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Account of the late King of Poland. Catherine temporized. The flower of of horsemen; and had it not been for the her army was einployed in a distant war- trcachery of Koszintki, he would have fart, against the Musluinen on the bor- been carried to the camp of Pulawski, ders of the Danube and the Dneifter. She and given an unwilling, but formidable therefore had recourse to artifice, and fet fanétion to the proceedings of the conteup a counter-confederation, at the head derates. of which the placed a king of her own The interview of sovereigns are but creation. Her generals, Gallitzin and too often fatal to the interests of the huRomanzos, had, however, no foɔner ac man race. During the conference at quired a decisive fupericrity over the Neils, in Silelia, in 1769, between JoTurks, than the prepared for coffensive seph II. and the king of Prussia, the latoperations, and carried on a contest ter firit broached the idea of the dismemagainst the Poles, in the name of Poland, berment of Poland; and sent his brother, with a ferocity that would have disgraced Prince Henry, to Petersburgh, to found the noft lavage nation. The nobles of the disposition of Catherine, on that subthe patriotic party, when taken, were ject. In a second interview, at Neustadt generally mailacred; 2 iiw palatines in Austria, the project of fpoliation was were reierved for a more dreadful fate; settled ; and in 1772, this gross violation for, of tome the tongues were cut oui, of the law of nations was perpetrated, and of cihers, the n enhers were muti- and the Diet forced to announce its prelated ; and, in this situation, they were tended affent, by means of a folemn act expored to the unrelenting scorn of their of renunciation. Thus Poland was defoes, and the unavailing compassion of prived of large and fertile territories, betheir countrym.en*. The houle of Auf reaved of five millions of inhabitants, tria also, was induced by the allurements and forced to relinquish half her annual of freth acquisitions, to declare against income, by the arts and arms of Russia, them; and even France, which had hither- Austria, and Prussia. It is not a little to given aslistance underhand, at length meinorable, and it is worthy of the atwithdrew her aid. Thus left to their tention of those who mark the revolutions own scanty resources, it affords but little of empires, that* one of those estates rooni for wonder, that a nobility, wich was formerly held in vassalage by the thought itself degraded by carrying armso Poles; another had seen its capital and in any other manner than on horieback, throne possessed by them; and a ihird had and an enflaved peasantry, reluctantly been indebted to a king of that t nation, serving on foot, in a quarrel in which for the preservation of its metropolis, they did not deem themselves intereited; and almost for its existence as an indes fhond prove an unequal match for a pow- pendent kingdom. erful domestic party, headed by their own The bad faith of these imperial and king, and a numerous foreign army, sup. royal fpoilers, is so much the more noported by all the clergy of a great empire. torious, when it is recollected, that in Weought rather to be astonished, how 1764, the empress of Russia had trania bandtul of brave nobles, could have mitted to the court of Warsaw, a reheen able to fupport such an unequal nunciation of all claims on Poland, Signed Content, during the years 1765, 1770, with her own hand, and sealed with the an11771; this, however, they actually feal of the empire; that in the very fame tected, and, had they been but properly year, the king of Pruflia allo folemnlys freonded, by any foreign power, would relinquithed all claims and pretensions, curedly have proved triumphant. As and that the empreis-queen in 1771, not it was, the king was obliged to itut him- only ab.olutely disclaimed any right to klf up in Worlaw, and was indebted for any of the dominions of the republic, his personal fcurity, to a body of fo. but even affeted to confic'e herself as the reign mercenaries : even then, indeed, he guarantee of the integrity of its territoas not entiriy safe from the enterprise ries. “ The partionary policy of the of the cirfiderates; for on the ze of continental dcipots," as it is termed by of September, 1771, he was leized in the an English bithopt, may appear to superfreets of his capital, by a refolute hand ficial obicrvers, to be attended only with

* The booty taken by the Russians, was * Puliwd could never be prevailed on to acirmenic; and, if we are to give credit to a knowledge Prusia as a kingdom until 1764. late publication of some celebrity, the em + Tohu Sobieski. preis Lerfelr received the famous lobuary of | Dr. WATSON,."Chemical Ejays,” vol. Prince Radzivin, as her íhude of the spil!


iv. Pref. page 7.

many calamities.


