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Port Folia.

129 its use utterly inconsistent with all decen- ers. PROFESSOR LICHTENSTEIN, of sy and cleanliness.

Hamburgh, pointed it out to Mr. HER There is something ludicrous and BERT CROFT, who, unfortunately for strangely incongruous in the idea of a English literature, is, with his diétiongreat monarch publishing a philippicary, at that place. I shall transcribe the against so trivial a thing as TOBACCO. passage in question, for the sake of an But James's intentions were, in this in- observation which it will produce. stance, certainly good; and his argu

" And Antiochus said to his genements are far from bad. Where he only rals, do you not know, and are you not musters prejudice against prejudice, the informed, that the people of the Jews, king's prejudices appear to be more which are in Jerusalem amongit us --nearly allied to found reason than those they do not fear our religion, nor observe which he strives to explode. The truth our customs, nor approach to them; and is, that TOBACCO had been suddenly re- they neglect the laws of the king, for to ceived into excessive and universal use, observe their own laws. They also wait with such a fond afcription to it, of for the time of the extirpation of kings, goimaginary virtues, as could not but dif- vernors, and lieutenants; they say, how gult the wise ; and that James, although long shall our king reign over us? For we probably wrong in denying all virtues to will reign, ourselves, over the sea and the this herb, was certainly right in opposing continent, and the whole world jhall be the notion of its being an incomparable given in our hands. panacea. His majesty's style is, in this “ It would not be reasonable for the sittle piece, sufficiently correct, lively, king to allow that such men and principles and lowing: there is a vein of good fenle, should be spread over the surface of the wit, and eloquence, which runs through earth. Now, let us go and attack them, the whole; but, there is, likewife---to and destroy the constitution, which they use a miner's term---a gangue of absur- have given to themselves, the fabbath, dities : and James seems, as it were, in and the new months, and the circumcievery fentence, to say to his readers, fion---" « How wonderfully wife and condescend This paffage is, no doubt, at the preing I be!

sent moment, of a very striking nature, He incidentally introduces some curi- and the application is obvious, as deous facts, and several diverting expres- scriptive of the French nation, and their fions. He relates that it was common ambitious projects. A learned friend is for young ladies to entertain their lovers almost inclined to call it a prophecy. But, with a pipe of TOBACCO. Some gen- without the slightest suspicion of its autlemen of his court, he tells us, were thenticity, (since indeed it comes on the accustomed to watte no less than three or best authority) there is nothing but what four hundred pounds a year, upon this is most natural in the sentiment. The single luxury. He says too, that it was ancient Hebrews were always republiuted as a powerful aphrodisiac. He par- cans, and the genius of their constitution ticularly deplores the case of delicate, was the purest democracy. Even when wobolesome, clean - complexioned wives, they once called fo loudly for a king, it whose husbands were not ashamed to was considered by their prophets as a pollute them with the perpetual, stinking proof of their restless and intractable chatorment of TOBACCO-smoke. The con- racter. But it is not for this reflection cluding lentence of this discourse, is that I have pointed out this curious fragcertainly a laughable one. The use of TOBACCO, lays he, is---" a custom What I have to observe, is this. We bathsome to the eye, hateful to the nose, have of late been frequently surprised by barmful to the brain, dangerous to the lungs, fimilar extracts; and the very sentiments, and in the black stinking fume thereof, near even of obscure individuals, have been eft resembling the borrid Stygian smoke of quoted, as of the prophetic strain. ibe pit that is bottomless/"

The truth will, however, be simply this.

