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Custom of Lifting in Lancashire. celebrate 35 the foundation of their most beărance, for the two fexes to quarrel, glorious hopes, should be commemorated and endeavour to throw the blame on each
in fo ludicrous and indecent a way : other. Besides, the ciretmftance of the others have therefore supposed, that it was women beginning first, does not seem to originally a pagan ceremony, deligned to favour this fuppofition*. ridicule the christian doctrine of a resur Will you allow me to request the atrection; but this is still more unlikely, tention of your Lancashire correspondents as it cannot be imagined that christians to this subject ? Perhaps fome of them would adopt a custoin expressly intended may have heard explanations of this to expose themselves, and the most effential strange custom, which may not have fallen doctrine of their religion. A third in the way of your's, &c. V. F. opinion is, that it was introduced by the Easter Tuesday, April 10, 1798. Protestants to ridicule the elevation of the host in catholic churches. But it
To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. might have been expected that a custom of lo late a date would have had the time SIR, and the occasion of its introduction noticed A
MONG the different useful inftitu
tions which have been .noticed in besides, why should this be done at Easter, your Magazine, I am surprised to find rather than at any other time of the year ? that no mention has been made of Ander. Not to say, that in any one of these three fon`s Institution, or The New School of Phicases, it is likely that the ceremony losophy, Arts, and Manufactures, esta. would have been accompanied by the blished in this city. repetition of some memorial verse
This institution was founded about verses. And what, in any of them, two years since, by the late John Anderthould lead the men and women alternately son, who was Professor of Natural Phito take liberties with each other?
lofophy in our university for more than On removing into Northumberland, I 40 years, and whose name is well known found a cultom in the city of Durham in most parts of Europe, particularly as strikingly correspondent, in this last parti- the inventor of the Aying artillery t. cular, with the Lancashire liftings. "Mr. This gentleman, considering that the staBrand (p. 254.) describes it thus. “There tutes and discipline of the univerfity cut is a custom still retained in the city of off from opportunities of acquiring useful Durhain on these holidays; on one day knowledge one half of the species, viz. the men take off the women's shoes the fair tex; and reflecting, likewise, that which are only to be redeemned by a pre the knowledge taught in fimilar feminasent; on the next day the women take off ries, is more fitted for the education of the men's in like manner."--He refers, those intended for the learned professions, in the same place, to Durand's Ritual than for persons deligned for manufacof the Romish Church, l. 6. C. 86. 9.
tures and commerce; he had, for înany “ In plerisque etiam regionibus mulieres years before his death, been digesting the secundá die pojt pascha verberant maritos plan of an institution which might be fuos ; die vero tertia mariti uxores juas. attended by gentlemen intended for, or On the second day of Easter the women beat their husbands ; on the third the
* Can it partake in any respect of the husbands their wives.”
nature of the Saturnalia ? As in these the Fron this it appears that the essence of their maiters : fo on these occafions is it
Naves had a privilege of taking freedoms with all these three customs consists in the two poslible that the women may have availed sexes expressing, in different ways, their themselves of the opportunity of afferting sense of some mutual grudge against each their equality with the other sex. other. But what can this be ; or why at .f The method of preventing the recoil, Easter? --Is it possible that it can have and consequently diminishing the weight of any reference to the tradition of the fall great guns, was-communicated to the Master being occafioned by the fault of the first General of the Ordnance by Profeffor Anderwoman, and to the remedy for the con
fon; but the discovery was treated, by the sequences of this catattrophe in the retur- noble Duke, with a degree of contempt, rection? This, however, would not, communicate the invention to the French,
which irritated Mr. A. and induced him to surely, be an evidence of any great with whom we were not then at war. It proficiency in the christian spirit of for
was immediately approved of, and adopted by
FAYETTE, and put in practice by Dumou* Mr. Brand is not ftri&tly correct, buckles XIER, and has since been generally used in only are the object of attack.
the French army,
Philosophical Lečtures, &c. in Glasgow.
