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Original Anecdotes by the late Horace Walpolez 199 Xvin, PRICE OF MAKING A PARK A what laws,” said his opponent,

" was he GARDEN,

put to death ? Quin replied, “ By all Queen Caroline spoke of shutting up the laws he had left them.” St. James's park, and converting it into

XXIII. AN INNOCENT MINISTRY. a noble garden for the palace of that name. She asked my father * what it might pro

He used to apply a story to the then bably colt; who replied, “ only three ministry.. A malter of a ship calis out,

" Who is there?" CROWNS.

A boy answered,

“ Will, Sir.”—“What are you doing?” XIX. AN ANECDOTE CORRECTED,

- Nothing, Sir,"_" Is Tom there?” Let me correct a story relating to the " Yes,” says Tom.

66 What are great duke of Marlborough. The - you doing, Tom ?”—“ Helping Will, duchess was pressing the duke to take a Sir."

ict medicine, and with her usual warmth

XXIV. LORD ROSS. said, “ I'll be hanged if it do not prove

The reprobate Lord Ross, being un serviceable.” Dr. Garth t, who was present, exclaimed, " Do take it then, to call on God. He replied, his death-bed, was desired by his chaplain

“ I will if my lord duke ; for it must be of service, I go that way, but I don't believe I in one way or the other.”

thall." XX. DOUBLE PUN.

XXV. ECCLESIASTIC SQUAEDLE. A good pun is not amiss. Let me tell you one I met with in some book the other there was to be a burial, were at variance.

A vicar and curate of a village, where day. The Earl of Leicester, that un

The vicar not coming in time, the curate worthy favourite of Elizabeth, forming a park about Cornbury, think began the fervice, and was reading the ing to inclose it with posts and rails. As the vicar arrived, almost out of breath,

words, “ I am the resurrection,” when he was one day calèulating the expence, and snatching the book out of the curate's a gentleman stood by, and told the earl hands, with great seorn, cried, “ You the that he did not go the cheapest way work: “ Why” fais my lord... Be and then went on.

resurrection! I am the resurrection,”cause," replied the gentleman, “ if your

Nota. This, though copied from Mr. Lordship will find posts, the country will find railing."

Walpole's own hand-writing, is suspected not to be very new. But ever old jests,

that such a man thought worthy of General Sutton, brother of Sir Robert writing, or speaking, cannot be unSutton, was very passionate : Sir Robert worthy of a place in this lounging Walpole the reverse. Sutton being one compilation ; and they often gained by day with Sir Robert; while his valet de passing through his hands. chambre was shaving him, Sir Robert

XXVI. WEAK MERVES. said, " John, you cut me ;"-and then went on with the conversation. Present A clergyman at Oxford, who was very iy, he said again, “ John, you cut me” nervous and absent, going to read prayand a third time-when Sutton Itarting ers at St. Mary's, heard a show-man in the up in a rage, and doubling his fift at the High-ftreet, who had an exhibition of servant, swore a great oath, and said, wild bealts, repeat often, " Walk in * If Sir Robert can bear it, I cannot ; without lois of time. All alive! alive, and if you cut him once more I'll knock ho !" The sounds struck the absent you down."

man, and ran in his head so much, that XXII. QUIN.

when he began to read the service, and Quin sometimes said things at once

came to the words in the first verse, “and witty and wité. Disputing concerning doeth that which is lawful and right, the execution of Charles I. “ But by he shall save his soul alive,” he cried out,

with a louder voice, “ shall save his soul * Erroneously given to Chesterfield. alive! All alive! alive bo!” to the by mistake put Lord Somers.

astonishment of the congregation.

[To be continued regularly.] MONTH. Mae. No, XXIX.