Account of the late King of Poland.

20$ local and temporary consequences; it is Thick wall, or moated gate; not to be concealed, however, that it Not cities proud, with spires and turrets gave a fatal blow not only to European

crown'd; policy, but also to the supposed faith of Not bays, and broad-arm’d ports, princes, and prepared the way, in fome Where laughing at the storm, rich navies ride; measure, for the revolutions that have Not starrid and spangled courts, fince ensued.

Where low-brow'd baseness wafts perfume

to pride; The Poles had been overawed by the

- No: MEN, HIGH-MINDED MEN, three great allied powers on the continent, with powers as far above dull brutes endued, but, as yet, they were not annihilated as In forest, brake, or den, a nation. They perceived all the dan As beasts excel cold rocks and brambles rude : gers of an elective monarchy, in a feeble Men, WHO THEIR DUTIES KNOW, Itate, surrounded by powerful neigh- BÚT KNOW THEIR RIGHTS, AND KNOWbours, and they determined to remove

ING, DARE MAINTAIN ; the cause of lo



general enthusiasm feized the minds of the AND CRUSH THE TYRANT WHILE THEY people; the cities, in particular, evinced the most earnest desire for a change in the THESE CONSTITUTE A STATE. existing constitution, and this was ac

The elector of Saxony, on being concordingly effected by the revolution of sulted respecting a measure, seemingly the 3d of May, 1791. The republic calculated to illustrate his family, coldly once more cast its eyes towards Saxony,

declined his asent, and the empress of and a new dynasty was to commence in Russia having poured in fresh troops, the person, and be hereditary in the fa the new constitution was abandoned, mily of Frederic Augustus.

This attempt of a free nation to melioA great orator, now no more, has rate its condition, was actually considerlavished much unnecesàry praise on a ed as an insurrection; and Zuboli, the scheme that was false and hollow, which paramour of the empress, is said to have afforded new pretexts for freíh confisca- decided on the utter annihilation of Potions, and, at length, led to the entire land, as an independent ftate. But an subjugáticn of Poland. “ This revolu-' avenger seemed to ktart up, in the perfon tion," says he, «s was effected with a of the brave Kosciusko, whose brilliant policy, a discretion, an unanimity, and actions afforded a short gleam of comfort secrecy, such as have never before been to his countrymen; it iva imposible, known on any occafion; but fuch won- however, to lave a nation in which the derful conducî was referved for this glo- perfants liad been depressed by bondage, rious contpiracy, in favour of the true and the nobles had degenerated into the and genuine rights and interests of men. worit of tyrants, by means of an ufurped Happy people! if they know how to authority. proceed as they have begun! happy The ravages committed by the Rusians prince, worthy to begin with splendour, begge all description. The cruel Suor to cloie with glory, a race of patriots Warros*, acting like an exterminating and of kings, and to leave

angel, put 20,000 men, women, and “A name, which ev'ry mind to heav’n will such of the chiefs as escaped military ex

children to the sword in Pragat alone, and bear, “Which nen to tell, and angels joy to hear.” ecution, were transferred to Russia, where

they languished in prison, until they " ere In express opposition to this, it may released by the clemency of the present be observed, that the seeming consent of

emperor. Prullia to the new constitution, was a King Stanislaus, who had hitherto a&t. snare obviously laid for the destruction of ed a part inerely pallive, and neglected, the republic ; that the king was drawn like a inagnanimous prince, to choose beinto the vortex, rather by the current of tween a coffin and a crown, was involved popular opinion, than the genuine im- in the miseries of his country: Accordpulse of his own sentiments; and that no ingly, lie was obliged to remove from provifion was made for infrarchising the Warlow to Grodno, where he resigned all paíants, and peopling ard defending a pretenfio:s to the crown, on the 25th of free country, with freemen.

November, 1795. He remained in ob" What constitutes a state ?

* This ironiter has been exiled by the preNor high rais'd batciements, or ialour'i funt emperor. INound,

| One of the suburbs of Warsaw.


