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Peru.... From the Peruvian Mercury.

119 it affords other advantages which are not soping plains, which, descending from only able to keep up the balance, but this branch, from the line to Tumbes, also to give a preponderance to the fide terminate in immente forelts; and advance of the territory.

For the architecture from hence towards the borders of the of this Cordillera appears to be altoge- ocean, as if with a design to limit its ther diftin&t from that which nature dif- empire. The above plains are leparated plays in the organization of t.e reit of from each other by vallies, which, origithe globe; or, orather, it is its design nating at the coast of the ocean with a and completion. Divided into two paris, breadth of froin three to eight leagues, it compolės as many worlds, the one take an caitern direction, being bounded high, the other low, in which, as has on the north ånd on the south by a feries already been said, is united whatever of hills, which, augmenting in propora distinguishes Africa from Asia, and both tion as they enter Sierra, divide the of thele conjointly from Europe.

western chain, occasionally cross the subThe high world occupies the ground fequent space, interfect the eastern chain, which feparates the two above mentioned and terminate in the plains of the country chains of mountains, whose summits are

of the Amazons, preserving a great rediskant from each other, ten, twenty, and, temblance to their origin.* in fome instances, fifiy leagues; it indeed

By this description it would appear, happens that in some places they meet

that the true'direction of the Peruvian and unite, by the interposition of a third Alps is by no meatis north and south, Cordillera which runs eait and writ. as has been alerted, and that those wlio, Such are those of Afvay and Moxanda in upon this ground, have fancied they the kingdom of Quito *, not withitand- could overturn, by a single effort, the ing their foil, covered with verdure and lyitems or Copernicus and Newton, have foliage, is interrupted by innumerable not paid a fufficient attention to this Keaths and deep cletis. They can alone'be fubject: Formed of an infinite series described by the words of a philofopher of high mountains, which run west and who had occasion to examine them.' in tast, or in a contrary direction, between afcending, says he, the rude and terrific the South sea and the country of the mountains which look towards the fouth jea, Amazons, and rising to a prodigious it carrot polfibly occur to the human mind, height in the middle of their career, they that on their jhoulders others of equal 2018nitu.de ;hould rile, and that all of them burle it appcars that Peru is no other than two

* By the description we have just given, feruje to shelter, in thiir common bojom, Cordilleras, which, by the declivities that ibat happy country where nature, in her unite them, form Sierra, and one of which, mbi bountiful mod, or rateci, in her prom, by its opposite fides, composes the mountains digality, has painted the image of terrestrial of the Andes, while the other, in a similar paradife t.

way, composes the coast. If the diviGon of Peru The low world is situated, the chain of be to be taken from the direction of the summountains being interposed, between the mits of the mountains, by which, according western branch and the ocean, which are

to the idea of Don Ulloa, in his Americas dittant from each other from ten to twenty Notices, it is feparate into the higher and leagues. It consists of a multitude of lower worlds, the mountains belong exclya

fively to this plan of division. But if the

distinctive characteristics be to be drawn from superficies of a mountain have to stand per- the qualities of the soil and climate, Peru pendicularly to the horizon, and must con should be divided into three parts, as has lequently have, on the horizontal base, as

been done by Father Acosta, in his Natural many points of correspondence and support as History, page 175. These divisions are as ! .

from hence, that, the space which the 2d. La Sierra. And 3d. The coast, or plains. plane affords being already filled up, nothing Characteristics of the first; confiant rain, every more can be planted or lown in all the un where mountaincus, the temperature wärm.

Of equal surfaces of the mountain by which it the second, regular seasons, meteors. Of the is occupied. It is equally demonstrable that third, dryness, the temple of the Spring. Since a mountainous territory can contain no more the principal aim of divinons confists of order houscs or inbrabitants than the base it occu

and perspicuity in the subject matter treated fica, fuppofing it levelled.

of, we shall endeavour to preserve both, by * Father Amrich, in his' complete his- adopting the first divifion; and although, in tory, in manuscript, of the missions to the describing the low world, we have confined Andes mountains, Hierts, that there is ano ourselves to the bare mention of the coallon ther of these junctions in the province of we A:ll, on a future opportunity, enter in. jaen de Bracamoros.

to a pa ticular examination of the corresponde † Bouguer, figure de la Terre, p. 31. ing lections MONTHLY MAG, No. XXVIII.

