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VOYAGES AND TRAVELS.

New Publications..... Account of Diseases.

299 The Christian Sabbath vindicated, by the

TOPOGRAPHY, &c. Rev, R. P. Fincb, D. D. IS.

Ginger. Specimens and parts, topographical and A Sermon at the confecration of the new historical, of a Topographical, Commercial, church, Hackney, by J. Symons,. 4to. is. Civil and Nautical History of South Britain,

Rivingtons. by Samuel Henshall, M. A. fellow of Brazené A Sermon in aid of the voluntary contri- nose College, 125.

Faulder. butions, by the Rev. W. Goode, A. M. is. Two successive Tours throughout the

Rivingtons. whole of Wales, with several of the adjacent A Philosophical Discourse on Providencen counties, by H. Skrine, Esq. 8vo. 6s. boards. addressed to the modern of Great Britain, by

Elmley. the Rev. Mr. Arcband, is. Johnson.

An Abridgment of the Protestant Dissen Narrative of the Loss of the ship Hercules, ter's Catechism, by the Author, price 6d. commanded by Captain Benjamin Stout, on the with allowance for a number. Conder. coast of Caffraria, the 16th of June, 1796;

| A Scripture Catechism: the answers being alfo a circumstantial detail of his travels in the words of the bible. The 6th edition, through the southern districts of Africa, Svo. price 4d. Conder. 3s.

Johnson Directions for hearing the Word with Profit: an ordination sermon, by S. Palmer, now Œuvres Mélées de M. L. Dutens, 3 volso separately printed, price 6d. Conder & Palmer. 4to. boards, 21. 145.

Elmfley. An Examination of the leading Principles Efiai sur les causes de la Perfection de la of the new System of Morals, as that prin- Sculpture Antique, et sur les Moyens d'y ciple is ftated and applied in Mr. Godwin's atteindre, par M. Le Chevalier Louis de Gillier, Enquiry concerning Political Justice, in a let- capitaine de cavalerie.

Baglis. ter to a friend, f. 6d.

Longman.

IN FRENCH.

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ACCOUNT OF DISEASES IN LONDON,

From the 20th of March to tbe 20th of April.
ACUTE DISEASES.

Hernia

No. of Cafes. Diarrhæa PERIPNEUMONIA

1 Hæinorrhois Peripneumonianotha

2 Dysuria Catarrh

4 Iterus Inflammatory Sore Throat

3 Hypochondriasis Typhus Mitior

10 Hysteria Intermittent Fever

2 Paralylis Ephemera

3 Vertigo Measles

i Herpes CHRONIC DISEASES.

Pustulurus

4 Dyspnea

2 Prurigo Cough

3 Cough and Dyspnea

20 Nephralgia Hoarseness 8 Chronic Rheumatism

6 Hæmoptysis

4 Sciatica Hectica

PUERPERAL DISEASES. Pulmonary Consumption 3. Ephemera

3 Hydrothorax

5 Menorrhagia Lochialis Pleurodyne 2 Mastodynia

3 Ascites 2 Diarrhæa

4 Anasarca

INFANTILE DISEASES. Cephalalgia

2 Aphthæ Opthalmia

4 Ophthalmia Fluor Arbus

4 Ophthalmia Purulenta Menorrhagia gravidarum

1 Worms Menorrhagia difficilis

1 Convulfio Abortion

1 Hooping Cough Amenorrhea

9 The cases of fever are more numerous Chlorosis Obstipatio

than in the preceding month, and several Hepatitis Chronica

of them proved unusually tedious and obGastrodynia

Itinate. Some of them commenced with

3 Dyspepsia

4 pain in the bowels, attended with a disi charge of færia and dark coloured fæces,

S which fymptom continued during the Procidentia Vagina

i wlible of the disease. In one of the in

stances,

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Vomitus Enterodynia

89

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300

Diseases.... Public Affairs. stances, the fever was protracted to the disease: but these symptoms yielded at unusual length of seven weeks. After last to a Iteady perseverance in the use of the first two weeks, during which time the means just mentioned. In fome inthe symptoms were gradually aggravated; stances, the difficulty of prevailing on a they continued stationary for nearly three patient to submit to that diet and regimen, weeks, and afforded a hope that the dif- which is of principal consequence in this ease was proceeding to a favourable ter- disease, 'forms a material impediment to mination. After this, however, the the cure. The debility induced by the symptoms again returned with such vio- loss of blood, and the various means emlence as to threaten a speedy dissolution. ployed, is considered by the patient as The pulse became so quick, 10 feeble and a sufficient apology for taking in some indistinct as to render it difficult to cal- cordial diet, and thus the circulation is culate the number of its strokes. Fætid increased in spite of every effort of the ftools were discharged, and these fome- medical practitioner to diminish it, a fresh times came away without the patient be- hæmorrhage is produced, and a foundation ing conscious of it. The delirium in- laid for the most fatal symptoms, which creased, fubfultus tendinum commenced, sooner or later occur as the consequence of and every thing seemed to prognosticate this imprudence. a fatal termination. Blisters had already The Deaths in the Bills of Mortality for been applied for the relief of different

the last four weeks, are stated as follow : organs which had been effected in the

