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Public Affairs...Switzerland. mode of drawing for a successor to the division. He shall receive particular instruc; member of the directory, who goes out tions to this effect. annually. The nomination of the fuc This instruction refers to a higher milceering member, as the law now stands, fion with which General ANGEREAU is is vested in the legislative body, which intrusted; its importance may be collected commences its fitting after the new third from the following phrase, with which it are chosen; but GUILLEMARDET pro- concludes : “ The Executive Directory posed that it should be vested, in future relies with full confidence on the result of in the legislative body, before that third the operations of General ANGEREAU, in is changed.

his new and important mission.

When General ANGEREAU wrote a letter to

men have served the Republic with that the Directory, dated Head Quarters at glory and success which he has hitherto Strasburgh, 3d February, wherein he ac-, reaped, they must daily acquire new titles knowledged the receipt of the arrété to the gratitude of the nation," which fuppresses the army of the Rhine, On the 5th of February, the central and acquainted the Directory that he in- administration of the Department of the tended to set out for his new destination Seine, at Paris, published on the 3d of on the 5th. “ This new pledge of confi- February, with the greatest folemnity, in dence,” he says, “refutes in a manner all the streets of the commune, the proextremely flattering to me, the abfurd clamation respecting the loan of 80 milcalumnies which the enemies of the Re- lions, for the Expedition against England. public have spread at Paris on my ac The members of the department, with count. I request you, Citizen Directors, those of the different municipalities, jurto rest assured, that I fall ever conspire tices of the peace, &c. clad in tri-coloured with you against our common enemies; l'obes, formed a numerous and august we have no other but those who hate the procession. A black standard, of immense Republic and the conftitutional govern- fize, borne by the mariners drested in ment.”

black, presented this inscription in black In the sitting of the Council of Five letters, “ Descent upon England.” Hundred, on the 28th of Jan. COUPE,

SWITZERLAND, a member for the coasts of the north, read Those modern principles of governa letter from THOMAS PAINE, purport- ment, which the crowned heads of ing, that though it was not convenient Europe united their forces to destroy, for him in the present situation of his have at length reached the mountains of affairs, to subscribe to the loan towards ancient Helvetia. When the Duke of the descent upon England, his economy Savoy, by the treaty of 1564, renounced permitted him to make the small patriotic his claims on the Pays de Vaud he stipudonation of one hundred livres, and with lated that the ancient constitution of the it all the wishes of his heart for the fuc- country should be preserved. The French cess of the descent, and a voluntary offer Government guaranteed the provisions of of any

service he could render to promote that treaty by another in 1565. The it. He stated it, as his opinion, that aristocratical Canton of Berne and Fri, there would be no lasting peace for Eu- bourg have constantly violated the social rope, nor for the world, until the tyranny compact between them and the inhabiand corruption of the English government tants of the Pays de Vaud; without-atbe abolished, and England, like Italy, tending to the remonftrances and combecome a sister Republic.

plaints of the oppressed. The partizans On the 29th of January, the Executive of liberty in the Pays de Vaud, having decreed as follow :

lately renewed those remonftrances and !. That the army of the Rhine be fupressed complaints, those periodical prints, whole and the Etat Major dissolved.

practice is to cart an odium upon the 2. That the fifth military division, com French Republic, have stated, that the prehended in the circle of the said army,

shall Pays de Vaud was to be

seized upon and be commanded by General of Division Bxu- joined to France. The French Directory NETEAU SAINTE SUZ AUNE.

haftened to refute this perfidious state3. The fort of Kell shall form part of this divifion. The present decree thall not be ment, and has since ordered it to be intiprinted. The minister of war is extrutted mated to the Cantons of Berne and Fri.

bourg, that the members of government with its execution.

4. General ANGEREAU is appointed Com- Tould be personally answerable for the mandant of the tenth military division. safety and property of those inhabitants

5. He shall repair without delay to Pers of the Pays de Vaud, who should address pignan, in order to take the command of this it for the purpose of being reinstated in

Public Affairs.... Holland.