R

unite,

of

120

Peru-The Virginian Opoffum. unite, and appear to the view to take a, dismal array of of the fepulchre, the dir. third coursef: The delightful world we plays herself living, and in all her fplenare about to sketch, would be obscured dor. The high world is the principal by the inperfect descriptions of our pen, nave: its flooring, fuperior in elevation it it had not been illüstrated by the di- to Olympus, Pindus, Imaus, or the Pyvinelt

poet of the age, to whose fublime renean mountains, lupports a magniñgenius the task was referved.

cent facade looking towards the north, Felices nimium populi, queis prodiga tellus

and crowned by the celestial equator. Fundit opes ad vota suas, queis contigit Æltas The edifice, which terminates beneath Binula veris, Hyems line frigore, nubibus aer the tropic of Capricorn, is crowned at Usque carens, nulloque rolum foecundius im- the meridian by another arch of equal bre. *

elegance. Corazon, Iligniza, Chimborazo, Certain philosophers have undertaken Collanes, Vilcanota, Illimani

, Condorcma, to eroét to nature a temple worthy of her and Tacora, are the columns by which it iminentity---a temple in which, her pro- is supported. Antijara, Cotopaxi, Tundactions' being deposited, the bodies of guragua, Pichincha, Ambato, Quinistakac, all animated beings should be collected in and Cheke-Putina, are so many inextinthe centre; and that in this tomb of guishable lamps, which, covered by a corpies death should appear, to give life thick vapour, perpetuate unceasingly the and vigour to art. Peru is her august worship of the Deity. temple, in which, without the necessity (To be concluded in our next.] of the feeble decorations of the chifel and the pencil, without the necessity of view

For the Monthly Magazine. ing her sensible creatures humbled in the Description of the Sarique (Virginian Opoffum,

of Pennant) lately brought alive into France,

by Cit. Rouelle, being an extract of a leta + In the hypothesis of the motion of the ter written by him to Cit. Toscan, Keeper earth and universal gravitation, the centri of the National Museum of Natural History. fugal force, augmented beneath the equator, 'HE Sarique, or Opossum of the Thould, to produce the mountains of the Andes, have given them a direction east and woody and warm parts of that Continent. west, as is the case with the mountains of Its hair is brown, and white at the tips : tie Moon in Africa. Thus, did they în reality, the tail is rather long, naked, and resem run north and south, the hypothesis would bling that o Ithe rat: its ears are open, be overturned; but our new observacions rounded, very thin, and bordered with a convince us of the contrary. The above-mentioned directions having been examined with light brown edge. It is a filent animal, the nicest attention, it appears that neither sleeping during the day and coming forth the particular ferics proceed precisely from from its retreat only towards the clofe of cait to west, nor the junction of them north evening; it seeks its prey in the night, reand south. The latter declines to the south turning at day-break to its hole, which is east, and the particular series decline in the generally dug under the roots of some great fame proportion, to the westward from west tree, and well lined with grass or moss. to south-west, and to the eastward from east They dwell generally in pairs, but some to north-eatt. The reason of this is, that miales lead a folitary life. Fruits of various South America does not completely interfect kinds constitute its principal food, and it the equatur. Thus, it a line were to be will eagerly devour the eggs and young of drawn through its middle, longitudinally, it

birds. Its deih is reckoned excellent eat. would form with the equinoctial line an angle of Gxty degrees only, instead of ninety. ing, and vast numbers are annually deTo restore the directions of our cordilleras in stroyed by the natives and wild quadrusuch a way as that they should look precisely peds : being very ill provided for defence, towards the cardinal points, it would be ne and running but flowly, as soon as it is ceffary that a comet, such as the one of pursued it ascends a tree, and fixing itfelf which WHISTON dreamed, should make' its by its prelienfile tail on one of the topmoft appearance, should fuddenly atiach this con

and slenderelt branches, it reinains furtinent to Cape Horn, and push it thirty de- prended with the head downwards till the grees to the westward.

pursuit has ceafed: the Indians, however, * Vanier, Praed. pag, 117, 'These lines may be thus freely tranßated: which the Oporlum has fixed itself, the

climb the tree, and breaking the bough to « Ohappy people to whom the carz.: pouts animal falls to the ground and is seized ly forth her stores at vill; on whom providence has behowcd funn ors, the coolreis of which the dogs in wait, no below. It brings forth. eniulate the ipoing; winte.s without cold; from four to twelve young, without which a cloudiefs firmament; and a foil bishiy ter- fertility, the ipecies would soon be anni. wir without showers.

iniland Sy its nuinexolis enemies,

( 121 ) ORIGINAL POETRY.

