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GRANT OF THE LANDS OF KYRKENES
WRIT OF PRIVY SEAL
To the Culdees of Lochleven, by Mac- In favour of Johnne Faw, Lord and beth son of Finlach, and Gruoch Erle of Litill Egipt,' granted by daughter of Bodhe, King and Queen King James the Fifth, Feb. 15th of Scotland.
1540. (Referred to at page 45.) (This ancient document, which we have extracted from the chartulary of St An
James be the grace of God, King drews, may be regarded as a curiosity not of Scottis : To oure Shereffis of Edinbaly as relating to the history of the Coldees burgh principall and within the conand the far-famed Macbeth, but also on ac- stabularie of Hadingtoun, Berwiek, count of the savage story of the “ Saxum Roxburgh, &c. &c. provestis, alderHiberniensium.”)
men, and baillies of our burrowis and cieteis of Edinburgh, &c. &c. greting:
Forsamekill as it is humiliemenit and Qualiter Machbet filius Finlach et schewin to Ws, be oure louit Johnne
Gruoch dederunt Sancto Servano Faw, Lord and Erle of Litill Egipt, Kyrkenes.
That quhair he obtenit oure lettres Machbet filius Finlach contulit ynder our grete seile, direct to yow all pro suffragiis orationum, et Gruoch fi- and sindry oure saidis shereffis, stewlia Bodhe, Rex et Regina Scotorum, artis, baillies, prouestis, aldermen, and Kyrkenes, Deo Omnipotenti et Keledeis baillies of burrois; and to all and sinprefate insule Lochleuine, cum suis dry vthiris havand autorite within finibus et terminis. Hii enim sunt oure realme, to assist to him in execufines et termini de Kyrkenes, et uillu- tioun of justice vpoun his cumpany and le que dicitur Porthmokanne: de loco folkis.conforme to the laws of Egipt, Moneloceodhan usque ad amnem qui
and in punissing of all thaim that redicitur Leuine; et hoc in latitudine:
bellis aganis him: Neuirtheles, as we Item, & publica strata que ducit apud ar informyt, Sebastiane Lalow, EgipHinhirkethy, usque ad Saxum Hiber- tiane, ane of the said Johnis cumpany, niensium ; et hoc in longitudine.
with his complices and part takaris Et dicitur Saxum Hiberniensium, yndir writtin, that is to say, Anteane quia Malcolmus Rex, filius Duncani, Donea, Satona Fingo, Nona Finco, concessit eis salinagium quod scotice Phillip Hatseyggaw, Towla Bailyow, dicitur Chonnane. Ét venerunt Hiber- Grasta Neyn, Geleyr Baillyow, Bernienses ad Kyrkenes, ad domum cu- nard Beige, Demeo Matskalla (or jusdam viri nomine Mochan, qui tunc Macskalla), Notfaw Lawlowr, Martyn fuit absens, et solummodo mulieres Femine, * rebellis and conspiris aganis erant in domo, quas oppresserunt vio- the said Johnne Faw, and hes removit lenter Hibernienses ; non tamen sinethame alluterly out of his company, rubore et verecundia : rei etiam even
and takin fra him diuerss soumes of tu ad aures prefati Mochan pervento, money, jowellis, claithis, and vtheris iter quam citius domi festinauit, et gudis, to the quantite of ane grete inuenit ibi Hibernienses in eadem do
soume of money; and on na wyse will mo cum matre sua. Exhortatione pass hame with him, howbeit 'he hes etenim matri sue sepius facta ut extra biddin and remanit of lang tyme vpoun domum veniret, (que nullatenus uoluit, sed Hibernienses uoluit protegere, et • The names of the thirteen Egyptians eis pacem dare); quos omnes prefátus referred to at page 46, who obtained a remisuir, in ultione tanti facinoris, ut op- sion for the slaughter of Ninian Smaill, in pressores mulierum et barbaros et sa- 1553-4, are as follows :-“ Andro Faw, crilegos, in medio flamme ignis, vna
capitane of the Egiptianis, George Faw, cum matre sua, uiriliter combussit ; et
Robert Faw, and Anthony Faw, his sonis" ex hac causa dicitur locus ille Saxum George Sebastiane Colyne, George Colyne,
_" Johnne Faw, Andro George Nichoab, Hiberniensium.
