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Catch from perennial lamps the sacred glow No more my tardy death upbraid:
Of love divine the effence of our God!

Eternal death is mine!
When cleans'd from guilt and each low- 'I'm call'd! The vengeful sword they raise!
minded care,

Racks, whips, and fury wait?
May I be worthy found to meet Eliza there.

The pious brands of torture blaze,
Chard, Somersetsnire. W. TOULMIN, M. D. Ferocious man to fate!

Yet fword and flames I'll dauntless brave:
CONSCIENCE THE WORST or TORTURES,

No groan shall racks extort;
By Miss Holcroft.

If blood they thirst, blood let them have:
'TWAS night; mysterious filence reign’d; Revenge too dearly bought !"
Sleep wav'd his magic wand;

Thus rav'd the wretch, with anguish torn,
E'en prowling wolves, to mischief train'd, Pursu'd by fell despair,
Repos’d, a harmless band.

Till soon the sanguinary morn
High furging waves, and tempests bleak,

Bad him for death prepare.
Were hush'd, awhile to rest;

With well-intention'd vengeance fraught, ,
Fierce Ætna ceas’d in flames to break,

The fearful cohort meet:
Nor once disgorg'd her breaft:

Their mind to holy terror wrought;
When, ftretch'd on straw, the murd'rer lay,

Their brow with ire replete.
Terrific to behold!

Yet unappallid their victim stood,
His tott'ring frame spoke sad dismay,

Death's threat'ning pangs defied ;
His eye convulsive rollid!

Montalto, lo! here's blood for blood!
His chains he shook with frantic grief; Behold, and quaff," he cried.
Thrice smote his tortur'd breast :

Then dauntless met each fearful stroke,
Till fainting nature brought relief,

No pangs could force one groan;
And lull'd his limbs to reft.

His threatning eye defiance Ipoke,
But fearful visions rack'd his brain ;

Till sense and life were flown.
His tranfient Numbers broke:
Before him ttood Montalto Nain!

LINES addressed to a Rose.
He started, groan'd, and woke.

MODEST child of vernal fhow'r,
Yet woke, alas, to mad’ning woe:

I woo thee, meekly blushing flow'r!
The ghaftly form pursued;

Bent with the dews, that fall from high,
With bolom pierc'd, step fad and Now,

How sweet chou smileft to mine eye!
His shroud with blood bedew'd!

Chafte flow'r! thy downcast foliage wears

The pensive innocence of tears!
Its woe-fraught brow and haggard cheek
Uprais'd the fiend despair:

Yet ah, perhaps, ere ev'ning's close, A wild and foul-diftracted thriek

Some hand may pluck thee, thou soft tose,
Diffolv'd it into air!

Then on some virgin's bosom doom
Stay, stay,” he cried, “ thou damning Where envious, thy faint leaves Thall pine

To waste away thy rich perfume;
Thade!

For beauties lovelier far than thine.
Revenge shall soon be thine.

L.

VARIET I ES,
LITERARY and PHILOSOPHICAL;
Including Notices of Works in Hand, Domestic and Foreign.
*** Authentic Communications for this Article will always be thankfully received.

:
tion opened at the Royal Academy, froin modern artists too much neglecting
The number of artists exhibiting, and of the itudy of the fciences that are auxilia-
works of art exhibited, is greater than in ries, or rather essential parts of this art,
any preceding year; but it may be doubted such as anatomy, perspective, and the
whether the collective merit of the exhi- degradation of colour, and of light and
bition be increased in the same propor- shade. Be this as it may, it is certain
tion. It is, perhaps, even inferior to that more modern pi&tures foon pall
those of several former years. The Eng- upon the taste, while those produced in
lith school of painting cannot be denied the golden age of painting please more
that brilliancy, fplendour, and force, and more, as we have more time to ttudy
which strike and captivate at first sight; and to discover their beauties. In the
but generally speaking, it wants that present exhibition, however, there are
truth and just degree of finishing that at leveral honourable exceptions to the fore-
tach the mind, and satisfy the eye. It going remarks, especially among the