( 200 )




OF EMINENT PERSONS. SOME ACCOUNT of ile late STANISLAUS ceed throngh France to England. As

AUGUSTUS (PONIATOWSKY) KING she profeffusi a particular avei fion to the of POLAND.

court of Versailles, she enjoined him to TANISLAUS Augustus Ponia- remain there but a short time; and as the

was born on the 17th loved the English, the on the contrary, of January, 1732, 0. S. He was the permitted him to stay in Great Britain third son of Count Poniatowsky', a man

as long as he pleased. of some talents, but of no fariely; who Immediately on his arrival is this had been the favourite of Charles XII. country, he waited on Sir Charles Han. of Sweden, and who on the death, or bury Williams, who had been our minias it is now suppoted, the ajassination of ster at Warsaw; and during his resithat prince, retired to, and Tettled in his dence there had received many civilities native country:

from his family. In the suite of that But if the birth of the father was ob- minifter, and in no higher capacity than fcure *, that of the mother was uncoin

that of a gentleman of the tembaffy, he monly illustrious. She was the Princets repaired to St. Petersburgh, and soon enEzatoryska, and boasted the posession of tered on a career that conducted him to a the noblest blood in the republic, as the

Elizabeth was at this period traced her descent from the Jagellons, the seated on the throne of the Czars. She ancient sovereigns of Lithuania. Their had married her nephew, the unfortunate youngest son, the subject of these me Peter Ill. to an obscure German prinmoirs, who was known by the title of cels; for the frequent revolutions in Count Poniatowsky, from his earliest Russia had rendered a match with any of youth, was the darling of his mother, a the royal families of Europe too dangerbeautiful, accomplished, and ambitious ous to become an object of desire. The

His education was commenced confort of the grand duke was a bold under her own (ye, and not only super- and aspiring woman; since but too well i itended, but in part directed by herkif. known under the name of Catherine II. She was indeed admirably calculated for Their tempers, studies, and pursuits, this important charge ; for she herself were entirely diffimilar.

He was atwas considered as pofilled of extraordi- tached to the Countels Woronsoff; the nary attaininenti; that too in a country,

to the chamberlain Soltikoff, a handsome wiere the women are said to be better in- Russian, who had just been sent into an structed than the men.


honourable circle I on that very account: count was attentive to his studies, and, at

At this critical period, the young Pole a very tarla period of life, fcrtunat ly appeared at Petelburgh, and the grand imbibedi a taste for letters ; to which he duchess inftantly dried up her tears. has been indebted for confolation during Stanislaus Poniatowsky was then one of his misfortunes. When about ei hteen the handsomest men in Europe. His years of age, he was sent to travel, and perion was moulded into the most exquireceived infueticis from his mother, lite symmetry; his air was noble; his arter visiting Italy and Germany, to pro

manners fascinating; in short, he por

feffed a charming exterior, and his mind * He is represented to have been a fortu circumnitance extremely rare-apfate avventu er, who, from the humble peared to be full as graceful as his person, fituation of'a servant in the lumiiy of M1 zielHe had cultivated a taste for the arts; ky, in Lithuania, paned into ihe service of Charles XII. ami obtained the confidence of guages'ct Europe; and had a certain

was acquainted with the principal lanthat price: H. «fterwards attached himseif foftness of manners, which afterwards 't King Sizpitaus Leczinsky, whom he is Yid to have tetrayel; having deprived him degenerated, perhaps, into weakness; vi che mi 10.01 vf atdatioi, formly pre

but at that tine it appçared to proceel funted to that prin..., by Augutius II. in prefence of hics I. Certain it is, thue he

† He is, by fonae, tuid to have been deurerepaired to Wariuw, with this tremurable tory. river, where duguitus rewarded him with the

I H: 125 : Puinte) ambalador to DenPirineb Ezutoryski, vi Clarcuryak d.




Account of the late King of Poland.