Julie Colyne, Johnne Colyne, James Haw, Er Registro Prioratus Sancti Andreæ, Johnne Browne, and George Browne, egipfol. 51, a.)
tianis." Voi.. I.
ACT OF PRIVY COUNCIL
thame, and is bundin and oblist to quiet, or trouble the said Johnne Faw bring hame with him all thame of his and his cumpany, in doing of thair cumpany that ar on live, and ane tes- lefull besynes, or utherwayes, within timoniale of thame that ar deid ; And oure realme, and in thair passing, reals the said Johnne hes the said Se- manyng, or away-ganging furth of the bastianis obligatioun, maid in Dun- samyn, under the pane abone written; fermling befor oure Maister Houssald, And siclike, that ye command and that he and his cumpany suld remane charge all skipparis, maisteris, and with him, and on na wyse depart fra marinaris, of all schippis within our him, as the samyn beris; In contrar realme, at all portis and havynnis the tenour of the qubilk, the said Se- quhair the said Johnne and his cumbastiane, be sinister and wrang infor- pany sall happen to resort and cum, to matioun, fals relatioun, and circumven- ressave him and thame thairin, upoun tioun of ws, hes purchest our writingis, thair expensis, for furing of thame dischargeing him, and the remanent of furth of oure realme to the partis bethe personis abone written, his com- yon sey; as yow, and ilk ane of thame plicis and part takeris of the said siclike, will ansuer to ws thairupoun, Johnis cumpany, and with his gudis and under the pane forsaid. Sube takin be thame fra him, causis certane scriuit with oure hand, and under oure our liegis assist to thame and thair privie seile, at Falkland, the fivetene opinionis, and to fortify and tak thair day of Februar, and of oure regne the part aganis the said Johnne, thair lord xxviii yeir. Subscript. per Regem. and maister; Sua that he on na wyse (Ex Registro Secreti Sigilli, vol. xiv. can apprehend nor get thame, to haue thame hame agane within thair awin cuntre, eftir the tenour of his said band, to his hevy dampnage and skaith, and in grete perrell of tynsell of his heretage,
Anent some Egyptianis.' and expres aganis justice: OURE will
(Referred to at page 48.) is heirfor, and we charge yow straitlie, Apud Ed?. 10 Novembris 1636. and commandis, that incontynent, thir FORSAMEIKLE as Sir Arthure Dougour lettres sene, ye, and ilkane of yow, las of Quhittinghame haveing latelie within the boundis of your offices, tane and apprehendit some of the va, command and charge all our liegis, gabound and counterfut theives and that nane of thame tak upon hand to limmars, callit the Egyptians, he preresset, assist, fortify, supplie, man- sentit and delyverit thame to the Shiteine, defend, or tak part with the said reff principall of the shirefdome of Sebastiane and his complices abone Edinburgh, within the constabularie written, for na buddis, nor uthir way, of Hadinton, quhair they have remainaganis the said Johnne Faw, thair lord ed this month or thereby; And quhairand maister; Bot that thai, and ye, in as the keeping of thame longer, within likwyse, tak and lay handis upoun the said tolbuith, is troublesome, and thame quhaireuir thay may be appre- burdenable to the toune of Hadinton, hendit, and bring thaim to him, to be and fosters the saids theives in ane opipunist for thair demeritis, conforine to nion of impunitie, to the incourageing his lawis; and help and fortify him to of the rest of that infamous byke of puniss and do justice upoun thame for lawles liminars to continow in thair thair trespasses; and to that effect, theivish trade; Thairfore the Lords of len to him youre presonis, stokis, fet- Secret Counsell ordans the Shireff of teris, and all uther thingis necessar Hadinton or his deputs—to pronunce thereto, as ye and ilk ane of yow, and doome and sentence of death aganis so all utheris owre liegis, will ansuer to manie of thir counterfoot theives as ws thairupoun, and under all hieast are men, and aganis so manie of the pane and charge that efter may follow; weomen as wants children; Ordaning Sua that the said Johnne haue na caus the men to be hangit, and the weomen of complaynt heirupoun in tyme cum- to be drowned ; and that suche of the ing nor to resort agane to us to that weomen as hes children to be scourgit effct, notwithstanding ony our writ- throw the burgh of Hadinton, and invis, sinisterly purchest, or to be brunt in the cheeke; and ordans and purchest, be the said Sebastiane in the commands the provest and baillies of contrar; And als charge all oure liegis, Hadinton to caus this come be execute that nane of thaim molest, vex, in- vpon the saids persons accordinglie.
