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Walpoliana, No. II.

279 what injury she had done him? He an my near relations, though not affecting swered, “I was a fine boy, and you me; endless conversations with lawyers ; changed me."

and packets of letters every day to read In this bull even personal identity is and answer: all this weigbt of businets confounded!

is too much for the rag of life that yet XXXIV. CONVENIENT COURAGE.

hangs about me; and was preceded by A certain earl having beaten Antony tunate nephew, and a daily correspond

three weeks of anxiety about my unfor Henley, at Tunbridge, for some imper- ence with physicians, and mad doctors, tinence, the next day found Henley beating another person. The peer congratu-order ever since July: such a mass of

calling upon me when I had been out of lated Henley on that acquisition of fpirite troubles made me very seriously ill for forne “ O, my lord,” replied Henley,

your days, and has left me, and still keeps me, so lordship and I know whom to beat.'

weak and difpirited, that if I shall not soon XXXV. LORD WILLIAM POULET.

be able to get some repose, my poor head Lord William Poulet, though often or body will not be able to refift. For the chairman of committees of the house of empty title, I trust you do not fuppofe it commons, was a great dunce, and could any thing but an incumbrance, by lard.. scarce read. Being to read a bill for na. ing my busy mornings with idle visits of turalizing Jemima, duchess of Kent, he interruption, and which, when I am able called her Jeremiah, duchess of Kent. to go out, I fhall be forced to return.

Having heard South Walls commended Surely no man of seventy-four, unless for ripening fruit, he shewed all the four fuperannuated, can have the smallest pleasides of his garden for south walls. sure in sitting at home in his own room,

A gentleman writing to desire a fine as I always do, and being called by a new horse he had, offered him any equivalent. name. Lord William replied, that the horse was It will seem personal, and ungrateful at his service, but he did not know what tog, to have said so much about

my own to do with an elephant.

trist situation, and not to have yet thanked A pamphlet, called “ The Snake in the you, Sir, for your kind and flattering offer Grass,” being reported (probably in joke) of letting me read what you have finished to be written by this Lord William Pous of your history; but it was neceffary to let, a gentleman, abused in it, sent him a expose my condition to you, before I coud challenge. Lord Willian profelled his venture to accept your proposal, when I innocence, and that he was not the author; am lo utterly incapable of giving a quarbut the gentleman would not be satisfied ter of an hour at a time to what, I know without a denial under his hand. Lord by my acquaintance with your works, will William took a pen, and began, “ This demand all my attention, if I wish to is to fcratify, that the buk called the reap the pleasure they are formed to give Snak”—“Oh, my lord,” said the person, me. It is most true that, for these seven “ I am satisfied ; your lordship has al- weeks, I have not redde feven pages, but ready convinced me you did not write the letters, states of accounts, cafes to be laid book.”

before lawyers, accounts of farms, &c. &c. .

and those lubject to mortgages. Thus are XXXVI. LETTER WRITTEN SOON AF

HORACE WALPOLE, BY The my mornings occupied: in an evening my DEATH OF HIS NEPHEW, HAD SUC: relations, and a very few friends, coine to

me; and when they are gone, I have about an hour, to midnight, to write answers to

letters for the next day's post; which I Berkley-Square, Dec. 26, 1791. had not time to do in the morning. This DEAR SIR,

is actually my case now; I happened to As I am sure of the fincerity of your be quitted at ten o'clock, and I woud congratulations, I feel much obliged by not fofe the opportunity of thanking you, them; though what has happened destroys not knowing when I coud command anomy tranquillity; and if what the world ther hour. reckons advantages, coud compensate the I would by no means be understood to lofs of peace and ease, woud ill indemnity decline your obliging offer, Sir. On the me, even by them.

A small estate, contrary, I accept it joyfully, if you can loaded with debt, and of which I do not, trust me with your manuscript for a little understand the management, and am too time, thoud I have leisure to read it but old to learn; a source of law. suits amongft by (mall snapshes, which would be wrongMONTHLY MAG. No. xxx.


