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2 Dr. Rennell on the Pursuits of Literature....Mr.Blair on Nitrous Acid,&c. vered the sky with clouds. The year To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. closed with remarkable mildness, and

SIR, winter could not be laid yet to have com T is menced its reign.

ing experiments to ascertain whether, or For the Monthly Magazine.

not, the venereal disease, in all its comAVERAGE OF THE GREATEST HEAT plicated forms, can be radically cured by OF THE YEAR 1797. THE OBSER- medicines containing a large proportion

of oxygen, or vital air; and particularly O'CLOCK IN THE AFTERNOON, AT by means of the nitrous acid and oxyNORWICH. The Thermometer situ- genated muriate of pot-afh. ated the same as last Year.

The very respectable testimonies which Month. Average. Coldest Days. Hottest Days. have already appeared in favour of these Jan.

413 9th at 32° 20th ac 491 remedies, and the mild as well as expedi . Feb. 43 8th 35

51 tious manner in which they are said to March 45 -Some observations being loft, operate, have induced me to give them a not exactly known.

fair and unprejudiced trial, in a great April

6th
42 25th 60

variety of cases; and also to folicit the May

701

communications of other gentlemen in June 593

50 19&28 65 July

London, who have had opportunities of

58 17th 81 August 647 5 & 23 60 Sth 71

exhibiting them : þut I am sorry to obSeptem. 597 26th 56 ist

67

serve, that our experience obliges me to October 51 26th 43 Ift to 5th 59

differ in opinion from those physicians Novem. 451 24th 35 6, 7, & 8 53 and surgeons who have raised our exDecem. 43ž rith 37 17 & 19 51 pectations on this subject. Average of the year, 521

This diversity of opinion being found. Hottest day, July 17, at 81° wind S. W. ed on actual observation, and not on any Coldest day, Jan. 9 32

N. E.

preconceived notions, has emboldened me From a comparison of the above with

to use the freedom of circulating a printed the observations inserted in the Monthly letter, to recommend the trial of the new Magazine for Jan. 1797, it appears, that, medicines in advanced stages of the difnotwithstanding a great variation in parti- eale; where well marked blotches, nodes, cular months, the average of the whule year ulcerated fauces, ozæna, and other cha1797 differs but ko from that of 1796, racteristic lymptons of a genuine Syphilis which was.52. The months, January, appear: fince, in these cates only can we April, June, August, September, were be fully affured that the syphilitic poison colder in 1797 than in the year preceding; exists in the constitution, and indubitably the other months were hotter in a greater requires the administration of an anti-veor less degree. July 17th, 1797, was 6o nereal medicine. higher than July 15th, 1796, but the The most judicious practitioners, and thermometer never sunk so low as in some those of the largest experience, are ready of the days preceding the Chrittmas of to confess, that although it be usually ad2796.

viseable to give mercury in recent stages

of the venereal disease, with a view to For the Monthly Magazine.

prevent the farther progress of the symp. D MORE NE Jaz imaying pole nie mehe

Magazine, a public lues venerea, yet, in very many such irtion of a report of his being concerned in stances, the patients would escape and rethe Pursuits of Literature, is perfectly con cover their health, by a proper plan of vinced that the Editors will have the juf- treatment, without the use of mercury: tice to contradict, from him, in the most and, notwithstanding this fact may be distinct pointed manner, so groundless and denied by some speculative persons, it is injurious a report. In no part of that too well authenticated for us to rest the production had Dr. Rennell the most proof of an anti-venereal remedy folely, or distant co-operation. Satirical writing of even chiefly, on its efficacy to remove the every kind, particularly of an anonymous primary symptoms. All deductions from nature, is perfectly alien to his habits and such premises must, therefore, be extremely occupations.

fallacious and questionable. Di. RENNELL will confider the infer I have taken the liberty to trouble you tion of this declaration in their next Ma- with these cursory hints, for the attention gazine as a considerable obligation con. of medical men in the country, in hopes

him by the Editors. that you will favour me by inserting them London, Dec. 15, 1797.

ferred upon

D'ANVILLE,

in his Geographical

1798] Mistatements of Professor Robison detected.... Site of Peradise. 3 in your Magazine: and I beg leate, at statements contained in the baok before, the same time, to suggest, that it is my mentioned, may obtain the requisite inintention to publish the result of my ex- formation, by applying to me. periments and enquiries, (under the title

AUGUSTUS BOETTIGER, of " Critical Remarks on the Venereal Dif

Counfellor of the Upper Conftory, ease,'') together with such observations

and Provost of the College

of Weimar, and cafes as I may be honoured with from Weimar, in Saxony, other practitioners.