( Ex Registro Secreti Concilii.) And preind als meikle in hir lap THE WYFE OP AUCHTERMUCHTIB.
Micht serve thrie honest men at nune. [This poem (as Lord Hailes remarks! SaysJok, will thou be maister of wark,
6 is “ a favourite among the Scots." affords a very good specimen of the naïve
And thou sall haud, and I sall kall; and rustic humour, with which our grave
l'se promise thé ane gude new sark, forefathers loved to relax the usual austerity Scho lowsit the oxin aucht or nine,
Outhir of round claith or of small. of their deportment. It has been well pre And hynt ane gad-staff in hir hand : served both by writing and tradition. " In Fife and some other parts of the country it Vp the gudeman raise aftir syne, is still current as a popular ballad ; and it And saw the wyf had done command. has been twice edited from the Bannatyne
7 MS., first by Allan Ramsay in his Ever- He cawd the gaizlines furth to feid, green, and afterwards by Lord Hailes. The Thair wes bot sevensum of them aw; former published it, according to his usual And by thair cumis the greedie gled, practice, with additions and alterations of And cleikit vp fyve, left him boť twa: his own; the latter adhered correctly to his Than out he ran in all his mane, original. The present edition is taken from Sune as he hard the gaizles cry; the same Ms. but collated with another, Bot than, or he came in againe, and, apparently, an older copy, in the AdThe calfes brak louse and soukit the ky.
The man ran with ane rung to red ;
And brodit his buttok quhill that it bled. 1
Than up he tuik ane rok of tow, Ix Auchtermuchtie thair wond ane man, And he satt down to sey the spinning; A rach husband, as I hard tauld,
I trow he loutit owre neir the lowe; Quha weill could tippill out a cann, Quo he, this wark hes an ill beginning. And naithir luvit hungir nor cauld :
o Quhill ance it fell upon a day,
Than to the kirn he nixt did stoure,
Quhen he had rumblit a full lang hour, The day was foull for wind and raine. The sorrow scrap of butter he gatt. 2
Albeit na butter he could gett,
And syne he het the milk owre het,
And sorrow a drap of it wald yirne.
I trow he kund hir littill thank,
And ay scho winkit and ay scho drank. 3
He cleikit vp ane crukit club, Quoth he, Quhair is my horsis corne ? And thocht to hitt hir on the snout ; My ox hes naithir hay nor stray ;
The twa gazlines the glaidis had left, Dame, ye maun to the pleuch the morn, That straik dang baith thair harnis out. I sall be hussy, gif I may.
11 Gademan, quoth scho, content am I He set his foot vpon the spyre, To take the pleuch my day about,
To have gotten the fleshe doun to the pat,
He hang the meikle pat on the cruik,
The fyre brunt all the boddom out.