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Eminent Foreign Literati, now Living. ing, and woud break all connexion in my me any morning when you fall happen head. Criticisin you are

to come to town; you will find the new and to read critically is old lord exactly the same admirer of your's, far beyond my present power. Can a and your obedient humble servant, scrivener or a scrivener's hearer, be a judge

Hor. WALPOLE. of composition, style, profound reasoning,

[It was a considerable time before he and new lights, and discoveries, &c. But would fign Orford, or could even hear his my weary hand and breast must finish. style or title without hesitation.] May I ask the favour of your calling upon

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Some ACCOUNT of the Lives and fame avowed fuperiority as a lyric writer.

WRITINGS of EINENT FOREIGN They display a glow of imagination, a
LITERATI, now living.

juftness of conception, a brilliancy of [To be continued regularly.]

di&tion, unfettered by rhyme, which

may dispute the palm of pre-eminence KLOPSTOCK.

with the bards of Greece and Rome. 'N noticing living German authors, But great and unrivalled as is their poetic rence; his Messiah being considered, fuperior kind.' They boast the proud by unaniinous liffrage, the best epic recommendation of moral beauty, in the poem which Germany ever produced. molt extensive and uncircumícribed acHe is a native of Saxony, and received his ceptation of the term. Many of them education in the Pforte, a celebrated col

were composed with the express design of lege near Naumburg; in which GRÆ, inspiring his countrymen with a spirit of vius, ERNESTI, BÁChius, and several true patriotism, in contradiftin&tion to the other eminent literati were formed. It is à circumstance not lets authentic than He endeavours to arouse their moral ener

narrow, selfish views of modern politics. worthy of remark, that this great man

gies, to render them sensible of what a&tually arranged the plan of his Mesliah they have been, and what with virtuous during his school-years. He prosecuted exertion they may become. He displays his design with indefatigable zeal, and before their eyes, as an incentive to laudawith a succeis commensurate to the care and abilities he exerted in the completion and thows at once the glory they will ac.

ble ambition, their natural prerogatives, of his work. Notwithstanding the metre quire by making regular advances in he adopted (preferring the majestic, the moral excellence, and the ignominy they Sonorous and expressive hexameters of will incur by tlothful inaction and daHomer, to the puérility of inodern fardly retreat. His' popular drama, rhyme) was entuely new, and in a entitled “ The Battle of Hermann," affords manner exotic to German versification ;

an incontestible proof how fưccelsfully he his Messiah no sooner made its appear-- has studied the spirit and national chaance, than it met with general applause, racter of the ancient Germans, during the and, in a short time, raised his reputation reign of the Roman emperors. to a height, which left all competitors at

KLOPSTOCK has likewise a just claim a hopeless distance; and, as before re

upon the gratitude of his country,

for hav. marked, ranked him the first epic poet of ing first függetted, and by his own example his nation.

enforced, the necessity of an improved His Odes t have procured him the system in the orthography of the German

language. His propola's were not, in* An overstrained compliment is omitted. † A splendid edition of " KLOPSTOCK'S they led others to direct their attention to

deed, adopted in their full extent, but illuftrations, is now publishing by the learned this object, and are, therefore, justly and ingenious AUGUSTUS BOETTIGER,D.D. entitled to the merit of having proved provoit of Weimar college, and counsellor of highly instrumentat in effecting the the Upper Contistory. Of the merits of this change which has since taken place. gentleman, in the republic of letters, we Notwithstanding his great age, he conshall have occasion to speak very copiously tinues in the full, uninterrupted enjoyhercat'er.



