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194 Mr. Bruce on an Atmospherical Phenomenon at Edinburgh.

« In a short time, the refinery of l'Unité clouds passed over it, now and then the was built, on the abbey-ground of St. darkened part made a beautiful break, or Germain-des-pres, at Paris. Saltpttre interruption, which was

presently restored ficwed there in profusion; and this eitab- when the cloud had passed over. But the lishment alone yielded in the refined state, pillar, or body of light itself, had not regularly every day, near 30,000lbs*. the least appearance of that quivering or

" As to the process of making powder, vibrating motion peculiar to aurora boit has not only been abridged, brought realis; neither did it shift its situation to perfection in the old powder works, during the whole time, lo far as could and carried to a degree of strength hitherto be cbserved, which was a point or two unknown; but a fabric, which may be to the north of east. About eight o'clock, called gigantic, the works of Grenelle, or a quarter after, the sky grew hazy, was erected at one of the extremities of then cloudy, and the whole was obscured. Paris. There, methods altogether new, At its first appearance, and indeed all were put in practice, for mixing and tri- the day, there was a pretty high westerly turating the ingredients, as well as ren- wind, and, except near the horizon, the dering the composition more compact, sky was quite clear; but except the above and for granulating it: the machines and perpendicular fiream of light, there was mechanical means were also entirely not the smallest appearance of aurora bonewt. This immense fabric, which realis visible all the time. scarcely exifted five months from its com If any of your correspondents have obmencement, had delivered out to the ar- served this phænomenon, or know of any mies more than 1500,000lbs. of good such appearance upon record, it is repowder, before the constructions necessary . quested they will be so kind as to favour to the establishment were compleated the public with their farther observations. and, at a time, when it had proceeded Edinburgh,

A. BRUCE. so far as to fabricate daily 33,000 weight 13th Feb, 1798. of well conditioned powder, it was accidentally blown up, and reduced to a To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. frightful heap of ruins. I

SIR,
A

Miscellany to elucidate great and To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. interesting characters, by the publication SIR,

of authentic documents, I communicate A of

in the sky last night, and was ob- Great, King of Prussia. They were first ferved from about half past fix till near given to the German public, by Mr. eight o'clock. It had the appearance of Nicolai, of Berlin, who received them one large pillar or pencil of whiteish from the Duchess of Brunswick, to whom light, as if rising from some luminous they were writtęp by that illustrious mobody near the horizon; its lower part narch. The first is on the death of her being hid behind Salisbury-Hill, where fon Leopold, a prince no less distinguishthe light showed much brighter for a ed for humanity than talents; the other, great way up, and as it afcended to the on the approach of his own dissolution, zenith, where it also dissipated, it grew and written only fix days before that much fainter and broader; the fixed itarsevent. They both display the mild and being visible enough through it. Near philofophic firmnets of a character on the lower part, to the east, as fome small which fo much has been said, and so lit

tle is accurately known, because it has * It was in part burnt, by accident, on the been delineated by men wanting either 4th Fructidor, an. 2. which circumstancce did opportunity or abilities for such a taik. not long interrupt the bufiness, although it Even the celebrated Zimmermann has was renewed on a less scale than before.

greatly misrepresented this illustrious mo+ This new method of making powder, narch, in those anecdotes which Mr. Niwas ftill due to Citizen Carny, whose zeal colai proves to be a fabrication of error was equal to his knowledge and talents. | This catastrophe happened on the 14th

and milinformation, Fructidor, an. 2. It was thought to have

LETTRE I. been occasioned by the imprudence of a work

Ce 12 Mai, 1785. man, notwithstanding the strictest police and MON ADORABLE SOEUR, vigilance. It was afterwards judged prudent, 1L y, a 70 ans passés, que je suis au monde, to forn leveral establishments on a smaller et dans tout ce tems je n'ai vû que des

jeux bizarres de la fortune, qui mêle quantitê.

d'évé.

