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134

Important Chemical Intelligence.
description of a new species of Monkey, manufacturer of falt. The chief fa&ts.
which he names fince Simia Entellus. The contained in it are the following:
body of this animal, which is a native of 1. Sulphate of magnesia (Epsom salt)
Bengal, is of a pale straw colour, and in and muriate of foda (common falt) being
form and size bears a strong resemblance added to each other in folution, and sub.
to the Simia Nemeus. It measures in jected to congelation, are reciprocally de-
length about three feet, the tail is con- composed into fulphate of foda and muri-
fiderably longer than the whole body, ate of magnefia, nor will the two newly
and terminates in a bush of long hairs, formed neutral falts be decomposed by
of a paler hue than the other parts of the restoring the former temperature of the
animal. The hands and feet are black, mixture ; by the simple process, therefore,
and the callosities on the posteriors un- of freezing lea water, any quantity of
commonly large.

glauber's salt may be readily procured.
The Abbé BERTINELLI, in his s6 Dif II. The deliquescent falts contained
course concerning the prefent State of Litera- in sea-water, or brine springs, which form
tare and the Arts, in Mantua, informs us, the mother-water and contaminate the
on the authority of a manuscript by one salt, are muriate of lime, or muriate of.
John Piccinardi, preserved in the library magnefia, or both together.
of Cremona, that it was customary in the 1. When the muriate of lime is the
15th century, on the festival of St. Paul, only contaminating matter, an addition
to chaunt a hymn in honour of the poet of sulphate of foda (glauber's salt) pro-
Virgil. According to an ancient tra- cured in the manner above-mentioned,
dition, the apoftle of the Gentiles is said, will decompose the muriate of lime, form.
on his arrival at Naples, to have paid a ing muriate of foda (common falt) an
visit to Virgil's toinb, and to have ex- fulphate of lime, which being an infolu-
prefled his regret, in lively terms, at not bie falt, will be precipitated, and from
having been a cotemporary of the Man- which the liquor may easily be poured off
tgan bard, that he might have enjoyed clear.
an opportunity of forming a personal ac 2. If the water contains muriate of mag-
quaintance with this excellent poet, and nefía, quick lime is to be added, which
converting him to the Christian reli- forms muriate of lime, while the magnelia
gion. This tradition is related in the is precipitated; the muriate of lime is af-
following lines, which constitute a part terwards to be decomposed by the first
of the hymn formerly chaunted in honour process.
of Virgil, on the festival of St. Paul: 3. If muriate of lime and muriate of
Ad Maronis mausoleum

magnefia exilt together in the falt liquor,
Ductus, fudit fuper eum

the muriate of lime is first to be got rid
Piae torrem lacrymae.

of by process 1. and muriate of magnelia
Quem te, inquit, reddidissem, by process 2.
Si te vivum inveniffem,

The advantages to be derived from
Poetarum maxime.

these processes are very important: in the
CHEMISTRY.

first place, the quantity of the falt is in.
The first part of a System of Diffe Aions, creased, and the evaporation may safely
explaining the anatomy of the human be carried on to dryness, as ng mother
body, the manner of displaying the parts, water will remain. Secondly, the quality
and their varieties in disease, with plates, of the falt will be greatly improved, and
by Mr. CHARLES Bell, of Edinburgh, it will not be at all subject to deliquesce,
will be delivered in a few days. The or become moist by exposure to the air.
work is printed in folio, and each part is Thirdly, a considerable quantity of mag-
fold for five shillings and fixpence. nesia is procured.

The 7st number of the " Annales de CHEMICAL NOTICES, being extratts of
Chimie," for Nov. 1797, has lately ar a letter from Profeffor SCHERER to Cit
rived in this country. It is one of the VAN-Mons.
most important of the whole feries, as will 1. “ Dr. GAERENER, in his experi-
appear from the following extracts : ments on urine, is led to believe that