Klopstock... Archenholz....Voss. ment of health. For this inestimable , withdraw from the service of his patroblessing, next to a good constitution, he ness, and retired to enjoy the tweets of stands indebted to his strict and uniform independence at Altona. It is, however, temperance, added to a prudent use of but justice to obferve, as it affords an ad: exercise. He rides out regularly every ditional proof of the natural goodness of morning, and will leap a five-barred gate heart and excellent disposition, which to with all the impetuosity of youth. His strongly characterize this amiable bard; countenance is highly pleasing, and re that KLOPSTOCK has never once exflects that calm tranquillity, that divine plained himself upon this fubject, mot peace of mind, so forcibly depicted in his even to his most intimate friends. Inverses, and which nothing but the con- deed we confine ourtelves within the strid sciousness of a well spent life can bestow. limits of truth, when we affirm, that he He poffeffes an air of dignity, equally has never been known to speak in angry remote from haughty infolence and repul-, or disrespectful terms of any person, with five reserve, which commands involun- whom he has been connected. Much tary respect from all who approach him. less has he descended to the mean arts of His conversation is marked by the same fecret detraction and anonymous satire. sèntentious, yet unaffected conciseness, To sum up the catalogue of his virtues, which characterizes his writings. Among he is a man whom envy herself has never his very intimate friends, he is sometimes attempted to fix a ftain upon.

He till prevailed upon to repeat extra ts from his enjoys his perion from the Danish govern poetical works, which he delivers in a ment, and the French republic has paid. moft animated, impressive, and feeling homage to his extraordinary merit, by manner. He is particularly fond of le- complimenting him with the right of hearsing those passages in which he pays, citizenship. a'tribute to the virtues of his deceased

ARCHENHOLZ wife, who was early separated from him by IS likewise an inhabitant of Altona *, death; and he takes a pleasure in sewing and a writer of great political celethe monument which he has erected in brity in most countries of Europe. His memory of her, and of the infant of " History of the Seven Year's War," in whom she died in childbed.

which he took an active part, having the Poffetred of an independent fortune, he rank of captain in the Prussian service, is relieved from the painful necessity of may juftly be pronounced one of the best making his talents Tubservient to his historical compotitions which Germany animal wants, and is enabled to pass his can boast. ARCHENHOLZ resided several days in the sweet converse of the Muses, years in this country, and his “ Picture and to pursue the favourite studies to of England and Italy," in which he speaks which his inclination prompts him. The very freely of the degeneracy and proflivirtuous Count BERNSTORFF, formerly gate character of the modern Romans, is minister at the court of Denmark, and highly complimentary to the genius and uncle to the lately deceased minister of manners of Great Britain. A continua. that name, procured him a pension from tion of the above work appears regularly the Danish monarch, to which he added every year, under the title of British a handsome annuity from his own purse. Annals." ARCHENHOLZ is likewise KLOPSTOCK, in return, undertook the editor and proprietor of a respectable poft of reader to the countess. On monthly publication, called the « Mi. BERNSTORFF's dismissal from court, in 'nerva. confequence of the appointment of STRUENSEE and BRAND to the administration, NOT far from Hamburgh, in the KLOPSTOCK accompanied his patron to finall town of Eutin, lives Voss, a poet Hamburgh, where the count died of vex- of great and merited reputation. Voss ation and chagrin, at the very moment is the author of a number of neat and he was recalled to resume his former fitu.

elegant ation. KLOPSTOCK continued for some time to reside with the dowager countess;

* Altona is likewise the residence of M. but, for certain reasons, which we do VON SCHIRACH, a writer of confiderable not think ourselves authorized to com- abilities, and proprietor of the " Political ment upon, as we deem it unbecoming to Journal;” a work which has a very extensive question the propriety of a lady's conduct sale all over the continent. The adjoining

town of Hamburgh, though one of the firit upon bare report, and KLOPSTOCK was too noble-minded to give fanction to the quence more immediately under the auspices

commercial cities in Europe, and of copseo reports in circulation; he preferred to of the god of traffic than the muses, nain





