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Public Affairs.- Italy. outrages committed by the Papal govern- prefects, ediles, and officers of all the provi: ment. The French army met with no fional government. impediment on the part of the Pope's The provisional department of the pofoldiers; but some unfortunate peasants, lice in Rome,immediately upon the change feduced by missionaries, dared to thew of government, addressed a proclamation themselves. They were foon dispersed by to the people, in which, after having dwelt force, and afterwards ! enlightened by upon the corruption, baseness, and tyrana manifesto of General Berthier.” At ny of the Papal government, whose delength the inhabitants of Rome, who had vouring avarice debafed the coin, granted not participated in the crimes of their impunity to all kinds of monopoly, and priests, obliterated them by a solemn dif- reduced all classes to the impoffibility of avowal. The people separated their sublisting, they announced, that the new cause from that of the guilty, and ex government were employed in remedying acted justice from their own government. those disorders; and that they would imGeneral Berthier arrived under the walls mediately cause to be opened the Mont de of Rome, and remained there a few days, Piete, where all kinds of property would waiting the deliberations of the inhabi. be safely protected: they also enjoined all tants. On the 15th of February, the the citizens to wear the national cockade, anniversary of the 22d year of Pope Pius consisting of white, black, and red ribthe VIth, the French General entered the bons. The Papal arms were every
where capital; and soon after the people re- ordered to be removed. All the orders of paired to Campo Vaccino, where they knighthood, gold keys, titles of nobility drew up a folemn act of their resumption and pre-eminence were prohibited, as conof the rights of fovereignty, which was trary to equality; and liveries were also figned by several thousands of the Roman supprefled, as ditgraceful to humanity. citizens.
The French army, it is added, by the This public act stated, that the Roman regularity of their discipline and behapeople, oppressed for a long time by the viour, foon removed the prejudices which government of priests, a true political the people had imbibed from falte reports, monster, attempted several times to throw respecting their being pillaged and viooff its yoke; that the secret magic of fu- lated. These finister impresions were perstition, intereft, and armed force, com- erased, by the frank reply of General Berbined against its efforts, had rendered until thier to the act of the Roman people he that moment its exertions uíeleis; but told thein that the French nation did not that, at length, the government had fallen carry on a slave trade, and that they were of itself, in consequence of a fucceffion of so far from selling the people of other weakness and insult, of meanness and of countries, that they were their deliverers. pride : that the Roman people, dreading
SWITZERLAND. to behold either an horrible anarchy, or a While one part of the army, who had vitiated tyranny to take its place, had col- fo often been led to victory by the relected all their courage, and consolidated publican general Buonaparte, were takall their strength, to preserve the State ing poffefsion of the capital of Rome, and from all the effects of that dissolution; invoking the manes of Brutus, of Cato, and, also, that they determined to claim of Cicero, and other ancient chanitheir rights of lovereignty:
pions of liberty, under the French geThat in fuppressing, abolishing, and neral Berthier, another part of it were annihilating the civil and political go- fixing the banners of liberty and equality vernment of priests, the people constitute upon the ruins of the Aristocracies of themselves the free and independent fove- Berne and Fribourg. The adherents of the reign : that they had resumed every exe- lords of Berne relisted the entrance of the cutive and legislative authority; and that French troops, and blood has been shed. they were about to execute thein by their The French army in Helyetia entered representatives, according to the rights of Berne on the 5th of March, with General man, which are imprescriptible; agreeably Brune at their head. Previous to this, to the principles of justice, truth, liberty; the troops under General Pigeon, after and equality: that, by virtue of thiş act, gaining a signal victory at Sevenecii, on ali political and civil power exercised by the Sausen, had pursued the remainder of the Pope, was provisionally transferred to the fanatic bands of oligarchy, even to the klepartments, and the members named the gates of Berne. Soleune had furby the people; at the head of whom were rendered to the French arms five dags five consuls, invested with the same autho- before. The same day the environs of Frisity as the former congregations of state. bourg were occupied by the troops under