275 actually engaged in business, who are too rimental philosophy, and, the second, on often sent from the graminar-school to chemistry. These lectures are delivered the counting-house, without having op in the evening, and made as popular as portunity to acquire that information poffible; all abftract mathematical reawhich would enable them to fill up, 'in a toning being excluded, and the proposirational and agreeable manner, those tions "demonitrated experimentally. hours which every one muft find unem Every morning a third course is de. played in business, and who are likewife livered, in which the principles of natu. ignorant of the principles on which their 'ral phitofophy are fully demonstrated, manufactures depend, and therefore inca. both mathematically and experimentally; pable of improving them.
and afterwards their application to the He lamented also the frivolous educa- Various arts and manufactures particu. tion of the female part of the community, larly pointed out; the different processes svho are undoubtedly equally capable as performed before the students, and the the men of acquiring knowledge, if different kinds of machinery illustrated they had the fame opportunities, and who by working models. would thereby become rational compa Thefe lectures, during the last year, nions, instead of pretty playthings for the which was the first feslion, were attended other fex.
by 975 ladies and gentlemen, and the By a deed of fettlement, Mr. Anderson present feflion by nearly the fame number, disposed and conveyed his property of one half at least being ladies. every kind to the public, for the improve This inftitution is as yet accommoment of science, and the establishment of dated only in a temporary mamer, in an institution denominated " Anderson's fome public building of this city, but Univerlity," to be fuperintended by the trustees have it in contemplation to eighty-one trustees; conffting of the nine erect a college in a central fituation. following classes : Ist, tradesmend, If similar institutions were to be eitaagriculturists-3d, artifts-4th, manu-, blifhed in other large manufacturing facturers--5th, physicians and furgeons towns, much benefit would be derived 6th, lawyers.--7th, divines8th, natu- from them; and it is evident that the ral philosophers---9th, kinsmen of the chief expence of their establishment would founder.
be the purchase of an apparatus, fince Thefe trustees hold their meetings the lecturer, if properly encouraged, quarterly, on the equinoxes and the fol- would derive considerable emolument fices ; but the ordinary bufiness of the from the lectures. institution is conducted by nine managers, Glasgow, April 8, 1798. T.T. chofen annually from among the trustees, and who meet once a month, or oftener, For the Monthly Magazine. if necessary. On the death or resignation
On the POETRY of SŤAIN, of any trustee, his place is filled up by the class to which he belonged.
(Concluded from our laft.) A charter was lalt year granted, in: ft. The second Military Politica," "2
HE fecond volume the vour of the truftees of this institution, investing them with corporate powers. work (says Don Juan de Sedano) truly Towards the establishment of it, the masterly and unique in its kind; it is our learned professor left the whole of his most celebrated and most useful didactic valuable apparatus, confeffedly the largest poem.” It should be remembered, that in Britain, together with his library and when this panegyric was published, museum, among which is an excellent Yriarte had not written his admirable collection of minerals, the value of all poem upon music : “ with incomparable which must exceed 3000l. Iterling ! ikill, and fingular genius to lay down the
The original plan of the inftitution is rules and precepts of military duty, and very extentive, but it being as yet in its of the most sound policy, The 6 Art infancy, it lias been found impolitic to of War” of Rebolledo will not bear comestablish the foundation upon the ample parison with Mr. Fawcett's excellent bafis laid out by the learned professor ; poem, a work which it would be unjust and, therefore, only fuch parts of it have to mention without the highest approbabeen carried into execution as appeared to tion : yet is it respectable both for poetry the trustees the most ufeful.
