover- tries. I saw ornaments on the French

ed it; and when it descends below side, I own, which it would have been Crieff, the whole low land is marked more truly ornamental to have been by the numerous courses it has pur- without; but, contrasting what I saw sued at different periods. To trace with the grotesque habiliments of our 1 these windings is not an arduous un- London belles, I thought I had got. dertaking ; but, excepting in a few in- again among a more natural kind of

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