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1798.] Doubts as to Toads found in Stone.

27 conduct of the Herefordshire yeomanry, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. in their election of Robert Biddolph, esq. SIR, to be their representative in parliament; The reciprocal desire to communicate the circumstances of that appointment, and and to listen to extraordinary narra. the generous resolutions that followed, de- tions, especially such as appear to contraserve the most honourable mention ; and dict the usual course of nature, is every are worthy not only of being held up to where prevalent among mankind. Tales generalinitation in modern times, but of of ghosts and witches, once the fruitful being handed down in the most respectful source of the marvellous, have now ceased manner to posterity : for it may with truth to affect even the vulgar. But singular he assurred, that there is nor a single mein deviations from what we are accustomed ber in the House of Conmons, who has to see, are ftill received with peculiar avibeen placed there by a conduct equally fpi- dity. To the operation of this principle, rited and popular.

I am inclined to refer the various narra. The letter was accompanied with a tives with which you have been favoured proposal, that when medais were ftruck, by several correspondents, of roads found entitled to public Botice, one fhould be thurup in folid rocks, of liate, of freefent to your Magazine ; and it was sub- Itone, and even of inarble, of which last vnitted to your judgment, whether it might there is fpecimen in the Marquis of not be at once agreeable and instructive to Rockingham's fcat in Yorkfire, your readers to present them with an en. I have observed a striking peculiarity graving of it.

in all the instances brought forward in This letter was a mere hint, and appear- your Magazine, No one is given by an ed'in your Magazine : but I wished to as- eye-witness of the fact, but always on the certain, how far it was confiteot with your authority of some person of undoubted plan, to allow the subject a more ample veracity, that is, in whom the narrator difcuffion. I accoringly proposed, 'if had implicit belief. I need hardly agreeable, to resume it, and to iend an ex. observe, fir, how much in this respect planation of the Hereford hire medal. these stories reseinble che tales of ghosts,

The insertion of that letter I considered which are always given at second-hanc, as an answer to my question; and accbrd- and we can never fee the person, who, ingly, in conformity with my promise, himself, law the ghost. Now, fir, as to me sent a second letier, containing fomne obé it is a real miracle, that an animal which servations on medals, first, in reference to has lungs, and consequently requires ai! ancient literature, after the manner of that has a stomachi, and organs of digelSpanheim, Villalpandus, and Addison ; tion, and therefore stands in need of food; and afterwards, in reference to modern that has bulk and dimpenfions, and theretimes, with a few particulars concerning fore occupies space ; should be found in the Herefordshire election, explanatory of the centre of a folid rock, where there is the medal.-- This last letter never made its neither air, food, nor vacancy-for I think appearance.

no man will be hardy enough to assere I, at first, apprehended, that the essay that a toad can live during the centuries might not suit the genius of your Repori- required to form stone; I must be per.. cory, going, as it did, into a minute exami- mitted, till the phenomenon is established nation, and making respectful mention of by better authenticated proofs than have an art that is frequently treated as trifling. yet been stated, to abide by the golden But on enquiry I have been informed that rule laid down by Mr. Hume, viz. to bethe printer has millaid it.

I beg per.

lieve in the leller miracle. Surely it is mission, therefore, to give this informa more probable that all these people should tion; otherwise l'am liable to be charged be miitaken, than that the course of nawith levity, or inadvertence. For i ture foald be fo unaccountably perverted. pledged myself to write on the subject, if An inclination for the marvellous is a agreeable to your wishes; and your infer- sin that easily belets us, and is with diftion of my first letter will be considered in ficulty repelled: the best mode of curing the light of a compliance with my request: it, is an attentive study of nature, which a farther reason for my writing will be not only teacius us that her laws are unimade to arise from a call of one of your form, but fatisfies that inclination of the correspondents, unknown to me, to ful61 mind for the wonderful, by unfolding the my engagement.--My fecond letter was real wonders with which every part of communicated to you, before that letter creation abounds., I am, fir, your's, &c. made its appearance. I am, fir, &c.