works

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Exhibitions.... English Literature. works of some young, but rising artists, tions from the 13th inst. to the 22d, Loth who have not yet obtained a name pro inclusive, he is wholly disappointed as to portionate to their merit.-Like former the expected re-appearance of the folar exhibitions, the present one proves that jyot; and must therefore conclude no more the branch of the art in which our painters will be seen of it. This, considering its are molt encouraged, to which they permanence for several revolutions, and chiefly devote themselves, and in which its apparently unaltered state as to figure, they succeed the best, is portrait paint- dentity, and lize, when it was last Teen, ing. It contains, nevertheless, a num is to him exceedingly unexpected. ber of works of fancy and sentiment, Dr. SOMERVILLE, author of "The which do equal honour to the genius and History of Political Transactions, and of disinterested neis of the artists, conlilering - Parties, during the Reign of King Wilhow little such subjects are in request. liam, has in the press a complete history The number of those who have attempted of Great Britain, during the reign landscape is small-till smaller of those of Queen Anne. The author has had who have succeeded. Of the drawings, access to a great variety of original papers, fome are truly beautiful-mothers highly some of the most curious of which will pleasing and respectable. In sculpture be printed in an appendix at the end of the exhibition this year is particularly the voluine. poor. It can only boast a few heads, The Literary and Philosophical Society and bas-reliefs, which however well exe of Newcastle-upon-Tyne,

have just duted, are of little consequence, when printed their “ Fifth Year's Report;" and compared with the groupes and figures as likevilé fome copies of “ Two Elays," large as life, which the public have con read before them by John RALPH FENtemplated with pleasure in former years. Wick, M. D. one containing “ ReflecBut, whatever may be its defects, the tions on Calcareous Manures;" the persons who are acquainted with the state other, “ Some Reflections on the Imof the arts abroad, will feel no hesitation portance of Elastic Fluids in Vegetation, in pronouncing that no foreign Ichool and on the Preservation and Application can produce an annual exhibition equal of Fold-yard Manure." to that of England.

Mr. COMBE, the author of « The Miss Linwood's exhibition of pic- Diabolrad,is engaged upon a work to tures in needle-work, continues to attract be published in four volumes, which and astonish the lovers of the fine arts and will include biographical sketches of the fafhionable world. No private col- eminent characters, and the history of lection has ever been more respectably the most considerable events of the prelent patronized in this metropolis.

reign. Meflis. BOYDELL have added a dozen Captain David COLLINS, of the manew pictures to the Shakespeare Gallerý, rines, judge advocate, and fecretary of by SMIRKE, WESTALL, Wheatley, the colony, has announced for speedy and RIGAUD. The gallery is also en- publication, “ An Account of the Englijk riched at this time by the whole of the Colony in New South Wales," from the debeautiful Milton drawings by WestALL. paxture of the first embarkation in the The thirteenth number of the Shakespeare year 1787, to the 29th of September 1796 : will be ready for delivery in the course of with occasional remarks on the natives of the month.

New Holland, from actual observation. The same gentlemen having purchased He proposes to add an Account of New the admired pictures of the “ Seven Age.," Zealand and its inhabitants, taken, by by SMIRKE, which are now exhibiting permissi-n, from the MSS. of Lieutenant at Somerset House, propose to publih Governor King. prints from them, of the size of the ori Mr. Allwood, fellow of Magdalen ginals.

college, has circulated proposals for pubMr. JOHN IRELAND's fupplementary lilling by subscription, a work on “i The volume to Hogartb Illustrated,” will Literary Antiquities of Greece :” as devepositively be delivered in a few days. loped in an attempt to ascertain princi

Mr. CAPEL LOFT writes to us from ples for a new analysis of the Greek Troston *, that after repeated observa- tongue; and to exhibit those principles

as applied to the elucidation of many * In his letter of last month, in a few paffuges in the ancient history of that copies, our readers are requested, for « Bo- country. To which he proposes to add, stoin," to read Trafion, and for os lith,” to some observations concerning the origin sead dijk.

of several of the literal characters in ulë amorg the Grecians.

The

Next.

Engliso Literature, &c.