12 And ay as ye gang furth and in,
Than he laid kindling to the kill, Keip weill the gaizlines fra the gled; Bot scho start all vp in ane low; And lay ane saft wysp to the kill ;
Quhat evir he heard, quhat evir he saw, We haif ane deir ferme on our heid. That day he had na will to wow. 5
Than he gaid to take vp the bairnis, The wyfe scho sat vp late at evin,
Thocht to haif fund thame fair and clene ; (I pray God gif hir evill to fare),
The first that he gat in his armis Scho kirnd the kirne, and skumd it clene, Was all bedirtin to the eyne. And left the gudeman but the bledoch baire:
13 Than in the morning vp scho gat,
The first that he gat in his armis, And on hir hairt laid hir disjune,
It was all dirt up to the eyne ;
The de'il cut aff thair hands, quo he, we ,less surprized to finde them so That filld yow all sa fow yestrein.
peaceable and submissive. At Stirling He traillit the foull sheetis down the gait, and about it, our Highlanders were Thocht to haif wascht thame on ane stane ; somewhat disorderly in their quarters, The burne was risin grit of spait,
particularly by raising fire in two or dway fra him the sheetis hes tane.
three places. Vpon our way hither Than up he gat on ane know head,
such of them as went with us took On the gudewyfe to cry and schout ; their free quarters liberally; and the Scho hard him as scho hard him nocht,
rest who took another way to KilpaBot stoutie steird the stottis about.
trick, have been yet ruder in killing Scho draif the day unto the nicht,
sheep and other cattel, and also in rob Scho lowsit the pleuch and syne cam hame; ing any loose thing they found in their Scho fand all wrang that sould bene richt,
way. We are now all quartered in I trow the man thocht richt grit schame.
and about this town, the Highlanders 15 Quoth he, My office I forsaik,
only in free quarters. It would be For all the dayis of my lyfe ;
truely a pleasant sight, were it at an For I wald put ane house to wraik ordinary weaponshaw, to see this HighGin I war twentie dayis gudewyfe.
land crew. You know the fashion of Quoth scho, Weill mot ye bruke your place, their wild apparel, not one of ten of For trewlie I sall neir accept it;
them hath breaches, yet hose and shoes Quoth he, Feind fall the lyaris face,
are their greatest need and most clever Bot yit ye may be blyth to gett it. 16
prey, and they spare not to take them Than up scho gat are meike rung,
every where: In so much that the And the gudeman maid to the doir ;
committee here, and the councel with Quoth he, Deme, I sall hald my tung,
you (as it is said) have ordered some For an we fecht I'll gett the waur.
thousands of pairs of shoes to be made Quoth he, quhan I forsuik my pleuch, to stanch this great spoil. As for their I trow I bot forsuik my seill,
armes and other militarie acoutreSa I will to my pleuch agane,
ments, it is not possible for me, to de For this house and I will ncvir do weill.
scribe them in writing ; here you may
see head-pieces and steel-bonnets raisACCOUNT OF THE HIGHLAND Host. ed like pyramides, and such as a man [In the beginning of the year 1678, (about chamber boxes; targets and shields of
would affirme, they had only found in eighteen months before the breaking out of the most odde and anticque forme, and the memorable insurrection which led to the battles of Drumclog and Bothwell. pouder hornes hung in strings, gara Bridge,) ten thousand Highlanders were nished with beaten nails and plates of brought down from their mountains and burnished brass. And truely I doubt quartered upon the Western Counties, for not but a man, curious in our antiquithe purpose of suppressing the field meet- ties, might in this host finde explicaings and conventicles of the presbyterians. tions of the strange pieces of armour This Highland Host, as it was called, af- mentioned in our old lawes, such as ter committing many disorders, and eat. ing up the disaffected, was ordered home bosnet, iron-hat, gorget, pesane, wamagain by the government, the undisciplin- brassers and reerbrassers, panns, leged Gael being found too ignorant and rapa. splents, and the like, above what any cious to observe on all occasions the proper occasion in the lowlands would have distinction between the loyal and lovable: afforded for several hundereds of yeers. supporters of prelacy, and the contumacious Among their ensignes also, beside and uncourtly covenanters. The following other singularities, the Glencow men account is extracted from the Woodrow MSS. in the Advocate's library : It ap- their ensigne a faire bush of heath,
were very remarkable, who hard for pears to have been written by an eye-witness, wel spred and displayed on the head of but has no signature.]
a staft, such as might have affrighted a
Roman eagle. But, sir, the pleasnt“ A Copie of a Letter from the Host
ness of this shew is indeed sadly mixabout Glasgow."