A. P. B.
Jan. 5, 1798.
G. D.


E 2



28 Plagiarism detected....Unnecessary Expence in Printing. [Jan. To the Editor of the Montbly Magazine,

To tbe Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

SIR, CORRESPONDENT figning him. THE very, high fate of improvement

self N. in a letter inserted in the to which the art of printing has arMonthly Magazine for Oétober last, re rived, must give great pleasure to every quested an explanation of that article of lover of literary pursuits, He reads our crced, “the Communion of Saints” with peculiar delight, a book printed with He will find, I think, a very satisfactory a clear type and on good paper, and enone in archbihop Secker's 14th Lecture joys a high luxury when most beautiful on the Catechilin of the Church of Eng- typography is impressed upon large, thick land, wherein he conceives it to mean that cream-coloured, wire-wove Paper, botcommunion of benevolence, kind offices, prelled. instruction and edification, which louid be But men in the middling rank of life among all good Christians. B. G. cannot afford to indulge in luxuries of the

table, neither can they afford luxuries in To tbe Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

books; plain well-dressed meat is better

diet for them than turtle-soup, and plain SIR, G REAT wits jump" fays the old well-printed books are more proper for proverb; now, Mr. Editor, were

them than large cream-coloured, w:re-wove, you and I to set down in our respective bot-pressed, ones.

Occasionally, they may closets (quære garrets ?) with an intention fpare a guinea to purchase a luxury, but of favouring the world with our composi- they must more commonly content them. tions on the fame given subject; and Tup-selves with humble neceffaries. posing, after publication, it should be dir.

It is to be withed that authors would covered that, not only an identity of re

take this into consideration; their vanity flections, but an identity of expreffing may be increased by the appearance of those reflections, pervaded the whole their writings on a glofiy, thick creamwhat would the world say ?-

---Whar, but


paper, and occafionally this that I had pillaged from you—or you from mode of publication may be indulged in, me or that we


and approved of; but when an author knaves ?"--Granted! well then, to

publishes an interesting work of my

general subject : amongft the numerous works of utility, he ought to confiler that many Oliver Goldsmith, his Hiftory of England perlons mighit obtain benefit and instruks in three vols. &vo. was esteemed one of his tion from tuis book, if they could purchase best publications, and the sale was in pro

it at a moderate price, but they cannot portion to the estimation : during his life- afford to buy large cream coloured, wiretime, was published an abridgement of the

wove paper, bol-prilled.

I am induced to address ihis letter to same, confeffedly by himself. Some years afterwards, I believe, appeared another hif-you, from having leen a late publication tory,

“ In a Series of Letrers from a No. of Dr. Rollo, on Diabetes Mellitus, in bleman to his Son,” which has vulgarly

2 vols. 8vo. beautifully prwted on hot: been ascribed to Lord Lyttelton !

pressed paper, price twelve shillings in

boards. Thele volumes contain much On perusing these : wo abridgments (for the “ Letters” are nothing more) the most interesting information for medical pracglaring sameness is discoverabic through titioners, concerning a disease hitherto . the whole : the same reflections, and the

almost constantly incurable, but which very same expression of them, every where

this work professes to point out a mode occur : the only difference, where there of curing. If this publication was in

tended to is

serviceable to mankind,

prove any, is merely occasioned by the use of the fecond person, as is usual in an episto. by giving new light respecting this dit? lary form, or the fame sentiment fomerimnes trefing disease, it ought to have been thinly gauzed over by a variation of the published at such a price, as to have been expreffion. To seleó infances would be within the reach of the generality of needless-a ready example will be found have been, had it been printed in a less

practitioners, and this it might easily throughout the whole.-From hence it

splendid manner. I think it might have appears that the “ Letters” are merely Goldsmitli's History, put into that form

been published in one 8vo. nie, luf. by some needy book feller, or more needy poses, for six or seven fhillings, and this

ficiently well printed for all useful purauthor. Ingeni largilor ventersays would have been more particularly DR. PANGLOSS, propery, because it seems probable, from


were two

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1798.] An Experiment on the Congelation of Mercury