Society, like Nature herself, has certain A BIBLICAL FRAGMENT. stages: and men in parallel situations, muit

the day, may be placed the disco- cle of human events is not valt; and in very of a fragment of the first book of its rotatory motion it must happen, that Maccabees, which does not appear in the the some point will, again and again, be rabbinic translation, and which is now

uppermost. That semblance of riovelty, only found in fone Jewith book of

which the face of things wears to the pray



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From my Port Folio. bulk of mankind, is nothing but a sem- pieties and debaucheries. His revenues blance; what we act, we have a&ted; were princely ; his prodigalities might what we think, we have thought. I will have made an emperora bankrupt. Whereboldly affert, that, probably, even the ever he went, he had in his fuite a feragwildest conceptions of a visionary mind lio; a company of theatrical performers; a may, find either the same, or a similar band of musicians; a focietyof forcerers; a folly, in the former periods ; and so good number of cooks; packs of dogs of much indeed do men think and act alike, various kinds : and more than two hunin the parallel stages of the human inind, dred led horses. Mezeray adds, that he that I even suspect (if one madman has not encouraged and maintained forcerers and the faine kind of iinagination as another) enchanters to discover hidden treasures, a council of lunatics would probably be and corrupted young persons of both more unanimous than a council of fages. sexes, that he might attach them to him, And, to illuitrate my general observa- and afterwards killed them, for the sake tion, should we turn over the publica- of their blood, which was necessary to form tions which appeared some time before his charms and incantations. Such horrid and after our own happy revolution, most excesses are credible, when we recolleet of those works will appear as books the age of ignorance and barbarity in written for the emergencies of the present which they were practiced. At length day. I have just looked into two trage- De Laval was brought to the scaffold, for dies of Southerne, The Siege of Capua,ftate crime ; the others were probably and “ The Spartan Dame." They con

never noticed!

His confession at his tain situations, sentiments, and reflec- death is remarkable: he acknowledged tions, which may greatly instruct us at that “ all his exceljes were derived from his the present momentous period; a period wretched education." which harasses the human mind more than

it extends its capacity, and, while it in-
flames the passions, clouds the intellect.

'T would doubtless be a happy acqui-
minds, who are apt to feel in this life too

many irritations, to store their memory
HIS celebrated personage, who has with fine verses, so as to have them at

during our childhood to frequently will, and to turn away the fensation of alarmed us in a dark night, and particu- actual disgust, while they exalt their larly the young ladies, is now exhibited talte. It would be like the ingenious inwith great terror and advantage, in our vention of the celebrated Mr. De Luc, new drama, founded on the French piece who always carries about him fome fugar, of Barbe-bleix. It is possible that Tome to put in his mouth when he finds himself of his numerous spectators may defire to inclined to anger. know fomething relative to his “ birth, The following anecdote will fhew the life, and education.” Our English com- utility of a poetical memory. Averani pounder of this piece has made him a was a lover of fine verses, and when he bashaw; taking up, no doubt, the popu- walked alone he recited them aloud, with lar idea, that the murderer of seven wives a fentation of pleasure that was visible in molt undoubtedly have been a Turk. A his face. One day, hearing a very telearned foreigner, however, informs me, dious and prolix speech, as he appeared that the original Blue-beard was the , extremely satisfied, and even attentive, Marquis De Laval, Marshal of France, one of his friends was surprized at this, and defcended from one of its most illus- till coining near him, he perceived he was trigus families.

rehearting some verses from Homer! This Marshal was of a very fingular character. Mezeray has given a very fa- OPINION CONCERNING THE GREAT, tisfactory account of him, but the reader will be satisfied by the notices which he may find in the Nouveau Dictionnaire THE Duke de Noailles told the infagreat intrepidity, and distinguithed him. ry would not forget, that his entrance into self in chaling back the Eaglith when the council had made the great men of the they invaded France, in the reign

Dubois replied,

kingdom quit jt. Edward III. The services he rendered who are called the Great, I find them fo

« Since I have known what those are his country might have immortalized his little, that I shall never put this day in name, had he not for, ever blotted his the list of my triumphs.”. Flory Ogniiie most terrible murders, im.


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( 131 )

Including Notices of Works in Hand, Domestic and Foreigne

Authentic Communications for this Article will always be thankfully received.

(R. TOOKE's Life of the late Em A new edition of Mr. Souther's

press of Russia, will shortly make “ Joan of Arc,” is in the press. This its appearance in three volumes, embel- work has undergone very considerable allished with portraits.

terations; the additional notes will be A Tour in Switzerland, from the bril- nunerous, and an analysis of the poem liant

pen of Mifs H. M. Williams, will Chapelain is to be prefixed. The ninth be published early in March.

