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184 New-York....Negro-Servants....Manners, C. manners, but the latter are fast wearing towns of the mother-country, of equal away, like the language. The Quakers, size. The merchants are indultrious, and of both sexes, trongly resemble their feduluudly active and expert in their European brethren,' and retain more of commercial transactions, emulating their the English neatness and activity than neighbours in wealth and Splendour, the rest of their fellow-citizens--the fame and extent of enterprize; and will, per, observation forcibly occurred to me du-" haps, ere long, outvie them all! for, ring my itay in Philadelphia. One fifth New-York bids fair to become the of the whole population of New-York grand emporium of commerce, of the is supposed to consist of negroes and peo Federal Republic, notwithstanding the ple of colour-an hideous-looking race, fanguine expectatives of the new city of pert and saucy, idle and lazy ; such an Washington on the Potomac. Their odious and unnatural mixture of society public amusements are fimilar to ours is, in my opinion, the most unpleasant in England, viz. plays, ademblies, concircumstance attending a retidence in the certs, billiards, balls, &c. but they midland and southern itates of America-- have another, their favourite winter di. Would it not be founder policy to send version, which we are strangers to, and these people into Georgia, and provide that is sleighing, or riding on Nedges-a them with lands and implements of hul- kind of carriage, drawn swiftly by one or bandry, affording them protection, if more horses along the frozen surface of necessary, against the attacks of the fa- the snow—the eale and rapidity of the vages and Spaniards ? The fetid effluvia motion, the joyous hilarity of the parties of the negroes, in warm weather, scents on thele occasions, and the purity and an apartment worse than alafoetida; the serenity of the air, can only be conceived menial servants being chiefly of that de- by them who have experienced such a finfcription, one can readily imagine the gular and expeditious mode of travelling! fragrant nosegay of an American dwell- in these festive excursions, the American ing, during an Egyptian summer !--but fair throw off their usual reserve and the natives are used to it, and heed it sang-froid, evincing as much gaiety, and not. To obviate this, and other un- vivacity as their lovers and admirers can pleasant considerations of greater import, poflibly. desire ! Consumptions are much such as the vicious intercoure between the attributed to these nocturnal frolics, whites and blacks, might not the New, from the sudden exposure to the keen, Yorkers give encouragement to the frosty air, after the excessive fatigue of poor Irish and Scotch emigrants, of both dancing ; such parties usually terminatsexes, who annually visit their hospitable ing with a dance, and tea or coffee, at thores-the modern refuge of the perlefome of the numerous houses of public cuted and distressed, the restless and the entertaiment in the neighbourhood of wandering !--and thus totally do away the city: I suspect, however, that Hythe mungo and the tawney breeds ? the men derives as many votaries from these town and suburbs swarm with both, mirthful Laponian jaunts, as Esculapius! How inconsistent with the American re a warm fur dress, on these occasions, is publican doctrines of liberty and equa a requisite precaution: it is really ainu. lity, to observe in the papers, advertise- sing, to observe the extreme eagerness of ments for the fale and purchase of the Americans for this darling exercise, negroes and their children; like black and how.anxiously they wish for the long cattle, and with as little ceremony, trans- duration of frost and minow. ferred from hand to hand! how diigrace Inļand, at Hudson and Albany, for ful is such an indecent practice, to the instance, the weather is less broken by acknowledged good fenf: and patriotisin sudden thaws than at New-York, w..ere, of the Anglo-Americans !--however, let from the vicinity of the sea, it is moister us look at home, ere we censure them. and more yariable. The New Yorkers

The police of the capital is good, at begin to encourage music, and the drama; least, crimes of a dangeious kind are fel- but the arts and sciences are less attended dom heard of, and very rarely committed to than among their more northern neighby the native whites; not here alone, but bours: at present, they appear totally throughout the United States : yet the abforbed in the pursuits of wealth and morals of the populace, and the youth, pleasure. Take them in general they are as in most otur sea-ports, are vicious an acute, înrewal, high-Ipirited people; in the extreine; more protitutes, pro- fond of business, and of good cheer; warm bably, abounding in New York, Phim in their tempers and prejudices, but foladelphia, and Charlestoivri, ha in any cable and friendly, where their circum.