"Observations and experiments of M. a peculiar acid is contained in it, the
GREN, on the formation of sulphate of properties of which are, it is volatile, and
foda (glauber's falt) in sea water and readily sublimes in the form of light
brine tprings, by exposure to a tempera- · flakes; the nitric acid does not convert it
ture below the freezing point; and an into phofphoric acid; the nitric, muriatic,
cafy method of freezing it from the deli- and lulphuric acids detach it from its al-
qnescent falt." The subject of this memoir kaline and earthy combinations, partly in .
is equaliy important to the chemift and

the

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Chemical Notices....New Patents in February 135 the form of gas, and partly in that of a and in the fætal state, by interruption, of concrete acid, which lait, by evaporation, the circulation through the placenta. produces a scaly falt with the same odour - 2. In the process of soap-making, toas the gas, and not alterable by the air. wards the latter end of the boiling, when It appears to be an intermede between the the oil has united with the pure potafi, benzoic and lithic acids.

it is customary to add a quantity of com2. Dr. CAMMANN has discovered, that mon falt, (muriate of ioda) in order to the green colour of some of the sympathe- harden the loap; the chemical effect of tic cobaltic inks, is owing to a mixture this addition has lately been discovered to of iron : an explanations that at first light be a decomposition of the soap and the appears highly probable, as resulting from falt, and the formation of soap of soda and the union of the yellow of the nitrate of muriate of potaih. It would, therefore, iron, and the blue of the nitrate of Cobalt. appear to be much more economical to

3. That rare mineral, the Honey-fione, substitute foda for potash, provided the (pierre de miel, Honigstein) has been colt of the foda is less than that of the analyzed by Mr.Abich, and found to con- potash and salt. Instead of hard concrete tain per cent. 44.5 Carbonic acid, 28 oils, such as tallow, &c. experiments water of cryftallization, with a flavour have been made in the Polytechnic school, like that of bitter almonds, 2.5. bitu- with butter and fluid animal and vegeminous oil, 17.75. Alumine, 2. Iron, table oils, from which, by means of 4.5. Carbon."

soda, a sufficiently hard soap has been Extract of a letter from M. Gren, to procured." Cit. VAN MONS.

Besides the articles here specified, this 1. " M. Grer has been making ex. number of the Annales de Chimie" con, periments on respiration, the results of tains, Observations on the Acid of Tin, which are, that the oxygenots base of and its Ores, by GUYTON DE MORatmospheric air is wholly consumed in the VEAU : An Essay on the Production of lungs by the carbon and hydrogen form- Carbonic Acid in Vegetation, by M. DE ing with the former carbonic acid, with SAUSSURE, jun: An Analysis of the the latter water : that the difference be- Pumice Stone, by M. KLAPROTH : tween the venous and arterial blood is not Several interesting Obfervations and Exin the absorption of oxygen by the arterial periments on Platina, by Count MUSSINblood, but the loss of a quantity of hy- PUSCHIN: Remarks on Natural Phofa drocarbonate, and that the excess of this phori, by M. CARRADONI. hydrocarbonate in the fyftem, is the cause Analyses of all these papers will appear of death by fuffocation, drowning, &c. in our next number.

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NEW PATENTS,

Enrolled in the Month of February.
MR CROOK'S, FOR MAKING SOAP. and the mixture; while boiling, is united

HE art of manufacturing a soap froin with as much of turpentine alone, or tur

refuse wool, hair, horns, hoofs, and pentine and palm-oil, as the operator other similar animal matters, was invent- clicoles. The soap thus formed, is to be ed last year in France, and che method exposed in a broad shallow yessel, for the has been detailed in the “ Annales de space of about fix weeks, to the open air, Chimie.'

Upon this discovery is founded after which it is ready for use as a soft a Petent for a new method of making Soap, foap. The process for hard soap differs which in January last was granted to Mr. but little from the foregoing the proJoan CROOK, of Edinburgh, Chemist. portion of oil, or tallow, is to be equal to

The basis of this manufacture is refuse the weight of the fish employed ; and, fth of all kinds, as well as the animal after the addition of the rofin and palm matter that remains after the extraction oil, the mixture is to be well boiled with of fiih-oil. The filh, after being coarfely common waste ley, and finished in the malhed, are put into water and wailed ullal manner. from the blood and dirt, and afterwards To the same specification is added a are added gradually to a boiling solution new method of bleaching, in which the of cauttic alcali, till it refuses to diffolve only difference between this and the comany more, or is completely faturated. A mon mode of employing oxygenated mu. quantity of coarfe oil or callow, equal in riatic acid, confifts, in the substitution of wright to $ part of the fish is next added, lime-water to an alcaline solution, in the MONTHLY MAG. No. XXVIII. application of thic gas. REVIEW

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tary effect.