Further, this pubiic act contained the General Pigeon. The city being Tumomination of all the other inagistrates moned, an answer was returned by the
Switzerland.-Marriages and Deaths in and near London. 225 magiftrates, that they were disposed to fants, who .composed the force of Frisurrender ; but that a few hours would be bourg, had retired with precipitation, necessary, in order that the evacuation, on with their cannon and arms, into the the part of the Bernese and armed pea- arsenal: the city was taken by storm, fants, might be effected without disorder. without any excesses being committed; General Pigeon granted two hours; but the arstocratic government destroyed, soon after the found of the toclin was and re-placed by a provisional government. heard in the different villages, and a chosen by the section. This affair colt multitude of peafants, who came to rein- the adherents of aristocracy more than force the garrison, were seen entering the 400 men. The affair of Sevenech cost town, by a gate opposite to the points of them 800 men killed, and three thousand attack. A new summons was then fent; made prisoners. The French, on their upon which some of the citizens and part, lost among several others, the brave magistrates came to say, that they were lerjeant Barbe, who had been created a overawed by the peasants, and were no sub-lieutenant. After performing these longer free in their deliberations. The exploits, the staff-officers of the French republican soldiers, full of ardour, called army assembled at Berne, where they had aloud for the order for an assault: a few a civic repast, at which, among other of the most intrepid among them, at the toasts, were drank the following : Suchead of whom was serjeant Barbe, climbed cess to republican armies.—The Helto the top of the ramparts, and threw vetic ariny.--Destruction to England. themselves into the town; the 1500 Peace to the world. Bernese, and four or five thousand pea
On Account of the length, value, and originality of many of the preceding Articles, tbe Notices of Parliamentary Proceedings and other Political Occurrences of inferior consequence, are deferred till our next.
Marriages and Deaths, in and near London. Marriages. ] At St Olave's, Southwark, Reynolds, efq. eldeft son of Dr. Reynolds, Mr. Holland, of St. Mary at Hill, merchant, of Bedford-square, to Miss Ann Mitford, rem to Miss Roberts, of Bermondsey-street. cond daughter of John Mitford, esq. of
At Mary-le-bone church, Alexander Er. Charlotte-street, Fitzroy-square. fine, efq. of Lime estate, Jamaica, to Miss John Dickenson, esq. of St. John's-street, Jackson, daughter of Robert Jackson, esq. of to Miss Robinson, of Red Lion-street. the same island.
George Fennel, esq. of the navy payAt St. Pancras, Mr. Owen Holmes, at office, to Miss E. Robinson, fister of the torney, of Mark-lane, to Miss Rose Pape.
above lady. At Mary-le-bone church, the rev. James William Elderton Allen, esq. of Gray'sDeare, to' Miss Helen Deare, one of the inn, to Miss Canning, of Stanstead, Effex. daughters of the late Lieutenant-colonel Died.] In Chesterfield-street, a few days Charles Deare.
after her delivery of a son and heir, the lady At St. George's, Hanover-square, Richard of John Scudamore, esq. of Kentchurch, Weftmacott, efq. to Miss D. Wilkinson. member of parliament for the city of Here
At St. Michael's, Cornhill, John Mello, esq. of Chatham, to Miss Elizabeth Hop In Upper Grosvenor-ffreet, in her 49th worth, of Finch-lane,
year, Lady Duckett, wife of Sir George In London, Captain Cumberland, of the Duckett, bart. Manship East Indiaman, to Miss Ware, eldest In Bruton-street, Mrs. Castell, wife of daughter of Mr. Samuel Ware, of St. John's- Mr. Samuel Castell, banker, in Lombardftreet.
street. Mr. Mc. Knight, linen-draper, of Long At Fulham, Thomas Birch, esq. of ThorpeAcre, aged 62, to Miss Winstanley, aged 24, hall, Lincolnshire. o: Palace-row, Tottenham-court Road. In Golden-square, Mr. I. Lambe.