201 from a polished and refined education. guard-house, and perhaps dreading the Catherine, who was instantly struck with knout, he at length discovered himself. the person and accomplishments of the On this, Peter affected to reprimand the count, became greatly interested in his officer of his guards, for his rude treatbehair, and determined to realize the fen ment of so uistinguished a personage*, timent of the poet :

and gave orders for his release. This “ Love finds us equal, or it makes us fo.” adventure, however, made fo much noise

in the diplomatic circle, that the ambas. Even at this period, fae is thought to Have formed a party both against Eliza- alarmed at the influence of the young mi.

fadors of France and Austria, who were beth and her own husband. Certain it nister, actually complained to the em: is, that the Chancellor Bestuscheff was devoted to her, and that by his means,

the press; and her majesty was prevailed

upon to folicit the recall of a plenipotencontrived to invest Poniatowsky with a public character. Thus powerfully pa- the union of perfons so illustrious, and to

tiary, who was supposed to have disturbed tronized, he returned to Warsaw, with

nearly allied to her. letters to Count de Bruhl, then prime minister of Poland, and speedily came back, every thing to, and losing every thing

It was thus that Poniatowsky, owing adorned with the order of the white eagle, by love, was obliged to divest himself of and the important million of ambassador his public character, and return to his from the king and republic. In this new capacity he did not forget A series of important events, however,

native country and a private station. to pay his respects to the little court of foon fucceeded each other; and by agiOranienbaum *; and the archiduclets tating his hopes, consoled him, in some was foon after (in February, 1758) dec measure, for his disgrace. The Empress livered of a daughter, who was christened Elizabeth, during whose reigu the Rufby the name of the Princess Anne ;, but fian armies ha i encamped on thie banks of lived only fix weeks. The young pleni- the Rhine, and threatened the annihilapotententiary was fortunate enough to tion of the Prussian monarchy, died sudbe a favourite with the whole of the arch- denly, and was fucceeded by her

nephew, ducal family. He finoked and drank with the prince; and, at the same time, racter of the new monarch was well

on the 5th of January, 1762. The chacontinued to be the reigning favourite, known to him, and he was aware, from during several years, with his confort.

the masculine genius, and inordinate amAt length, however, the grand duke, bition of his confort, that some great who is said to have entertained some sufpicions relative to the paternity of the

* It is but candid to observe, that this Princess Anne, began to receive the adventure is differently related by M. de Polish minifter with coolness; and his Rulhieres. yigts to the palace were, toon after, Le jeune cour commençait donc à être wholly interdicted.

ouverterent divilée, quand une nuit, dans This, however, did not deter, but ra une maison de compagnie, Poniatowiky, près ther stimulated the romantic spirit of the d'entrer chez la grand duchesse, sans avoir young Pole, who, concealing the insignia de prétexte sur le lieu, tomba entre les of the white eagle, and disguising him- mains du mari outragé. Cet amant, miniself as a mechanic, frequently repaired itre d'une cour étrangere, reclame, dans le to Oranienbaun, and entered the gardens péril qui le menaçait, les droits de son caracwhich overlook the Gulph of Cronstadt, tere; & le prince, qui vit dans cette aven

ture, deux cours compromiles, n'oa rien by means of a key he had procured for prendre sur lui-même, fit déposer Poniatowthat purpole. One fumier's evening, as íky dans un corps de garde, & depecha un he was passing through an alley that led courier au favori qui gouvernait l'empire, to a pavillon, he happened to be teen hy ". La grande cizch:] , fuifint tête au danger, the archduke, who initantly recognized, vient trouver son mari, conant de 2011 ar'ec auand gave orders to arrest him. On being dace, lui representa ce qu'iurcit de ficheux & interrogated, he pretended to pass for å peut etre funejte pour lui-mene, la publicite German taylor,' who had come from d'r ne telle eventure. Elle fe juffifa, in lui opPetersburgh' to measure his highness's poluint la meieripë qu'il avuit, cu fui de tout ! servants for some new liveries; but, when empire. Elle promit qile doi nevant, elle treithreatened with being committed to the lui avait refusés jusqu'alors, &c. Le grand duc

terait cette fille avec icus les egards que la fierté A palace at some distance from the capi- êtonné par l'ascendant quelle conservait encore fur ul, presented to the young grand duke by lui, & en mome temps jullicité' par ja maitije, his aunt, the Empress Elizabeth,

ferma les jeux, &c.”