Living German Literati. elegant poems, which are universally read their own imbecility, and provoked le. and admired. But it is to his incompa- verer usage ; whilst the merited ridicule rable translations of Homer and Virgil, titey have entailed upon themselves, by that he stands indebted for that high lite- their futile attempts, serves to exhibit the rary fame, which he so deservedly enjoys. superiority of their antagonists in a more Without the flightest wish to detract from conspicuous light. It is, however, to be the merits of our countrymen, Pope and regretted, that several worthy characters Dryden, it is but justice to acknowledge, have been wantonly attacked by these keen That their versions of Homer and Virgil de- fatirists ; a line of conduct which certainly serve rather the title of a paraphratë than cannot add to their reputation in the eyes a translation. We read a fine poem, but of men of cool, deliberate judgment, we do not recognize the exact fpirit of Voss has lately published fume excellent the original. Voss, on the other hand, Idylls or Pastorals; and likewise a beauwithout degenerating into insipidity and tiful poem, in several cautos, entitled, servile initation, has fo fcrupulously ad

Louisa." hered to the sense of his author, that he has preserved the exact metre, and even

THIS veteran in literature is a native the very number of verses of the original. of Berlin, where he still resides. He is And yet, incredible as it may appear to

a fcholar, an author, and a bookseller those, who are not acquainted with the , of the first eminence; and perhaps no German language, the writer of this ar man living can boast fuch extentive literary ticle knows of no one instance, in which connexions which are not confined to his Voss has detracted from the fire, the own country. NICOLAI has lived from brilliancy, the spirit of the Greek and his very youth in the strictest habits of inRoman bards. Voss, some time since, timacy with all the great German writers, entered the lists in a literary contest with among whom the names of LESSING, Profesor. HEYNE, of Göttingen, whose Moses MenDELSOHN*, ESCHENBURG, edition of Virgil has rendered his name fa- Abet, PLATNER, &c. &c. Juftly claim miliar to the literati of this country. This our veneration and esteem. In conjunction contest has been maintained with conlides with these luminaries of science, Nicorable acrimony on both sides, and gave

LAI published his celebrated « Letters on occasion to a very cutting epigram, by Literature,. (Litteratur-briefe,) whicli SCHILLER, in which Voss, having been will render his reputation respectable, as formerly one of Heyne's pupils, is very long as the German language thall contiseverely treated. The epigram in question nue to be spoken or read. From this is inferted in the " Xenia, a work which publication the Germans date the imis entitled to particular notice, as it has provenent of their national taste. His given birth to a paper war in Germany. * Universal German History" ( Allgemeine The authors of thee bitter epigrams have Deutsche Bibliothek) is a work of Itill nobly disdaineid to stab in the dark, and con greater merit and celebrity, and has given ceal themselves under the safeguard of an

birth to a

new epocha in the annals of anonymous publication. Their names are

German literature. It confifts now of a posted and prefixed to their productions great number of volumes, and affords a names of no less celebrity and formidable convincing proof of the inexhaustible import than GOETHE and SCHILLER.The resources of German science. His celeestablithed reputation of these two literary brated fatirical romance of Sebaldus champions well warrants the daring conti- Notkanker," is a spirited and successful dence with which they hurl the gauntlet attack upon the ramparts of fuperitition, of defiance, and brandin the lain of satire ecclefiaftica! tyranny, the exploded fyfin the open face of day. The wounds tems of faite philosophy, and the metathey inflict are deep, and rankle forely, physical jargon f school divinity: inlomuch, that the « Xenia" have called forth no less than thirteen combatants into This truly learned and excellent Jew the field. But fo far from being able to " Phedon," which is riot a mere translation

has rendered his name immortal by his stand their ground, and to foil the adven- from Plato, but is enriched with a number of turous duumviri, they have only exposed additional arguments by MENDELSOHN,

which evince a juftress and profundity of tains, notwithstanding, no contemptible rank thought, that cannot fail to delight and furin the republic of letters. Among oheremi- prise the metaphysical reader. NICOLAI ennent literary characters, it hoasts the names of tertained an extruordinary afication for MenBiisch, EBELING, GERSTENRYRG, RI- de!:cha, and delights is lpcaking of his deMARUS, &c. &c.

ceaferi friend, whom he extols as a second Socrates,


Original Letter of Paul Jones.