At S:. James's church, Mr. R. Layton, of In Han's-place, George Miller, esq. BriThroginorton-ftreet, tó Miss . F. Parr, of tish consul for the southern states of North Bury-treet, St. James's.
America. William Belcher, efq. of Highgate, to In Wigmore-street, Cavendish-square, Mr. Miss Caufon, daughter of Charles Caufton, Charles Little, surveyor of the Westminster the. of the same place.
fire-office. At Lambeth, E. J. Nagle, efq. to Miss In Titenfield-street, after a few days illAnge Crantull Beauchamp, fecond daughter-ness, Mr. Hardcaft!e, one of the principal of joha Beauchamp, of Pengreep, Cornwall. cashiers in the banking-house of Melf. Ham
At St. George's Hanover-square, William mersley and Co. Fellowis, esq. to Mifs Frances Anna Maria In Seymour-street, Portman-íquare, Mrs. Porsell, third daughter of the late William Trevour, widow of the late Robert Tievour, Powell, esz. of Lugerden, Herefordshire. era. At St. Andrew's Holborn, Henry Revel
Marriages and Deaths in and near London.
In the 58th year of his age, Mr. Nicholas Mr. Dolaor, ironmonger, in Oxford-Street, Browning, many years a member of the com In London, Mr. Joseph Ward, many years mon council for the ward of Cripplegate Withe surgeon in the East-India compány's service out, and senior warden of the company of in Bengal. bakers.
At Islington, Mrs. Titterton. In London, after a short illness, in his 20th In Great Portland-treet, John Moultrie, year, Robert Thistlethwaite, jun. esq. eldest esq. fon of R. Thistlethwaite, of Lansdown-place, On the 8th of March, died at his Father's Bach.
house at Blackheath, deeply regretted, Tho. In Wimpole-street, Cavendish-square, Tho mas Garratt, the son of Mr. Francis Garratt, mas Williams, esq.
Wholesale Tea-Dealer near London Bridge; In Berner’s-street, in his 76th year, John having, less than . veek before his decease, Routledge, esq.
apreared to be in the full vigour and bloom In London, Lady Tynte, widow of the late of health. As the age of youth is peculiarly Sir Charles Kemays Tynte, bart. of Halswell susceptible of praise, and is forward to imiHouse, Somerset hire.
tate; and as departed merit, whatever stage In London, Amboise Marquis du Dresnay, of life it may have adorned, has, if acknowformerly a general officer in the king of ledged to be remarkable, a claim on pofthu. France's service, and late colonel of a regi- mous notice; it cannot be judged improper ment of infantry, denominated by his name, to delineate the character and attainments of in the British pay.
Thomas Garratt: but this sketch cannot be At his house in Grosvenor-square, the materially useful to others, nor can sufficient right hon. Lord Calthorpe.
regard preserved to the rules of proportion, At his son's house, Great Ruffel-ftreet, unless the features of the portrait be minutely, Bloomsbury, aged 74, Mr. Samuel Hayes, as well as faithfully, drawn. Still, however, formerly a merchant in Birmingham. though the general outline and the promi.
Ayed 78, Mr. Charles Wilkins, many nent lineaments will be clearly traced, it years deputy of Tower-ward.
aspires only to the title of an imperfect copy, In London, occafioned by the bursting of a and will be deftitute of many of those delicate blood-vessel, Miss Hoblyn, milliner, of touches of which it is susceptible. Though Bath.
executed by the land of friendship, it will In Upper Thames-ftreet, aged 74, Mrs. not be coloured by the pencil of Aattery... Towse.