145 their ancient rights. This official inti party in the Assembly, who exerted them: mation produced, on the part of the two felves to throw obitacles and delay upon Cantons, the levy of the militia destined almost every measure which came before to march against the French troops; them. These principles and designs apthe arrest of the Deputies sent by the peared more glaring in the fitting

of the Communes, who refused to take up i9th of January, when the patriotic party arms against France; the enlisting of moved for celebrating the 21st, as the French emigrants, and crimping of Re: anniversary of the death of Louis XVI, publican deferters, to employ them against by an oath of hatred to the Stadtholderate the Republic.

and Despotism. A new president was In consequence of these hostile mea chosen from the patriotic fide of the Arfure, General MASSENA was ordered by sembly, and a resolution, after much dethe Executive Directory to march the bate, was passed, to convoke immediately division of the army of Italy, which was the Meinbers of the Constitutional Com.. returning to France towards Carouge, to mittee. The Committee being arrived, observe the movements of the iroops of the Allembly speedily decreed by the roBerne and Fribourg, and to repel them in minal appeal of the majority of voices, case of attack,

that the principles proposed by the ConAccording to a message which the Di. ftituent Committee Thould be adopted in rectory sent to the Council of Five Hun- toto, and not article by article, as the dred, on the 5th of February, the Go- Federalists proposed, in order to delay vernment of Berne actually put in motion the business; after which, the Assembly against the Pays de Vand, 14 battalions decreed, that the principles in question of foot and some artillery, under the or Mhould serve as the basis of the Constituders of General Weiss. General Me- tion. NARD, who, in the absence of General

In the night, between the 21st and MASSENA, commanded the above divi- 22d, the Batavian garrison and the Nati. fion of the army of Italy, fummoned Gee onal Guard were ordered under arms by ral Weiss tó retreat with his troops, the President MIDDERIGH, with great threatening him, at the same time, to re firmness and presence of mind. The pel forse by force, in case he thould disturb French troops remained

in their quarters, the inhabitants of the Pays de Vaud in and did not appear. Thus the enemies the free enjoyments of their rights. Citi- of this revolution cannot say that it was zen AUTIER, who was charged with brought about by the arms of France. carrying this summons to Yverdun, the An extraordinary meeting of the members head-quarters of Weiss, was attacked of the Assembly was fummoned by the at the entrance of the village of Thierns, President, to take place at the National by a detachment of the troops of Berne, Hotel. The members of the committee who killed two husfars of his escort. for foreign affairs, with their secretary, On his return to Moudon, AUTIER were put under arrest at their own houses checked the indignation of the militia of at an early hour. the country, who desired to avenge this The Republican members of the Nati. murder. When General MENARD was onal Affembly, to the number of fixty, informed of this outrage, he marched into met in the Hotel de Haarlem, and prothe Pays de Vaud, having previously ad- ceeded to the National Hotel. A comdressed a proclamation to the inhabitants pany of grenadiers of the

National Guard to acquaint them with the object of his commenced the procession; the other march. The Berne and Fribourg troops members of the Assembly joined them soon evacuated it, and were pursued by the afterwards, amidst the acclamations of the militia of the Pays de Vaud, while the people; twenty-iwo of them were put unFrench troops remained in the country. der arrest as they arrived. At eight o'clock “ Such," lay the Directory, “ was the the assembly refolved itself into a secret ftate of affairs in Switzerland on the de- committee, in which the prefident made a parture of the last dispatches froin thence. report of the strong meatures which had But since that time, tvents are reported been taken, alledging the fafety of the or have taken place, which are likely to Republic for“ a juftification of them. superfede the recellity of using hoftile These measures, rigorous as they were, measures against the government of Berne received the fanction of a great majority and Fribourg.'

of the affeinbly, after foine debate. HOLLAND.

The prefident then invited all the memA change of fyfteın has lately taken bers to rentw with him théit political place in the Batavian Republic'; there profession of faith, and to swear folemnly had been for some time, an aristocratical their hatred to the Stadtholderate and to

2

146 Public Affairs.- Portugal.... Spain.... America.-Public Funds. tyranny: All the members, except ten, hurt a hair of the head of the unfortunate accepted the oath. The president ordered Louis, then confined as a prisoner by his them, in the name of the Batavian people, own subjects, has lately acquiesced in an to leave the assembly. At eleven o'clock imperious request of the French Directhe fitting became public, and some mem- tory; he has given permission for 50,000 bers, who had not been in the secret com

of their inilitary to inarch through a part mittee, made the new declaration. of his territory, to attack Portugal. This revolution of the 22d of January,

The new principles of politics and phihas given birth to a new form of govern- losophy, are making hatty strides through ment in the Batavian Republic. An Ex- the Spanish nation, and its treaty of alecutive Directory is formed, consisting of liance with the Republic of France seems fix persons who took the oath prescribed rather calculated to undermine the throne

for that purpose on the 26th of the fame by gentle gradations, and thereby to · month. The president is Citizen Wreede. render its overthrow the more certain, Six ministers have also been appointed. than to secure the ancient form of governThe command of all the troops in the ment. Republic is, it appears, to be given to