291 The novel of Miss CLARKE, the arts were never more successfully cultigrand-daughter of the late Col. Frederic, vated in France than they are at the prewill be published in the course of the fent moment. month,

In the fitting of the National Institute, Mrs. ROBINSON has announced a com held at Paris on the 6th of last Octoplete edition of her poetical works, in ber, after reading the memoirs of the three volumes. 8vo. The terms of fub- three classes, which were noticed at length fcription one guinea.

in the preceding numbers of the “ Monthly A third volume of the work under the Magazine,Citizen VILLARS, secretary title of " The Comparative Display of to the third, and LASSUS, secretary to British Opinions respecting the French Revo- the first class, delivered a discourse in lution,is preparing for the press.. honour of LOUVET and PELLETIER *.

The firit volume of Mr. MILNER'S GUYTON read an interesting memoir History of Winchester is in considerable upon vegetable substances, made ufe of for forwardness at press.

the purposes of dying; which was fucThe History of the City of Bath, by ceeded by a dissertation by MONGES, on Mr. WARNER, author of “ An Illustra- the inscriptions of coins and medals. tion of the Roman Antiquities of Bath," &c. ROEDERER, as the organ of the second embellished with engravings, will be claís, delivered some observations on the rcady for publication about Michaelmas prize subject,Who are the most proper instruc

tors to regulate the morals of a nation? Mole Miss Hays, the author of “ Emma read a dialogue between two journalists, Courtney, &c." has prepared for publi- on the application of the words monsieur cation a novel under the title of " The and citizen, LEBRUN terminated the fitVictim of Prejudice.

tings with reciting two odes, one against Mr. THELWALL, in his retreat in anarchy, the other against royalty. Brecknockshire, is engaged upon a novel, The fittings were divided into two fefand also upon a history of his own life fions, to give an opportunity of publicly and times.

rewarding the pupils in painting, sculpA very interesting journal of occur ture, and architecture, to whom the rences in the Temple, during the con- prizes had been adjudged in their respecfinement of Louis XVI. king of France, tive schools. The following is a list of is extracted from M. CLERY, the king's the prize subjects, with the names of the valet de chambre, and the last and only successful competitors : fervant of the royal family. At the end 1. Painting. Subject, the death of of the work fac-fimiles will be given of Cato of. Utica, in the moment when this the hand-writing of the queen, of the illustrious patriot recovers from his swoon, young king Louis XVII. of Madame pushes away the physician, opens his Royale, and of Madame Elizabeth, from wound with his own hands, and expires two notes written while they were con in the very act of tearing his entrails, fined in the tower of the Temple, to the The grand prize was adjudged to, !. prefent king of France, and to the count PIERRE BOUILLON, a native of Thid'Artois, now Monsieur.

viers, in the department of Dordogne, and Mr. Boosey has announced a new a pupil of MONSIAU. 2. To Pierreand splendid edition of “ Glover's Leo- NARCISSE Guerin, of Paris, a pupil nidas," to be printed in two volumes, by of REGNAULT. 3. LOUIS ANDRE GAMr. BENSLEY, and to be embellished BRIEL BOUCHE, of Paris, a pupil of with fix engravings, executed in the most DAVID. The second prize was allotted finished manner by Messrs. Bartolozzi, to, 1. Louis Hérsent, of Paris, a pupil Heath, Holloway, Neagle, and Delatre ; of REGNAULT, 2. MATTHIEU IGNACE from the designs of Melis. Hamilton, VAN BREE, a native of Antwerp, in the Stothard, and Burney:

department of Deux-Nieuvres, and a We have seen in London, a copy of pupil of VINCENT. the first part of Didot's magnificent 11. Sculpture. Subject, Ulysses and Virgil, and consider it, in respect to its Neoptolemus purloining the bow and artypograyhy and engravings, as ftanding rows of Hercules, to compel PhiloEtetes altogether unrivalled. It will be com to accompany them in their expedition pleted in three parts, at nine pounds each against Troy. The grand prize was for proof plates, or at fix pounds each for plates which are not proof: the price to * A biographical notice of this excellent be advanced after the roth of May. Chymift was given in the Monthly Magazine" This work alone ferves to evince, that the for February last.

awarded

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292

National Institute. awarded to Charles ANTOINE CALLA- adopted in the administration of the penal MARD, of Paris, a pupil of Pajou. The code, by transporting, instead of execut, second prize, i. To Aime MILHOMME, ing the proscribed deputies, be adopted of Valenciennes, in the department of the likewise with respect to spiders; and that North, and a pupil of ALLEGRAIN. their punishment, when found in our rooms 2. To JEAN Louis DUVAL, of Paris, a and houses, consist not in death, but in pupil of Boizot.

