The Nature of Fascism
Routledge, 11.10.2013. - 264 страница
The Nature of Fascism draws on the history of ideas as well as on political, social and psychological theory to produce a synthesis of ideas and approaches that will be invaluable for students.
Roger Griffin locates the driving force of fascism in a distinctive form of utopian myth, that of the regenerated national community, destined to rise up from the ashes of a decadent society. He lays bare the structural affinity that relates fascism not only to Nazism, but to the many failed fascist movements that surfaced in inter-war Europe and elsewhere, and traces the unabated proliferation of virulent (but thus far successfully marginalized) fascist activism since 1945.
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2 A New Ideal Type of Generic Fascism
3 Italian Fascism
4 German Fascism
5 Abortive Fascist Movements in Interwar Europe
6 NonEuropean and Postwar Fascisms
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activists afﬁnity anti—Semitism authoritarian become chapter concept conservatism conservative Contemporary History corporatist countries country’s created crisis cultural decadence deﬁned deﬁnition democratic dynamics economic elite emerged Europe European example Falange Fascism and Nazism fascist movements ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁrst forces France German Gregor Strasser groups Hitler human ideal type identiﬁed indigenous inﬂuence integral interventionist Iron Guard Italian Fascism Italy Italy’s Jews Kershaw leader liberal democracy London major Marxist mass movement modern Mussolini mythic core national community nationalist nature of fascism Nazi Nazism NSDAP ofﬁcial organizations Oxford palingenetic myth palingenetic ultra—nationalism para—fascist paramilitary party permutations policies political ideology political myth populist post—war programme propaganda racial racism radical right reality rebirth regeneration regime religious revolution revolutionary Romania secular sense signiﬁcant socialist society socio—political speciﬁc squadrismo Sternhell structural sub—culture sufﬁciently theory Third Reich traditional ultra—nationalism ultra—nationalist ultra—right University Press utopian vision Weber Weimar Weimar Republic world—view