I. S.

Letters of the King of Prussia.-Spanish Poetry. 195 d'événemens facheux à quelques favorables dom and fortitude enable you to bear up against qui nous arrivent. Nous balottons sans cesse that forrow, which a tender mother must catre beaucoup de chagrins, & quelques mo feel for the loss of a beloved child. May mens de satisfaction. Voilà ma bonne soeur, heaven continue to support you, and preserve le sort commun de tous les hommes ! Les to me a fister, who constitutes the chief hapjeunes gens doivent être plus sensibles à la piness of my life. Believe me, my dear perte de leurs proches & de leurs amis, que fifter, with the tenderest attachment, and les viellards. Les premiers se resentent long the highest esteem, your faithful brother and tems de ces privations, au lieu que les per- 'servant,

FREDERIC. Sonnes de notre age les fuivent dans peu. Les morts ont l'avantage d'être à l'abri de

LETTER II. tous les coups de la fortune, & nous qui

Ioth of August, 1986. restons en vie, nous y sommes sans cesie

MY BELOVED SISTER, exposés. Toutes ces reflexions, ma bonne foeur, ne sont guères confolantes, je l'avoue. THE Havoverian physician* was, desirous

of recommending himself to your favour, Heureusement que votre sagesse, & votre

my dear fifter; but the truth is, that he was esprit vous ont donné la force de resister à la of little service to me. The old must give douleur qu'éprouve une tendre mère, en per; place to the young, in order that each genedant un de ses enfans cheris

. Veuille le ciel ration may find its place; and if we fairly continuer de vous affifter, en conservant une enquire in what life confifts, it is in seeing soeur, qui fait le bonheur de ma vie ! Daignés our fellow-citizens successively entering and ma bonne soeur, me croire avec le plus tendre

quitting existence. Meanwhile, I thould tell attachement & la plus haute confideration.

you, that I have felt myself rather easier for Mon adorable soeur, votre fidèle frère & ser- these few days past. My heart remains in. viteur,

FEDERIC:

violably attached to you, my dear fifter, and

I am, with the highest esteem, my beloved LETTRE II. fifter, your faithful friend and servant,

FREDERIC. Ce 10 d'Aout, 1786.

MON ADORABLE SOEUR,

LE medecin d'Hannovre a voulu se faire For the Monthly Magazine.

valoir chez vous ma bonne soeur; mais ON THE POETRY OF SPAIN. la verité est qu'il m'a été inutile. Les vieux doivent faire place aux jeunes gens, pour que chaque generation trouve sa place ; & à

count of the holy Roman empire, bien examiner ce que c'est que la vie, c'est lord of Yrian, head of the Rebolledos voir mourir & naître ses compatriotes. En of Castille, knight of the order of Santattendant je me trouve un peu soulagé depuis iago, comendador and alcayde of Villaquelques jours. Mon coeur vous reste in nueva de Alcardete, governor and captain violablement attaché, ma bonne soeur. Avec general of the Lower Palatinate, general la plus haute consideration, mon adorable of artillery, minister plenipotentiary in foeur, votre fidèle frère & serviteur,

Denmark, minister of the supreme counFEDERIC. cil of war, &c. &c. but if Rebolledo

had not been a poet, these titles would TRANSLATIONS,

have been remembered only in the family LETTER I.

pedigree, and on his own monument. 12th May, 1785. On the 31st of May, 1597, he was bap

tized in Leon, his native city. From I HAVE lived above 70 years in the world, his earliest years, says the Spanish bio

and in all that time, I have seen nothing grapher, our Bernardino discovered his but the capricious freaks of fortune, who inclination for that happy union of arms mingles with the few pleasing circumstances and letters, which so many have made. of our existence, a great number of mourn- Two centuries ago this union was less ful events. We Auctuate between continued extraordinary than at present : in Engtroubles, and momentary gratifications. Such, land we had a Raleigh and a Sydney. my dear fifter, is the common lot of man- Spain atfords more instances; Lope, de kind! Young people cannot but feel the loss Vega served in the Armada;

Garcilaso of friends and relations, more acutely than the old. The former continue long to re

died in battle, and the poem of Ercilla collect their loss; while persons, of our age,

was written in his tent. But the world fhortly follow those whom they lament. The is grown wiser, though it may not have dead have the advantage of being beyond the grown better, and the trade of war, reach of fortune, but we who remain alive, once held so honourable, is now estimated continue exposed to her shafts. These re as it should be. At the age of fourteen flections, my dear lifter, afford but little confolation, i confess. Happily, your 7.