BY MR. DYER.

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T. MR. ARTHUR Arkin, on taking Leave of Or scaling high the cliff, or piercing deep
: bim at DUNKELD, in Per TUSHIRE, after The secret mine, or filver-winding stream
e Pedestrian Tour.

Skiniming in wanton vessel, or with stait,

Like jolly pilgrim, pacing with low step AIKIN, there breathes in friendship what The pathless muir, where the short windlebeguiles

ftray The heavy hours, when dark distended clouds Of filvery brown, dispersed with many a knob Burst o'er the head in torrents, or high hca

And green tall ruih, obstruct the doubtful Rolls muttering deep-mouth'd thunder, and Conversa is doubly sweet---and such, my from far

friend, The forked lightning darts athwart the ky, We have enjoyed; but now agree to take Quick travelling down to th’ege with daz

A long fareweil: and chus through human Then,darkness all around, how sweet thevoice for what is human life? a day's short journey, Of friend! In converse kind there dwells a

With changes fraught ;---now up the wond' charm,

rous height That wakes a smile, and mocks the found. Hope climbs, and wistful views, and views ing storm,

again Nor less, when’mid the barren dreary heath The lengthening prospect---calls the prospect The traveller strays, where scarre a he::thflower blooms

Now, like the lightsome kid, o'er verdant Yellow, or purple, as where Pentland lifts

lawn His ridge, or spread the poor unthrifty plains She springs; then, 'midx the solitary wafte Of Cardigan, (where Pity's eye furveys

Sings chearful, though no voice the hears Rude heaps of lime and stone, which industry

around, But mock, and scarce a hedge-row deigas to

Save the rude north-east, or the querulous smile,

brook, Save the poor furze ;---) or toiling when he or screaming eagle: then rude ocean heaves, climbs

Ocean of griefs and cares, the boisterous wave, Snowdon or hoar Plinlimmon's craggy fides,

Till, prison'd round, she fickens. Oh! my Brecnoc, or Grampian summits --Who sur

friend,

Sweet then is converse ; for to man ’tis given
veys
Nature's grand scenery, may not always hope To chear the fJul with converse : nobler man
To view the cultur'd garden, or the lawn Nature has diff'renced from the speechless
Of verdure softly smooth, or daified vale :

brute
Nor always may he meet the wilder charms By voice, by reafon :---how he rises 'high,
Of brighter picturesque ; nor gaze entranced Proudly proipective ! How he looks around,
The lake, whose fair expanse, like mirror With nobler front, and soul-inspiring joy!

clear,
What smiles upon the bank, of buih, or tree,

But, Aikin, now we part; tho' scene so

sweet
And heaven's blue vault, reflects; for na-
ture's tints,

Might tempt us ftill t'extend our social walk.
Various as bold, display no common tone.

DUNKELD,Oh! lov'd retreat, emborom'd deep She, skilful painter, from the wide extremes

In boldest rocks, and woods, that graceful of rough and smooth, of light and thades The mountain fide, beside whose smiling cots

clothe effects

Rolls his pellucid stream the sprightly Tay, The clair obscure, the glory of her work.

Scotia's divider stream, descending quick, Oh! ye who court the file.at, calm retreats

Meand'ring wide, Braidalbin's silver lake, Of contemplation, and who most prefer

Fast hastening to the Frith: Here browner The solitary walk, as suiting best

elms,
Their views, who ligh to pierce the secret The greener piné, and larch of paler hue.
haunts

Spread their most wanton branches: every
Of nature, marking her vagaries (trange,
And bold, and unrestrained as she, to muse
The free, the rapturous lay; still pace along DUNKELD, its favourite sweetest residence.