206 Eminent Living Charafters.... Albergati Capacelli

. fcurity fome time after this forced abdica-logna, is, next to Goldoni, the greatest tion, and finally retiring to Ruffia on a comic writer in Italy. He is yet living pension, fell a victim to án apoplexy, at and about 65 years of age. He is St. Petersburgh, on the irth of April, a handsome man, extremely good na1798, 0. S.

tured and facetious. He spent his early Thus died, in exile, in the 67th year youth in every kind of distipation; and, of his age, Stanislaus Auguftus Ponia- according to his own confession, he did towsky, the last king of Poland. It was not betake himself to his studies in earnest, destined, that the fame hand which had before he had attained his thirty-fourth presented, should bereave him of his year. At forty he was an author and an crown ; he would have lost it fome years actor. A short critique on his principal sooner, had it not been for the generous works, with a communication of some in intervention of Potemkin, who saw, con- teresting anecdotes, relative to the Itaversed with, and conceived a great friend- lian stage, will not be, perhaps, undeferv. fhip for his majesty, during the empress's ing of public notice. excursion to the Crimea. This prince « The Prejudices of False Honour," had two secret interviews with Catharine; one of his best comedies, could not be the first was at Riga, in 1764 ; the other acted in the theatre of Venice, on account after an interval of twenty-three years, of the part of Countess Larenci, an old in 1787, on board a yacht, in the river high-spirited woman of quality. No Dnieper. The second conference lasted actress could be found in that city to play only thirty minutes; and on its conclu- the part of an old woman, half mad and fion, Catharine decorated her old lover ugly. It was acted, however, in Bologna with the e ter of St. Andrew.

with great applause. This piece resemPoniatowsky had a taste for the fine arts, bles very much the French comedy and was intimately acquainted with all " Le Philosophe sans le sçavoir. The the best authors of France, Germany, only critique made on it was a prolixity Italy, and England. He was particu- in several scenes. larly attached to this country; and, du The Prisoner" was the first piece that ring his residence here as a private gentle- ALBERGATI composed in verfe. не man, was ballotted for, and elected a was well aware that blank verses are noty member of the Royal Society. His ma as is generally thought, the best adapted jesty is supposed to have been privately to familiar dialogue ; he would have married to a lady who lived many years given the preference to what the Italians with him, and by whom he has had seve- call, Martellion verfes: but as the deral children.

putation of Parma required the former Of the family of the unfortunate Po- fori, he was obliged to adopt a mode of niatowsky, there is still alive: 1. His versification not congenial to his own elder brother Casimir, PrincePoniatowsky, taste. « The Prisonerwas crowned in born ou the 15th of September, 1721, who Parma in 1773, and acted afterwards in was married, in 1757, to Apollonia,daugh- a country feat of the house of Aldocuranter of Balil Ustrzyky, Cattillan of Prze- di, near Bologna. This piece is coniimill, by whom he has two sons, Stani- dered as the best of the author's performdlaus and Constantius.

ances; and the European journalists no2. His fiíiter LOUISA, now in her 70th ticed it with the greatest encomiums. year, widow of Count John Zamoisky, " The Emiliais a piece in imitation

3. His sister ISABELLA, now in her of a French comedv, which Mr. AL63th year, widow of Count John Cle BERGATI did not wish to name, nor dement Braniky.

fignate its author, declaring, in a jocofe 4. His nephew, Joseph ANTHONY, way, that he left it to the curious enfon of Prince Andrew.Poniatowsky, for- quiries of the public. merly general of the troops of the repub The Unfaithful Guest," another beaulic.

tiful piece, was also represented before And 5. MARIA THERESA ANTCI. the deputation of Parma in 1774. It NETTA JOSEPHINA, the wife of Count was written in verse, and highly extolled de TYSKIE WIEZ.

in all the journals. Some objections were ACCOUNT OF EMINENT LIVING

made against ít, on the score of the actors ITALIANS.

dining and drinking together in the gth (Communicated by Mr. Damioni.)

scene of the uth act: a circumstance ALBERGATI CAPACELLI.

which had also given occahon to censure THIS THE Marquis FRANCIS ALÊER. in Goldoni. GATIC...PACELLI, senator of Be.