Jan. 5, 1798. Great Rusel-Street,

W. BLAIR
Bloomfoury-Square.

For the Monthly Magazine.
Jan. 22, 1798.

Memoir L'Euphrate & le Tigre, page

14, has indicated to the cast of Roha, or To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

Edessa, a tract of country, elevated and SIR,

beautiful, which now bears the name of A

LATE publication, entitled Proofs Eden. This district lies in the center of

of a Conspiracy, &c. by Profeffor the lands included between the Tigris and ROBISON, has excited my great surprize; the Euphrates. At its foot arises, on the and I am at a loss to conceive how circum- eastern lide, the river Mygdonius, on which stances, long ago buried in oblivion, could, are situate the towns of Nesibis and Sinwithout making any farther enquiry, be jar; and on the western fide, the river represented as itill existing, by the author Chaboras, on which are situate the towns of a book, which tends to stigmatize fome of Relain and Thallaba. These two riof the most respectable characters in Ger- vers now unite, and fall into the Eua many. From the beginning of 1799, phrates at Kerkisich ; but neither of them EVERY CONCERN OF THE ILLUMINA- appears to pursue its ancient course, the TI HAS CEASED, and no Lodge of Free. Mygdonius having originally flowed, masons in Germany has, since that

period, amid the dry ravine called Tirtar, which taken the least notice of them. Evident meets the Tigris above Hatra;, and the proofs of this affertion are to be found Chaboras amid the dry ravine called Se=' among the papers of Mr. Bode, late baa, which meets the Euphrates below Privy Counsellor at Weimar, who was at Ofara. the head of that Order in this part of What forbids our fupposing this Eden Germany, and who died in

1794. After to have been in the contemplation of the his death, all those papers were delivered author of the second chapter of Genesis ? up to the present Duke of Saxe-GOTHA, Dr. Geddes, in his note on the passage who, on application, would, doubtless, (II. -14,) admits, that by Hiddekel is permit the inspection of them. The league meant the Tigris, and by Perath the Eur of Dr. Barth, known to Mr. Robifon phrates : with the other two rivers only only from the Annals of Giesen, a very ob- he is embarrafled, and at length fixes on lcure periodical publication, was a phan- the Araxes and the Oxuś, which travel to tom, which no sooner appeared, than it the Caspian and Euxine leas. was laid and destroyed by Mr. Bode him The Philon, however, is said to bound felf, who printed a pamphlet, entitled, the land of Havila, where there is gold. More Remarks than Text, which foon Now, a considerable stretch of the Mygopened the eyes of the public. This donius is yet called Al Havali, and thus league, a poor financial scheme, was retains obvious traces of the name and planned by a man of more genius than contiguity of that province, which may principle, but never carried into execu- well have extended as far south as the tion. This appears from the papers, mouth of the Zab, a stream celebrated written during the whole of the transac- for its gold. tion, which being bequeathed to me by Of the name Gihon, no traces are inMr. Bode, are now in my possession, and deed to be detected along the banks of the true transcripts of them inay he obtained Chaboras; but this river is said to have by any one, who wishes to receive them. bounded the land of Cush. Now, the land Although I was not a member of that of Cuth (Genesis X. 7,) comprehended fociety, yet I was intimate with Mr. the five subdivisions or townships of Seba, Bode, and present at his death ; conse- Havilah, Sabtha, Raamah, and Sabthequently I am enabled to vouch folemnly chah. Safa and Zahdicena, (or Gezirat) for the truth of the above ; and to on the western bank of the Tigris, appear engage, that any person in Great Bric evidently to preserve the names of Sabthah tain, who, being alarmed at the erroneous and Sabihechah. Seba, with the prefix