ed and marred; for this unhallowed, We arrived here about 8 or 9 dayes and many of them unchristened, rabagoe: At our first coming we observ- ble, beside their free quarters, wherein ed that the countrey had been much they kill and destroy bestial at their terrified with the report of it, and pleasure, without regard to the comtherefore had carried and conveyed mands of some of their discreeter offiaway much of their goods; nor were cers, rob all that comes to hand, whither in houses or in the highwayes ; so said to be but whips, wherewith this that no man may passe saifly from country is scourged, in respect of the house to house ; and their insolencie in scorpions intended for Ayrshire ; and the houses where they are quartered some of the committee being spoke to fills poor women and children with about the abuse of free quarters, said, terror, and both men and women with that the quarters now taken were but great vexation. They make also ex- transient quarters, but after the returns cursions in tens and twelves upon other made about the Band, there would be places, and specially under cloud of des ctive quarters ordered against its might, and break into houses with refuisers. Yet I would not have you bended pistols and naked swords, curs think that all those Highlanders being and swearing that they shall barne have after the same manner. No, there and kill if all be not readily given that is a difference both among the men they demand. I hear not yet of any and leaders. And the M. of Athol's killed by them, but severals are griev- men are generally commended both ously wounded and beaten ; and in as the best appointed and best behaveffect, the poor peoples lives, goods, ed. Neither do I hear of any great and chastities, are exposed to the cruel- hurt as yet done by the E. of Murty of these strange locusts. Many of ray's men in Cathcart parish : but the countrey people have left and aban- all of them take free quarters, and that doned their houses and all to their at their own discretion. The standmercy. The other day I heard, that, ing forces have hitherto carried pretty at the burying of a child, the burial regularly, and appear very ready on company was assaulted by some of all occasions to restraine and correct these ruffians; and, after a great scuffle, the Highlanders' insolencies; of which the mortcloth was robbed off the cof-, I could give you several instances, but fine, and that notwithstanding all that when these men who were lately this their officers could do to hinder or re- peoples only persecutors are now comcover it. They tell me also, that some mended by them for sobrietie, and in of these savages not knowing what the effect are looked on by many of them coffine meaned, as being a thing with as their guardians and protectors, you them not usual, would have broken it may easily judge what is the others' open and searched it, if not restrained deportment. Feb. 1, 1678. by their neighbours. In some places (Woodrow MSS. 4to. vol. xcix, 29.) they beginne to exact money over and above their victuals, and also to make the people pay for dry quarters that From “ A Mock Poem upon the Eris, for men that they have not), and for
pedition of the Highland Host;" by assistant quarters (that is, where they
Col. CIELAND, Edit. 1697. contract and make the places they leave free pay in money, and yet the places when this was done their ranks were broken ; that they lye upon do really maintain Some ran for dring their drought to slocken: all). I am furder told, that evil com- Some were chasing hens and cocks, pany is like to corrupt good mamers: Some were loosing horse from yocks ; and that even many of the militia Some with snapwarks, some with bowes, forces and Perthshire gentlemen be- Were charging reers of toops and ewes ; ginne to take free quarters. But it is Their stomacks so on edge were set like that a little more time with our That all was fish came in the nett; march westward will furnish much Trumpets sounded, skeens were glanceing,
Some were Tonald Cowper danceing : more matter of this kind ; for the Some cryed, here to her Laird and Lady, marches are indeed the sorest and most Some to her mother and her daddie, afflicting to the poor people, seeing And Sir King too~if the Laird please. that partly for the service, partly un- Then up with plaids der pretence thereof, horses are forced, Some were stealing, some were riveing, and many of them not restored ; as Some were wives and lasses grieving : likewise there is little order kept in the Some for cold did chack and chatter ; march, but they run out and spread Some from plaids were wringing water ; themselves over the countrey and catch yea to be short, moe different postures, all that they can lay hold upon; for Than's sewed on hangings, beds and bolin these occasions, whatever thing they Moe various actings modes and stances can get is clear prey, without any fear Thai's read in Poems or Romances. of recovery. And yet all these are