29 the preface, that this will, in a short other of nitric acid, prepared in the mantime, be superseded by more complete ner indicared above, were plunged into edition; in this cale, the purchasers of it, and in half an hour took the tempethe p:elent, if they with, as most men rature of the mixture, that is to say, 170; do, to have a perfect work, will probably but the snow had not quite reached the be obliged to pay a guinea for the whole, faine degree of cold. By means of a in three volumes, and may perhaps lule tin kand, Tome of this snow was gradually seven shillings by the first edition. introduced into the pail containing the

I mean not more particularly to point nitric acid; and the mixture, which had a out Dr. Rollo as blameable in this thermometer of spirits of wine plunged respect ; several other authors are, in my into it, was carefully stirred avout. The opinion, fully as much so as he is. I have thermometer fell gradually, in a manner alluded to his book, because it has more perceptible to the eye, till, in about iminediately struck me as much too fplen- eight or ten minutes, it reached 31°. did for general ułe, but I by no means with The mercury, inclosed in very thin bulbs to be understood as censuring him alone. of glass, was then plunged into the mix

Let works of tafe and standards of ex ture also, and became perfectly folid. The cellence, purchased by the rich and mag- person who held the glass tube belonging nificent, be published with every embel- to the bulb, thought he perceived the li Mament and elegance that art can be mament of the change, by a flight shock fow, but let works, intended for general which his hand under went, and which utility and proposed improvemens, be may have been occasioned by the sudden contented to appear in a more humble contraction of the mercury; a phenodress, and at a price which may not abso menon fimilar to what is c5ferved when Jurely deter the unopulent philocopher phosphorus pares froin a liquid to a solid from searching into thein for wisdom. itate: It was allo perceived that a porSeptember 22,

S. M. tion of the meal was cryftallized.

The folidity of the mercury was afterFor the Monibly Magazine.

wards ascertained by bearing it upon a AN EXPERIMENT ON THE CONGELA- , flat plate (un tas) with a hammer, both

TION OF MERCURY, MADE BY CITI- cooled in the second mixture, that is to ZENS HASSENFRATZ, WELTER, say, at the temperature of 17° : by this

BONJOUR, AND HACHETTE. operation it was considerably Aattened. Tliü nitric acid that was to serve for pne of the experimen:ers rook in his

the operation was firit prepared ; hand the metal thus flattened, and still for that purpose, acid was taken of which folid, and, keeping it there for some the specific gravity was 1.526, and this time, felt a painful sensation, fimilar to was mixed with a certain quantity of that of a burn. The mercury icft a snow, at the temperature of the atino!- white mark, which afterwards turned phere, which occafioned a production of red, and was perceptible for several heat. Succeflive doses of snow were af- days. terwards added, till heat was no longer

It was remarked that, at the tempoproduced. The acid was then reduced rature of 31°, the addition of more snow to the specific gravity of 1.420, and was did nor increase the cold ; but, on the of ene same temperature as the atmos- contrary, diminished it by a production phere.

of heat': the moment of its doing so was After this preparation, a mixture was easily determinable, because the snow made of three parts of snow, and one of sea then swam upon the acid, in the form of falt, containing irs water of crystallization, little icicles. the temperature of the atmosphere being 9 of Reaumur's thermometer). By thefe To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. means a degree of cold of 17° was ob- : tained.

THE following declaration lately fent It was observed that this temperature, to a friend for his sigoature, in orresulting from the mixture, did not der 10 qualify him for receiving a part of change during three days, though that a legacy left by an opulent Diffenter, of the atmosphere varied from 5 above not Ling since deceased, afforded me at Dought to 9. below; nor did the mixture the same time amusement and concern. take the temperature of the atmosphere " I

do hereby declare, till the falt was entirely dissolved. 16. that I am a Minister, Teacher, and

This second mixture being made, two “ Preacher of the Gospel ; that I am not Liztle glass pails, oile full of snow, the “ an Unitarian, Arian, Socinian, er

• Arminian;



On Subscriptions among Diflenters.