Abscess course of the disease: but in this state of Abortive

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3 extreme, debility, it was judged proper Aged to apply them to the extremities; and Ague they were accordingly applied, first to Apoplexy

6 the upper and afterwards to the lower Asthma

50 extremities; and the ufe of them was

Brain Fever happily succeeded by fome abatement in Cancer

Child-bed the quickness of the pulse and the subful

6 tus tendinum. In this case a full dose of

Consumption

Convulfions opium, administered in the evening with

302

Croup a view to abate reftlessness and anxiety Dropsy

77 and to procure sleep, did not succeed, but Evil the same quantity in divided doses, com Fever bined with camphor and valerian, had a French Pox much better effe&t. After a long strug- Gout gle, and in the course of the eighth week Hooping Cough from the commencement of the disease,. Jaundice

5 the symptoms gradually abąted, and the inflammation patient is now in a state of convalescence. Liver-grown At the close of the last month several

Lunatic

Measles cases of hæmoptoe occurred, in which the

13 Mortification

18 repeated use of the lancet, the application Palsy of leeches and blisters, the use of anti- Pleurify

5 monial remedies, and a slender diet happily Rupture fucceeded in the recovery of the patient. Small Pox

51 In one of these cafes a hard cough, Still-born

46 quickness of the pulse, and a considerable Suddenly heat of the skin, continuing for some Teeth

27 time, afforded but an unfavourable

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GREAT BRITAIN.

STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

In April, 1798.

During several days in the month of A

Number, obliged us to postpone the Council was paid to the investigation of a principal part of the retrospect of public treasonable correspondence, said to have affairs till this month; therefore a sketch been carried on between some persons in of those, of both March and April, will this country and France. After several be given in the present account.

State of Public Affairs.

301 examinations, Mr. O'Connor, Mr. Binns, tention, therefore, to make this a part of Mr. Quigley, Mr. Allen, and Jeremiah his plan. The adjustment of the taxes to Lary, were committed under a charge of be raised in lieu of those repealed was high treason; soon afterwards a coin deferred for a few days. million was made out for trying them at On the 2d of April, Mr. Pitt introMaidstone, at the head of which was duced into the House of Commons his Mr. Justice Buller. The commission plan for the Redemption of the Land Tax. was opened at that place on the 10th of He said, he had a plan to propose, which April. On the 12th of April the pri- had occupied much of his attention, and soners were brought to the Bar, and in- of which, on a former day, he had given formed by the Judge, that the Grand Jury notice. He had no doubt but the country of the county had found a bill of indict- would derive ultimately the greatest ment against them for high treason, and benefit from this measure. The leading that the court intended to adjourn to the principle of his plan was 'to absorb a 30th of April, when they would be large quantity of stock now in the market, arraigned.

by transferring it to the purchasers of the About the same time several perfons land tax, on conditions equally eligible were taken into custody at Manchester, to the purchasers and to the public. The under a charge of high treason, and wealth and industry of the country, he was brought to London, and also several aware, were subjeết to fluctuate in local persons, members of the London Cor- instances, but looking to the general state refponding Society.

of the national property in an aggregate Mr. Wilberforce, in the House of Com- point of view, and from carefully exmons, on the 2d of March observed, that amining into the internal situation of the in pursuance of a notice which he had country, he had the pleasure to state that lately given, concerning the reimburse we had now a greater command of capital ment of those costs which magistrates than at any former period in the history incurred by administring the laws, he of Great Britain. "He would then, in Ihould now move “ for leave to bring in the first instance, simply state that the a bill authorising certain courts to defray amount of the land tax was 2,000,000l. the expences which magistrates might per annum. For near a century this tax incur in prosecuting for misdemeanors, had not been less than the uniform rate of by paying the same out of their respective 4s. in the pound, so that gentlemen could county stock.” Mr. Mainwaring op- not have any great expectation of any posed the motion. Mr. Rose stated, that diminution. By his plan, the public in a late decision in the Court of King's point of revenue would gain 400,000l. Bench rendered such a bill necessary to. He proposed that when the 3 per cents. be passed into a law, and the motion was are at 50, for infance, that the value of agreed to.

