Слике страница




[ocr errors]

(In car next Number we propose to commence an extensive series of interesting artides, under the head

of WALPOLIANA, being a collection of original Bon-mots, Anecdotes, &c. by Horace Wal-
pole, late Earl of Orford; taken from bis MSS. notes, and from numerous conversations ; wités
Extraeis from many of his unpublished Letters. This valuable article will be furnished by a literary
Gentleman, who was honoured with the Earl's intimate acquaintance for fifteen years, from 1782
to his death.]

advocate, and sent him to be a practi-

tioner in Modena. An horrid ceremony

of ecclefiaftical jurisdi&tion, at which he (Communicated by Mr. Damiani.)

was present, inspired him with a melan. THARLES Goldoni was born at Ve- choly turn, and he determined to become nice, in the year 1907. He gave

He gave a Capuchin. His father, perceiving the early indications of his humourous cha- whimsical inconstant humour of his son, racter, as well as his invincible propensity feigned to fecond this proposal, and proto those studies, which have rendered his miled to go and prelent him to the náme immortal. His father, perceiving guardian of the Capuchins in Venice, in that the darling amusement of his fon the hope that after some stay in that exwas dramatic performances, had a small tensive and merry city, his' melancholy theatre erected in his own house, in which fit would cease. The scheme succeeded; Goldoni, while yet an infant, amused for the young man, indulging in ail the himself, with three or four of his con fashionable disipation of the place, was panions, hy acting comedies. Before be cured of his foolish resolution. It was was sent to school, his genius prompted however necessary for him to be fettled him to become an author. In the seventh in some employment, and he was prevailed and eighth years of his age, ere he had upon by his mother, after the death of his scarcely learned to read correctly, all his father, to exercise the profession of a lawtime was devoted to the peruling comic yer in Venice. By a sudden reverfe of writers, among whoin was Cicognini, a fortune he was compelled to quit at onca Florentine, little known in the dramatic both the bar and Venice. He then went commonwealth. After having well stu to Milan, where he was employed by the died these, he ventured to sketch out the resident of Venice in the capacity of seplan of a comedy, which needed more cretary, where becoming acquainted than one eye-witness of the greatest pro- with the manager of the theatre, he bity, to verify its being the production wrote a farce, entitled, Il Gondoliere Veof a child.

nezion", the Venetian Gondolier; which After having finished his grammatical was the first comic production of his that studies at Venice, and his rhetorical was perforined and printed. Some time studies at the Jesuit's College in Perugia, after, Goldoni broke with the Venetian he was sent to a boarding-school.at Ri- resident, and removed to Verona. There mini, to study philosophy. The impulse was in this place, at that time, the comof nature, however, superseded with him pany of comedians of the theatre of St. the study of Aristotle's works, so much Samuel of Venice, and among them the in vogue in those times. He frequented famous actor Cosali, an old acquaintance the theatres with uncommon curiosity; of Goldoni, who introduced him to the and passing gradually from the pit to the manager. He began therefore to work

age, entered into a familiar acquaint- for the theatre, and became insensibly ance with the actors. When the stafon united to the company, for which he of comic performances was over, and the compoled feveral pieces. Having removactors were to rer.ove to Chiozza, young ed along with them to Genoa, he was for Goldoni made his escape in their com- the first time seized with an ardent palpany. This was the first fault be com- fion for a lady, whò soon afterwards bemitted, which, according to his own con came his wife. He returned with the feffion, drew a great many others after it. company to Venice, where he displayed, His father had intended him to be a phy- for the first time, the powers of his gefician, like himself: the young man, nius, and executed his plan of reforming however, was wholly averse to the study. the Italian stage. He wrote the Momola, He proposed afterwards to make him an Courtisan, the Squanderer, and other pie


[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]
[ocr errors]

Account of Goldoni.