The far greater part of his education he Mrs. Catherine Wachsel, wife of the rev. received at home, together with two of his Dr. Wachfel, minister of the German Lu- brothers, under the vigilant eye of his motheran church, in Little Alie-street, Good- ther. By the force of his own genius, by man's-fields.
the exclusion of temptations to indolence, by In Lamb's Conduit-street, Mrs. Calamy, a habits of early rising, hy a frequent interlady distinguished by acts of extraordinary be- change of employment, by much personal nevolence.
attendance of tutors, and by a strict adhe. Peter Nichol, esq. of Palace-yard, West- rence to regularity of plan, much was accomminster.
plished. To arithmetic, to geometry, and After an illness of a few hours, Mr. Charles to astronomy, he had paid considerable atHarris, of Maiden-lane, Covent Garden. tention; and the Mathematical Dictionary of
In his 58th year, Mr. Nicholas Browning, Dr. Hutton was one of the books, of which a member of the court of common council for he was most fond. In grammar he had arthe ward of Cripplegate Without.
rived at distinguished proficiency; and, even At his house in Carlisle-street, Soho, Mr. in the subordinate but not unimportant subJenkins, sen. teacher of Scotch dancing. ject of punctuation, he poflefled. much mi
At his lodgings in Broad-treet, Carnaby- putenets of information. The French tongue market, Mr. Turene, well known in the mu he spoke with as much fluency, and nearly fical world as an eminent performer on the as much correctness, as the English. He viołín, and lineally descended from the cele- read, and he conversed, in the Italian: and brated Marihal Turene. The fate of this un he had made great progress in the Greek fortunate person affords an additional instance and Latin languages, and considerable adof the obícurity to which merit is but too
in the German;
anaided by frequently consigned, for want of powerful the use of tranlations, which cherith idles patronage. Notwithstanding his extraordi- nefs, which conceal ignorance, which flatter nary eminence in his profession, and his illus- dullness, and which, as they are commonly trious birth, he was so reduced by the vicif- employed, at once retard the growth and fitudes of fortune, as to be compelled to exist undermine the permanency of improvement. upon a scanty allowance from the French re With the biography, the history, and the fugee chapel, with the earnings of his in- geography of ancient times, he had an exduftry in the laborious task of playing coun- tenfive acquaintance: and any disputed point try dances.
on those subjects, or on chronology, was Mr. John Samuel, affiftant secretary to the capable of powerfully interesting his attená fociety for the encouragement of arts, manu, tion, and of inciting him to researches factures, and commerce, in the Adelphi. among different authors. Nor was his geoIn Grosvenor-Itreet, Mrs. Collyer, wife
graphic of the rev. Charles Collyer.
Interesting Account of Thomas Garratt.
227 graphical, historic, and biographical know- habit fusceptible of perpetual improvements, ledge, as relating to modern ages, though it would, indeed, have been difficult to have unquestionably less conspicuous, circum- formed too elevated expectations. In a kinscribed within narrow limits. In the ele- dred accomplishment, to which he had much gancies, as well as in the exactness, of Eng-' longer attended, little remained for him to lish compofition, he had attained to no small learn. When he recited from memory, to skill; for to this much of his time had been a small circle of relations or friends, any devoted: and, if the period of life at which composition in prose or poetry, his de. he arrived be considered, he must be pro- livery was highly interesting and imprernounced to have possessed fertility of imagi- five, and commanded approbation : for be nation, great accuracy of judgment, and great possessed a memory, accurate and retendelicacy of taste. Of those qualities of the tive ; a promptitude and perspicuity of difmind indisputable evidences were afforded by cernment; action varied, graceful, and apthe remarks which he made when he read, propriate ; features, uncommonly beautiful, as well as by the compositions which he pro- and capable of being instantaneously lighted duced. The latter were extremely numerous. up; and a voice of lingular flexibility, skilSome of them filled a considerable number of fully modulated, and uniting great strength pages; and, in all of them that were writ to unusual sweetness : and it was difficult to ten in the last year of his life, though ex- decide, whether he excelled in softness or in uberances, which it was better to cut away, energy, in repeating the calm productions of occasionally occured, different beauties of didactic composition, or those of eloquence or style were interspersed. They were of vari- of wit. Such were the principal acquisitions ous kinds : and sometimes they were distin- of Thomas Garrat. When snatched by death guished by novelty of illustration, sometimes from his friends, he was not i3 years and a by cogency of argument, sometimes by a fe- half old. Attached to literature as he was, licity in the choice of words, sometimes by he confined not himself within its limits. a judicious and skilful arrangement of the Into the causes of things he was eager to pecontents, and sometimes by a pertinent and