New-York...Occupations... Diet, &c.

185 itances adinit. The country people re- and are almost idolized by the men, who femble their neighbours of New- Jersey deservedly pay them every respect and and Pentylvania; a ploulding, lober, indulgence : a convincing proof with hardy race; staunch republicans, but not ine, both of their morals and ung lo active and intelligent as the New-Eng. derstanding. In their matrimonial con, landers or Virginians, though handsomer nections, both fexes, to their credit, iu feature and complexion than the latter. apparently consult real affection and

Many of the settlers in this state are choice, more universally than we do. cmigrants from New-England and Great Wedlock with them is not a 'mercena:y Britain, and chietly in the farming line; and sordid, but an honourable, disinten agricui:ure, next to commerce, being the rested, and indispensable tie. The selfish molt lucrative employ. In the perional or vicious character of a rich old bachelor appearance of the Anglo-Americans is, of course, rare among 'hem ; fo is the nothing is 15 Palking as their height of practice of giving portions withi daugiaHature : probably being the tallest race of ters; instead whereof, it is customary whites exiting with this difference among for parents to furnish the house of the them, in i he loathritutes the inhabitarits young couple, according to their station generally bring of a lank, meagre habit of in lite, which is terined a “i fetting off." body,and Iwarthy or fallow complexioned, Children inherit in the way of Gaveland in the inidiard and northern much kind; parental affection and cor.m.cn fouter and fairer. The Back Woods- sense thus taking their due course, unmen, as the whites all along the in- shackled by the arbitrary, unnatural, and terior line of the states are termed, are proud distinctions, thai disgrace modern almost gigantic., The Americaus are Europe, wherever aristocracy and hereremarkable also for their straight, clean ditary rank hold their iron sway. This make ; few of them having knock-knees comunendable practice Actually preor round-thoulders; and their counte vents the eldelt fon from beggaring his ninces, in general, are nore exprellive juniors; whilst it ensures that happy than the northern Europeans. The name mediocrity of property and condition of Friend, or Quaker, in the mother which pervades the 'Fæderal States country, almost implies gravity and fe- of America. Rowing, sailing, and datenels; but


their less methodi. bathing, are favourite diversions with cal descendants, acrois the Atlantic, mer- the New-Yorkers; and in these wholeriment and conviviality are as eagerly pur- kome exercises no people have a finer fued as among other sectaries; neverti:e- icope to indulge. Tlie markets are plenlels, they are equally distinguished by the titully supplied with all sorts of exuifeful accompaniments of diligence, purc- cellent provifions-fish, flesh, and fowl, tuality, sobriety, and other virtues: their &c.; feveral of the former I think much women may well be called the Fair Qua- inferior in their respective kinds to ours : kers ! and may serve as a pattern for their viz. skate, mackarel, and cod; however, charming fex; for in every trily ami- they have others peculiar to their coat, able quality they excel; in the inental the Meep's-head for instance, and the. and domestic accomplishinents none ex- black fish. Their fruits, the apple exCeed, them: I found women anongit cepted, are likewise greatly inferior in theni of extraoriinary sense and informa. fiavour to those of England; but the detion : the hours that frivolous women of feet, I incline to imagine, lies in the fashion and diffipation de vote to, idiereis want of attention to horticulture, not to and folly, thele lovelier females emplay- climate and foil : though the extreme feing to very different purposes. As to verity of their winters is perliaps urfathe political tenets of the Quak.rs, who vourable to the production of the more are very numerous in all the midi nd delicate kinds of fruit. states, they are, unanimouli, recided The wines most in use are Madeira republicans; yei hefj;ita'yle and well-ur- and Claret, ivut Lisbon, Port, and Sherposed to the British : although not of rý, are not uncommon.