[Fan. • Arminian ; but that I am of Calvi- that « as I was a stranger to you, if I " nistic principles of the - de “ would send you a letter of my princi: “ nomination ; and that I'do not usually “ ples, you, or some of your brethren, 66 administer or receive the ordinance of “ would take care that fomething should “ the Lord's Supper, commonly called “ be given us, if the letter was approved “ the Sacrament, kneeling, nor have done “ of." I confess I was a good deal sur66 sò for the last six months.”

prized at this answer, because the deUndoubtedly the worthy teftator had mand is so general and indeterminate. I a right to limit his posthumous bounty could not suppose that you expected I to poor dissenting minifiers of any par. fhould give an account at large, of all ticular description, and to exclude all the articles of my Christian faith, nor others by this or any other teft. To this could I conjecture which were especially measure he was probably led by having meant, as no particulars were specified. been habituated to a fomewhat fimilar When I was admitted to preach as a practice, in the mavagement of the con- candidate for the ministry, and after. gregational fund; the beneficiaries of wards at my ordination to that sacred which have, I believe, been always ex- office, many years ago, I gave an acpected to give in, not mercly fuch'a de count of my privciples, I believe satisclaration as this, but a regular and ex- factory to some of the most eminent in plicit confeffion of their faith. Whe- the dissenting ministry in these parts, ther, however, such requisitions are such as the late Dr. Charles Owen of strictly jurtifiable in any, but especially Warrington, Mr. Gardner of Chester, in persons who profess to diffent from the Mr.Cuicheth of Macclesfield, and others; establithment, upon the princ ple of the nor am I confuious of having admitted fole authority of Christ in his church, any material change in my principles and the unlawfulncis of human impo- since that time. Some alterations in matfitions; and whether they do not na ters of finaller moment, I presume, may turally lead to the evil consequences so be supposed the confequence of farther well described in the following letter, I light and instructions, and of, I trust, a Jeave to your readers, such of them, serious enquiry into the truths of the particularly, as it may more immediately gofpel. In general, I fii mly believe the concern, to judge. I have only to add, gospel of our Lord Jesus, and endeavour that it was found among the papers of an to make the holy scripture the rule of excellent person some time since deceased, my life and ministry ; but if a more exwho will be known to many of your plicit declaration of my sentiments, with theological readers by his usual signature regard to some particular points, be still of VIGILIUS : It appears to have been intitled upon, as the indispensible term of the first copy of a lerier addressed to a the continuance of your favour, and of leading manager of the board above, the atlittance of your fund, I must on mentioned, more than forty years ago. I that very confideration, beg to be ex

cused; for though (for aught I am cerV. F. tified of ) my sentiments in the particu

lars intended, may be conformable to “ WHEN I feriled as minister to the your own, nay, though I were satisfied congregation of protestant Diflenters in they were perfectly so, yet this is a term this place, I was informed that for many I dare not comply with: for as I hope, years they had been affifted in support through the allistances of divine grace, to ing the ministry amongst them, by an conduct myself in the great concern of annual exhibition from the Independent faith and falvation on principles of fimFund.

plicity and godly sincerity, not with Accordingly I received five pounds Aeshly wisdom, I would not admit pefrom that fund, about the close of last year cuniary considerations to have any weight but one, which was the first of my mini- either in the forming or declaring my fry here, and for which I am truly belief. But if I were apprehensive that thankful.


sentiments differed from yoursin some “ At the close of lal year, hearing no. things, and that they would be disapthing of the usual allowance, I got a proved by you if honestly declared, and friend, one of this fociety, to enquire, by that on this account I must forfeit your a relation in town, into the reason of the favour and support, I cannot answer for stop, and folicit a continuance of the it how far the above pecuniary consideusual allistaạce. After some time we re- rations, once admitted, though they ceived the following answer, as from you, could afford no evidence to convince my


ain, &c,


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1798.] Subscriptions among Diffenzers.....Apotheosis of Milton.