A language borrows, as proclaiming thte,
Your lonely way; and be your musings sweet!
Friendship has too its charms: for kindred

Enchanting scene ! farewell---So bleft a spot minds,

Might well allure the priest of ancient time; Reflecting thought for thought, like travel- (For prndent well he knew to choose the lers,

foil Bring each to each fome unknown treasures of fairelt, sweetest promise, as most apt home.

For holy musings) well might it allure, Whether embosom'd deep in ocean's Alood, To rase his temple here: and still appea

The

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122

Mr. Dyer to Mr. Aikin.

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The fainted abbey, whose time-mouldered As natures' fongsters ! And what scene fo gay wails

As the still changing, till delightful change Bring to the memory the fair Gothic, haunts Of hill and dale, and deep romantic-glen, Of Tintern, Monnouth's, fair sequefter'd laick-gliding stream, and ever babbling ruin,

brook! Near which wye pours the wild romantic And, oh! what sound so sweet as western gales flood.

Killing the trembling trees! And fancy can Low funk in earth the gates! and round Wake sounds till sweeter, can create new the stones

scenes, The thining ivy twines its wanton arms

Fresh, gay, ambrosial, such as purer sense In close embrace; and through the windows Of museful bard fees, hears, and grows inhowl

spir’d. Rude winds, and no fair fretted roof is seen,

There are twhom humbler walks have Heav'ns arch its only roof,--and pavement Can visit the close cot, where poverty

charms; their feet Save the green grass, with here and there Sits patient, and where industry retired between

From daily toil, drinks-in the prisoned air, ! The moss clad monument, these still an

Nor need they scorn to tread the dark retreat

Of prison, and point out to Britain's fons Who liv'd, and Sleep, and wake to seep no

What may demand redress: subjects like these

Soften the heart: nor shall the humble muse The priest no more here chaunts, as meafar- Blush at these themes, though now perchance ing out

compellid The hour, his matin and his ev'ning song,

To different musings :---there the learnt to Though still a portion of the stately dome

scorn The Presbyter has claimed, and here he pours The low disdains of contumely, there caught The fervent prayer, thankful in happier hour The fire of indignation, there the glow That popery feeps ;-—and thus turns strangely Of mercy, and to mercy tunes her lyre. round

Ye generous rich, for 'mid the numerous The world, and thus to contemplation's eye

tribe Appears to play the wanton, fickle game.

Of gold-gorg'd wealthy, Britain boasts her few But ere we part, my friend, let us ascend How best to house the labourer,* let him taste

Of rich, and generous, scorn not to contrive Yon stately mountain, and trace back our

The sweets of cleanliness, and know to breathe course.

Pure air; nor let him tremble at th’approach Gentle th' afcent, and many a grateful her Has nature scatter'd round with skilful hand. He, for your luxuries labours, he to you

Of every wind that rides the pelting storm. The modeft heath-Aower here its purple tints Like the poor patient ox, and gentle sheep, Displays, and brcom its yellow splendours; Raiment and food supplies: ah! say, shall he here

Meet nothing but contempt, and low negle&t? The fern spreads broad, and here the juniper Who deems his fellow mean, for man's his Puts forth its berry, by the prickly green

fellow, Guarded, and many a flower of rarer hue

Himself is mean---is worthless---a mere nor With her own hand he waters :

:-pleasing

thing, heights!

And though he force the poor's man's outNow we have gain'd the mountains sacred

ward worship brow!

Knee-bent to th' earth, shall have his heart's How glows the landskape!, For no ha.

contempt. dowing cloud

My friend, be thine to rove no fruitless path Obstructs the right: How heav'ns own va For science guides thee, and thyself haft rais'd rying hues

Fair hopet, and pointing thee to rural haunts Shine on the face of nature! Mount on mounț And pleasing themes, thy parent leads the way. Here climbs, and there the letlening hills retire!

* To those who have visited the wretched The towering wood, where trees innumerous unhealthy hovels in the Highlands of Scotspread,

land, and in Ireland, it cannot be deemed Shrinks to the slender copse, while stately Tay unreasonable to recommend an attention to Seems a poor streamlet to tie astonith'd fight! the more decent accommodation of the cotHow many a day's long journey now appears ters, or cottagers, Men of fortune, who in To th' eye, quick traveller, a short sum- future may build on their eftates habitamers walk!

tions for their poor tenants, would do well to As fades a series of long wasting cares, ftudy a most interesting publication entitled, When joy mounts higli, and distance veils “Heights and Elevations for Cottages,” by Wood. the scene.