61 The Wife Friend" got the author


Eminent Living Italians ....Albergati Capacelli. 207 much ill will among the ladies, on ac- caria" is in philosophy, a remedy for count of the intrigues of hair-dressers, curing a barbarous custom--that of calo which he exposed on the stage. This was trating children. The author turns into done with such great adroitness, that all ridicule the castrated musicians. He dethe spectators judged that M. ALBER- clares, however, he does not intend to GATI must have conversed very much derogate from their merits in learning with hair-dressers, either as rivals or and honesty, but inveighs merely againft spies. When it was performed in Bo- 'their profession, and against the dishologna, a lady in a box fainted away at nourable use of preserving and encouragthe fight of one fcene, and another lady. ing such degraded beings. It is high applied to the cardinal legate to have it time, indeed, that the Italians should drop forbidden. The ladies' hair-dressers also the practice of facrificing those innocent combined in a plot to thrash the come. victims; degrading human nature only dians and the poet.

to footh our ears with a song !. « Love-not to be Concealedis the last The Deserving Man” is a piece of work that ALBERGATI wrote in verse: ridicule, áttaching to those reputed wise it was published in 1775, and performed men, who are a calamity to families. It by the author himself and his private is very common, in Italy, for families to company.

submit themselves to the direction of an 'The Fitswas a petite piece, intend- unworthy administrator. This kind of ed to turn into ridicule the excessive de- persons are the most despicable of any, licacy of the fair fex: its keenest strokes, and very often, under pretence of gohowever, were directed against those who verning, ruin the best houses. M. Alfollowed, seduced, or flattered them. BERGATI, however, had no intention to The goodness of a husband, the vile make this character appear odious on the adoration of a gallant, the affected affi- ftage: he represented it only as a mixture duities of a physician, do more injury of ignorance and presumption, of honesty to the ladies than they are able to do and of carelessness. themselves.

The Virtuous Revenge" is the last coThe play called “What a strange Ac- medy written by the Marquis ALBERcident!" was taken from a French novel GATI, and most probably it will be his inserted in the Tales of Miss Uncy. last work. The title of the play seems Its aim was to correct certain faults of to imply fome contradiction. But virtue perfons in high life. This play was and revenge may be united when we act highly approved of by all in the middle lawfully. A young lady, from whom a ranks of life, but much disliked by the father is, by calumnious artifices, taken Italian nobility. “ It is very lingu- 'away by the hangman, and who is thus lar,” said 'M. ALBERGATI, “ 'that we condemned to fuffer infamy, fo exerts hercan relish on the stage, all sorts of vices self as to restore the reputation and glory and crimes in kings and queens exhi- of her father, and the afterwards forgives bited in tragedy, and yet not suffer prin- his calumniators. cesses and duchefses to be turned into A complete edition of ALBERGATI'S ridicule,"

works was published in Venice in 1783, The Enamoured Widowsis a play in 12 vols. 8vo. and a judicious collecwhich deserves particular attention, for tion of his chefs d'auvres was publihed the manner in which it was written. The last year in London, in two large voauthor was at his country-seat, with two lumes in 8vo. by M. Zavelli, an of his friends. They agreed that their Italian, who dedicated it to her majesty. names should be thrown into a box, from M. ALBERGATI will probably write no which the first that should be drawn out

I am old," fays he, “ and my was to compose the first act of a comedy, fancy is yet older than myself: it was never at his fancy; the second was to continue indeed very strong ; and the many trifles ! the second act, and so on. No one was have written have ferved to weaken it informed of the preceding act till the more and more. Should I ever find myself, piece was delivered for continuation. bo-wever, among a humourous company, It is truly curious how, in jocose a way, who would ask me with their abilities and an excellent comedy could have been corrections, I might yet aspire to write written

some other plays, of which I have the !The Slandering Quack” appears to plans in my mind, and the originals-unbe among dramatic works what the der my eyes." " Treatise on Crimes and Penalties of BecMONTH. MAC. No. XXIX,




( 208 )




TRANSLATION OF HORACE, Flow her dread name to every tide-wahd
Book ïïi. Ode 3 *.