AMERICA. General JOUBERT. In the fiting of the It may be recollected, that some time 2 3d, twenty-three members of the assem- ago, considerable cominotion had been bly declared their intention of withdraw- excited in America, in consequence of the ing from it, in confequence of the decree discovery of a plan contemplated in that of the preceding day. The absent, or country, to apply to the government of fick members of the allembly, are required England to take possession of the territory to make a declaration within eight days, of Spain on the West Bank of the Miiexpressive of their adherence to the mea- sillippi, to prevent the cellion of it to sure of the 22d. On the 24th, the inter- France. Governor BLOUNT was one of mediary administration of the late pro- the persons concerned in the contemplated vince of Holland, gave in the resignation plan, who was expelled the fenate with of their authority, and a declaration of violence, and not allowed an hearing. In adherence to the decrees of the assembly the subsequent progress of this butinels, made on the 22d, for the safety of the persons and papers have been seized by country. The principal towns in the general warrants, without an oath of acRepublic have congratulated the fiembly curation, and the laws and constitution on the measures which have recently been of the United States are said to have adopted.

been violated in an unexampled manner. PORTUGAL

It is said, by some, that the cause of By the last intelligence ttom Lisbon, it these violent proceedings is owing to the appears that the Executive Directory of influence of the Spanith minitter at PhiFrance has made a formal deinand of the ladelphia, who allows fome merchants to court of Spain, for permislion to march carry on an illicit trade to the Havannah 50,000 troops through that country forthe upon special permits, in which members attack on Portugal, which demand the of the Congress are commonly fecretly weak cabinet of Madrid has complied concerned. with. The court of Lisbon has made a formal

PUBLIC FUNDS. complaint to all the foreign ministers refiding there, of the indignity offered to

Stock-Exchange, Feb. 26, 1798. its plenipotentiary, M. ARANYO, who

Stocks have experienced a small rise since is ftill in prison at Paris. But, alas! loan, and the hopes which are entertained

our last, owing to the postponement of the what can luch complaints avail in the concerning the success of the voluntary conpresent posture of affairs, when most of tributions. the Sovereigns of Europe are cringing to BANK STOCK, on the 25th last month, the Republicans of France.

was at 119Ź; rofe on the 8th ult. to 132; The Directory alledge in justification and is at that price this day. of their conduct, and in reply to the Por 5 PER CENT. ANN. on the 26th last tugueze, that after the rupture of the month, were 693; rose on the 8th ult. to peace, M. ARANYO received an order 7câ; and are this day at 715. to quit the territory of the Republic, and month; 591; rofe on the 8th ult. to 611.

4 PER CENT. ANN. were on 26th laft that he is therefore at present to be con: fidered in no other light than an indivi

and are this day at 603 dual, and not in any public capacity.

3 PER CENT. cons. were on 26th Jan. at 48 : rose on the 8th ult. to 491; and are

this 26th day of Feb. at 496 The Spanish Monarch, who, in 1792, Lottery Tickets, 121, Is. dared the infant Republic of France to

Martiages

SPAIN

[ 147 ] Marriages and Deaths in and near London. Married.] At St. Martin's, Ironmonger Atst.George's, Hanover-square, Samuel lane, Mr. Hodgkinson, of New Bond-ftreet, Phelps et of Grosvenor-place, to Miss to Miss Kenworth y, of Ironmonger-lane. Tyndalt, only daughter of the late Thomas

At Stepney church, Mr. John Cooks, of Tyndale, esq. of North Cerney, GloucesterPultney-ftreet, to Miss Blakey, of Mile shire?? End.

Mri Cancellor, of Bedford-ftreet, Bedford Mr. John Harding, of St. James's-street, Square, to Mifs Hall, of Charlotte Street. to Miss L. Palmer, 'of the same place. At Hammersmith, Elijah Impey, esq.

At Wanstead church, F. H. du Baullay, nephew of Sir Elijah impey, to Miss Bonesq. of London, to Miss Elizabeth Paris, of ham, daughter of Francis Bonkam, esq. of the former place.

Hammersmith. Mr. Gerard Hullman, of Great St. Tho At St. Dunstan's East, Mr. Blydestein, of mas Apostle, to Miss Ann Charlesfon, of, Harp Lane, Tower-ftreet, brandy merchant, Crutched Friars.

to Mrs. Tebb. Mr. Thomas Eve, of Artillery-lane, Bi Aè Mary-le-Bone church, Capt. Froit to shopsgate-ftreet, to Mrs. Keath, of the same Mrs. Geale. place.