Spirits and their religious perfuafion, I affociated water, cyder, and London porter, are much with them diuing my abode in likeivise the common beverage. Ho2fc. America; the clore, in justice to their rent is dear; so is labour : in fact, Wew. merits, I embrace this public acknow- Vork, in consequence of the vast ledgment of their many laudable quali- increase of commerce and population, ties. The Americani wunin are lind of is bcccme cile of the dearest and drufs, and follow the London faihiciis, oft expensive towns to ref.de in upon as täggerly as our provincial adies: incy the Averican Costizari: come on are inode: and chaised iu livangers,



186 Apotheofis of Milton not "Johnson's...Mr. Stone's-Benefa&tions. Long Fland, within a few miles of the the channel of your Magazine, whether capitat, & family can live comfortably there were not focieties in London, or with a moderate income.

other places, for the purpose of bestowing · The claffes of emigrants most likely to annual sums of money upon clergyinen prosper' in America, are the industrious, potsessed of benefices ot' mall valve ; and, Tober mechanic--the laborious farmer also, of the manner in which to proceed and the aêlive trader; not the literary for obtaining fuch donations. Since my man---the lounging idler or the fine sending that letter, which, either from gentleman.

your judging it not suitable for your Sincerely wishing a long continuance work, or from its being by some accident of the invaluable blessings of peace and lost, was never inserted; I have found civil tranquillity to United America, I that fomething of this nature is given anconclude, Mr. Éditor, with fubferibing nually by a Mr. Stone, but upon what myself, your humble servant

conditions I know not. I have, therefore, J. S. DE CAMPOLIDE. to defore you will favour me lo far as to London, Feb. 1798.

give this a place in some future number,

and as early as poffible, provided it be not To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, contrary to the original design of your SER,

repository; and, likewise, that some of N your Magazine for January last, is your readers will communicate what inton," which is spoken of as undoubtedly

When it is considered that there are written by Dr. Johnson. It is, indeed, livings under twenty pounds per annum, printed in one of the latter of those vo- `much blame must attach to the Goverfumes, which have been published as the nors of queen Anile's bounty, and espeworks of Dr. Johnson; but, froin tlre in- cially if it be true, as has been afferted, ternal evidence, I never believed it to be that they might have augmented every the production of Johnson; and Mr. living in the kingdom to the yearly, value Borwell's life of him contains füfficient of one hundred pounds. evidence that it was not written by him. I would offer it to the confideration of Boswell Tays, “ It has been errone- your correspondent B. G.* whether Bioully supposed, that an. Eslay published hop Pearfon has not given a more perin the “Gentleman's Magazine for 1739,' fect and complete illustration of " the was written by Johnson; and, on that communion of faints," than that of Supposition, it has been improperly in Archbishop Secker. After explaining ferted in the edition of his works by the these words fererally, the Bifhop thus Bookiellers, after his decease, Were concludes: “I am fully persuaded of there no positive teftimony as to this this, as of a necessary and infallible point, the style of the performance, and truth, that such persons, as are truly the name of Shakespeare not being men

fanctified in Chrift, while they live among tioned in an effay, professedly reviewing the crooked generationis of men, and the principal English poets, would afeerstruggle with all the miseries of this tain it not to be the production of John world, have fellowship with God the Fafon. But there is liere no occasion to re- ther, God the Son, and God'the Holy fort to internal evidence; for my lord Ghoft, as dwelling with them, and taking bishop of Salisbury (Dr. DOUGLAS) has up their habitations in them that they assured inc, that it was written by Guth- partake of the care and kindness of the rie."

blessed angels, wlio take delight in the Among the injurious attacks against miniftration for their benefit: that, besides Milton, may be numbered the parallel the external fellowship which they have between Milton and Chatterton, pub- in the word and facrainents with all the lished in the life of the latter, in order members of the church, they have an to aggrandize Chatterton. Milton, in intimate union and conjunction with all that parallel, is treated with the most the faints on earth, as the living members grofs and Gameftıl injustice.

of Christ ; nor is this union separated by March 13, 1798.

H.S. the death of any, but as Christ, in whom

they live; is the famb lain from the To the Editor of the 1.10:zthy Magazine. foundation of the worid, fo have they

fellowship with all the faints, which, from Wrote a letter some sime ago, l'e

the death of Abel, have ever departed in questing that one of your numerous

in the Magazinu for January latl, .'. 23. corespurdists wou!! inform in!', through



7 i


his way

*presses the same image, though less for: Mr. Robinson on the Communion of Saints....Similes,

187 the true faith and fear of God, and now Visceribus fuper incumbens ; lavit improba

teter enjoy the presence of the Father, and fol.