125 des, which obtained universal admira- tongue of the writer. The first attempt tion. Feeling a strong inclination to re- of Goldoni towards his wished-for reside some time in Tuscany, he repaired form, was the piece called The Father for to Florence and Pisa, where he wrote Love; and its bad fuccess was a fuffiThe Footman of two Masters, and, The cient warning to him to defift from his Son of Harlequin loft and found again. He undertaking. He continued, during the returned to Venice, and set about exe- remainder of his engagement, to produce cuting more and inoré iris favourite pieces agreeable to the general taste, scheme of reform. He was now attached and published twenty-four comedies to the theatre of S. Angelo, and employ- among which The Love of Zelinda and ed himself in writing both for the com Lindor is reputed the best. The term of pany, and for his own purposes. The two years being expired, Goldoni was conitant toils he underwent in these en- preparing to return to Italy, when a gagements impaired his health. He lady, reader to the dauphiness, mother wrote, in the course of twelve months,sıx- to the late king, introduced him at court, teen new comedies, besides forty-two pie in the capacity of Italian master to the ces for the theatre; among these many are princesses, aunts to the king. He did considered as the best of his productions. not live in the court, but resorted there, The first edition of his works was pub- at each summons, in a post-chaise, sent lished in 1753, in 10 vols. 8vo. As lie to him for the purpose. These jonrnies wrote afterwards a great number of new were the cause of a disorder in the eyes, pieces for the theatre of S. Luca, a lepa- which afflicted him the rest of his life; rate edition of these was published, an for being accustomed to read while in the der the title of The New Comic Theatre: chaise, he loft his fight on a sudden, and among these was the Terence, called by in spite of the most potent remedies, could the author his favourite, and indged to be never afterwards recover it entirely. For the master piece of his works. He made about fix monthis lodgings were provided another journey to Parma, on the invi- him in the chateau of Versailles. The tation of Duke Philip, and from thence death, however, of the dauphin, changed he passed to Rome. He had composed the face of affairs. Goldoni lost his 59 other pieces fo late as the year 1761, lodgings, and only, at the end of three five of which were designed for the parti- years, received a bounty of 100 louis in cular use of Marque Albergati Capacelli, á gold box, and the grant of a pension of and consequently adapted to the theatre four thousand livres a year. This set. of a private company,

Here ends the clement would not have been sufficient literary lite of Goldoni in Italy. for him, if lie had not gained, by cther Through the channel of the French am means, farther fums. He wrote now bassador in Venice, he had received a and then coinedies for the theatres of. letter from Mr. Zenuzzi, the first actor Italy and Portugal; and, during thefe in the Italian theatre at Paris, containing occupations, was desirous to fhew to the a proposal for an engagement of two French that he merited a high rank years in that city. He accordingly re- among their dramatic writers. For this paired to Paris, where he found a select purpole, he neglected nothing which and numerous company of excellent per- could be of ule to render himself malter formers in the Italian theatre.' They of the French language. He heard, were, however, chargeable with the same spoke, and converted to much in it, that, faults which he had corrected in Italy; in his 620 year, he venture to write and the French fupported, and even ap- comedy in French, and to have it repreplauded in the Italians, ,what they would tented in the court theatre, on the occahave reprobated on their own stage. Gol- fion of the marriage of the king. This doni withed to extend, even to that coun- piece was the Borr Bienfaisant; and it try, his plan of reformation, without inet with fo griat suceels, that the author sontidering the extreme difficulty of the received a bounty of 150 loues from the undertaking.

Scurrilities, and jefts, king, another gratification from the perwhich are ever accompanied by actions, formers, and considerable sums from the gestures, and motions, are the same in all bookallers who published it. He published, countries, and almost perfectly under foon atter, another comedy in Frenc' stood even in a foreign tongue : while the cailed l'rlvare Fristueux. After the beauties of tentiment and dialogue, and death of Louis XV. Goldoni was apa stier things which lead to the under- pointed Italian tercher to the price is Itanding of characters and intrigues, re. Clotilde, the profen: princess of Pied quire a familiar acquaintance with the mont; and after her mer age he attend.