baniflıment to the stables, or other appro111. Architecture. Subject, pian of priate places."-M. DISJONVAL has public granaries for the fu!pply of a large lubjoined to the above remarks, a very city, Lituated on the banks of a river. curious fact, of which himself, together The grand prize was adjudged, 1. to with Citizen MERCIER, a member of LOUIS AMBROISE DUbut, of Paris, & the council of five hundred, and General pupil of LEDOUX. 2. JEAN ANTOINE BELIR, were eye-witnesses. The spider, Coussin, of Paris, a pupil of the late it seems, is not only a prognosticator of BELIZARD. Second frize, 1. To Elor the weather, but likewile an ainateur of LABARRE, a native of Ourfcamp, in the good music, and will leave his lurking department of L'Oise, and a pupil of place, when an instrument is skilfully RAIMOND. 2. MAXIMILIEN HUR played. A very large ?pider in the house TAUT, of Paris, a pupil of PERCIER. of M. DESMAINVILLES, near the barrier Those pupils who obtained the grand of Clichy, on hearing the found of inuprize, are to set out for Italy to perfect fic, immediately left his retreat, and themselves in the arts, at the expence of continued to traverse the floor of the the republic.

room, following exactly the motions of M. QUATREMER DISJONVAL, whose the performer. This experiment was feingenious discoveries in araneology we veral times repeated, and always with the noticed in our VARIETIES for January same effect. Hence, instead of terming latt, has, in a subsequent publication, the spider a noxious and offensive animal, treated of the great utility of spiders in we ought rather to join in the panegyric protecting cattle, and more especially bestowed upon this ingenious infect by horses, from the bite of flies and gnats. Ovid: piires a Pallade doétam. It is a common prejudice, he obferves, that spiders are noxious animals ; whereas, GUYTON, in the 71st number of the in fact, a more uteful appendage to a sta- Annales de Chemie has introduced the fol. ble, or a cow-house, cannot be found. It lowing intereiting oblervations on the is well known, that horses which are kept acid of tin, and the analysis of its ores : in a stable during the tummer months, suf. It has long, he says, been observed, that fer froin the gnats and 'Aies, in an equal, the concentrated nitric acid oxidates withand even in a greater degree, than thote out diffolving tin: for this metal has ro which are employed in the field, or for the strong an affinity for oxygen, that it impurposes of travelling. The reason of mediately decomposes the nitric acid into ihis is obvious: the vapours which exhale oxygen and nitrous gas. If the acid be from the animals, added to the strong mixed with water, the oxidation of the fmeil of a stable or a cow-house, naturally metal is till more rapid, accompanied with attract the flies in numbers to those places. the evoluiion of nitrate of ammoniac, proIf, therefore, Spiders, instead of being duced by the hydrogen of the water, and Iwept away and destroyed, were rather en- the azote of the nit. gas, united with a couraged, they would offer an effectual {mall portion of nitrous acid. If nitrous temedy to this inconvenience, by Itation- acid be added, as long as it continues to ing themselves in ambulh at the doors, the be decomposed, the oxide of tin at length svindows, and other apertures of places assumes the characters of an acid, and is destined for the reception of cattle and converted into the fiannic acid. If to a horses, and thus destroying their enemy solution of gold in nitro-muriatic acid, a at his very first onset. M. DISJONVAL few drops of the ltannic acid be added, concludes in the following words: “I a purple powder is precipitated, formerly readily acknowledge, that spiders and called purple powder of caffius, and which, their wehs are no proper appendage to in reality, is stannate of gold, produced by che habitations of men ; but I require, single elective attractiun. In KLAPthat they be left in full and undisturbed rota's analysis of the ores of tin, parti. poffefion of all places destined for the re- cularly that species which is called wood ception of cattle and horses. In a word, as tin, he was unable to cause any portion of revolution föems to be the order of the it to dissolve in the muriatic acid : this he day, I demand, that the innovation lately attributed to an excess of oxygen in the

ore,

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Interesting Chemical News.