( 136 ) REVIEW OF NEW MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS. THEIR groves of sweet Myrtles,” a came o'er the Moor," which, with the

Scotch ballad, written by the late combination of the two instruments, and Robert Burn, composed by J. Ambrose. Is. the little embellishments they have re

Riley. ceived from the pen of Mr. Ling, are Mr. Ambrose, in this ballad, has pro, productive of much sweetness of effect. duced a successful imiiation of the Scotch style. If the melody poffefses any ma

“ The Lover's Sigh,” sung by Mrs. Francis terial defects, they are those of common

with universal applause, in Amurath the

Fourth, compored by Mr. Sanderson. 15. place ideas; but we must say, that the

Longman and Broderip. thoughts, whatever they may be in themselves, are pleasingly arranged, and

The opening of this air is remarkably form' in the aggregate a very attractive pleasing, and a unity of style prevails

throughout. Mr. SANDERSON has melody.

produced a considerable number of agreeA Military March, in score, arranged for able melodies; but none of them disco

the piano forte, composed and dedicated, by ver greater improvement of fancy than permission to Lord Vernon, by I. Fillim. the present compofition. With the voice

This march, considering that it marches part he has given the violin accompanythroughout in the old beaten tract, is to- ments, in which we find much orchestral lerably good in its style, and discovers experience and knowledge of effect. considerable ingenuity in the composer. The Fife Hunt; a favourite Scotch air with The score is put together with judgment, Variations, for the harp or piano-forte, by and is calculated to produce much mili

Sig. Molini.

Skillern.

The Fife Hunt, qualified by those The Piano Forte Magazine, or Elegant Libra- variations, forms an excellent leon for

ry of Ancient and Modern Mufic, in weekly the piano-forte. Some of the distances numbers. 25. 6d. each.

in the third variation will, perhaps be

Harrison and Cluse. found somewhat awkward for the inexThis work, which has now arrived at perienced hand; yet the easy flow which its eightieth number, continues to pof- prevails through most of the passages sess, as well as to merit, public esteem. enables us to pronounce it an nieful exThe catalogue of its contents, which is ercise for the young practitioner. become very extensive, exhibits a rich Monymusk; a celebrated Scotch Reel, with collection, and does honour to the judg Variations for the piano forte, violin, or ment of the editors; but we would re German flute, composed by Sig. Molini. commend to their closer attention, the

Skillern. great works of Handel and Arne, which The variations to this little air are open a vait field for the exercite of their written with a more strict regard to the talte, and cannot fail to bring additional character of the original than we geneattraction to the valuable mass' which rally meet with in productions of this they have already accumulated.

kind. They are to eaty of execution as Three Duets for two German flutes, com to be perfectly calculated for the practice pored by William Ling, op. 2d. 6s. of young performers, and yet are con

Longman and Broderip. ceived with sufficient taste to satisfy the These duets are expressly composed for most refined ear. either a juvenile performer or one more Apollo et Terpsichore (to be continued advanced in practice; all the difficult

inonthly) being a Collection of the most passages having two parts, the eafieft of

celebrated Songs, Duets, Rondeaus, Airs, which is inserted in Imall notes. This &c. extracted from the latest operas, and. method of accommodating in the fame other entertainments, adapted to the piano piece more than one class of practitioners, forte, violin, guitar, or German Hute. meets our entire approbation; and we

Is. 6d.

Rolfe. give Mr. Ling all due credit for its In this periodical publication, the first great use as well as novelty. The pieces number of which lays before us, we find are written with much taste and ease, and a judicious selection of easy melodies. that kind of execution is introduced The celebrated Welsh air, the song in which tends to improve the hand while Cola-rara, and “ Adeste Fideles," it interests the ear. We find employed strong recommendations; and the elegant here, as andunte movements, the old and little frontispiece does credit to the spirit favourite Scotch airs of ® Donald and I and taste of the publishers.

The

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are

1

48. 6d.

Review of the New Music.

137 The Naval and Military Gentleman's Com- and evince a clear and lively conception.

plete Mufical Compendium, arranged for The triple quavers and fight of alcandal the piano-forte, with an accompanyment ing notes, in the movement given to the for a fute or violin, or as duets for futes church ceremony, we do not confider as and violins.