and morality, when we recollect, that it Dr. GARNETT, the profeffor of physics has been written nearly a century and a and philosophy, gives three different half, and that its author was a count and courses of lectures. The first, on expe- an ambassador,
Poetry of Spain. This poem begins with the existence of that he lays it at the feet of the church God, an explanation of the trinity, the with all catholic obedience. hiftory of the devil, an account of chaos, In this volume the history of the “ New of the creation and fall; the progress of Teftament" is thrown into a sacred Idyfociety is then described, and Rebolledo. lium. He commences it by saying, that afferts, that distinctions were first made by the mysteries of our redemption are pronature, who gave active and enterprising perly concealed in the sacred bouks, lett minds to the rulers, and fitted the others they should get into the profane hands of for subjection, by making them ftupid, the vulgar : and the introduction conindolent, and contented. If indolent and cludes thus; “ye who heard the profane contented ftupidity Mould characterise the thoughts of my first follies, hear now my governed, and active and enterprising minds lalt accents, though not so poetical, much were designed by nature to rule, this fyf- more pious." He then explains how the tem has been ftrangely inverted,
word w.is united to the Aeth hypostati. The author next examines the various cally; and this is a fine instance of the fefforms of government, and points out the quipedalia verba, as it has a whole line to inconveniences of all. He allows the dan- itself, “ hipoftaticamente." The Frangers of monarchy, but observes that, in a ciscan dogma is elucidated by the usual christian ftate, these dangers are not to be comparison of the sun-beams passing feared. The right divine is afferted, and through glass; and by another, which I as the consummation of this policy, we do not recollect elsewhere ; " as the dew have immediately the art of war.
falls upon the earth, without disturbing To this poem fixteen little pieces are the air." added, each containing some example from
The “ Selvas Danicas" fill the last vobiföry. One of these is upon the death lume, a genealogical poem upon the sucof Uriah, and it concludes thus : “ if good cession of the kings of Denmark. This kings can act thus wickedly, what ought work I have never seen. we not to fear from tyrants?” Perhaps Such are the works of Rebolledo, wlio Rebolledo had feen Algernon Sidney at to the manners of a Chriftian and of a Copenhagen; for this and the following cavalier, ' united the virtues and endow: poem seem more like the lentiments of an ments that constitute a hero; such as noEnglifhman at that period, than of a Spa- bility of blood, and good fortune in his under
takings: and here (fays Sedano) I will no Not long this'fearful conflict shall endure,
longer delay a reflection, that has often That arms the earth with lightning, that occurred to me in collecting the memoirs o'erspreads
of our illustrious Spanish poets; and that Earth with its horrors, making the firm globe is, that the epithet illustrious is perfectly Tremble. Not long these terrors shall en- applicable with regard to their blood; dure,
not that this is any recommendation of the That feem as they appall’d the fires of heav'n, intrinsic merit of the sciences; but because For night approaches now, preserving night, it confirms the opinion of those, who And war will neep in darkness. But the chief think that good blood and an illustrious Stretch'd forth his hand, and bade the fun education contribute to a love of, and
stand still On Gibeon; " and thou, moon, oʻer the vale progress in letters. He then shows, that Of Ajalon, till vengeance be coniplete !"
it is not absolutely necessary that a good And wherefore did the harmonies of heav'n
poet thould be poor.
T.Y. Cease at the voice of Joshua ? The Most High, TOUR OF ENGLAND, He who is juft, fufpended nature's laws,
(CONTINUED). That kings might meet the meed they me- Journal of a Tour through almost every county rited.