* Zimmermann,

Rebolledo

MY BELOVED SISTER,

196

Poetry of Spain....Bernardino de Rebolledo. Rebolledo entered into the feet of Naples he recommends are Camden, Hector and Sicily, in which service he remained Boethius, and Biondi, a name with which eighteen years, and honourably distin. I am unacquainted. He advises his guished himself. Afterwards he fel ved friend to fly from the madness of Coperin Lombardy, under Spinola. At the nicus, whose opinions are contrary to refiege of Casal, his right arm was broken velation and common sense. Afterwards by a musket ball. Perhaps the poçt re- he mentions all the books in the Old and members his wound, when, in that part New Testanyents, and gives the number of his “ Selva Militar y Politica,which of chapters in each ; recommends for treats of besieged places, he enumerates, frequent perusal, the works of St. Teresa among the provisions necessary for the and Kempis, and concludes thus ; ' “ as fiege, physicians, surgeons, and inedicine you now aspire to a more fecure state, chefts.

you
must abhor your

former

way

of life; After serving in the Low Countries, but if you look back upon iniquity, I and negociating with many of the Ger- thall regard you as a new pillar of falt." man powers,

the count was appointed In the fame volume there is a madrigal, plenipotentiary to the court of Denmark. curiously exemplifying the text; “ every But Copenhagen was besieged during his one that exalteth himself shall be abaled, residence there, and for two years the but he that humbleth himself shall be exSpanih ambassador assisted in defending alted.” On the entrance into Biscay the town.

After lo

inany

toils and dan- from Castile, through the Sierra de Or. gers he retu ned to Madrid, full of years duna, between the little towns, or rather and of glory; new honours were accumu- perhaps villages of Berberana and Lezalated upon him, and he died in that city, ma, a stream falls from the height of a univerfally respected, at the age of four mountain into a deep valley; through fcore.

which a current of air conținually passes, Amid the toils and occupations of so with such force, as to scatter the water adventurous a life, Rebolledo produced on its fall, and sweep it away in vapour. those

poems that have ranked him among The vapour, on its elevation, condenses, the nine Castilian mufes. They were and falls in perpetual rain. This finguprinted separately at Amberes and at Co- lar sport of nature is the subject of this penhagen. An edition, in four volumes, little poem. was published about thirty years since at With what a deafening roar yon torrent rolls Madrid; but it is supposed, that some of its weight of waters, from the precipice, his publications escaped the editor's Whose mountain mass darkens the hollow search. The first of these volumes con

vale! tains his “ Ocios," chiefly consisting of Yet there it falls not, for the eternal wind, lyric pieces. From this volume a cu. That sweeps, with force compressed, the rious epifle is extracted in the Parnefo Scatters the midway stream, and, borne afar,

winding straits, Espanol," hitherto my guide. The editor selects it as, in his opinion, the Methinks that Eolus here forms his clouds,

The heavy mit defcends, a ceaseless shower. heft poem

in the Ocios of Rebolledo, and As Vulcan, amid Etna's cavern'd fires, as displaying profound erudition, solid Shapes the red bolts of Jove. Sure if some piety, exquisite taite, and accurate judg

sage ment. This praise is somewhat enor Of elder times, had journied here, his art, mous, for what he calls a Poema Biblio- With many a mystic iable thadowing truth, grafico, and what may properly be stated Hai sanctified this spot, where man might a catalogue in rhyme; for it is only a litt

learn of books recommended to a young ftu- Wisdom from nature; marking how the dent. In enumerating there, he begins

fiream, with poetry; the names alone are men

That seeks the valley's depth, borne upward, tioned of various poets, Greek, Latin,

joins Italian, French, and Spanish, without The clcuds of heaven; but from its height

abased, one discriminating epithet or remark; When it would rise, descends to earth in rain. except that Virgil is called, agreeably to

T, Y. Spanish gallantry, “ the elegant defamer of Dido.” England is only mentioned [The analysis of the 2d and 3d volumes under the head of history, and the writers will be given in our next.]