At Pancras, Thomas William Herne, At Kensington, James Trebeck, efq. to esq. of the Hon. East India Company's serMrs. Bond, widow of the late George vice, to Miss Crawford. Bond, esq.

Died.] In Park Lane, aged 80, the Right
At St. Martin's in the fields, Mr. Hol- Honourable Jofeph Damer, Earl of Dorcher-
man, of Covent Garden theatre, to Miss ter, Viscount Melton, and a Privy Counsel-
Hamilton, daughter of the hon. and rev. lor of Ireland.
Frederick Hamilton, of Richmond, Surrey. Suddenly, Mrs. Rainsford, wife of Gene-

P. W. Mayo, M. D. of Conduit-street, ral Rainsford, of Soho-square.
Hanover-square, to Miss Buckle, daughter After a few hours illness, Dr. Meyersbach,
of the late rev. S. Buckle, of Swannington, the famous water doctor.
Norfolk.

In Robert Street, Bedford Row, Mrs.
The rev. Richard Roberts, high master of Robins.
St. Paul's school, to Miss Ward, of Baker At her houfe, St. George's Fields, fud-
ftreet, Portman-square.

denly, Mrs. Pressland. William Stanton, esq. to Miss Standert, Mrs. Coombe, wife of George Coombe, daughter of Olborne Standart, esq. of Great ef4. chief clerk of the Admiralty Office. James-street, Bedford-row.

At Illington, Miss Birch, eldest daughter At St. Margaret's, Westminster, the rev. of Mr. Deputy Birch. Henry Wise, rector of Charlwood, Surrey, At his apartments in Buckingham Court, to Miss Porter, daughter of the late fir Sta- Mr. Robert Potts, one of the established nier Porter, of Kensington palace.

messengers belonging to the Admiralty. At Illington, John Byron, esq. of Great In Holborn, John Mitchel Carleton, efq. Surrey-ftreet, Blackfriars, to Mrs. Elizabeth lieutenant in the army. Orton.

Suddenly, Capt. Atkinson Blanchard, late Captain Yonge, of the both regiment, to of the Eaft India Company's ship Rockingham. Miss Pirner, elest daughter of William Pir Mr. John Brown, of Kennington Cross, ner, esq. of Arlington-street.

stock-broker. At St. George's Church, Hanover-square, At Inington, 'in the 8 ist year of her age, Gerge Medley, efq. of Upper Grosvenor- Mrs. Magdalen Foullé. place, aged 60, to Miss Lockhart, aged 22, At Bromley, Mrs. Catherine Melward. organist of the Magdalen, and daughter of Suddenly, in an apoplectic fit, James Irthe celebrated organist of Lambeth church, win, efq. one of the directors of the East Lock chapel, and Orange-street chapel.

India Company At St. Martin's church, Stewart Major At his house at White Friar's Dock, Mr. ribanks, esq. to Miss Paxton, daughter of Serjeant, timber merchant. He had been Archibald Paxton, esq. of Buckingham-ftreet. bed-ridden upwards of two years.

Mr. William Smart, of Bridewell Hotpi. In Kentish Town, Mrs. Elizabeth Adams. tal, to Miss Wake, eldest daughter of the In Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, Mrs. Bowes. late Mr. William Wake, of Primrose-street. At Stoke Newington, Miss Kinder, second

At Brompton, Captain Mofs, of the East daughter of Mr. Kinder, of Cheapfide. Kent militia, to Miss Catharine Linderidge, Mr. Thomas Cleveriy, office-keeper of the only daughter of Mr. John Linderidge, of Transport Office. Brompton.

Mr. William Turner, many years one of At Hendon, Mr. John Milward, of Brom- the park keepers, ftationed at the Stableley, Bow, to Miss Elcanor Bond, of the yard Gate, St. James's. former place.

In Newman Srect, the Rev. Edmund At Illington, Mr. J. C. Skurray, to Miss Gibson, chancellor of the diecete of Bristol, Puwaall,

and grundlon to the late Bishop Gibfon.