Number I. of this military collection, perfectly apposite to the occasion; nor. contains the march in Evelina,' a march

do we think the finale calculated to sup. in honour of the British seamen, a quick previous movement, taken from Handel's.

port the dignity of idea arising from the step and a march in honour of Admiral celebrated Coronation Anthem. DUNCAN. With the first article the public are already acquainted, and of the No. II. of Guida. Armonica; òr, An Intro

duction to the General Knowledge of Muothers we are enabled to speak in com

sic, Theoretical and Practical, by T. Relfee mendatory terms; and the fucceeding

Longman and Broderip. numbers are compiled with the same at Of the first number of this useful and tention and skill, do not doubt of its be- ingenious work we spoke in a former reing found an acceptable publication view, and find that the second number amongst the gentlemen of the army. merits the continuance of our approba. Twelve Divertisements, for the piano-forte tion. The whole plan is certainly dis

and pedal hary, with an Accompaniment tinguished by its novelty, and the exécu. for two French horns and tamburino, ad tion on the minor scales, the harmonic libitum, composed and dedicated to Mrs. circle, and the comparative view of the EGERTON, of Oulton, by 1. Go Ferrari, major and minor moods; the latter of

It was with confiderable pleasure that which is placed in a clearer light than in we peruled this eleventh work of Mr. any former publication that we have seen. Ferrari. It is composed in a style high- But, although we agree with Mr. Relfe, ly improving to the young practitioner, that these systems are only fimple desłucand a 1trict attention has been bestowed tions from natural principles of resonance, on the joint-effect of the principal with yet we must differ from him when he its accompaniments. The horns are

asserts, that each (Staya contains within employed with great judgment, and the itself all the materials for producing the introduction of the tamburino is novel striking and varied effects resulting from and striking: At the end of the publi- musical harmony. It is true that the cation we find an explanation of the notes of any one oétave represents the reterms and characters necessary to be un- lative distances of those of every other ; derstood by the performer on the tambu- but Ance the octaves themselves take dif rino ; such as the angle travale, the dou- ferent itations in the great fcale of sounds, ble travale, the filamps, the semi-fiamps, forming, as it were, different stories in the gingle parts, and the bass.

the same fabric, stories varying in their An Overture, for the piano-fofte, in com their locality, can they justly be said to be

materials juft inafinuch as they differ in memoration of his majesty's procesion to St. Paul's, composed and inscribed to his exactly replicates of each other : Are the majefty, by D. Steibelt. 35.

tones of the several octaves alike? Can Longman and Broderip.

the octave which has double C for its We have walked over the ground of lowest note, be compared in its materials the late show with Mr. Steibelt, and find with that which lies above C in alt? that the compnter has attended to all the The materials of each are arranged in minutiæ of the ceremony with all the the fame order, but are those materials avidity and curiosity of majesty itself. the same? Can the effects of one be comHe first wakes the king with ác the crow- pared with those of the other? How then ing of the cock," then falutes him with can the manifold effects resulting from " the chirping of the birds” at the dawn- the various powers and qualities of nuing of the joyful day, give him “ the merous octaves be produced by the tones arrival of the military in town,” the of one? We know that the common opiparade of “ the French, Dutch, and nion countenances that of Mr. Relie; Spanish colours,” and “ the entering St. but numbers give no validity to error, Paul's.” In these and other particulars, and therefore we do not scruple to infift fo far as their descriptions lie within the that the different octaves have diftinct province of sound, the composer has fuc- characters, and that it is from their did ceeded; especially in the crowing of the versity in station and tone that the judicock, and the chirping of the birds, the cious and ingenious musician derives imitations of which are frikingly true, half the powers of his art.

s Of

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138

The New Publications in February.
“ Of Noble Racę was Shenken;" a cele Overture to an Escape from Prison, as pere

brated Welth Air with Variations, for the formed at the Theatre Royal Covent Gar-
harp or piano forte, composed by Sig. den, composed by Mr. Reeve.
Molini.
Skillérn.