Account of the late King of Poland. catastrophe was at hand. This was actu- cnly in that empire, but in the attache ally the case. The Chancellor Bestucheff ments of its present sovereign. Count had been banished to Siberia; his in- Orloff, a man equally destitute of deli: trigues were principally directed towards cacy and education, who posseffed a her, the nobles. Catherine, however, knew, calean form, and who was celebrated for that in an absolute government, whoever nothing but personal bravery, enjoyed can !:cure the military; may command the affections of Catherine, and in some the nation. She acco.dingly bent her measure monopolized her favours. The thoughts to tliat fole object, and actually same courier who had brought the letter found means to gain a number of the from the count, was accordingly dir. guards. Her pretexts, specious, and ad- patched to him immediatety, with a short mirably suited to the comprehensions of note, in which he was enjoined to repair a barbaroirs foldiery, were founded on to Warsaw, and expect every thing from the innovations occafioned by the Pruffian the friendship of the empress. This unexercise, and an abolition of the ancient expected reply at first affected him conRussian uniform; the war in Holstein, liderably, for he was greatly attached to the necessary absence in consequence of her imperial majesty, and had always this, from the delights of the capital, considered his absence from the court of but above all, the omission of the cere- Russia, as a species of exile *." Ambimony of Peter's being crowned at Mof- tion, however, at length proved victocow, which, according to the popes of rious, and he returned to hiş native counthe Greek church, made an insurrection try, pleased with the idea, that if he had cease to be a rebellion! Her agents con

loit a mistress, he was assured of a crown, fifted of three brothers of the name of Or His hopes were, indeed, shortly realoff, two of whom were soldiers * ; of lized, for* Augustus, king of Poland, Passick and Bibikoff, two subalterns of died at Dresden, on the 5th of O&vber, the princess Daschkaw, who in the bosom 1763; this event was easily anticipated, of servitude had conceived fome notions for his majesty's health had been for of a republic; of Count Panin, gover- some time in a declining ftate, and it nor to the present emperor, who had im- was foreseen, that a constitution, enfeebibed favourable ideas of a limited mo bled more by debauchery than age, could narchy, during an embassy to the court not long resist the pressure of disease. of Stockholm; and of Cyril Razou- The Czarina was accordingly prepare: moffsky, who from being a peasant of for the occurrence; she had a large body the Ukraine, had become commandant of of troops on the confines of the republic, the guards of Ifa nailoff; and Hetman and they entered Poland with equal joy of the Cofracks of Little Ruflia. and precipitation ; for that unhappy, but

The fate of one of the greatest empires fertile country, has always been conin the world, was not only decided in a sidered as the paradise of the Ruffian fol, few hours, but even without a struggle. diery. But the court of Petersburgh did All the crowned heads of Europe were not confine its operations to force alone then as eager to recognize a fortunate intrigue was had recourse to; splendid ufırper, as they have been fince tardy in promises were made ; threats were emacknowledging a legitimate government; ployed; and gold was distributed every and ininifters Hocked from every part to

where. To complete all, Wartaw was pay their respects, on the elevation of taken possession of by a body of RurCatherine! Ope prince only, struck fians, and the imperial amballador, with the immorality of her conduct, re

Count Kayserling, who was omnipotent fuled admission to her ambassadors.- in that capital, already began to treat This was the emperor of China !

Poland like a 'conquered province. No foorer had the first intelligence of this fingular event reached the ears of

* Being obliged to leave Rusia with preCount Poniatowiky, than he infantly ciyitation, and without being able to postei to'the frontiers, and pressed ca a portrait of his mistress, in a country where gerly to be pernitted to repair to court, the arts were but little cultivated, the first But a revolution had taken place, not thing he did on his return to Warsaw, was

to iupply this deficiency. The painter, on * " Orlof le plus bel homme du nord, this occasion, worked under the direction of d'une naisiance mediocre, gentilhomme, si the count, who, as it were, distated the feal'on veut, par la pofletion de quelques pay-.

The retemblance is said to have been fans esclavei, ayant ses frères soldats dans les complete, and the empress was exceedingly regimens des gaides, &c."