the land tax should be rated to the purMr. Pitt, having on a former day chaser at twenty years purchase. Signified his intention of propoling the At 521 to be rated at 24 gears purchase. repeal of the watch and clock tax, on account of its lamentable effects upon a

23 very numerous class of mechanics en At 60 gaged in the manufacture of those articles ; By this plan, he said, the public might on the 14th of March observed to the have the advantage of four

years purchase house, that although he had occupied a between the 3 per cents. and the sale of considerable portion of his time in form- the land tax. This would aiso give a clear ing a plan of alfellinent, to be adopted in profit of eight millions of money ; which lieu of the tax on clocks and watches, lum being likewile invested, will produce he had not then definitively arranged it, an annual income of 460,000l. taking the but should premile what objects he had price of the 3 per cents. 'at an average of thought proper to select as fit for additi- 53. In this manner the public would onal taxation. These were the duties on redeem about 80 millions of 3 per cents. inhabited hoafes, window-lights, horses yielding an annuity of 2,400,000l. per used in husbandry, and dogs. The tax annum, in lieu of the annual grant of on clocks and watches had been estimated two millions from the land tax, and all the to produce 200,000l. and this sum would expences of collection. He also urged certainly be obtained, if the duties he had the further advantage to be derived from just mentioned were additionally asse-fled this scheme of taking 80 millions of public by impofts of one seventh or one eighth of debt out of the market. Notwithstanding their present produce. It was his in- thefe fpecious arguments, this plan of the

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State of Public Affairs. minister was strongly opposed by several cafion, and said, that he hoped to see ng respectable members. "Lord Sheffield common, no ordinary spirit animate the called it “the most extraordinary and people to a manly resistance to the enemy, anjust measure he had ever heard of." when they had to preserve their character Mr. Tierney and Sir William Pulteney as Englishmen, and their independence were also against it. At length the as a nation. With respect to the French question was put and agreed to without a Republic, he did not mean to retract a division. The Chancellor of the Ex. Single iota of what he had formerly chequer has been equally successful in aserted; for he was firmly persuaded that fome subsequent stages of this bill. the attempt of the coalesced princes to

On the 3d of April, Mr. Wilberforce crush the infant Republic of France made another effort in the House of Com- produced that gigantic republic, whose mons to procure the abolition of the flave object seemed to be that of subjugating trade; but the majority of the members every other civilized nation in Europe, were as usual infexible to the tales of The obje&t of the enemy was to obtain cruelty and oppression which are exercised the dominion of the fea ; nor froņi thiş upon the unhappy Africans by civilized would they depart, whether a monarchical Europeans. The proposition was strongly or a republican form of government opposed by Mr. Bryan Edwards, whole prevailed ; any attempt, therefore, to relocal knowledge of the subject seemed to Itore the ancient monarchy would be as make a forcible impression upon the house. futile in effect, as it would be absurd in Upon a division there appeared for the speculation. He would not follow the motion 83, against it 87.

high example in Ireland, of calling About this time, Mr. Secretary Dundas Buonaparte either a monster or a ruffian

; introduced a bill, which was' ipeedily he conceived such epithets as foolish as paffed into a law, to enable his Majesty they were improper. At this crisis, he to augment the internal force of this faid, all party considerations should cease

i country by encouraging armed associations this was no time for discussing the errors throughout the nation; and in a few days which brought us into our present preafterwards he issued to the Lords Lieu- dicament. The question was, whether tenants of Counties printed copies of we chose to be conquered by France, or directions how to act, respecting the driv- whether we should frustrate their intening off cattle, and providing for the army tions by a prompt and manly resistance. in cafe of an actual invasion.

Those who had seceded from the whig On the 20th of April, the same gentle, party, he said, had much to atone for man presented to the Houfe of Commons they had destroyed the confidence of the a message from the King, purporting that people by joining the standard of the his Majesty thought it proper to acquaint minister for places and emoluments, inhis faithful Cominons, that from advices stead of what they profefled, the support which had been received, it appeared that of religion, morality and regular governthe preparatisms for the embarkation of ment. He bestowed the highest encotroops continued to be carried on with miums upon Mr. Fox, and expressed ? encreasing activity in the ports of France, great anxiety to see him in some situation Holland and Flanders, with the avowed of ostensible trust; because if the talents design of an immediate invasion of these of any individual could save the country, kingdoms ; and that in doing so, the he possessed them. He concluded by enemy was encouraged by their corre- giving his cordial support to the address {pondence with traitorous focieties within to his Majesty on the Message.-Mr. the realm. That his Majesty had a firm Pitt bestowed the highest compliments reliance on the bravery of his fleets and upon Mr. Sheridan for the manly and armies, and on the zeal and confidence of spirited manner in which he had come his people. That his Majesty had em- forward ; and hoped that his desire to probodied the fupplementary cavalry, and mote unanimity' would meet congenial that it was his intention to embody the fentiinents in every corner of the country, supplementary militia and to make every The address was agreed to nem. con. other possible preparation. That he re On the same day two Masters in commended to the Commons to consider, Chancery brought a bill from the lords, without delay, of such further means as which had been carried through all its they might devise, in order to defeat the stages on that day, for the suspension of the machinations of wicked and disaffected Habeas Corpus Act. It was read a first persons within the realm.