( 197 )

WALPOLIANA; OR BONS-MOTS, APOPHTHEGMS, OBSERVATIONS ON LIFE AND LITERATURE, WITH EXTRACTS FROM ORIGINAL LETTERS, OF THE LATE HORACE WALPOLE, EARL OF ORFORD:

NUMBER I.

This Article is communicated by a Literary Gentleman, for many years in habits of intimacy with Mr. WALPOL E. It is partly drawn up from a collection of Bons-Mors, &c. in bis ozon band-writing; partiy from Ancedores written down after long Conversations with him, in wisich be would, from four oClock in the Afternoon, till trvo in the Morning, display these treasures of Anecdotes, with which bis Rank, ivit, and Opportunities, bad replenished bis Memory; and partly from Original Letters to the Compiler, on jabjeets of Taste and Literature.

Mr. Gray, the poet, has often observed to me, that, if any man were to form a book of

what he had seen and heard himself, it mult, in whatever hands, prove a most useful and entertaining one.

Walpole.

... BERNIS AND FLEURY. PARDINAL de Bernis, when only

v. BUTE'S MINISTRY. Lord Bute was my school-fellow. He

VI. LADY WORTLEY MONTAGUE,

III. THE CLERICAL GOWN.

then four score, for some preferment. believe his intentions were good. He Fleury told him fairly, he should never wished to blend and unite all parties. have any thing in his time : Bernis re The tories were willing to come in for a plied, Monseigneur j'attendrai *.” Mare ofpower, after having been so long U. COUNTESS OF COVENTRY.

excluded—but the whigs were not willing Towards the close of the reign of to grant that share. Power is an intoxi. George the Second, the beautiful coun

cating draught; the more a man has, the tess of Coventry talking to him on thows, more he desires. and thinking only of the figure she her-, felt should make in a procession, told him,

The letters of Lady Wortley Mone the light she wished most to see was a co- tague are genuine. I have seen the ori. ronation.

ginals, among which are some far supe

rior to those in print. But some of them Mr. Suckling, a clergyman of Nor- cation was about to take place, Lord

were very immodest. When the publifolk, having a quarrel with a neighbour- Bute, who had married her daughter, ing gentleman, who insulted him, and at lai told him, “ Doctor, your gown is dred pounds to suppress them. The mar

sent for the editor, and offered one hun. your protection;" replied, “ "it

may mine, but it shall not be your's;" pulled

took the money, promised-and pub

lished. it off, and thrashed the aggressor.

Lady Wortley Montague was a playIV. PATRIOTISM OF WILKES. fellow of mine when both were chiidren. Depend upon it, my dear. Sir, that She was always a dirty little thing. This Wilkes was in the pay of France, during habit continued with her. Whenat Flothe Wilkes and liberty days. Calling rence, the Grand Duke gave her apart one day on the French minister, I ob- ments in his palace. One room fufficed served a book on his table, with Wilkes's for every thing. When she went away, name in the firit leaf. This led to a con- the itench was so strong, that they were versation, which convinced me. Other

obliged to fumigate the chamber with vi. circumstances, too long and minute to be

negar for a week. repeated, strengthened, if neceffary, that

Pope gave her the Homer he had used conviction. I am as fure of it, as of any in translating. I have got it: it is a small fact I know,

edition by Wetstein. Here it is. SHE Wilkes at first cringed to Lord Bute. wrote that little poem in the blank leaves. The embassy to Constantinople was the

VII. CONJUGAL AFFECTION. object of his ambition. It was refused

A French gentieman, being married and you know what followed,

a second time, was often lamenting his

first wife, before his second, who one day *My Lord, I shall wait.

faid te him, " Moniieur, je vous afire

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IX. MONKS AND FRIARS.