Ora cruor.

Æn. š. 723: low the lamb whithertoever he goeth. And thus. I believe the communion of As-wkena kiongathat, with hunger bold, faints *.!!.. I am, Sir, your's, &c. Roams grimly round the fences of the fold, Ravenfone-dale... seju ROBINSONS Spies a tal,

saate the chief of all the train, 2000 129 SEIDO

Of bcamy fag, high stalking o'er the plain;

His borrid nrane lie, pears, he runs, he Aies, For the Monthly Magazine

è Expånds his jaws, and darts upon the prize ; SIMILES OF HOMER, VIRGILY-AND-* And, growling, Pages in a foam of

The prize he rends yith a tremendous roar,

gore. MilfON, (CONTINUED.)s bat sors to ensus si Pitr. -vid From Wild Beasts,


There seems to be an impropriety in A Molt fpwited representation of a representing the Lion as wandering about by Homer in the following simile. Jag or roebuck; (for caprea is erroneously

rendered goat) which are inhabitaňts of As when the mountain lion, Fierce in

the forest : in strength, IWC: 1 Amid the grazing herd the fairelt head?

tion is highly spirited; in particular, Selects his prey; he forf the knewy neck

the epithet given to the stag 5 furgentem Breaks with strong teeth; then tearing wide' in cornua, rising in antlers," is very

poetical. The word beamy, bórrowed Drinks down the blood, and all the entrails hy this translator, from Dryden, ex

quaffs; And though the baying dogs and herdsmen cibly: that of high-stalking is foreign to round"

the purpose ; and the whole of the transa At diftande clamoúr loud, dares none advance,, lation is much too diffuse. And brave the fight, pale-fear fo chills their

I shall add one more passage relative breasts; Thus 'mid the Trojan bands' no heart futainid - to this animal, in which a striking and

characteristic circumstance is introduced. To meet Atrides, glorying in his might

Il. xvii. 61. The itern resolution of Ajax protecting

the dead body of Patroclus, is expressed The refemblance is the more exact, as

in the following image: Menelaus employs himself in stripping the armour of Euphorbus, after he Irad

He stood, as broods a lion o'er his young, killed him,

Whom thro the forest as his whelps he leads

The hunters meet: he grimly glares around, The joy with which the fame hero is And all his angry brow in folds descends inspired, when he beholds Paris coming To veil his eyes.

II. xvii. 133. to meet him, is expressed in a fimile nearly of the same kind:

It is impossible to doubt that such a

picture was taken from the life. So joys the lion when a mighty prey Hung'red he seizcs, or the horned itag,

The Leopard or Panther is once alone Or shaggy goat : with greedy hafte he tears; introduced by Homer as an object of He gorges, though around the active hounds. And mettled youth attack.

comparison, nor can it be said, that the

picture drawn is remarkably characteThe latter

part of this description an- ristic of the animal, though neither call ticipates, as it were, the event, which it be blamed as incorrect, is only expected in the real action. Virgil, as usual, applies the fimile more

As the pard springs forth correctly in his imitation of it. The To meet the hunter from her gloomy lair, subject 'is Mezentius ruthing upon and But whether from afar, or nigh at hand

Nor hearing loud the hounds, fears or retires, killing the youthful warrior, Acron, dis

He pierce her first, altho' transfixt, the fight tinguished by his gay ornaments. Still tries, and combats desp'rate till the fall, Impaltus fabula alta lço ceu fæpe pera- So brave Antenor's son fed not, or frank, grans,

Till he had proved Achilles. (Suadet cnim vesana fames) & forte fugasem

I!. xxi. 573.' Cowper. Conspexit capream, aut furgentem in coriua, The application of the timile is void cervum,

of all peculiar propriety; for Agenor Gaudet hians immáne, comafque arrexit, & only stops in Rigbr, hurls a single Tpear, hæret

1 and is Inatched away, unwounded, by See Pearson on the Coord, p. 359. edit. Apollo. 1710.