'book, greatly enlarged, will be published The much expected edition of the separately, under the title of 's The Vision Works and Letters of the late Earl of of the Maid of Orleans." Orford, and Captain G. VANCOUVER'S A new and elegant edition, with conVoyage round the World, are in consider- fiderable improvements, of “ The Seaable forwardness.

fide," a poem in familiar epiftles, from The first part, containing the first ten Mr. SIMKIN SLENDERWIT, summernumbers of a splendid “ Historical Atlas iting at Ramsgate, to his dear mother in of England,” on an entire new plan, by town, will make its appearance in a few Mr. ANDREWS, Geographer of Piccadil- days. ly, will make its appearance in a few The posthumous works, in profe and days. This work does great credit to verse, of the late JOHN MACLAURIN, the inventor; and the letter press which Lord Dreghorn, long an eminent adaccompanies it, containing accounts of vocate at the Scottish bar, and in the latthe rivers, mines, mineral waters, fish-. ter part of his life, a distinguished memeries, &c. and of the civil, military, ec ber of the Supreme Civil Court of Scotclefiaftical, naval, biographical, com- land, are now in the press at Edinburgh, mercial and parliamentary history of Eng- and will be published within a few months, Tand, ancient and modern, forms a magni- in two volumes, 8vo. An Ode to War, ficent specimen of English typography. belonging to this collection, is fpoken of

Mr. ANDREWS allo proposes to pub- as displaying some very noble strokes of lith, in the course of next month, a “Ge- the pičturesque, the terrible, and the true ographical Atlas of England,” upon a

fublime. fimilar, though less extensive, plan than Mr. MALCOLM LAING is expected to ! the above, for the illustration of the Hif- publish in the course of the present year, tory of England, and for the improvement The History of Scotland, during the of youth.

seventeenth Century.” Little doubt is A translation by Mr. JOHN GIFFORD, entertained, but this work will, in elabaof CAMILLE JORDAN'S Address to his rateness of search, in ardent patriotism of Constituents on his late Proscription, will sentiment, in the adaptation of history to shortly make its appearance,

illustrate and confirm popular opinions in Mr. MURPHY is about to publish a philofophy, greatly excel that portion of tragedy on a very interesting subject, but Mr. Heron's History of Scotland, which which, from the present state of the dra- relates to the same period. ma, he does not think it prudent to bring Mr. John Home, whose tragedy of out on the stage. He is also engaged on Douglas is still the pride of the Brítish his long-expected “Life of Samuel Foote. drama, is understood to have been for

Dr. Bisset will speedily publish a many years engaged in the composition of Life of Mr. Burke.

a “ History of the Rebellion of 1745." Mr. Cottle, of Bristol, is about to Motives of personal delicacy, it is feared, publish a moral and descriptive poeni, will dispose him to decline publishing this called “ Malvern Hill."

valuable work in his own life-time, but The fernions of the late Mr. JARDINE, rather to leave it at his death, so that it are nearly ready for delivery.

may be delivered by posthumous publicaMr. LLOYD and Mr. LAMB are about tion, as a valuable legacy to pofterity. to publish iwo volumes of miscellaneous Mr. AUDREW DALZIEL, the able pieces, to be entitled “ Blank, Verle.” profeilor of Greek language and literature

A volume of Letters from the late Rev. in the University of Edinburgh, is expe&t. Sir JAMES STONEHOUSE, Bart. to the ed thortly to send to the press, "A Selec Rev. Mr. STEDMAN, of Shrewsbury, is tion of Latin Poetry,” composed by einipreparing for the press,

nent Natesinen, in the end of the sixteenth,



Literary and Philosophical News. and in this first part of the seventeenth cen- of the removal of the cinnamon and clove tury; which will serve as a sacred monu trees to the Isle of France; &c. &c. ment of the genius and clasiical erudition The Brunonian system, which has met of the Scots, and will evince, thai in the with so much opposition in the native powers of Latin composition, they were, in country of its author, has found prosethe æra here specified, inferior to the Ita- lytes in several parts of Europe. A lians alone, and greatly superior to the German physician, WEIKARD, pubFrench, to the English, to the Poles, to lished some time ago, " An Examina: the Germans, and the Dutch.