126 Additions and Corrections to Account of Mr. Wilkes.
ed the late unfortunate princess Elizabeth uniformly professed himself attached to
in the same capacity. The approach of the cause of freedom. His address to the
old age obliged him to quit Versailles, electors of Berwick, for which place he
and to live in Paris, the air of which, became a candidate in 1754, breathes a
less sharp, was better adapted to his con- noble spirit of independence, and confutes
ftitution. The last work of Goldoni the calumnies of those, who, adverting to
was The Volponi, written after his retire- his conduct at a later period, considered
ment from court, from which time he bad hîm as a patriot by accident, and more
a lafting adieu to writing. Unfortu- attached to his own interests, than the
nately for him, he lived to see his pen- .cause of his country.,
sions cut off at the revolution, like others, He received a considerable part of his
and be spent his last days in poverty and education abroad, at Leyden or Utrecht:
distress. He died in 1792, at a crisis and a decisive proof of the reputation he
when, according to the expression of a had acquired at that period, was given by
deputy in the Convention, the French that eminent metaphysician, Mr. Andrew
nation was ready to repay him every debt Baxter, who dedicated to Mr. Wilkes the
of gratitude. Goldoni is on a par with Appendix of his Enquiry into the Nature
the greatest comic poets of modern times, of the Human Soul.In this dedication,
with regard to dramatic talents, and is Mr. Baxter speaks of a philosophical con-
thought superior to them all with regard versation which passed between them in
to the fertility of his genius. His works the Capuchin's garden at Spa, in the
were printed at Leghorn in 1788---91, in summer of 1745. Baxter was long a re-
31 vols. 8vo. He has been generally fident at Utrecht, as tutor to some young
called the Moliere of Italy, and Vol- men of rank studying at that university.
taire, in one of his letters to Marquis He continued his cortespondence with Mr.
Albergati, ftiles him, The Painter Wilkes; and addressed to him a very
of Nature. Goldoni is one of those friendly and affectionate letter during his
authors whose writings will be re- laft illnefs in 1750.
lished in the most remote countries, and Soon after finishing his education, Mr.
by the latest posterity. His profound Wilkes returned to England, and mar-
knowledge of the human heart, his ex, ried Miss Mead, a lady of consider able
tensive description of the vices and vir- fortune; she however was not the daugh-
tues of


in all ages and itations, ter of the celebrated Dr. Mead. That will justify my concluding this imperfect physician was twice married; but of the eulogy with applying to him the follow- iwo daughters who survived him, one ing lines of Horace:

became the wife of Dr. Wilmot, the Aeque pauperibus prodeft, locupletibus ae

other of Dr. Nicholls. Mrs. Wilkes į qe:

was of a family enriched by trade, and Aeyue neglectum pueris, senibusquę no

said to have been related to this eminent

By this lady, from whom he after-
wards separated, Mr. Wilkes had an

amiable and accomplified daughter, who To the Life of the late John Wilkes, Esq. is still alive, and between whom and him

Chamberlain of the City of London, Al. self there exifted the most cordial regard; derman of Farriingdon Without, F, R. S. a warm paternal affection on his part, and

unbounded duty and aitachment on liers. R, John Wilkes was born in Lon- During all his political föruggles, and Nathaniel Wilkes, and has been suppor- were uniform and urdiminished, and he ed, from no better authority perhaps than has recorded her filial piety, in an inthe name, to have been descended, by the scription at his cottage in the Idle of. father's side, from Colonel Wilkės, a inan Wight. of fome celebrity during the civil wars, The personal bravery of Mr. W. was who lided with the parliament against unquestionable ; in addition to his duel Charles I. His brother Ifrael is said to with Mr. Martia, mentioned in the last be still alive, and to refide at New York. Monthly Magazine, he fouglit another

Hie mother was a diffenter, and he him- with Loru Talbot, and conducted himself self is reported to have been educated in in both with great ipirit. diffenting principles, both civil and reli The severity of reprebeníion with gious; certain it is, that from the time which he treated the Scotch Ration, hegat of his firit launching into public life, he him many enemies aincng the natives of