time, when the House went into a comMr. Sheridan rcle on the present oc mitee upon it, in which Mr. Sheridan

State of Public Affairs,

303 moved as an amendment that, instead of unanimity was more than ever necessary, the first of February next; ten days After inveighing against the official after the meeting of parliament should be employment of profligate spies and insubstituted.” Upon a division there ap- formers, and dwelling upon the grievances peared for the amendment 14, against it that the Irish nation had to complain of, 113., The bill was then passed through his Lordship concluded an impressive all the remaining stages, and was sent speech, with a motion to the following back to the Lords.

purport : On the next day (April the 21st), this " That an humble address he presented bill received the royal affent by com to the Lord Lieutenant, representing, that mission. The Habeas Corpus Aét there. as parliament hath confided to him exfore now stands fufpended till the first of traordinary powers for supporting the February 1799.

laws, and for defeating the traitorous IRELAND.

combinations, which may exist in this Turbulence, assassination and military kingdom, this house feels it at the same law, still continue to be alternately preva- time a duty to recommend the adoption lent in this distracted nation.

of such conciliatory measures as may On the 12th of March, one of his allay the apprehensions and extinguish majesty's messengers, attended by a civil the discontents unhappily prevalent in this and military force, proceeded to the house country.” of Mr. Oliver Bond, of Bridge-street, Lord Glenworth, Earl Cavan, and in the city of Dublin, upon an informa- the Lord Chancellor spoke against the tion which had been received by govern motion. ment, that the Provincial Committee of The Bishop of Down and Lord DunUnited Irishmen of Leinster were to faney defended it. Lord Moira replied, assemble there for treasonable pur- after which Lords Rossmore and Belmont polės. A committee of fourteen dele- faid each a few words against the motion. gates were found fitting, and were im- At two o'clock in the morning the mediately taken into custody. Mr. Bond House divided. Contents 8.-Non conwas not in the room of the meeting, but tents 44. papers affecting him are said to have been The House of Commons on the 16th found in his pockets., A warrant is said of April, upon a motion by Mr. Maxto be issued out against Lord Edward well, voted a certain paragraph, which Fitzgerald.

had appeared a few days before in an General Abercrombie lately issued English news paper, called the Sun, to be some orders relative to the better discipline 'a false and scandalous libel. and regulation of the Irish army. This This paragraph stated, that “ several appears to be a political measure in direct regiments of the Irish militia had gone hoftility to the plan originally avowed in over to the insurgents, whom the coercive the proclamation issued by General Lake, measures of government had driven to and acted upon ever since, and therefore open rebellion. Mr. Maxwell said, he has brought down the displeasure of some should, on a future day, move the house persons upon the General, and it was even respecting an appropriate punishment for reported, at one time, that he was to resign. this atrocious libel. In the House of Lords of Ireland, a

FRANCE. long and important debate took place on The late transactions of the leaders of the 19th of February. The patriotic and the French Republic have excited at once amiable EARL MOIRA was the leader of the fear and the astonishment of the rest of this debate : after explaining the motives Europe. "They have overthrown the which impelled him to address their Lord- triple crown, and raised a democratical thips, he adverted to the calumnies which forn of government upon its ruins, conhad been fo industriously spread against formable to the modern lystem of reprehim, and the misrepresentations of which Sentation. lie had been accused. He said, that he The Republic of Berne has also exwas ready to re-afert every thing he had perienced a total change, as may be seen allerted in England, and was ready to in our last, and for further fecurity, prove the fasts by incontrovertible evi- Geneva has taken theiter under the power dence. His Lordship then made a powerful of France. The whole of Switzerland appeal to the feelings of the House. He is taking measures to form a Republic, called them to delilt from a system of one and indivisible. A treaty of amity military coercion, which could only tend and commerce has taken place between the to create diffentions at a moment wheri Cilaipine and the Gallic Republics, MONTH, MAG. No. XXX.

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