External nature had, in his eyes, copious accumulation of facts. He had, in numerous charms; and its diversified appeardeed, a quick fenfibility to literary excel ances and products appeared to him to demand lence. He telt, and admired, in the several investigation. That he would hereafter have. languages in which they wrote, the wit of viewed human nature also with a penetratPlautuse and Boileau; the perspicuity of dic- ing glance, and have nicely discriminated the tion in Xenophon, Arrian, and Cæsar; the varying proportions of light and shade in difjudgment of Virgil, Metastasio, Addison, and ferent characters, his observations clearly Pope; the elegance of Isocrates and Nepos, evinced. of Hawkesworth, and Barbauld, of Jean That he was eminent for industry, will Baptiste Rousseau and Harris of Salisbury; perhaps be concluded. But, though this be the sublimity of Homer and Milton; the an encomium, to which he had not any pecubeautiful morality in Fenelon and Rollin; liar claim, his industry, within the last the vigour of genius in Tafio and Dryden, in eighteen months of his life, was considerably Congreve and Fawcett; the eloquence of increased ; and he was still more estimable Sallust and of Florus; the energy of John- for the qualities of the heart, than for those son; the pathetic tenderness of Racine and of the understanding. His general behaof Sterne; the acumen of Hooke and Vol- viour (and this is a happy medium rarely attaire in historic reflexions; the descriptive tained to in the dawn of life) was equally powers of Thompson and Goldsmith, of Dy- remote from the buthfulness which disconer, Shenkone, and Gray; and the masterly certs, and from the confidence, which elates.. delineation of character in Shakespeare, in Though highly accomplished, he was destiSchrøder, and in Goldoni. But he was not tute of pride; though anıbitious of praise, he accustomed merely to feel the beauties of ce was perfectly free from envy and jealousy ; lebrated productions; and it may reasonably whilst sprightly in his conversation, and gay be doubted, whether there is any one of these in his difpofition, his character was exalted merits of any one of these writers, which by picty, and he had a strong conviction of has not conftituted one of the topics of his the importance of virtue. Generosity and conversation. To politics, as a science, his disintereitedness predominated in his conduct, attention bad not been pointed; but into the and gratitude, in his breast, was a principle the great events, succesively exhibited on of vigorous operation. Forgiveness, in cafe the theatre of Europe, he enquired with that of any injury or affront, whether supposed or ardour of solicitude, which is generally cha- real, appeared to be in him a vircuc, for the racteristic of the man, long practised in the practice of which no effort was requisite. He aff.irs, and deeply interested in the revolu was graceful and attractive in his manners : tions, of the world. A happy fund of native his flow of spirits was scarcely ever subject humour he frequently displayed. On any either to languor or to intermission : and he subject, with which he was acquainted, he seemed forward to enjoy, and to communicould speak extempore with readiness, with cate, pleasure. Cold indifference to the inte. energy, with vivacity of conception, and rests of other; was a stranger to his bosom; with no small degree of propriety. Of his the quicknels of his tread, the illumination growing excellency as a speaker, as this is a of his face, and the expresion of his fine
Interesting Account of Thomas Garratt. eyes, often announced, to his relations serve as lenses; and he formed an hygromeo and his friends, his warmth of attachment ter. The pen, the pencil, the chels-board, and eagerness to oblige ; and small, indeed, and the tools of the carpenter, were by lim is the number of those, whom disease has cut regarded equally as the instruments of amusedown so early in the spring of life, who will mient; and the atlas and the globe, the barobe remembered with equal tenderness by an meter and the thermometer, each, in its turn, equally large portion of their acquaintance. supplied him with entertainment. In the But his excellences did not generate supine- drawings which he executed, sometimes in a ness. Moral improvement was with him an finished style, and sometimes with more than object of serious and not an unfrequent medi- ordinary rapidity, taste and genius were diftation ; and he had, in fact, within the fast two coverable, nor did he tread in only one or years, made perceptible progress in the cul two walks of the art: in the difficult game tivation of several virtues.