tion of a more simple System of Medicine, At a late meeting of the HIGHLAND or the Illustration and Confirmation of Society, fome communications were the Medicinal Doctrine of Brown." made from a sub-committee, which repre- This work has been translated into the fent considerable progress to have been Italian language, and enriched with made in the endeavour finally to ascertain notes, by Professor FRANK, of the Unithe truth in that interesting literary quef-versity of Pavia; and from this Italiani tion, concerning the authenticity of the edition a French one is preparing by Lepoems ascribed to Offian the fon of Fingal.' VEILLE, member of the Medical Society

The following. Table indicates the of Paris. Mew Geographical Distribution of the

On the ift of December last, the DiLigurian (Genoese) Republic, including

rector General of Public Instruction in the departments, capital towns, popu

Paris distributed the prizes among the lation, and the number of deputies that successful candidates, pupils of the Na. each department returns to the Legiflative tional school of painting and sculpture. Body.

Real talents, developed by a constant and Departments. Capitals. Population. D. laborious application, were crowned at i Genoa, Genoa, 81205 13

this interesting ceremony. 2 Delle Palme, San-remo, 83647 6 The great consumption of foap, which 3 Capo-Verde, Diano, 40120 6 of courle is attended with a proportion4 Maremola, Pietra,


6 ate consumption of oil, renders the manu5 Latimbro,



6 facture of woollen cloths very expensive. 6 Catusi, Valtri,

6 Several attempts have therefore been made 7 Palcevera, Rivárola, 33698 5 to difpenfe with this ingredient, by sub8 Lemo, Gavi, 26800

4 9 East Ligurian, Rochetta, 25820

ftituting pot ashes in its stead: but the

4 TO Weft,


strong alkaline properties of the latter

4 II Bisagno, St.Martino, 40390


never fail to corrode the cloth, and render 12 Golfo Tigulio, Rappallo, 40430


it unserviceable. To remedy this incon13 Entella, Chiavani, 4.0570

6 venience, M. CHAPTAL has made ex14 Vasa,


40153 6 periinents of a very ingenious process, by 15 Golfa dellaSpezia, Spezia, 40210 6 saturating the alkaline liquid wool,

previous to its application to the manu

636485 90 facture of cloths. After lixiviating the Profeffor OLIVARIUS, of Kiel, con- ashes, he faturates the water, and lets tinues to publish the periodical work it evaporate to a certain degree. He which we before announced. ---One of then throws into his lixivium pieces of the valuable articles in the last Num- cloth and wool, taking care to stir the ber, on the liberty of the press in Den- composition, till the rags are completely mark, proves, that under the Danish diffolved. An adequate proportion of Government, defpotical as it is, the most wool is superadded, till the corrosive quadelicate subječts can be handled with in- lities of the liquid are perfectly absorbed ; punity.

when it may be used without the smallest The complete works of P. Poivre, inconvenience or danger. It communiintendant of the Illes of France and Bour- cates an excellent gloss to the cloth, bon, have been recently published in renders it completely supple, and in Paris, in one octavo volume. This vo- every respect answers all the purposes of lume contains the life of PoivrE; his common soap: It is necessary to observe,

Moyoge d'une Philofophe;" information that the cloth in the first instance acrelative to the agriculture of the above quires a very strong and disagreeable colonies'; extract of a voyage to the Phi- finell, which, however, vanishes on its lippine illands; miffion to the Molucca being bleached. And, secondly, the inillands ; extract of a voyage from Son- discriminate ute of pieces of cloth of vanerat to India and China; letter relative rious colours, in faturating the lixivium, to the Indian method of dying ;: account communicates a dulky tin, e to the cloth)


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Philosophical News.....Works in Hand, &c.