En,

4 Benefit Societies...Prevention of Bank Forgery. [Jan, En, or Ain, indicating fountains, may I further beg leave to hint, that I think possibly have given origin to the name of the reduction of the allowance to one thilNesibis ; but it is far more probable fome ling per week, if a member lies fick more deserted place contiguous to the dry ra- than fix months, seems withdrawing the yine, yet called after it Sebaa. Havila aid when most needed, as it is probable was, no doubt, situate in the province, the allowance of four shillings per week

and on the river of the same name, and will not frequently support a lick person, · should be sought nearer to its mouth than and pay all expences, of medicine and at,

to its head, because the names of rivers ten nce; and if the extra expence is to commonly ascend, being first imposed be paid out of the necessaries of the fick where they are most considerable. The person, is there not reason to fear such pername of Raamah may with faint proba- fon may be left to great want, and one bility be imagined in Aaraban, between grand design of such institutions lost, viz. Relain and † hallaba. If these indica- a support in old age or inability to labour. tions be put together, it will follow that ---Several instances have lately been menthe land of Cuih nearly answered to the tioned in the papers of different Friendly modern province of Diarrabia, since it Societies supporting some of the aged and contained five of the cities therein situate: infirm members for several years.---But, in a word, that it was the district com- although I take the liberty to give these prehended between the Tigris and the hints, I do it with some degree of diffiCharboras ; and consequently that the dence and great deference to those respectChahoras is the Ghion which bounded able characters who have instituted and the land of Cush.

promoted the Societies in question, who The four rivers of Paradise appear then having made observations upon their efto have been the Euphrates, the Chabo- fects, will better judge of the propriety of ras, the Mygdonius, and the Tigris. such regulation than I can do..

It is strange, that the garden of Eden I beg leave to observe further, in addi. should not oftener be mentioned by the tion to the hint I gave in your Magazine carly writers of the Jews. Except in an for September, that a complete trial of one indecisivo passage of Deuteronomy, a book of thele societies could not be made in less which seerns to have been written during than forty years, that my calculation went the captivity, (XXIX. 28) under Hofhea, upon the ground of the allowance not be no allusions to it occur, until about the ing lessened in so great a proportion to a period of the Babylonian conquest. Was member, who might lie a long time fick, the account at that time new to Jewish li- as is the case in the Berwick Society; neterature ?

vertheless, I am still of opinion, that no

fociety of the kind can have had a fair tria! To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. in less time, as many years must elapse, SIR,

after such an institution is formed, before I

AM much gratified, and much obliged, it can have any old members belonging to

by the account Mrs. CATHARINE it, therefore not subject to those expences CAPPE has given in your Magazine for No- which fall molt heavy on the funds of the vember, of the success that has attended a fociety. I am, Sir, your humble servant, female benefit club; and I think those who

J. K. founded or promoted such an institution, are entitled to public regard. I beg leave, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. through your Magazine, to throw out á SIR, hint or two, which, I humbly apprehend, A Correspondent of your's, who fubmight be improveinents upon these excel fcribes himtelf “ A Sufferer by Forlent institutions. In the first place, I gery," has expressed a wish to be informed, fhould recommend, that in fuch focieties, whether the Directors of the Bank of on any female marrying, a lmall sum of England have refuted a plan for prevent: fixpence per quarter, or whatever fum ing the forgery of Bank notes ; a plan may be thought adequate, Thall be paid, which would not only have rendered forgein addition to the former subscription, in ry more difficult than at present, but alorder to raise a fund for allowing mar- most, if not altogether impossible, and of ried women something in child-bed ; sup- which the excellency was attested by all pose, ten shillings and fixpence for the the principal artists in London ?'' month, and in cale they are not fully re From the manner in which the question covered, two shillings per week during is put, I ain led to suppose (though I the remainder of their illness, unless such cannot be certain) that your correspondent fubsequent illness is amongst the nunber has heard losnething respecting the plan provided for þy the rules,

offered

was

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7798.]
Rhapsody on Newspapers.