of chess, though opposed by various conpeThe nature also of his amusements, or the titors, and by some of long experience and manner in which he entered into them, indi- tried skill, he was rarely conquered : and his cated the bright or the amiable qualities of hand-writing, in eafe, in decition of character, his mind ; and, when viewed in connexion in exquisite beauty, was surpaffed by very with his folid acquisitions, justified the con few men of the most acknowledged eminence clusion, that he exhibited the probable pre- in penmanship. But his sedentary or domestic tages, and inherited the genuine stamina, of amusements, no more than his studies, were future greatness. Among the methods of permitted to impair the stoutness of his limbs, relaxation, which his own inclination pointed the clearness of his complexion, or the crimout, were miscellaneous reading and rational son colour of his cheeks. Of gardening he conversation : in the former, his choice of was peculiarly fond.
Careless of farigue, books; 'in the latter, the questions he pro and patient of heat and cold, he fpent much posed, the anecdotes he related, the argu time in the open air, discovering, in its rements he urged, evinced his unusual ripeness creations, an uncommon share of animation of intellect and versatility of talents. Pof and activity, of courage and a spirit of enterfeffed of a well-disciplined eye, and a steady prize; and, when he was merely walking, hand, he was fingularly dexterous in the use his taste was particularly displayed in his of a refracting telescope ; and, being ac remarks on the picturesque objects and the quainted with the situation of a number of glowing tints of the distant landscape, and his the constellations and of many single stars, he vigilant curiosity was particularly excited by pointed to them with an admirable degree of the diversities of the infect-tribe, and by the celerity. Having melted pieces of glais, he varied productions of the vegetable world. endeavoured to polith them, that they might
TO THE EDITOR OF THE MONTHLY MAGAZINE.
BOSTON, Mar. 98. THE Solar Spot has been seen by me again, in its fourth revolution (three of which I have
observed) fince I first saw it, the iit of December. I again viewed it on the 20th, and apprehend it will be off the Fith the 31st.
It remains very round, opake, and well defined. I think there is little doubt of its reappearing about the 12th or 13th of April.
C. LOFT. * This letter reached us too late to appear in its proper place.
MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT. THE business of Agriculture has gone on with unusual rapidity during the whole of the present month; consequently much grain has been fown, especially in the midland and southern districts. In the northern counties the weather has not been quite so favourable for the operations of the farmer. The frosty nights and easterly winds have, in fone refpects, been injurious, though not so much so as would have been the case, had not gentle showers occasionally intervened. But even in these parts of the kingdom, the sowing of oats and barley has commenced on the dry and warm foils. Most of our reporters particularly notice the promising appearances of the wheat crop.
GRAIN (eems on the whole to be a little on the rise. Of wheat, the average of England and Wales is 50s. Id. per quarter.-Of barley, it it is 26s. 11d. -And of oats, 175. though not so much in the northern as the southern counties.
Cattle. The prices of these have also advanced, especially of such as are in condition. Beef averages in Smithfield Market from 35. to 4s. per stone of 81b. and mutton, from 35. 4d. to 4s. 6d.
Hay fetches in St. James's Market from 40s. to 46s. and Straw from 22s. 68. to 275.
To CORRESPONDENTS. Mary Letters, of woich the posinges are not paid, are returned 12 the Poft-Office. Our Agriculturel Reporters are requefied to tranfirit their favorirs cbout the 2 ift of the Month. Several valuable comm:runications are defcrred; án uncommon press of matter compet's us to crave the indulgence of many effèerned Correspondents.