That Europe, or that Afriç decks with towers, THUS Juno, to assembled Gods revealing

Along the sea that drinks
The dooms of men: “ Troy, Troy, thy

The swelling floods of Nile.
tottering towers ;
A lewd and fatal judge,

Scorn the for gain to dig the rock-womb'd
A stranger harlot-queen,

Shake to the dust. Aveng'd is now the fraud (Well, were it ever hid!) least tutor'd so,
Wrought by Laomedon on toiling Gods.

She grasys with impious hand,
To Pallas, and to me

The spoil of human kind.
The nod of fate resigns

Clasp her wide arms the boundaries of earth; The town, the people, and their wily chief. From where the swarthy fons of torrid light

Wilder, to yon pale zone No more the adulteress boasts her gilded

Where drifts the unmelting snow.

But to the warlike Romans, this, I swear :
Nor Priam's faithless house

If leaping on a frail prosperity,
Refrains the strife-wont Greeks
By Hector's aid. The War our broil arous'd,

They, with too pious hand,
Cowers o'er their downfall glutted. Now my Again shall clap its wings a bird of night

Their father's hearths rebuild; wrath

O'er the new Troy; again shall Ate stroll,
Appeases, nor pursues

Clanking the sword and chain,
With lingering hate the son

Led by the wite of Jove.
Whom unto Mars the Trojan priestess bore.

If thrice by Phæbus' toil re-rote its wall Let him afcend the light-inwoven seats,

Of molten brass, thrice hall my Greeks o'er. Drain the bright nectar'd cup,

throw, And grace the ranks of gods: So but wide feas between yon ruins roll,

And captive mothers wail And his proud Rome. While banith’d, thrive Cease, Muse; such solemn founds ill fuit thy

Their sons, their busbands Nain.". her fons : So but on Paris' tomb

Presume to mock the speech of gods no more The flocks insulting friik,

Chase the forbidding look, And whelps the lioness in Priam's ball.

I love thy brow of smiles.
Climb her proud capitol in lafting strength,

And to the distant Mede
Triumphal teach her laws.

SONNET TO THE NIGHTINGALE. * The second volume of the Monthly

By 7. Cobbir, jun. Magazine, page 614, has preserved a proposal for separating, in a new place, the second OFT let me wander at the moonlight hour, and third Odes of Horace's third book. To To some sequefter'd grove, or filent put the English reader in possession of the

bow'r; whole evidence, in behalf of the alteration when cease the carrols of the plumy throng, fuggested, a translation of both poems feems And Philomel begins the plaintive song. requisite. The remaining one, therefore, is Sweet bird of eve! I love the liquid note now offered for insertion.

That flows mellifluous from thy quivering. The progress of this Ode furnishes two ad throat: ditional arguments for suppofing the four O Zephyr, fleeting Zephyr, longer stay, litigated quatrains to have originally formed Nor bear that lovely harmony away. no part thereof.

1. Romulus and his apo. Enchanting chorister! to me impart theolis are alluded to in an oracular manner: Thy pow'r to lure and captivate the heart, Invifum nepotem Troia quem peperit Sacerdos For could I tune the foul seducing air, Marti.

The melting Arains' muit surely win the The effect of which would be enfeebled by

fair. any previous mention. 2. They are described Then will I strive to learn thy piteous tale, in a vein of poetry, which being put into the And swell, with chee, sweet bird, the mouth of a goddess, ought to have surpassed evening gale. any other description of the same event in the same potm: whereas the “ Arces attigit

SYMPATHY. igncas," and the “ Purpureo bibit o'e Nełtar, are much more poetical than the “. Lucidas SOFT magic tenant of the foul! inire fedes," and the “ Ducere Neetaris fuccos," That bids congenial minds unite; of this second Ode; to say nothing of the That Tways us with a mild controui, poverty and inutility of such artless repeti- Instructing us in truc delight:




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