31 judgment, might prove a temptation to you may see fit to determine with regard accommodate my expressions, to suit with to me, give me leave to intercede with what I might apprehend to be your sen- you, good fir, in favour of this small timents, and to conceal my own; nor society of serious Chriftians, so long the can I tell how far it might please God charge of the worthy and amiable in righteousness to leave me, to fall by Mr. such a temptation. You have lived “ Should you finally withdraw your

af. longer in the world, and seen more of sistance, they will have great difficulty to mankind than I, yet I have lived long support a minifter, and probably must enough even in this obscurity, to see and foon dissolve. If I am obliged to give lament more than one instance of these way to the discountenance and discouarts of expression and concealment, un- ragement I meet with, perhaps they may worthy the simplicity, rectitude, and in- procure another minister, who may not tegrity of heart, becoming Christianity Jabour under my difficulties, to give you and the ministry; and therefore upon all required satisfaction ; and whoever farther reflection, I cannot but esteem he thall be, may he prove more skilful it a piece of necessary justice to you, to and fuccessful than 1, in promoting the suppose that my friend's relation mis- great interests of the Redeemer's kingtook, and inadvertently misrepresented dom, and of the faith, holiness, and com. your meaning. I persuade myself that fort of his people here! As for myself, you have too much of the amiable spic if the great Head of the churches hath rit of the gospel, and tendernefs for the any farther work for me in his vineyard, the consciences of your brethren, to al. may, I be found faithfully endeavouring low it to be your intention or practice, to discharge my duty according to the to demand of them an account of their measure of abilities imparted to me, and principles for your approbation, attend. I humbly trust in his gracious support ing those demands with worldly mo. and final acceptance. That you may tives, the fuggeftoins whereof (especially derive from him all suitable frength, when enforced as in many cales by the fupport, and blessing, to direct and to fucprevalence of indigence, and the de- ceed you in every faithful endeavour ta mands of numerous dependents) so ob- advance his honour and interest among viously draw intc prevarication, a thing men, is the fincere and fervent petition which I am fure you leaft desire : besides of, reverend fir,your affectionate brother, that, I am convinced you have too great


humble servant.
and continual reverence for the great

" W. T.Shepherd not to be solicitous, that when he ihall appear to exact from each of us For the Monthly Magazine. an account of our respective trusts, you IN the eleventh volume of the works of may not be found to have pervered that Dr. Johnson, there is, in a vision, ingreat and extensive trust reposed in you titled " The Apotheosis of Milton,” a for the support of the gospel, into a ftum. fpecimen of reasoning upon loyalty, of fo bling-block, and an occafion of falling very extraordinary a kind, as migbo make thrown in your brother's way. Your him, who had read such different reasoning own soul, I am satisfied, prosecutes the from the fame writer, bieís himself for thought, and dreads the consequence,

wonders • If indeed it be so, that the person In Westminster Abbey, the genius of the who waited on you, an our account, did place inforins the viñonist, that in the room not mistake your meaning, and that you acred to the spirits of the bards (whole really demanded an account of my prin- remains are buried or monuments erected ciples, in order that in case ypon erial within that pile) there was to be held, on they met with approbation, I might hope the nigiit of ihe vision (supposed to be that for the continued ailistance of your fund, following the erection of the monument to and not otherwise, I can only account for Milton) an assembly of great importance, it by supposing that some misemployed for debating whether he should be adtongue or pen hath given you a ditad, mitted one of the honourable fraternity ? vantageous account of me; and as I and that a strong opposition would be know not from whence the attack comes, inade by some members on account of or upon what part of my character, as a the principles of Milton. More than believer or preacher of the gospel, the nine-ienths of this little piece are taken up Itroke hath fallen, I mut endeavour to with very good descriptions of the charae bear the hurtful effects of it, with pa- ters which compose the afscmbly; of the tience and resignation, But however debare we have but ewo speeches.



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