Aattered by this sovel piece of gallantry.

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Account of the late King of Poland,

203 In this critical situation of affairs, the for, as they very justly observed, “ the Diet was convoked, and the debates be difference of sentiments upon some points came tumultuous. She election was cár- of religion, among Christians, ought not ried on, in express violation or one of to enter into any consideration with rethe constitution laws, which deciares garu to the employments of the state. every nomination void, during the con The various sects,” added they, tinuance of foreign troops within the ter- though they differ in opinion among ritories of the republic; and the deputies themselves, with respect to fome matters dow voted under the menaces of a hostile of doctrine, yet agree in one point, that army, and even within the reach of their of being faithful to their sovereign, and cannon. At length, on the 7th of Sep- obedient to his orders : all the Christian tember, 1764, Count Poniatowsky, was courts are convinced of this fact; and, proclaimed king, by the name of Stani- therefore, having always this principle Haus Auguitus. A fimilar event had be- in view, and withuut paying any refore occurred in the history of the repub- gard to the religion they profess, Chrif

for Auguftus, elector of Saxony, was tian princes ought only to seek after called to the throne in 1697, by means of those whose merits and talents enable a lham election, and under the protection them to serve their country.” This peof a Saxon army; Auguftus, however, tition was referred to the Diet, but the was a foreigner; Stanislaus a native; and fanarical and intolerant clergy who fat but little could te expected from the reign there, opposed every attempt ror the meof a prince, whole" first public wt was lioration of the condition of their fellow a violation of the liberties of his countryd subjects, and thus, by a narrow and deIt is, notwithstanding, proper to remark spicable policy, prevented a powerful here, that the mildness of the king's dif- body of men from affitting their country position, inclined him to manage the in- in the disturbances that ensued. ternal affairs of the nation with great Hitherto Stanislaus had experienced moderation, and that he was but ill fe- but little public opposition to his guven conded by the nobles and clergy; who, ment, being prohibited by a powersul boalting a savage feudal independence, army of Rullians; but this semblance of kept the peasantry in the most abject state tranquillity did not continue long. The of llavery, and thus, in the end, paved Ottoman Porte, indignant at the conduct the way to their own fubjugation. Ano- of the empress towards Poland, and inther preponderating cause, thai effentially ftigated by the promises of the French* attributed to the approaching ruin, was court, resolved upon war. Accordingły, the situation of the Disidents: these con- the Russian ininiiter, Obrekoff, was ihut listed of such as followed the rites of up in the seven towers, and hostilities the Greek, Calvinistic, and Lutheran proclaimed in 1768. churches; and being protected by the This appeared a favourite moment for treaty of Oliva, their

grievances afforded the Poles, who had hitherto been terrified a specious pretext for the interference of rather than subdued. Prince Radzivil, foreign powers. Under Sigismund Au and a powerful body of the nobility, acguitus, the feparatists of every descrip- cordingly associated together, and they tion, were indulged with a feat in the were cordially supported by the dignified Diei, and admitted to all the honours clergy; less, however, out of a love of liand privileges beiore confined to the Ca- berty, than a harred to the protectress of tholics ; lince that period, the members the Disidents! At length a regular insurof the established church had wantonly rection commenced, and the confederation excluded all but themselves from public of Bar, as it was termed, began to assume. employment, and even interdicted the

a formidable appearance. profession of any other faith but that of The confederates were protected un. the church of Rome.

derhand by the court of Vienna, and Thole appertaining to the Greek more publicly by that of Versailles; the church, being powerfully protected by latter, indeed, supplied them with money, the court of St. Petersburgh, and those arms, and ammurition, provided them protelling the reformed religion, by the with some vetiran officers, and the duke courts of London, Copenhagen, and Ber- of Choiseul actually fent Dumouriez lin; a petition was presented to the king thither with diplomatic powers. in 1765, in which the Diffidents demand. ed to be reinstated in their ancient rights * Choiseul was at that time prime minister, and privileges, and to be placed on the and de Vergennes ambasador at Constantifame footing as the Roman Catholics : nople.


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