133 which proves no detriment to dark cloths, the curative operation of mercurial ox: but considerably affects the gloflìness of ydes in lues, to the oxygene they contain. lighter colours. This inconvenience is While others pretend to have cured para ealily obviated, by employing, in the lat- ticular chronic distempers, incident to the ter case, only white rags for fatyrating human frame, by the fole agency of the lixivium,

oxygene. The Royal Library in Copenhagen The Pbilotechnical Society in Paris held has been enriched by the acquisîtion of their public fittings on the 11th of laft the valuable collection of books belong- October, The proceedings of this af. ing to the celebrated chancellor, de Suhm. sembly are greatly interesting: The This nobleman, by way of compenfa- Secretary, in a preliminary speech, obtion for this literary çession, enjoys a served, that instead of launching out into yearly pension of 3000 rix-dollars during a dry and uninstructive analysis of the life, with a contingent annuity of 2000 whole proceedings of the society, they rix-dollars to his lady, in case of survi, they would confine their observations to val.

a recapitulation of the new and importA descriptive catalogue has recently ant discoveries which should be made. been published in Stockholm, of the from fitting to fitting in the Sciences, the valuable antiques purchased at Rome, Belles Lettres, and the Arts. In pursuby Guftavus III, This catalogue is ance of this judicious determination, reillustrated with 17 plates. Among the port was made on the subject of the first most remarkable articles may be reckoned part of the Engravings illustrative of the a beautiful bas relief, representing a History of Ipria and Dalmatio.” Then tripod placed upon an altar, with a flam- followed the report of the Commissaries beau at the foot, round which a serpent appointed by the Society to examine the entwines itself. The altar bears this Panorama of Paris, executed in ba's reinscription, “ malus genius Bruti.Facing lief, by * DARNAUD. it is a winged genius, holding a drawn MANGOURIT read a dissertation, enbow in his hand, seemingly in the act of titled, Thoughts on the progresive march discharging his shaft at the serpent. of the Human Race, round the whole ComThe dress of the genius is Phrygian or pass of the Globe. The author regards all Persyan, The editor is of opinion, that the different nations scattered on the face this antique is the production of the first of the earth, as one lorge fociety, which years of the Augustan age, and pro- successively makes the tour of every part nounces it to be anterior to that state of of the globe, halting at particular places, perfection which the art of sculpture till it has exhausted all the various proattained towards the close of this em- ductions of the region, where they fix peror's reign.

their temporary sojourn. Planters and The Botanical Garden at Gottingen cultivators of waste lands are the harbinhas been considerably enlarged, and its gers of this large moving mass of people; valuable herbary enriched by the acqui- and those countries, where the arts and sition of the excellent and numerous col- sciences flourish in the greatest perfection, lection of the late celebrated botanist form their place of temporary sojourn. Eberhardt, who was commissioned by This sojourn at present is Europe, bu the King of England to compile the from a variety of ingenious conjectures, Flora Hanoverana, Nor do the arts in and actual researches made by the author, this active moment meet with less encou- during a long teries of journies in differragement than the sciences. Besides the ent parts of America, Citizen MANGOUrich collection of impressions by, Uffen- RIT gives it as his opinion, that Europe bach, this University has recently been is threatened with no very distant emi. put in pofleffion of the beautiful cabinet gration of the large society of mankind, who of paintings belonging to the late Aulic will pass over to America, whither they counsellor J. W. Zschern. This col- have already sent their harbingers, the lection consists of 270 articles, worthy cultivators and planters. of the Flemish, Dutch, and German LAVALLE terminated the fittings,with schools.

pronouncing a spirited eulogium upon Oxygene appears now to be the order General Marceau. of the day. Mr. Trotter attributes Dufresne has communicated to the the sea scurvy to want of oxygene. Gir Society of Natural History at Paris, the tanner is of opinion, that lyphilis is induced, in consequence of a deficiency * A notice of this ingenious performance of oxygenc ir, the system, Some afsribe was given in our Magazine for laft November.


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