Longman and Broderip.
To this ancient Welch air, which This overture comprises two move-
makes fo conspicuous a figure in the Beg- ments, the first, of which is in common
gar's Opera, Signor Molini has given time, allegro con spirito, and the second
fome very ingenious and attractive varia. (a londo) in two-fourths moderato.
tions. They are seven in number, and The idea with which the piece opens is,
succeed each other with an iinproving bold and spirited, and its character is at-
effect, and increasing execution. The tended to through the subsequent bars of
original melody, accompanied with the the movement. The rondean commences
words, is given in the last page, and, with the oboe solo, and is pleasing in its
from the present scarcity of the old Cam- subject, which the digreffive passages
brian ballads, adds to the value of the happily relieve.
publication.

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NEREIS Britannica, ott a Botanical De

EDUCATION.

A CORRECT LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
The following is offered to the Public as a complete List of all Publications within the Month.
Autbors and Publishers, who defre a correct and early Notice of their Works, are intreated to
transmit copies of the fame.

MISCELLANIES.

The Spirit of the Public Journals for scription of British Marine Plants, in 1797, to be continued annually, confifing of a Latin and English, with Drawings from Na- choice Selection from all the Newspapers, ture, by 7. Stackhouse, Esq. F. S. L. Faf- and other periodical Works, of the most exciculus Secundus, containing 22 specimens quisite original Pieces of Wit and Humour, of Fuci, 125. 60.

White. of the best Essays, Poems, &c. &c. one large

vol. 12 mo. gs. in boards. Richardson, &c. DRAMA. Knave or Not, a comedy in five acts, by the English Peerage; to which are added,

Reflections on the late Augmentation of
Thomas Hclcroft, 2s.

Robinsons.
The Mysterious Marriage, or the Heirship in the reign of Elizabeth, 35.6d.

an Account of the Peers and Knights created

Robson, of Roselva, a play in three acts, by Harriet Lee, 25.

Robinsons.

A Philosophical and Practical Treatise on Elue Beard, of Female Curiosity, a dramatic Horses, by John Lawrence, in 2 vols. 8vo.158.

in boards.

Longman, romance, as represented at the theatre-royal, Drury-lane, by G. Colman, jun. Cadell &.Co. 1758; reprinted and continued to 1790, one.

Dodsley's Annual Register, vol. 1. for

vol. per month, 75. boards. Otridge & Son. Delectus Græcarum Sententiarum, being

The Student, No. I. to be continued, conan introductory Book to the Study of the taining many curious Essays and Notices of Greek Language, designed for boys of the

recent Discoveries and now linprovements in lowest forms, by the Rev. s. 7. Priest, 4s. and zod. printed and sold at Liverpool, by R.

the Arts and Sciences, in fix parts, 18d. Richardsons

Ferguson; sold in London by Vernor & Hood.

The Red Bafil Book, or Parish Register of The Gentleinan's and Connoisseur's Dicti. Arrears for the Maintenance of the unfortuonary of Painting, by the Rev. M. Pilking- nate Offspring of illicit Amours, with a farton, to which is added a Supplement, con ther Developement of most shameful and untaining Anecdotes of the latett and most cele- precedented Acts of Abuse in the Town of brated Artists, and Remarks on the present Manchester, part the first, by Thomas Bartye, State of Painting, by J. Barry, efq. R A.

25. 60.

Wallis. &c. &c. il. 175. bds.

Robinsons.

MEDICINE, &c.

Description and Treatment of Cutaneous Observations. &c, on an Act passed in the Diseases; Order I. containing papulous Eruppresent Session of Parliament, intituled, tions on the Skin, hy Robert Willan, M. D. An A& for granting to his Majesty' an

F. A. S. with 7 plates, printed in colours, Aid and Contribution for the Prosecution of 155.

Johnson the War; with various practical Tables and Annals of Medicine, vol. 2. for the year Forms;, to which is added the Act at large, 1797, exhibiting a concise View of the latest with an Index, 3s. 6d.

and most important Discoveries in Medicine Bunney, Thompson, and Co. and Medical Philosophy, by Messrs. A. Duna The Law of Corts in Civil Actions and

Can jen. and jun. M. D. 75. boards. Robinsons, Criminal Proceedings, by 7. Hullock, efq. of Morbid Anatomy, by Matt. Baillie,, M. D.

An Appendix to the first edition of the Gray's Inn, 1. 8vo. gs.bds. Clarke and Son.

F. R. S. 25. 60.

Johnson

FINE ARTS.

LAW.

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