5 offered to the Bank of England by, a Mr. was disputed by some of our state-orators, TILLOCK ; at the rejection of which, by whether a newfpaper was an article of a Committee of . Bank Directors, I was luxury or neceffity ; but the Minister, who prefent, together with Messrs. BYRNE, was more desirous to obtain an addition to FITLER, Lowry, and SHARP. That the revenue, than to wait for the difcuffion it was our unanimous opinion, as well: of so intricate a question, hurried the buas the opinion of Mr. "BARTOLOZZI, finess forwards, without allowing time to (who was prevented by indisposition determine it. Perhaps, indeed, he might from attending on the occasion) that think that much'was to be said on both the specimen produced by Mr. Til- lides; and that it was a matter of very Lock of a newly-invented art, little consequence to a mere financier whenot copyable by any known art of en ther it was determined one way or other, graving; and that the attempt toward When, however, I look around me in imitating it produced by the Engraver to this vast metropolis, and mix in the varied the Bank was very easy to be distingnifh- societies that are formed in it, I am cleared from its original, may be acceptable ly of opinion, that a newspaper ranks information to your correlpondent, and among the necessaries of life, and ranks fo perhaps not useless to the public. high, that, if we except the mere mecha

To say that this invention would ut- nical operations of eating and drinking, I terly prevent the poflibility of forgeries on scarcely know any thing that is so indifthe Bank, would be hazarding a rash af- pensible to the happinels of my fellow-cisertion : to determine that, it adopted, it tizens. As a question, “ What news ?"* would, by increasing the difficulty, di- is second only to " How do you do ?” and minish the number of forgeries, requires I am much mistaken if, on many occano hesitation, and very little eye-light. fions, it does not precede even now, and That I mean to deny that little to the Di. hereafter, in all probability, it will iffue rectors of the Bank, must not be inferred, at the first opening of the lips. por that I think they have shewn them It is, perhaps, impossible to prove the felves less clear-lighted in this business misery that would overshadow such a place than disinterested.

as London, were there no newspapers pube Irony apart, I should conceive it to be lished in it; but my imagination has a point both of duty and honour, for the sometimes suggested to me the horrid Bank Directors-a-not to tempt men to the thought of a lulpension of newspapers for commission of a capital crime, by autho- only one week ! Dreadful idea ! Intellece rifing an easy mode of committing it--- tual famine ! What crowds of distressed not themselves to sustain the loffes arising human beings, hurrying from place to from the frequent forgery of Bank-notes, place, asking and befeeching one another, ---not to adopt Mr. TILLOCK's plan for is for the love of mercy," to supply one the prevention of forgery, if a better can be little bit of intelligence, to cool the parchproduced, but---to call forth the talents ed tongue of communication---one little and ingenuity of the country in fair com- accident to supply the repetition of diurpetition, by offering a handsome reward nal morality---one anecdote, ever so meagre for the best practical means of preventing and barren, juft to keep the life and foul forgery on the Bank.

of conversation together---or one crim. con. That a precedure to this effect, is a or even the leait suspicion, hint, conduty the Bank Directors owe to the public, jecture, or surmise, to employ the magniyour correspondent has sufficiently thewn; fying powers of imagination, and prevent that it should be considered as a point of the dreadful necessity of seeking for what bonour too, I think, is evident, when we we know we cannot find---resources withrecollect that honour due is, in all cases, in ourlelves. proportionate to confidence reposed.

Such have sometiines been the horrid I am, Sir, yqur's, &G,

images which my imagination, probably

disordered at the time, has suggested to Queen Anne-freet East, J. LANDSLER. me : but how faint is this expression of Dec. 20, 1797:

the workings of fancy; for sure I am, ic

hath not yet entered into the heart of man To the Editor of the Montbly Magazine,

to form words capable of displaying the

wretched state of our metropolis, were it SIR,

to be affli&ted with a cessation of news. URING the parliamentary debates Wisely, therefore, did our ancestors conin additional tax upon newspapers, it ļife, we should have it in our power to de

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Rhapsody on Newspapers.