XII. A LONGING WOMAN.

198 Original Anecdotes by the late Horace Walpole: qu'il n'y a personne qui la regrette plus que a present to the Prince of Wales, on πιοι

learning that he was loaded with debts. VIII. CONJUGAL WIT.

He delighted in what he called book-hunt Another French lady wrote this letter ing. This notable diversion consisted in to her husband. “ Je vous écris, parce- taking a volume of a book, and hiding it

que je n'ai rien à faire : je finis, parceque in some secret part of the library, among je n'ai rien a dire f."

volumes of similar binding and size. When he had forgot where the game lay,

he hunted till he found it. What you say is perfectly just. Some degree of learning is necessary even to compofe a novel. How many modern Madame du Chatelet, Voltaire's writers confound monks and friars! Yet Emilie) proving with child again, after they were almost as different as laymen a long interval, and king Stanislaus joking and priests. Monachism was an old in- with her husband on it, he replied,

" Ab! ftitution for laymon. The friars, freres, Sire, elle en avoit fi forte envie !"-" Mon or brothers, were first instituted in the ami," said the old king, c'étoit une enthirteenth century, in order, by their vie d'une femme grosse * preaching, to oppose the loliards. They

XIII. A PRETTY METAPHOR. united priesthood with monachism; but while the monks were chiefly confined to loved, and leaving many friends in town,

A young lady marrying a man the their respective houfes, the friars were

to retire with him into the country, Mrs. wandering about as preachers and confeffors. This gave great offence to the and twenty fhillings into a guinea.”

D. said prettily, “ She has turned one kcular clergy, who were thus deprived of profits and inheritances. Hence the fa

XIV. ROYAL FAVOUR. tyric and impure figures of friars and A low Frenchman bragged that the nuns, in our old churches. Do you re- king had spoken to him. Being asked member any example of retaliation? I what his niajesty had said, he replied, fuppofe there were similar libels on the fe “He bad me stand out of his way. cular clergy in the chapels of friaries now abolished 1.

great French lady, who-was one of Mr. Hollis is always publishing re

the firit to visit Madain du Barry, after publican books; and yet profeffes great

she was known to be the royal mistress, veneration for our constitution. I cannot justifying herself to her niece on that acreconcile this; our constitution being, in count, said, It is reported that the its leading parts, an oligarchy, the form king gave an hundred thousand livres to perhaps, of all others, the most opposite countenance ber ; but it is not true.”to a republic.

“ No, madam,” replied the niece nobly, Nota. Before the French revolution, I dare say it is not true; for it would Mr. Walpole was so warm a friend of have been too little.” freedom, that he was almost a republican. XVI. PROOFS OF GENEALOGY. The change of his sentiments will be de

A lord of the court being presented for lincated in the close of these anecdotes.

the first time, Louis XIV. said afterwards,

that he did not know the late lord of that My poor nephew, Lord ***, was de- name had had a son, having been reckranger. The first symptom that appeared oned impotent. « Ob Sire !said Rosvas, his ferding a chaldron of coals as quelaure, “ ils ont été fous impuisans que

pere en fils.* " I assure, you, Sir, no one regrets her XVII. VOLTAIRE AND ADDISON, more than I.” + I write to you, because I have nothing fon at a tavern.

A story is told of Voltaire and Addi

I do not believe Vol. to do; I end my letter, because I have nothing to say."

taire was in England while Addison was . Gross errors of this kind appear in the alive. writings of Mrs. RADCLIFFE, and Mr. LEWIS. “ The Monk" of the latter, both in' *! Ah! Sire, she longed so much for it.” his book and play, being in fact a friar, a My friend, it was the longing of a wobeing of a very ditierent description. EDIT.

man with child.”

XVIII. PRICE

XV. MADAM DU BARRY.

X. MR. HOLLIS.

XI. SYMPTOMS OF INSANITY.

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