[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Additions and Corrections to Account of Mr. Wilkes. 127 the northern parts of the island ; Dunn, with no common degree of severity: who seems to have been a maniac, wished This was deemed inconfiftent at least, and to bereave him of his life by alfalli was animadverted upon accordingly with nation, and Forbes, an officer, by single much warmth by Mr. T. combat. When his papers were seized, He was naturally attached to men of a letter from his friend, Earl Temple, talents, and cultivated their society and was found, in which the bitterness of his conversation, He himself was an aus enmity to the North Britons was'censured. thor, and some of his letters are 'writ.

This same nobleman supported Mr. ten with great spirit and animation. W. during his contest with government, It is greatly to be lamented, that his hisin a manner highly honourable to him- tory of Engiand, from the revolution to self. His counsel and his purse, on this the elevation of the Brunswick line, was occasion, were equally at the fervice of never compleated; the truth is, however, the public. Mr. Pitt (afterwards Lord that a continuance of pecuniary distress, Chatham) deserted him, but he remained could alone have induced him to proceed firm ; and it is to Lord Temple that we in fo laborious an undertaking ; for, notare in a great measure indebted for the withstanding his frequent appearance abolition of general warrants. Mr. W. on the public stage, he was naturally indohas the sole merit, by a vigorous and lent, and his studies were alwaysdesultory. uniform pe severance, of procuring the Although he had resided for a confiodious decision respecting the Middlesex derable time in France, Mr. W. was, election, to be refcinded from the journals. Ariệtly speaking, an Anti-Gallican ; and of the house of commons.

carried his patriotisin, or prejudice (for Unfortunately for both parties, an 110 on this subject there will be different opilucky dispute took place between the Rev. nions) fo far, as to object to French wines Mr. Horne, (now John Horne Tooke, at the city feasts. Erq.) and Mr. Wilkes ; and the former * He died in the 71st year of his age, havsoon after asserted, “ that Mr. Wilkes ing been born October 17, 1727, O.S. did commission Mr. Robert Walpole to His body was interred in a vault in Grofsolicit for him a pension of one thousand venor chapel, South Audley-street. Eight pounds on the Irish establishment for thirty labouring men, dressed in new black. years.". The apparent extravagance of clothes, in confequence of an intimation the demand, and the feening apostacy during his life, conveyed his corpse to the implied by the application, appeared at place of interment, and he is said to have that time of day such, as to render the directed a tablet to be erected to his mewhole charge almost incredible; since mory, with an inscription implying that that period, however, we have witnessed, he was " A Friend to Liberty. almost without surprise, a man of great In mentioning Mr. W's. political talents indeed, but who had neither fuf- principles fome discrimination is neceffered persecution nor imprisonment in the lary. He does not appear to have confipublic cause, receive no less than three dered liberty in the abstract, but to have pensions, two f for three lives, of 1160l. bottomed all his notions on the practical and 13401.; and a third for two lives, of benefits arising from the revolution. In 12001. per ann. under the title of remu- Nort, he was a whig of the old fihool. neration ! Junius calls this period of It is much to his honour, that on some Mr. W's life, “a moment of despair." occasions he demanded the instructions of

Mr. Wilkes, who was a high-bred his constituents, and on all, professed a man, and professed elegant and engaging determination to obey them : it would manners, was intimate with many diftin- also be injustice to omit, that the rumours guished persons; and on the trial of Mr. relative to the immense fortune he left be. Tooke, sat on the bench, and conversed hind him, are entirely groundless. After very familiarly with Earl Mansfield, satisfying a variety of bequests, Miss whose character as a judge he had treated Wilkes, the refiduary legatee, will have

but a very small sum to receive: luckily, * See 5+ Funius's Letters,” 8vo. ed. Letter however, she is abundantly provided for, LIII. dated July 31, 1771, p. 288.

as she enjoys a large income from her mo+ These are said to have been sold for

ther's family: 37,000l,

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

[ 128 ]




When Milton wrote the morning (Communicated.)

hymn of Adam and Eve, (see “ Paradise I.