+ See a Journal of a Tour through North Now pleas'd each roves a lonely traveller. Wales and part of Shropthire, with ObservaFor need not seen the folitary path

tions on Mineralogy, and other branches of Or tad, or iřklome:--for what voice fo fweet Natural History, by Arthur Aikin,

Tac

Original Poetry.

123 The months, with all their songs, and fruits And when the took her laft, her long fareand flow'rs,

well, Vapours, and sullen clouds, and frosts, and No death-bed terrors on her spirit hung ; snows,

But dying kisses from her cold lips fell, In ceaseless change, to Britain's studious And eager bleilings faulter'd on her youth

tongue. Well he describes; and Britain's studious Think not her angel form shall seep in dust! youth

It lives enshrined in ev'ry kindred soul Shall bless his toils--- nor less with Ev’NING Till heaven's last trumpet wake the flumbTALES, I

'ring just, With critic rules, and soft poetic lays,

And friends no more shall part, while Moulds tender hearts, than with a modest

countless ages roll.

L, A.
Bill
To art and science lifts the manly breast.
Nature's fair walks invite the various mind
Of man, who all around, beneath, above,

SONNET.
Views what may fire the genius, to pursue
Studies diverse, yet useful, which unite,

AS, when the desolating storm is past,

The sun relumes the darken'd face of Like the rich hues, whose fair varieties Each into other melting, all conspire

day, To crown with one grand arch the lofty Each tinid lower that shrunk before the

blast, heav'n ; Or, like the

Spreads its sweet bosom to the cheering ray: many-darting

of light,

rays Which quick converge, and forin one lustrous Bright and more bright its tints reviving point,

glow; Thy talk is toil and patience, to survey* Its beauteous petals catch the genial gale, The form, position, and proportions due

D'er its soft breast enamour'd Zephyrs blow, Of mountains, and their natures thence de And bear new fragrance through the smilduce.

ing vale: Hence shall determine well the distant eye, Thus, deareft Laura, at thy blest return, What treasures Neep within, or Nates or lime,

Thy lover's wither'd peace shall bloom Granites, or porph’ries; nor shall vain afcent again; Thy feet beguile; to thee research shall bring' These eyes shall cease to weep, this heart to Its pleasures due, to others profit bring.

mourn, 'Twas thus, where circled in immortal snow, If love and aft truth seward my pain, Alps rear their tow'ring summits, Saussuref While love and spotless purity are thine, rais'd

The bliss of angels cannot rival mine.
His fame's high monument; nor lessshalt thou
On Scotia's barren rocks, though not to thee
Those rocks fall long prove barren, thou
thalt gain

SONNET
From Scotland's sons, the meed of fair renown,

SNOW drop of love! sweet image of thy To the MEMORY of Miss K.

fire,'

Whose eager lips a father's feelings speak, She was fair as lilies of the vale!

Whose glowing orbs disclose affection's fire; Her voice was heavenly! on her faded

Pleas'd as I gaze upon thy lovely cheek, cheek, With racking pain and lengthened fickness And kiss thy ruhy lips, and shake thine hand, pale,

Dim'd are mine eyes with sympathy's big

tears; Sat caim-eyed faith and patience ever. meek.

For ah ! methinks I fee Fate's fleshless band Domestic love would watch the livelong day,

Weaving around thine. head the diftant,

years, Smoothing her feepless pillow, the, the while,

Inwrought with fighs, and stor'd with many a In thankful filence wore the hours away,

groan : Reviving hope with many a tender (mile. Nay, why that smile? Prediction's dreams

are flown, I Calendar of Nature.The Uje of Na- Go, lovely rose-bud ! to the wide world go, tural History in Poetry,” and “ Evenings at

Ope to the fun-beams of parental love ; Home," &c. by Dr. Aikin.

And never, never may thy bosom prove The leading object of Mr. A.'s Tour in- One pang of mental grief, one hour of human 'to Scotland, was a mineralogy survey of the country.

ROTHERHITHE. JOSEPH JACKSON. + A celebrated Mineralogist, Author of a work entitled, “ Vuyoge dans les Alps."

ORIGINAL

TO AN INFANT.

woe.

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