11. iii. 23:

En. ii. 355:

for prey,


Similes from Wild Beasis in Homer, &c. The Tiger, a congenerous animal, As favage wolves rush furious on their prey, amid a flock of theep, affords Virgil á Or kids or lambs, snatch'd from the scatterá fimple comparison, without any descrip

flock tion, to Turnus having burit his way To roam untended, sudden as beheld

Amid the njountains left by heedless swain into the Trojan camp. But Milton has derived a very characteristic fimile from They lose their feeble lives, in pieces rent;

So furious rush'd the Danai on their foes. the same terrible beast, in which its

Il. xvi. 352. manner of seizing its prey is pointed with

Virgil has three fimiles, not borrowed much picturesque exactness.

from Homer, in which the manners and Then ás a tiger, who by chance hath Spy'd actions of wolves, familiar to the inha, In some purlieu two gentle fawns at plays bitants of a paftoral country, are repreStraight couches close, then rising changes oft fented with much nature and spiritu His couchant watch, as one who chose his The first is an attack of a troop of wolves

ground, Whence rushing he might sureft seize them exploits of a desperate band of Trojans;

in a mist, compared to the nocturnal both, Grip'd in each paw.

Par. L. iv. 403.
during the fack of their city.

Inde lupi ceu The application is to Satan, watching Raptores, atra in nebula, quos improba ven. the actions of Adam and Eve in Paradise.


Exegit cæcos rabies, catuiique reli&i The Wolf, a more ignoble beast of Faucibus expectant ficcis; per tela, per prey, but one, which from its bloody Vadimus haud dubiani in mortem. and savage character, would suggest fit comparifons to the painter of warscenery, has been introduced by Horner

As hungry wolves, while clouds involve with his ufual truth and spirit. The Rulla from their dens; and, prowling wide

the day, following is a perfect piece of natural hi.ory.

Howl to the tempeft, while the favage brood, As wolves that gorge

Stretch'd in the cavern, pant and thirst for The prey yet panting, terrible in force,

blood; When on the mountains wild they have de. So thro' che town, determin'd to expire, vour'd

Through the chick storm of darts, and smoke An antler'd stag new-Nain, with bloody jaws and fire, Troop all at once to some clear fountain, chere Wrapt and surrounded by the shades of night, To lap with lender tongue the brimming We ruth'd, &c.

wave; No fears have they, but at their ease eject

This translation, and ftill more DryFrom full maw's Hatulent the clotted gore;

den's, seems to me to mistake the maten Such stem’d the Myrmidon heroic chiefs

rial circumstance of “ atra in nebula," Allembling fast round the valiant friends which they paint rather as a ftoim, than Of Avist Aacides. Il. xvi. 156. Cowper. a dark mift," Their hunting in troops, their greedi- Trojan camp, and eagerly trying a very

Turnus, attempting to brezk into the mels in devouring their thirty constitution, the form of their tongues and in the following lines:

acceílible part, is very happily paralleled manner of drinking, are such circumftances as a Buffon would telect in de Ac veluti pieno lupus infidiatus ovili, fcribing them. The application, as a

Cuin fremit ad caulas, ventos perpefius et fimile, ansivers the poet's purpose of iinprefling a terrific idea of the Myrmidons; Nocie super media; tuti sub matribus agni but it would have been more perfect, had Sævit in absentes: collecta fatigat edendi

Balatum exercent: ille asper & improbus ira they been returning from the combat, in- Ex longo rabies, & ficcæ fanguine fauces. itead of going to it. The eagerness with Haud aliter Rutulo, muros & caftra tuenti, which they throng round their leader in Ignefcunt iræ.

Æn. ix. 59. a close troop, is the truly relembling circumstance ct the picture.

As beat by tempets, and by famine bold, Ansther natural sinule, but not The pro iing wolf attempts the mighty full; wrought with the force of the former, is Lodg'd in the guarded feld beneath their

dans, derivcl froin this animal, by Homer, Safe from the favage, bleat the tender lambs; where he deicribes the rout of the Tro. The morter meditates the fleecy broort; jans, by the victorious Greeks, 'headed Now howls with hunger, and now thirts by Patroclus.

for bloud;



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