148

Biographical Notices of Pelletier. In Tavistock Street, Bedford-square, Tho. lishing, at the age of 21, some very inigen mas Prior, esq.

nious observations on the acid of arsenic. Mrs. Skinner, widow of the late Mr. Jo. Macquer, by mixing nitre with the oxyde of seph Skinner, of Aldgate High Street. arsenic, had discovered a falt capable of so

Mrs. Palmer, wife of Mr. John Palmer, lution in water, and of crystallizing in the of Drury Lane theatre.

form of prisms, to which he gave the name At Ealing, aged 60, A. Favenc, esq. of neutral salt of arsenic. He was of opinion,

In Warwick Street, Golden-square, T. that no acid could decompose it; but Pelletier Rood, esq. late of Richmond Green. demonstrated, that this might be effected by

Died.] At Putney, Jean Baptista Muller, a distillation of sulphurous acid. He dea native of Pruisia. The fingularity of his tected the true cause, which rendered Maccharacter may in some measure be collected quer's salt of arsenic incapable of decompofia from the following directions respecting his tion in vessels properly closed and luted, and interment.---'" I desire to be buried within shewed by what process the salt itself was the walls of the church, and interred in my formed in the distillation of nitrate of poto buff embroidered waistcoat, my blue coat anh, and white oxyde of arsenic; and lastly with a black collar, a pair of clean nankeen he specified the distinction between this new breeches, white filk ftockings, my Prussian salt and Macquer's foie d' arsenic, (liver of arbooks, my hair neatly dressed and powdered, lenic.) Encouraged by the success of his and I particularly request, that my coffin first essays, he publiled his obfervations may be made long enough to admit of my on the crystallization of sulphur, cinnabar, hussar cap being placed on my head.---So and soluble salts. He undertook an ana dressed and accoutred, let me rest in peace.” lysis of zeolites, particularly the false. Zeo

In Salisbury-square, Mr. Bardins, the cele- lite of Fribourg in Brisgau, which he found brated globe-maker, in which business he is to be nothing more than an ore of zinc. He fucceeded by his only fon.

published likewise fome equally solid and inAt Tottenham, Mr. T. Coate, of New- genious remarks concerning marine dephiogate-treet.

gisticated acid, the absorption of oxygene, At his lodgings in Edgware-road, Mr. Rin the formation of various kinds of ethers, chard Griffith, formerly manager of the and especially of the acid ether : and wrote Theatre Royal, Norwich.

several memoirs on the composition of phosDeaths Abroad.

porus, its transformation into phosporic acid, Of BERTRAND PELLETIER, the celebrated and its combination with sulphur, and the French chymifi, whose death we noticed in a major part of metallic fubitances. Whilst formir number, we have fince been favoured he was engaged in making experiments on with the following particulars.

phosporus, one of the moit astonishing proThis illustrious chymist and physician was ductions of the art of chymistry, he burned born at Bayonne, in 1761, and died in Paris himself fo dangerously, that he narrowly efthe 21it of July, 1797. His career was caped with his life. On his recovery from short, but glorious; and he has left behind this unfortunate accident, which confined him a reputation, which the flight of time him to his hed for more than half a year, he - will never obliterate. Many men of natural occupied himself with the analysis of various genius have been consigned to hopeless ob- lead ores found in France, Germany, Spain, scurity, for want of a proper field to exercise England, and America ; and notwithstanding and display their talents; whilit others have the fame subject had been previously treated failed in their noble ambition to excel, for and discusied by Scheele, Pelletier found want of an able director in their early years, means to give his researches a surprizing dewho could prescribe to them the proper line gree of interest and novelty. His analysis to pursue, and direct the efforts of genius of the properties of barytes led him to make a to their definite object. Pelletier fortunate- series of experiments on animals, which fully ly poffefied all these advantages. He im- established the poisonous qualities of this bibed the first elements of the science, in composition, in whatever shape it may be adwhich he afterwards so eminently excelled, ministered. The chymists have given the under the tuition of his father; and íuble- appellation of strontian to a certain species of quently under the direction of Darcet, who earth recently discovered, from the name of perceiving in him a surprizing portion of fa- the place where it was found. Pelletier gacity, which may not unaptly be denomic carefully analyzed this earth, and found it nated the infinet of science, admitted him to correspond with sulphate of barytes.' He among the number of his pupils, belonging was amongit the first, who substantiated the to the chymical elaboratory of the French practicability of refining and perfecting a belle college. Five years of intense study and ap- metal, by leparating the tin. His first explication, under the auspices of a master, periments of this kind were made at Paris, formed by nature to excel, and perfected by from which place he removed in 1791, tó experience, could not fail to render Pelletier veriry his discoveries on a very extensive scale diftinguished by a degree of knowledge rare at the foundery of Romilly. The following ly to be met with in persons of his age. Of year he was chosen a member of the academy this he foon gave convincing proofs, by pub- of sciences at Paris; soon aster which he

went

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