Loft,” book v. line 153,) beginning, N act 4. scene I. of “ Measure for These are thy glorious works, &c.

Measure,” Shakspeare has inserted he seems to have had in view that sublime the first stanza of a very beautiful son- canticle in the morning service of the net, which Mr. Malone has published church of England, beginning with, entire in “ The Pasionate Pilgrim.(See “ O all ye works of the Lord, bless ye Malone's Shakspeare, vol. x. p. 340.) the Lord: praise him and magnify him The sonnet is well known, but it takes for ever.” Any one who will take the little room, and had better be transcribed trouble of comparing the passages will for the more easy comparison of it with be struck with their limilitude, some lyric lines of Gallus, a poet of the

III. Augustan age.

The signs of love which Mrs. Bar, Take, oh take those lips away,

bauld has enumerated in her beautiful That so sweetly were forsworn;

little song, “ Come here, fond youth, And those eyes, the break of day,

whoe'er thou be,” &c. if they are not Lights that do mislead the morn ;

an imitation of Shakespeare, at least But my kifies bring again,

very strongly remind us of the dialogue Seals of love, but seal'd in vain.

between Silvius, Phebe, Rosalind, and Hide, oh, hide those hills of snow,

Orlando, in act 5, scene II. of " As you Which thy frozen bosom bears,

like it." The pafiage begins, “ Good On whose tops the pinks that grow Mepherd, tell this youth what 'tis to Are of those that April wears :

love." But first set my poor heart free, Bound in those icy chains by thee.

KING JAMES THE SIXTH'S COUNTERIn an edition of Catullus, Tibullus,

BLAST TO TOBACCO, Propertius, and the fragments of Gallus,


[ocr errors]

years ago, in 1553, are the following troduced EnglandI think by lines, to which is prefixed this caution : Sir Walter Raleigh, not long before “ Sequens Lyricum quia à plerisque Cor. James's accession to the English throne. Gallo attribuitur, bíc adijcere libuit,James hating Raleigh, and probably disLidia bella puella, candida,

liking the smell of TOBACCO, resolved Quæ bene superas lac, et lilium, to write this herb out of fashion, since Albamq; fimul roram rubidam, he could not otherwise persuade his courAut expolitum ebur Indicum.

tiers to forbear the use of it. For this Pande puella, pande capillulos

end he composed that precious morsel of Flavos, lucentes ut aurum nitidum. wildom and eloquence, his COUNTERPande puella collum candidum,

BLAST TO TOBACCO. Productum bene candidis humeris. In this treatise he inveighs against to, Pande puella stellatos oculos,

BACCO; as having been borrowed from Flexaq; super nigra cilia.

a savage people, from whoin had been Pande puella genas roseas,

also caught the infection of an obscene Perfusas rubro purpuræ Tyriæ. and peculiarly loathsome disease; as Porrige labra, labra corrallina,

tending rather to dry and heat the brain Da columbatim mitia basia :

in a degree prejudicial to health, than Sugis amentis partem animi :

merely, as was supposed, to evaporate Cor mihi penetrant hæc tua bafia. its excess of moisture; as owing its geQuid mihi sugis vivum fanguinem ? neral reception merely to the caprice of Conde papillas, conde gemipomas, fashion, and to the weakness of those Compresso lacte quæ modò pullulant. silly-minded people who are ever apt to Sinus expansa profert cinnama :

think any thing good that is new and Vidique surgunt ex te deliciæ.

strange; as never having effected any Conde papillas, quæ me fauciant cures of disease, that could be undeniably

Candore, et luvu nivei pectoris. ascribed to it alone; as being an article
Sæva non cernis quod ego langueo ? of vain luxury, the use of which was
Sic me deftituis iam semimortuum ?
pernicious to manly virtue, as being in

« ПретходнаНастави »