in England, and part of Wales, by Mr. John The third volume is composed of reli
HOUSMAN, of Corby, near Carlisle; who
was engaged to make the Tour by a gentlegious poems, chiefly paraphrased from
man of distinction, for the purpose of costhe bible; among 'thele are versions of
lecting authentic information relative to the pfalms, of the book of Job, and of the staté of the poor. The Journal comthe Lamentations of Jeremiah. These he
prises an account of the general appearance dedicated to Chriftina, queen of Sweden; of the country, of the soil, surface, buildand the Spanish editor says, they may ings, &c. with observations agricultural, greatly have contributed to the conversion commercial, &c. of that princess to the Catholic faith. His
TEPTEMBER 3d, rode to Yardly. version of the Lamentations concludes Goben, in Northamptonshire, four with the doxology, and with a declaration miles. The soil rather light; surface
Mr. Houseman's Tour through Northamptan
fhire. 277 rises here and there in gentle swells. A level: it is rather a woody country than great deal of common helds in this dif- otherwise, and very beautiful towards trict; the produce, and rotation of crops, Stony Stratford. I crossed the bridge, as mentioned in the account of Rode. In and dined at Stony Stratford, on my way thole parts where the land is inclosed, the to Buckingham. ' The town conálts of fields and hedges are beautiful, and leve one long street, and is not remarkable for ral trees rise on the latter. The sheep, in any thing, except its being a great thothis part of the county, are something like roughfare from London to Chetter, Irethose of Berkshire; they are very small, with land, &c. and the manufactory of lace in white or yellow faces, but fome have black coinmon with the neighbouring country. faces and horas. These animals the Here the sheep and horses again entertain farmers find
very useful in improving their me with such music as their numerous land ; they are penned or hurdled on fal- bells afford. Buckingham being the lows every night, from the middle of county town, I expected to have found it March to the middle of October, to which a place of tome confequence, but was they become lo accustomed, that they go much deceived: it is a very small meanly to their nightly confinement with the ut-, built place, and stands in a hole ; several molt composure, and seeming content. of the houses are thatched, and some of The hurdles are shifted every day, and as the streets unpaved: the number of insoon as a course is gone through, the land is habitants about 2000. Just before I enploughed over, that the nutrition may not tered the town, supposing I was going into evaporate, or waste, with the action of the fome large village, I asked a labourer the fun and air. Yardly-goben is a small road to Buckingham; he only answered village, inhabited by farmers and lace- with a simile. I repeated the interroga. makers. The buildings are low, generally tion, and the man leeing me in earnest, made with stone, and thatched. Farms pointed to the town, and said, “it is are from 40l. to 200l. a year ; rent, 18s. there." The appearance of a fine large or 20s. per acre. The fields were inclosed church partly confirmed his affertion, fome years ago, and the number of small otherwise I should have suspected the felfarms' decreased. Most of the land in low had imposed on me. Buckingham these districts belongs to great proprietors, is surrounded with high grounds, and which circumstance renders the number of different open fields come up almost close open fields a matter of ftill greater wonder, to the town: a small river winds about Northamptonshire is a considerable corn some parts of it, and forms a fine termincounty; but towards Leicestershire' theation to some beautiful and pleasant garfarmers graze most part of their grounds; dens. I have lately noticed, that vines the ground seems generally deep and ftrong. planted against the walls of houses answer In this county I did not observe a hill of well in these parts; but upon the walls of any magnitude: the open fields give it, cottages, about the skirts of this town, it in some places, arather naked appearance; is surpriling to see such a number of large there are, however, several very woody bunches of grapes displayed there by nadistricts. Agricultural improvements are ture, with very little affistance from art. making some advances, but much remains Hop plants are also growing on several to be done. The manufacture of lace is hedges in this neighbourhood, without the carried on to a great extent in this county, aslistance of the planter. Beans are much and affords a much more lucrative employ cultivated in this part of the country, paito the women than any sort of spinning icularly in common fields, and the crops with which their time is occupied in mort this year are uncommonly great. The of the northern counties: lace-makers will inclofed land is mostly in patturage, and earn is.or is. 2d. a day; while spinners cattle and sheep fattened thereon. An can scarcely, with much greater exertion, elegant church has lately been erected on make 3d. or 4d. a day.
a riling ground in the south side of this September 4.--I went from Yardly- town, at a little distance from the site of Goben to Buckingham, 10 miles. The the old church; but the people bury at foil, a strong clay, the produce is wheat, the old burial ground. Buckingham is beans, barley, and oats. Large tracts of not a place of much trade or manufacture, common or open fields often present them- nor does any great road lead through it. selves in this journey: the roads pretty Farms in this neighbourhood let for good, partly made with finty gravel, and about 208. per acre, and are of almost all partly with whitith freeltone. The surface is sizes, uneven in some parts, but in others quite
(To be continued.)