293 ore, to get rid of which, he ftuxed in a s. That plants, while vegetating in Tilver crucible, a quantity of tin ore with the light, can support a dose of carbonic fix parts of pot-ash. Of this mixture he acid to Itrong as to destroy them when in found that 0.91 were foluble in water, and the shade. capable of being precipitated and re-dis The following analysis of the pumicefolved by muriatic acid. By decomposing stone of Lipari, is translated into the the muriate of tin by carbonate of foda, fame work from the German of KLAPhe acquired an oxide very soluble in ROTH, by Cit. TASSARET, with notes muriatic acid, and which, when preci- by GÜYTON. The pumice-stone is conpitated by zinc and heated in a crucible fidered by Berginan, Cartheuter, and Spel. with fat, gave a button of pure metallic lanzani, on account of its fibrous struca tin. According to KLAPROTH, therefore, ture, and the magnelia which it was sup the cauie of the intulubility of tin ore in poted to coatzin,

as an afbettos altered by muriatic acid, is owing to its being ruper- volcanic fire: tó determine this, the fol. faturated with oxygen ; it does not ap: lowing analysis was instituted : pear, however, that fusion with pot-ath

The greyish white fibrous pumice of at all tended to de-oxidate it; for in Lipari, which toats on water, was pulorder that the mixture of tin ore and pot- Verized and boiled for some time in water: alh should be soluble in water, it is necef

no portion of it, however, appeared to sary that the first should be in the extreme be diffolved; the water discovered, instate of oxidation ; in other words, in the deed, on the addition of nitrate of silver, State of acid. To put the matter, how

a flight trace of muriatic acid. ever, beyond all doubt, a portion of tin

One hundred yrs. of this stone reduced was diffolved in nitric acid, evaporated to powder, were mixed with twice their to dryness, and repeatedly treated in the weight of pct.ait and futed: the måls fame manner with fresh acid; being thus appeared of a green colour, shewing the fuperfaturated with oxygen, and wathed

preience of a little oxide of manganese: well in distilled water, it was thrown when cliffolved in water, it formed a into muriatic acid, and perfectly dissolved. brownish liquor; this being faturated It is probable, therefore, that the great with weak muriatic acid, deposited on degree of aggregation between the parts digestion 77.5 grs. of lilex. A fecond of the ore, and which simple pulverization precipitate being the whole of what was could not overcome, was the true caule contained in the liquor, was obtained, of its insolubility in muriatic acid, and by the addition of ammoniac : this prethat the action of the pot-ash was limply cipitate being digelted in a hot folution of the overcoming of this aggregation.

pure pot-aih, re-diffolved the whole exIn the same valuable number we find cept 1.75 grs, of oxide of iron. The an essay by M. DE SAUSSURE, jun. on alcaline liquor, containing alumine, was the question,"

“ Is the formation of superfaturated by muriatic acid, and the çarbonic acid cilential to vegetation?” alumine precipitated by carbonate of po:From several ingenious experiments on ash; when wained and dryed, it weighed yegetation in atmospheric air, mixed with 17.5 grs. It was evidently pure aludifferent proportions of carbonic acid, mine; for being re-dissolved in fulphuric and in atmospheric air deprived of car- acid, with the addition of acetile of potbonic acid, Mr. De S. has deduced the ash, it gave crystals of alum.

The comfollowing laws

ponent parts, therefore, of the pumice od 1. That plants, like animals, are Lipari ale continually forming carbonic acid while

Alumine 17.50
yegetating, either in the light or made.

Oxide of iron 1.75
2. That like animais, they forin this
carbonic acid, by means of the oxygen of

Asmall trace of manganese

96.75 the atmosphere; and that the reason why

The acids have no action on the limple the formation of this acid is not always manifeft

, is its being immediately pulverized itone, except abitracting the decomposed.

manganele, which inertness arises from 3. That the presence, or rather the the force of the aggregation of its conelaboration of carbonic acid, is necessary to light as to float on water, yet when

ftituent parts. Though the punice is to vegetation in the light. 4. That light is favourable to vegeta

reduced to a moderately fine powder, its tion, by contributing to the decompoíi- specif. grav. is 2.142, or about equal to *ţien of carbonic acid,

that of the opal or pitchstone.

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Silex 77.50

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