[Jan. vour the newspaper and the breakfast at though one may not know more than anthe same time; that in an hour when sleep otlier, he certainly may conceive more than has left a blank in our thoughts, and the another. It is a mistake to suppose that memory of past events hath perished, a the intelligence in newspapers is to be unnew world, or a world of news, should derstood in a literal sense, or that we are kart up to fight, and set every spring of to be contented with what the editorpleases the mind in fresh motion. This I call to tell us. For example, we read that winding up our curiosity for the day; by“ Yesterday was married at St., Dunstan's means of which operation, the machine church, Mr. Joshua Tape, an eminent goes regularly for the accustomed time, mercer, to Miss Polly Languilh, of MileThe invention of morning papers was of end." Were we to stop here, I question infinite importance; for morning was not whether all the papers in London would the original time of publication; moft furnisk half an hour's conversation. But of the old papers were published at noon, this is no barren text; it includes docor in the evening, when they could be of trines and inferences, which may branch ule only to those persons who make a out into as many heads as a fermon of the trade of politics, At that time they were last century. Is it not necessary to ascernot deemed of much use families; but tain what Mr. Tape's property is ; how when tea was introduced, morning papers far he may be called an eminent mercer ; Baturally followed, and the contents of when it is well known that he failed ten many of thein are now happily contrived years ago, and paid only ten thillings in to give a particular zelt" to the Indian the pound ; and how far he may be called luxury. The connection, indeed, be a genteel man, when it is well known he twixt a breakfast and a newspaper is in- stoops in the shoulders? It may be also diffoluble: We may hear news at any necessary to determine whether he deserves other time of the day; but how lame, the character of a polite Ahop-keeper, who, how imperfect, how unsatisfactory, how it is well known, refused to take back an deficient in all those little circumitances of article which a lady had kept only fix detail and description, for which we are months : and, above all, whether the man indebted to the abilities of editors and was not an arrant fool to marry Polly collectors of paragraphs. Insensible and Languish, wilo, it is well known, had ungrateful persons can nly count the va not a tixpence? Then, Sir, with respect lue of a blelling from the loss of it; but to the lady, many important questions if ever the time comes that the propaga- arist ; as, first, how it can be poilible any tion of news is suspended, they will learn perion can think her liandfome, when it to prize the abilities of those geniuses who is zueil known she has no complexion, very furnish the news of the day with appro- bad itaring eyes, appears to be crooked, priate imagery; give a brilliancy to an and moreover, it is Jirongly fufpected, is accidental fire; break the neck of a brick- thirty-three, or thirty-two at least. Thus layer with grace ; and even cloathe the you lee that the above paragraph is a full gallows in heroics ;---men, whose mere

and rich fountain, sending forth waters, reports transcend even facts in point of sweet and bitter, and quenching the talkentertainment, and whose hints and lur- ative thirst of the whole parish of St. Dunmises are to the thirsty reader

itan's, and, probably, the hamlet of Mile

end.
266 Confirmations strong,
“ As proofs of holy writ.”

Let us take another example:---“ Yes

terday Lady was detected in an By means of morning papers, the in aincur with Col.

His Lordship babitants of the metropolis are put upon has sent her to her mother's, for the prea footing of equality in point of informa- fent, and is immediately to sue for a dition, which is not to be looked for in

vorce." Now, Sir, will any lover of provincial towns, far less in villages, news stop here? Will this fatisfy him ? where perhaps the great 'Squire only re- No. It is necessary to divide and subceives a paper, the contents of which he divide this into an infinite series of lesser doles out to bis especial favourites. Yet intelligences, all greatly contributing to it may be said, that this equality of in- a righe understanding of the matter. On formation which prevails in the metro the one hand, his Lordship, it is well polis, can tend only to perfect filence, be- known, was old enough to be her father, caule no man poffiffes an overplus of news and what could he expect? On the other which he may communicate ; and at first hand, Lady --- it is well known, was fight this would appear to be the cafe, young enough to be his daughter, and put in fact it is quite otherwise ; for al. wherein was the disappointed ? Then it is

highly

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