( 278 )
WALPOLIANA; OR BONS-MOTS, APOPHTHEGMS, OBSERVATIONS ON LIFE AND LITERATURE; WITH EXTRACTS FROM ORIGINAL LETTERS, OF THE LATE HORACE WALPOLE, EARL OF ORFORD.
This Article is communicated by a Literary Gentleman, for many years in habits of intimacy with Mr. WADPOLE. It is partly-drawn up from a collection of Bens-Mots, Sc. in bis our band-writing ; partly from Anecdotes written down after long Conversations with him, in which be would, from four o Clock in tbe Afternoon, till two in the Morning, display those treasures of Anecdote, with which bes Rarike Wit, and Opportunities, bad replenished his Memory; and partly from Original Letters to the Compiler, on jubjects of Taste and Literature.
Mr. Gray, the poet, has often observed to me, that, if any man were to form a book of
wlrat he had seen and heard liimself, it muft, in whatever hands, prove a most useful and entertaining one.
XXXI. HOB AND NOB.
XXVIII. AN IGNORANT COMMUNI
XXVII. A CONVERT.
Methodist in America, bragging Some words are locally perverted to bad dians in religion, called up one of them, Lord *** being in the country, and and, after some questions; alked him if he wishing to sew great regard to a rustic had not found great confort last Sunday, gentleman of some influence, he was inafter receiving the sacrament. “ Aye, vited to dine, along with a numerous and master," replied the favage, “ but i elegant company, and placed at my lady's wished it had been brandy."
right hand. The lady, in the inidft' of dinner, called for a glass of wine to drink with her new guest, and holding it towards
him, as then the fashion, faid, “ Hob and An ignorant soldier at Quebec, observing fome of his comrades stay behind him nob, Mr. ***". The gentleman ftared, at church, asked them, on their coming it was mere timidity, repeated the words,
and blushed up to the eyes. She thinking out; what was the reason? They told him and the gentleman looking if poflible more jeeringly, that the parson had treated them confused, The coloured herfelf'; when he, with Tome wine. “ No other liquor ?" says the fellow. Seeing he fwallowed the dam, excufe me, but I never hob and nob
after much hesitation, whispered, “ Mabait, they answered, that he might have tvhat liquor he chose. Next Sunday he except with my wife.” stayed to have his share ; and when the XXXII. DUCHESS OF BOLTON. clergyman offered him the wine, he put The duchets dowager of Bolton, who "up his hand to his head, in token of faluta, was natural daughter to the duke of Montion, and said modestly, “ Please your re, mouth, used to divert George the First, verence, I should prefer punch." by affecting to make blunders.
Once XXIX. FRENCH BULL,
when she had been at the play of “Love's Amarried French lady, who had an in- Lajt Shift,", the called it, la derniere trigue, inlisted on having her lover's por pretended to come to court in a great
Chemise de l'Amour, Another time the trait. He remonstrated on her absurdity, fright, and the king alking the cause, the and said it would be proclaiming their faid she had been at Mr. Whiston's, who
“Oh," said the, “ but to pre- told her the world would be burnt in three vent a discovery, it Hall not be drawn like you."
years; and for her part she was determined to go to China.
XXXIII. THE KING OF BULLS. When Lord Townsend was fecretary of I will give you what I call the king of ftate to George the First, some city dames bulls. An Irish baronet, walking out came to visit his lady, with whom she was with a gentleman,who told me the story, was little acquainted. Meaning to be mighty met by his nurse, who requested charity. civil, and return their visits, she asked one The baronet exclaimed vehemently, "I of them where the lived? The other re will give you nothing. You played me. plied, near Aldermanbury: « Oh," a scandalous trick in my infancy.'
The cried Lady Townsend, “ I hope the Al old woman, in amazeinent, alked him derman is well."
XXX. COURT POLITESSE.