283 His. . Travels througb Germany," a at any action of persons under his comvery voluminous, but severe work, have mand, which his heart cannot approve: raised him up an host of enemies, and en-, but the reflection is doubly severe, when gaged him in frequent disputes. The he finds himself obliged, in appearance, to poignancy of his wit, and the keenneis countenance such action by his authority. of his fatire, have, howeyer, in general,

" This hard case was mine, when on the borne him triumphant through the con- 2.3d of April laft, I landed on St. Mary's test. He has lately published, an enter Ille. Knowing Lord Selkirk's interest taining fatirical work, in consequence of with his king, and esteeming, as I do, a wager between himself and his friend his private character, I wished to make Bode (an excellent German writer, and him the happy instrument of alleviating the translator of Sterne's Tristram the horrors of hopeless captivity, when the Shandy," Sentimental Journey," and brave are overpowered, and made priSmollett's Humphrey Clinker), enti- soners of war. It was, perhaps, fortutled “ The History of a Fat Man," in allu. nate for you, Madam, that he was from fion to Bone's personal appearance. home; for it was my intention to have BODE, however, did not live to see the taken him on board the Ranger, and to completion of this work, and NICOLAI have detained him, until, through his has annexed, at the end of the ad volume, means, a general and fair exchange of an honourable testimony to the merits and prisoners, as well in Europe as in Amevirtues of his deceased friend.

rica, had been effected. In his manners T, NICOLAI is very

“ Wlien I was informed by some men plain; but nothing can exceed the charms whom I met at landing, that his lordship of his conversation. He possesses an inex was absent, I walked back to my boat, hausţible fund of anecdotes, relating to determined to leave the itland: by the writers and eminent men of every descrip. way, however, some of the officers, who tion, among whom his acquaintance is un were with me, could not forbear expresslimited. Those who'vilit hin, always ex. ing their discontent: observing, that in perience the most lively regret, when they America no delicacy was thewn by the take leave of him. As a judge of books, English, who took away all sorts of moveit is doubtful whether all Europe can able property ; setting fire not only to produce his superior.

T. D. towns, and to the houses of the rich, with

out distinction, but not even sparing the Copy of a LETTER sent from JOHN wretched hamlets and milk-cows of the

PAUL JONES, Efq. commander in poor and helpless; at the approach of an
Chief of the American Squadron in Eu- inclement winter: that party had been
rope, to the Right Hon. The Countess of with me, as volunteers, the same morn-
SELKIRK, St. Mary's Isle, Scotlan.i. ing, at Whitehaven; some compliance,

therefore, was their due: I had but a [The following Letter is the production of a

moment to think how I might gratify man, who, on various occasions, acted a them, and, at the same time, do your **very conspicuous part on the theatre of the ladyship the least injury. charged the world. It places his character in a very

two officers to permit none of the leamen

to enter the house, or to hurt any thing Hifferent light from that in which it has about it; to treat you, Madam, with commonly been viewed, and as it is one of the utmost respect; to accept of the the first principles of justice, to condemn plate which was offered, and to come no man, until he may have been heard in away without making a search or demand"his own defence, ' we hope it will not be ing any thing elle. I am induced to be

lieve, that I was punctually obeyed, altogether unacceptable to the public. since I am informed that the plate which We are promised some others, written by they brought away is far short of the the same person, and equally, if not more quantity expressed in the inventory which

accompanied it. I have gratified my intere ting.)

men, and when the plate is fold, I fhall MADAM,

become the purchaser, and will gratify “IT

T cannot be too much lamented that, my own feelings, by restoring it to you,

in the profession of arms, the officer by fuch conveyance as you shall be pleased of fine fécling, and of real fenfibility, to direct, should be under the necessity of winking

ROBISON, in his late publication, are of too + The unfounded afperfions thrown out illiberal and contemptible a nature to merit sgainit chis 'venerable character, by Profesor serious refutation.

" Had

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